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Seminary Ridge Historic Walking Tour Historical Markers

Walking tour near the Lutheran Seminary covering the first day’s battle at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
 
Civilians on Seminary Ridge Marker image, Click for more information
By Karl Stelly, July 12, 2013
Civilians on Seminary Ridge Marker
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 16 — Civilians on Seminary Ridge
Curious townspeople gathered near the Seminary on the morning of July 1, "all eager to witness a brush with the Confederates and not dreaming of the terrible conflict that was to occur on that day." As soon as the fighting began in earnest, . . . — Map (db m66722) HM WM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 15 — Confederate Prisoners of War
Mathew Brady's photograph of three Southern prisoners posing on Seminary Ridge is among the most famous images of Confederate soldiers taken during the Civil War. The stone wall in front of you occupies the ground where the breastworks depicted . . . — Map (db m66719) HM WM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 8 — Crisis Comes to the Seminary's Back Door
Originally the Seminary's main building (1832), Schmucker Hall now serves as the Seminary Ridge Museum presenting Civil War exhibits on the first day of the battle, care of the wounded, the religious conflict over slavery, and the experience of . . . — Map (db m66681) HM WM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 7 — Daniel Alexander Payne
Daniel A. Payne was born a free person of color in Charleston, South Carolina and came to Gettysburg Seminary in 1835 to study theology after a law prohibiting the education of slaves forced him to close his school and abandon teaching. With his . . . — Map (db m66679) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Elsie Singmaster
Born at Schuylkill Haven, Pennsylvania, Elsie Singmaster came to Gettysburg in 1901 where her father taught and served as president of the Seminary. A prolific writer for almost 50 years, Elsie Singmaster authored more than 300 short stories and . . . — Map (db m66711) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 2 — Gettysburg Seminary Ridge Museum
Constructed in 1832 under the leadership of the Reverend Samuel Simon Schmucker, the brick federal-style building was an impressive home for the Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg. In July 1863, as war engulfed Gettysburg, the building . . . — Map (db m66762) HM WM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 13 — Habitat of Seminary Ridge
There is a beautiful and diverse natural habitat on Seminary Ridge. At 560 feet above sea level, the ridge is a threshold to the Blue Ridge and Appalachian Mountains to the west. The high ground that was of strategic importance in the Battle of . . . — Map (db m66708) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Life as a Seminary Student
The Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg held its inaugural session in 1826 with one professor, eight students, a small collection of books, and less than $1700. Seminarians adhered to a rigid schedule. The day started with a 5:00 a.m. . . . — Map (db m66663) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 5 — Samuel Simon Schmucker
Founder of the Lutheran Theological Seminary and nearby Gettysburg College, Samuel Simon Schmucker (1799-1873) guided the school through its early years and the tumultuous Civil War period. Intelligent, energetic, well educated, and deeply pious, . . . — Map (db m66668) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — The Battle for McPherson's Ridge
Utilizing the network of low ridges west of Gettysburg, the outnumbered Union cavalrymen commanded by General Buford delayed the advance of Confederate Lieutenant General A. P. Hill's Corps for nearly two hours on the early morning of July 1, . . . — Map (db m66688) HM WM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 12 — The Confederate Assault
On the afternoon of July 1, 1863, the exhausted Union regiments faced new attacks by fresh Confederate units arriving from the west and the north. Confederate Major General Henry Heth used superior numbers to outflank and push the 1st Corps back . . . — Map (db m66695) HM WM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 10 — The Cupola
On the late morning of June 30, 1863, Union General John Buford galloped into town with 3,000 cavalrymen. They established a camp in this vicinity and prepared to defend the town. On the eve of the battle, 13-year-old Lydia Ziegler climbed into . . . — Map (db m66686) HM WM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 17 — The Gauntlet of Union Retreat and Aftermath
By 4:30 p.m. on July 1, 1863, the Union line had been penetrated and broken along Seminary Ridge. A scene of chaos and confusion ensued as Union artillery galloped along the Chambersburg Pike past the fleeing infantry. Suddenly, South . . . — Map (db m66723) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 6 — The Samuel Simon Schmucker House
Erected in 1833, the President's House served as the home of Professor Samuel S. Schmucker during his long tenure at the Seminary. Runaway slaves reportedly received aid and temporary shelter in a nearby barn before they continued on their . . . — Map (db m66669) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 1 — The Seminary Comes to Gettysburg
Beginning in the late 17th century, large waves of European settlers flooded into William Penn's colony in pursuit of opportunity and religious freedom. By the early 19th century, American Lutheran leaders realized that an institution dedicated . . . — Map (db m66662) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 9 — The Union Defense of Seminary Ridge
Severely outnumbered, Union troops purchased time for establishing defense on Cemetery Ridge with lives spent on Seminary Ridge. By 4:00 p.m. on July 1, 1863, the battered survivors of the Union 1st Corps rallied on Seminary Ridge for a final . . . — Map (db m66685) HM WM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 4 — Valentine Hall
The Seminary constructed this large Romanesque Revival building in 1894-95 as the Seminary's "Recitation Hall." Architect John Dempwolf designed the structure and its counterpart on the Gettysburg College campus which can be seen to the . . . — Map (db m66667) HM

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