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Antonio de Espejo Entrada of 1582-1583 Historical Markers

Antonio de Espejo was a Spanish explorer who led an expedition into New Mexico, Arizona and Texas in 1582-1583. The expedition created interest in establishing a Spanish colony among the Pueblo Indians of the Rio Grande valley. The journals from this trip, especially those of Diego Pérez de Luxan, provide early first hand accounts of the region and Native Americans living there.
 
Big Sandy Valley Marker image, Click for more information
By Richard Wisehart, July 8, 2009
Big Sandy Valley Marker
Arizona (Mohave County), Wikieup — Big Sandy Valley
First exploration probably by early Spanish explorers, Espejo in 1582 and Farfan in 1589. Explored later by Lt. Amiel W. Whipple in 1854. Important agriculture, mining, milling, and smelting area in our early days. The McCrackin Mine discovered by . . . — Map (db m68947) HM
New Mexico (Dona Ana County), Anthony — Butterfield Trail/Espejo's Expedition/On the Camino Real
Stagecoaches of the Butterfield Overland Mail Co. began carrying passengers and mail from St. Louis to San Francisco, across southern New Mexico, in 1858. The 2,795-mile journey took 21-22 days. In 1861 the service was re-routed through Salt Lake . . . — Map (db m6553) HM
New Mexico (Eddy County), Loving — Espejo's Trail
Don Antonio de Espejo, leader of the third expedition to explore New Mexico, passed near here on his return to Mexico City in 1583. After learning of the martyrdom of two Franciscan friars from an earlier expedition, he explored the Pueblo country . . . — Map (db m61472) HM
New Mexico (Guadalupe County), Santa Rosa — Santa RosaPopulation 2,469 - Elevation 4,620
The Spanish explorer Antonio de Espejo passed through this area in 1583, as did Gaspar Castano de Sosa in 1590. Santa Rosa, the Guadalupe County seat, was laid out on the ranch of Celso Baca y Baca, a politician and rancher in the late 1800s. It was . . . — Map (db m45894) HM
New Mexico (Guadalupe County), Santa Rosa — Santa RosaPopulation—2,469 - Elevation—4,620 ft.
The Spanish explorer Antonio de Espejo passed through this area in 1583, as did Gaspar Castaño de Sosa in 1590. Santa Rosa, the Guadalupe County seat, was laid out on the ranch of Celso Baca y Baca, a politician and rancher in the late 1800s. It was . . . — Map (db m45895) HM
New Mexico (San Miguel County), Pecos — Pecos Pueblo Mission
The largest of the mission churches at Pecos Pueblo, ca. 1625 La Iglesia mas grande de la mission de Pecos, ca. 1625 — Map (db m60272) HM
New Mexico (Sandoval County), Zia Pueblo — Pueblo of Zía
In 1583 Antonio de Espejo recorded this pueblo as one of five in the Province of Punamé. Following the sacking of Zia by Spanish troops in 1689, the pueblo was reestablished, but never attained its former size. The Zia ancient sun symbol is . . . — Map (db m32858) HM
New Mexico (Socorro County), Magdalena — Espejo's Expedition(On the Camino Real)
In 1582 and 1583, Antonio de Espejo and his party followed the Rio Grande north to the Bernalillo area. Espejo was trying to learn the fate of two Franciscan friars who stayed with the Pueblo Indians after the Rodriquez – Sanchez/Chamuscado . . . — Map (db m68057) HM
Texas (El Paso County), San Elizario — Espejo Beltran Expedition - 1582-1583
Following the Rodriguez-Chamuscado expedition of 1581 there was increased interest in the area now known as New Mexico and Texas. There was also concern for the safety of Fray Rodriguez and Fray Lopez, who had stayed in the area. In 1582 a . . . — Map (db m38013) HM
Texas (Jeff Davis County), Fort Davis — Fort Davis
Established by Lieut. Col. Washington Seawell with six companies of the Eighth U.S. Infantry in October 1854 for protecting travelers on the San Antonio-El Paso Road. Named in honor of the then Secretary of War, Jefferson Davis, it was abandoned by . . . — Map (db m26357) HM
Texas (Jeff Davis County), Fort Davis — 10490 — Wild Rose Pass
In early days the Indian trail through these mountains followed the gorge below known as Limpia Canyon. To avoid the floods travelers over the San Antonio - El Paso Road, emigrants, U.S. troops and supply trains, and the mail chose this higher pass . . . — Map (db m59709) HM
Texas (Presidio County), Marfa — 8 — PresidioOldest Town in America
At confluence of Concho and Rio Grande Rivers. A settlement for over 10,000 years Site of first recorded wagon train crossing into Texas December 10, 1582 Headed by Antonio de Espejo — Map (db m60844) HM
Texas (Reeves County), Pecos — 4998 — Spanish Explorers
Antonio de Espejo in 1583, after exploring among pueblos in New Mexico, reached the Pecos River southeast of Santa Fe. He named it Rio de Las Vacas (River of Cows), for the abundance of buffalo. On his return route to Mexico he went down the river . . . — Map (db m73303) HM
Texas (Reeves County), Toyahvale — 4557 — San Solomon Spring
Called "Mescalero Spring" in 1849, when watering corn and peaches of the Mescalero Apaches. To Ft. Davis soldiers, 1856, was "Head Spring". Present name given by first permanent settlers, Mexican farmers. Miller, Lyles and Murphy in 1871 began . . . — Map (db m59706) HM
Texas (Ward County), Monahans — 3434 — Monahans Sandhills State Park and Museum
In these shifting seas of sand, rich in stone evidences of primitive men, today's visitors find flint points, sandstone metates and manos of peoples who were here as early as 10,000 years ago and late as the 1870s. Bones of great mammoths and . . . — Map (db m73307) HM

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