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E Clampus Vitus Historical Markers

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Tombstone, Arizona Marker image, Click for more information
By Bill Kirchner, October 17, 2011
Tombstone, Arizona Marker
Arizona (Cochise County), Tombstone — Tombstone, Arizona"The Town Too Tough To Die"
In 1877 prospector Ed Schieffelin searched for silver in Apache land. He was told he would only find his own tombstone. Schieffelin ignored the advice. The result was a strike worth at least forty million dollars. This brought not only miners . . . — Map (db m48507) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Parks — Beale Wagon RoadAmerica’s Great Camel Experiment 1857-1858
In the summer of 1857 former Navy Lt. Edward F. Beale was chosen by the Buchanan Administration to develop a wagon road from Fort Defiance, New Mexico Territory (now Arizona) to the Colorado River along the 35th parallel. Secretary of War John B. . . . — Map (db m48347) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Williams — Williams, Arizona
The area around what now is Williams, Arizona, was first explored by a Mountain Man who came to this area in 1876, William Shirley Williams, who was called “Old Bill”. The town site was created by a cowboy named C.T. Rogers in 1879. . . . — Map (db m48351) HM
Arizona (Gila County), Jakes Corner — Jakes Corner - An Arizona Stage Stop
In 1916, Jakes Corner originally called Felton, started as a stage stop, on the Annie Hardt homestead. As a pull out on the road to Globe, stages used to stop and wait as the occasional flooding Salt River receded. Annie Hardt had a vegetable . . . — Map (db m48354) HM
Arizona (Gila County), Young — The Pleasant Valley War a.k.a. The Graham-Tewksbury FeudCirca 1882 - 1892
One of the West’s Longest and Bloodiest feuds took place here and around Pleasant Valley. The Grahams and the Tewksburys had been in the cattle business and it seems probable that they first fell out over the division of cattle they jointly owned . . . — Map (db m78742) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 89 — 736th Tank Battalion (M) SP
Camp Bouse September 1943 to March 1944 "The Kid Battalion" From Normandy to the Elbe: •Normandy •Northern France •Ardennes •Rhineland •Central Europe — Map (db m78563) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 738th Medium Tank Battalion, SpecialWorld War II — 1943 – 1945
Dedicated to the men who gave time in their lives to serve honorably and courageously for our country. We take this moment in time to recognize their achievements which were done with pride and dignity. * * * Campaigns Ardennes - Alsace - . . . — Map (db m29160) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 95 — 739th Tank Battalion (SP) (ME)
Campaigns Ardennes, Rhineland and Central Europe The 739th Tank Battalion was activated in March 1943 at Fort Lewis, Washington. The officers were from various states, the enlisted personnel from Oklahoma, Texas and Louisiana. The . . . — Map (db m78558) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 90 — 740th Tank BattalionDaredevil Tankers
The 740th tank battalion was activated at Fort Knox, Ky. on March 1, 1943. It trained at Fort Knox and at Camp Bouse, Az. as a canal defense light (CDL) unit and as a standard medium tank battalion from October 15, 1943 to April 24, 1944 then sailed . . . — Map (db m78562) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 155 — 748th Tank Battalion"The Rhinos"
The 748th Tank Battalion, Medium was activated on 20 August 1942 at Camp Rucker, Alabama. The Rhinos headed for Fort Knox on the 15th of April 1943 for training and on 20 April 1943 were reorganized as a special battalion equipped with CDL . . . — Map (db m92814) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — A & C Mercantile Company
This building was built prior to 1912. The mercantile was known to do business with the A & C and Swansea railroads in 1916. It has been open continuously since that time. Bouse postmaster Cora L. Johnston moved the US Post Office to the store in . . . — Map (db m39504) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 96 — Camp BouseThe 554th Ordnance - Heavy Maintenance Company (Tanks) — 9th Tank Group CDL Project
Activated 1 April, 1943 at Camp Perry, OH. Completed basic training and then sent to Ft. Knox, KY. Unit then assigned to Camp Bouse, AZ arriving there 9 November, 1943. Maintaining operation of special tanks named "Leaflets" was specific assignment. . . . — Map (db m78557) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 88 — Camp BouseThe 701st Tank Battalion
Campaigns Central Europe Northern France Rhineland The 701st tank battalion was activated 3/28/43 at Camp Campbell, KY. Here 553 young men and officers began their journey into history. These men began their basic training and for many saw . . . — Map (db m78564) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 86 — Camp BouseThe 526th A. I. B. - Canal Defense Light Project — Desert Training Center - California – Arizona Maneuver Area
Camp Bouse was established in Butler Valley 30 miles behind this monument in Sept. of 1943. It was one of twelve such camps built in the southwestern deserts to harden and train United States troops for service on the battlefields of World War II. . . . — Map (db m78566) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 114 — George L. WendtHeadquarters Company — 526 Armored Infantry Battalion
United States Army World War II 1924 – 2002 Whose dedication to the memory of his brothers in arms, who fell in the Battle of the Ardennes, made this historical park possible. — Map (db m78542) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 120 — In Memory of Eight Ball - Morale OfficerEquus asinus — Camp Bouse
He was our drinking buddy While on duty He drank our beer He was Full of good cheer And went to the nurses' quarters around the bend And came to an untimely end, Of the Colonel, he was unaware That it would be the crime of all time . . . — Map (db m78536) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — Monument Row
We bring to a close We tried to find We must now impose Units not found 748th Tank Battalion 150th Station Hospital 538th Ordnance Company 166th Quartermaster 629th Quartermaster — Map (db m29161) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 119 — The 526th Armored Infantry BattalionWorld War II
In honored memory of those soldiers of the battalion who trained here at Camp Bouse and gave their lives in combat to preserve the freedom of the United States and to set the Peoples of Europe free. Headquarters Company Donald D. . . . — Map (db m78537) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Cibola — 104 — Cibola Arizona
Gold and silver strikes in the 1860's created growth in the area. It is said Wyatt Earp served as sheriff of Cibola for one year in the 1890's. The town of Cibola formed in 1898 and construction began on a 16 mile canal to bring water from the river . . . — Map (db m78552) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Cibola — 103 — Colorado River Ferries
Ferries of various size and design once provided transportation across the lower Colorado River linking Arizona with California, Nevada and Utah. Ferrymen plied their trade from Yuma to Pearce Ferry. The first ferry on the river was started at . . . — Map (db m78553) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Ehrenberg — 41 — Ehrenberg Cemetery
This monument built to perpetuate the memory of the pioneers, trailblazers, and adventurers that rest in these unmarked graves. (Arizona Highway Department, 1934) Rededicated: April 27, 2003 (CY 6008) By the Ancient and . . . — Map (db m31188) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Phoenix — Jacob Waltz
Jacob Waltz was born in the kingdom of Wurttemberg Germany circa 1810. He immigrated to the USA in 1839 and became a naturalized citizen in 1864. Waltz was prospecting in Arizona and is reputed to have found a gold deposit near the superstition . . . — Map (db m74397) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Queen Creek — Rittenhouse Elementary School
In 1924 construction of a new schoolhouse began. Classes were being held in an old cook shack that had once been used by muleskinners to clear the land. The school, named after Charles Rittenhouse, would be a three-room, u-shaped building made of . . . — Map (db m32393) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Wickenburg — Vulture Gold Mine
In 1863 Austrian Henry Wickenburg discovered gold, legend has it, while retrieving a vulture he had shot. The vulture mine went on to become one of Arizona's richest gold mines and sparked the development of Arizona and the city of Phoenix. In the . . . — Map (db m40319) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Chloride — Arizona and Utah / Western Arizona Railway
Originally built in 1899 as the Arizona and Utah Railway, this short-line reached almost twenty five miles from the siding at McConnico on the Sante Fe to the White Hills. In 1904, a storm washed out much of the route. In 1905, the Sante Fe acquired . . . — Map (db m48288) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Chloride — Chloride"Oldest Silver Mining Town in Arizona"
Founded in 1862 with the discovery of silver, Chloride became the first mining town of the Cerbat Mountains. During it's heyday, 1900 to 1920, the population swelled to over 2000 with 75 mines in operation. Chloride was the first incorporated town . . . — Map (db m31845) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Chloride — Metcalf Baker - Andrew Judson
Metcalf Baker - Andrew Judson Killed by Indians Oct. 13th 1866 — Map (db m52373) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Kingman — Camp Beale Springs Arizona
This camp, established March 25, 1871 by Company F, 12th Infantry commanded by Capt. Thomas Bryne, was located at a spring used by Indians for centuries. It was named for Navy Lt. Edward F Beale who established a wagon road along the 35th parallel. . . . — Map (db m29411) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Kingman — El Trovatore Motel
Trovatore is Italian for troubadour or traveler. Developer John E. Miller built the Nevada Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada which was later named Sal Sagev (Las Vegas spelled backwards). He moved to Kingman, Arizona in 1935 after Hoover Dam was completed, . . . — Map (db m68934) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Kingman — Hotel Brunswick
Constructed in 1909, Hotel Brunswick was built by prominent businessmen, John Mulligan and J. W. Thompson. Kingman's first three story building, constructed of local quarried tufa stone, featured 50 cowboy rooms with shared bath facilities, a dining . . . — Map (db m29425) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Littlefield — 121 — The Old Spanish Trail1829 - 1848
The Old Spanish Trail, the main trade route between Santa Fe and Los Angeles, passed this way beginning in 1829. At the end of the Mexican-American War this portion of the route evolved into what was variously known as the Salt Lake Road, the Mormon . . . — Map (db m78535) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Oatman — Gold Road Mine
In 1900 Jose Jerez discovered gold here in a chunk of quartz. It was assayed out 40 ounces to the ton! The claim was resold for $275,000. By 1907 the mine milled 140,625 ounces of gold worth $2,250,000. Addwest Minerals acquired the mine . . . — Map (db m50762) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Oatman — 80 — Oatman Arizona and its Burros
Oatman was founded around 1906 as part of Arizona's richest gold mining area. Oatman was reborn in the late 1960's and early 1970's as a tourist town. The main attraction was the wild burro herd. The burros roaming the Oatman area are descendants of . . . — Map (db m78570) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Ajo — 10 — The Mine Manager's HouseAjo, Arizona
The mine manager’s house was built in 1919 by John O. Greenway, General Manager of Calument & Arizona Mining Co. Michael Curley, the first occupant lived here until his retirement in 1939. Of the 14 subsequent managers, 12 lived in this house. It . . . — Map (db m83227) HM
Arizona (Pinal County), Apache Junction — Dons's Camp
. . . — Map (db m48355) HM
Arizona (Pinal County), Apache Junction — Goldfield Mining DistrictArizona
Originally called the Superstition Mining District, this district had its heyday from 1893 to 1898. The greatest producing mines were the Mammoth, Black Queen and Bull Dog. Their output was around a million dollars in gold and silver based on . . . — Map (db m34059) HM
Arizona (Pinal County), Apache Junction — Jacob Von Walzer1808 – 1891 — Lost Dutchman Gold Route
Dedicated October 1961 To the Memory of Jacob Von Walzer 1808 – 1891 One of America's most famed legendary figures, whose exploits have stimulated the imagination of peoples everywhere by his contribution to the heritage of his . . . — Map (db m74394) HM
Arizona (Pinal County), Florence — Granville H. Oury
March 12 1825 - Jan 11 1891 Judge- District court of New Mexico Delegate to Confederate Congress Arizona Mounted Volunteers CSA Territorial legislature US Congress Pioneer- Soldier- Statesman — Map (db m32394) HM
Arizona (Pinal County), Red Rock — 2 — Red Rock Post Office
Established June 14, 1887. A small conical red peak gave Red Rock its name. Red Rock was a major cattle shipping point via the S.P. Railroad. This post office celebrated its Centennial in June 1987. — Map (db m31190) HM
Arizona (Pinal County), Superior — Robert Taylor 'Bob' JonesFebruary 8, 1884 – June 11, 1958
Born in Rutledge, Tennessee, he became a self-taught construction engineer and builder of railroads. In 1909, he settled in the mining town of Superior, site of the Magma Copper Company. He opened his first drug store in Superior in 1913, later . . . — Map (db m34104) HM
Arizona (Pinal County), Superior — US 60 History Trail
This historical trail began in 1997 when Broken Hill Proprietary Company Limited ( BHP ) donated local mining artifacts from the 120 year old magma mine to the Superior Historical Society, Inc. due to their age and size, it was determined that these . . . — Map (db m67494) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Bagdad — Bagdad Copper Mine
Cypress Copper ― Bagdad Corporation In memory of WJ. Pace and J.M. Murphy Who filed the Bagdad claim January 1, 1882; John Lawler who patented the claim in 1889; and the Lincoln family who developed the mine. — Map (db m31552) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Clarkdale — United Verde Copper Company Smelter
The U.V.C.C. Clarkdale smelter was built through the vision of William A. Clark, owner of the United Verde Mine in Jerome. The Smelter was constructed between 1912-1915 to replace the outdated Jerome smelter. On May 26, 1915 the first furnace . . . — Map (db m33199) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Congress — Congress, Arizona
In 1863 Pauline Weaver and Abraham Peeples came from California to find gold. They found gold and the rush was on. In 1887 The Congress mine was formed and the town had a name. On March 14, 1895 the railroad came. Congress was booming. In 1910, . . . — Map (db m59977) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Jerome — Jerome, ArizonaToo Strong to Die
The first mining claims were filed in 1876, within 20 years Jerome was a billion dollar copper mecca and one of the wildest, wickedest mining towns in the west. Drinking, gambling, brawls and frolicking with ladies of the night occurred . . . — Map (db m33149) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Kirkland — Kirkland Bar and SteakhouseKirkland, Arizona
In the late 1800's, Thomas Earnhart erected the Kirkland Store on the site of today's Kirkland Bar and Steakhouse. In the early 1900's, Louis Haselfeld assumed ownership and opened the Haselfeld Store. The original wood frame building burned in . . . — Map (db m33046) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Kirkland — Malvina Lode ClaimMineral Survey No. 4158
Site of Assay Office and way stop on road to Prescott — Map (db m33043) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Prescott — 8 — Arizona Pioneer Home
To those responsible for the Arizona pioneer's home A. J. Doran Introduced enabling legislation - 1907 Supervised construction - 1910 First Superintendent – 1911 George D. Morris Reintroduced Successful enabling . . . — Map (db m32903) HM
Arizona (Yavapai county), Prescott — Simmons, Arizona
This is the site of ‘the crossing' on the Mojave-Prescott "Hardyville" toll road. The road was authorized by the first territorial legislature and was built by W. H. Hardy, connecting Prescott with Hardyville on the Colorado River. William John . . . — Map (db m72625) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Prescott — VFW Bucky O'Neill Post No. 541
Founded in Jan. 1921 and named after the famous Rough Rider William "Bucky" O'Neill, the post is the oldest active VFW post in Arizona. Born Feb. 2, 1860 in St. Louis, Missouri, his many accomplishments include being a Lawyer, Judge, Sheriff, Editor . . . — Map (db m68732) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Seligman — Beale Wagon RoadSeligman, Arizona
From 1857 to 1860 Lt. Edward F. Beale and a crew of 100 men built the first federal highway in the southwest. The 1857 Beale Expedition used 22 camels and dromedaries for pack animals. This road went from Fort Smith, Arkansas to Los Angeles, . . . — Map (db m32206) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Dateland — 111 — Datelan Army Air Field
Datelan Army Air Field was established here January 1, 1943. The site was chosen due to the availability of water and the adjacent location of the Yuma Gunnery Range. Construction was completed June 1, 1943. Datelan AAF was a sub-base of Yuma Army . . . — Map (db m78545) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Dateland — 110 — Hyder Divisional Camp-Horn Divisional Camp Desert Training CenterCalifornia-Arizona Maneuver Area — United States Army
Camps Hyder & Horn were established 10 miles north of Dateland in the fall of 1943. They were 2 of 15 desert camps built to harden and train United States Troops for service in World War II. The Desert Training Center was a simulated theater of . . . — Map (db m78546) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Camp LagunaDesert Training Center — California – Arizona Maneuver Area
Camp Laguna operated from April 1942 to April 1944. It was one of twelve such camps built in the southwestern deserts to train United States troops during World War II. The Desert Training Center, a simulated theater of operations, included . . . — Map (db m29061) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Castle Dome Mining District1864 - 1979
In 1863 Jacob Snively, founder of Gila City, and right hand to Sam Houston, avenger of the Alamo, following blazes left on the saguaros by Mexican and Conquistador predecessors, came to Castle Dome, and within 15 years, Castle Dome City’s population . . . — Map (db m48924) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Flora Temple Mine
This is the point of discovery for the Flora Temple Mine. In the early 1870’s, a Colorado River steamboat captain named Isaac Polthamus purchased the Flora Temple Mine. This mine was the 2nd patented claim in Arizona (1871). Polthamus and his . . . — Map (db m91925) HM
California (Alameda County), Castro Valley — Rowell Ranch
Once a hiding and trading place in the 1850's for the notorious bandit Joaquin Murrieta, known in California as "El Famoso," this canyon has produced many rodeos dating back to the rancho days circa 1820. Harry Rowell, originally from England, . . . — Map (db m94033) HM
California (Alameda County), Dublin — 1943 Fleet City 1946Shoemaker, California
During World War II 3,396 acres were purchased for the largest naval installation in the U.S. Three navy bases sat adjacent to each other in an area known as Fleet City. Camp Parks located along Dougherty Road, The U.S. Naval Hospital among . . . — Map (db m94022) HM
California (Alameda County), Dublin — Amador Valley Hotel(Later the Dublin Hotel)
For 86 years a favorite congregating spot. Built by John Green in 1860, with a balcony over the porch and a gabled roof. A famous cross-roads stop and transfer point on the Oakland-Stockton and Martinez-San Jose stagecoach routes intil the 1890's . . . — Map (db m59944) HM
California (Alameda County), Dublin — Don Jose Maria AmadorSoldier - Explorer - Pioneer - Rancher
Jose Maria Amador, born 1794 at San Francisco Presidio, spent his early years in the Mexican Army, as soldier, explorer, Indian fighter, and was later administrator at Mission San Jose. Amador was paid for his service with land, a grant . . . — Map (db m69727) HM
California (Alameda County), Dublin — Mape Memorial Park
Commander John "Jack" Clement Mape USN, was Dublin's first casualty of the Vietnam War. A 40-year old father of seven, Mape lived in Dublin and was stationed in Alameda, CA. He was assigned to Squadron VA-52 of the USS Ticonderoga in September, . . . — Map (db m69725) HM WM
California (Alameda County), Dublin — Site of the Dougherty Station Hotel
Built at the crossroads in 1862 by James Witt Dougherty where it served travelers going by stagecoach from Oakland to Stockton and from San Jose to Martinez and Sacramento. This area was named Dougherty Station from 1862 until 1878, and the hotel . . . — Map (db m69726) HM
California (Alameda County), Fremont — D26 — Ehrman General Store
With the discovery of gold in California, the town around the Mission San Jose became the gateway and provision center for the “49er” on his way to the Southern Mines. To meet these demands, the firm of Strauss and Co. was founded by . . . — Map (db m64904) HM
California (Alameda County), Fremont — Washington Hotel
Washington Hotel originally located across the street as a two story adobe building. Destroyed by the 1868 earthquake. Rebuilt on the present site in the same year. The building has served as a hotel, stage stop, state library, and present day . . . — Map (db m54668) HM
California (Alameda County), Livermore — Joaquin Murrieta and Murrieta's Well
The legend of Joaquin Murrieta is one of the most enduring and fascinating of chapters in California history. Facts, fiction and romantic tales entangle to create a legend of unique aura that had become part of California's folklore, especially in . . . — Map (db m17944) HM
California (Alameda County), Livermore — Livermore Southern Pacific Depot
This railroad station having been located about half a mile west of the old town of Laddsville, on land owned by Wm. M. Mendenhall. Established the location of the town Livermore. The first depot was a freight car that was soon replaced by a . . . — Map (db m19993) HM
California (Alameda County), Livermore — Livermore Town Hall Jail and Firehouse
[Upper Marker:] Built 1875, this building was first a hotel then the Livermore Valley Bank. It was the Livermore Town Hall from 1905 to 1957. The jail was in the rear, and to the left the firehouse. It was here a light bulb was lit and . . . — Map (db m19982) HM
California (Alameda County), Livermore — Tolliver Airship
Eight miles southwest of this location, in the Spring of 1904, Charles Tolliver built an airship. With an aluminum superstructure covered with 6,000 yards of rongee silk, the craft was to be 250 feet long, 40 feet wide and 44 feet high. Four . . . — Map (db m19968) HM
California (Alameda County), Livermore — 957 — Wente Bros. Winery
Here the first Wente Vineyards of 47 acres was established by C.H. Wente in 1883. In 1935 his sons, Ernest and Herman, introduced California’s first varietal wine label, Sauvignon Blanc. The efforts of the Wente family have helped to establish the . . . — Map (db m31408) HM
California (Alameda County), Newark — Carter Brothers
Western history owes the Carter Brothers a great debt, for they were the general contractors for the first six narrow gauge railroads in California. From 1874 to 1902 they built freight, passenger, cable and street cars. Their plant became Newark's . . . — Map (db m94310) HM
California (Alameda County), Niles — Completion of the Transcontinental RailroadNiles, California
“May God continue the unity of our country as this railroad unites the two great oceans of the world.” The gold spike ceremony at Promontory, Utah in May of 1869 united the tracks of the Central Pacific and Union Pacific Railroads. . . . — Map (db m24473) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — Dunsmuir House
Within this crescent shaped valley is the beautiful 37-room Dunsmuir House, an example of colonial revival Victorian architecture. Built in 1899 on a 415 acre estate by Alexander Dunsmuir, heir to a Canadian coal and lumber fortune, for his bride . . . — Map (db m72061) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — Kennedy Tunnel
Opened in 1903, the timber-lined Kennedy Tunnel was the fast route between Oakland and Lafayette, saving four hours of driving around the San Pablo Reservoir. In 1914, it was wired for lights and renamed the Broadway Tunnel. In 1937, after the . . . — Map (db m71764) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — Key Route Train Station
On this spot on June 1, 1904, the first Key Route electric train arrived to be welcomed by a crowd of excited residents. From a new ferry pier on the bay off Emeryville it had brought officials and guests to a dedication ceremony here. Key founder . . . — Map (db m72279) HM
California (Alameda County), Pleasanton — Gold CreekThe Great Gold Discovery of 1871
On Feb. 8, 1871 two men, the names of Neal F. Taylor and Timothy Cox, were looking for coal in the area and found more than they were looking for. On this creek which comes down through the then Dougherty Ranch the two men found a gold nugget. They . . . — Map (db m69728) HM
California (Alameda County), Pleasanton — J. W. Kottinger’s BarnPleasanton Heritage Site - 1852
John W. Kottinger (1819 – 1892) was Murray Township Justice of the Peace from 1853 to 1870. His home was the Seat of Justice for the township; The northwest corner of this adobe barn was used to jail prisoners. A frequent visitor was Joaquin . . . — Map (db m24507) HM
California (Alameda County), Sunol — Niles Canyon Railway
In 1869, the first Transcontinental Railroad passed this spot on its way to the shore of the San Francisco Bay. In 1984 the Southern Pacific Railroad abandoned this historic line between Niles and Tracy, California. Volunteers of the Pacific . . . — Map (db m63766) HM
California (Alameda County), Sunol — Sunol
Named in honor of Antonio Maria Sunol, merchant, naval man and cattlebarron, who acquired a Spanish / Mexican land grant in 1840. Along with the vast ranching and fertile farmlands, coal and gold were found in the Sunol area in the 1870’s. . . . — Map (db m24495) HM
California (Alpine County), Bear Valley — Old Emigrant Road
This Sierra Crossing used by Jedediah Smith 1821 - Major John Ebbetts 1850 - Snowshoe Thompson 1856-76 - Gold Seekers 1850's. Old road left Carson Pass Road in Hope Valley, crossed Border Ruffian Pass to Hermit Valley, Pacific Summit and through . . . — Map (db m10730) HM
California (Alpine County), Kirkwood — Kirkwood's
This building has been the pioneer home of the Kirkwood and Taylor families since it was built by Zachary Kirkwood in 1864. This building was one of the first resorts operated in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. — Map (db m57981) HM
California (Alpine County), Kirkwood — Snowshoe Thom(p)son(John Tostensen) — A True Pioneer
“…there ought to be a shaft raised to Snow-Shoe Thompson: Not of marble; Not carved and not planted in the valley, but a rough shaft of basalt or of granite, massive and tall, with top ending roughly as if broken short, to represent a life . . . — Map (db m12028) HM
California (Alpine County), Markleeville — Alpine Hotel
Originally built in 1862 as the Fiske House in Silver Mountain City. It was dismantled, board by board, in 1886 by A.M. Grover and a crew of men. Each board was marked and many of the old square nails were saved. It was re-erected on this site and . . . — Map (db m20631) HM
California (Alpine County), Markleeville — Markleeville General Store
On August 2, 1885, fire broke out in the Town of Markleeville destroying several buildings, including Harvey and Rask’s Bucher Shop and Smokehouse. Later on in the Fall, the building was rebuilt and reopened as Rask’s Butcher Shop. The building . . . — Map (db m11963) HM
California (Alpine County), Markleeville — Old Log Jail
In 1875, the Alpine County seat was moved from Silver Mountain (Kongsberg) to Markleeville. A new jail being needed, a foundation was laid using logs. The iron cells from the old jail were placed thereon and using the mortise and tenon method the . . . — Map (db m3007) HM
California (Alpine County), Markleeville — Old Webster School
Built by the citizens of Markleeville in 1882 it remained in operation until 1929 when the new Webster School was completed. In 1966, with the old school on the verge of total destruction, the Historical Society of Alpine County began to raise funds . . . — Map (db m3006) HM
California (Alpine County), Markleeville — Silver Mountain
Settled by Scandinavian miners in 1858, - then called Kongsberg. Renamed Silver Mountain in 1863 and made county seat of Alpine County Aug. 11th, 1864. During the Sixties, the town supported a post-office, two newspapers, express office, telegraph . . . — Map (db m58786) HM
California (Amador County), Drytown — Salute to Early Amador MinersE Clampus Vitus
This plaque is dedicated on September 10, 1960 by the ancient and honorable society of E Clampus Vitus to honor the memory of the early miners, both placer and quartz, of Amador County on the Mother Lode in California. It marks the place where in . . . — Map (db m10851) HM
California (Amador County), Ione — Iron Ivan
Old No. 7 was the last steam locomotive to operate over the Amador Central Railroad between Ione and Martell. The twelve mile long railroad lies entirely within Amador County and is one of the shortest railroads in this country. Iron Ivan is a fine . . . — Map (db m2371) HM
California (Amador County), Ione — Old Red Brick Building Saloon
Later the Scully Building Dedicated to the spirits within James W. Marshall Chapter No. 49 E Clampus Vitus April 24, 1974 — Map (db m2379) HM
California (Amador County), Jackson — - Jackson -The Jumping Seat of Calaveras County
Judge Smith proclaimed Jackson the Seat of Justice after Clerk Collier canvassed the votes of the May 1851 election in which 1224 votes were cast for Moquelumne Hill and 1014 for Jackson. An armed party from Moquelumne Hill pursued Judge Smith to . . . — Map (db m27499) HM
California (Amador County), Jackson — The Louisiana HouseBuilt in 1862
Known as the National Hotel from 1913 to 1962, this hostelry is built over double springs at which earlier gold seekers stopped to refresh themselves. It has been in constant operation since 1862 and has served as a focal point for “community . . . — Map (db m27670) HM
California (Amador County), Jackson — The Old Spring
This monument marks the site of a spring that refreshed the early travelers into this region. So many bottles were found around this spring that some Chilean miners called the site "Bottileas" or place of the bottles, the first name by which the . . . — Map (db m21371) HM
California (Amador County), Jackson Gate — A. Chichizola Store
Since 1850 Has served Jackson Gate since The California Gold Rush NRHP Plaque: Augustino Chichizola's Store Has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the . . . — Map (db m33376) HM
California (Amador County), Kit Carson — Plasse’s Trading Post
. . . — Map (db m21261) HM
California (Amador County), Martell — Amador Ledger
This newspaper was started in Volcano October 27, 1855. It was moved to Jackson in April, 1857. The Amador Ledger is the fourth oldest weekly newspaper in California and the oldest in Amador County. This building became the new home of the Amador . . . — Map (db m44139) HM
California (Amador County), Pine Grove — 37 — Clinton
Prospectors in 1849 traveled from the Mokelumne River through Clinton on the way to the diggins in Volcano. In the early 1850’s, the camp of Clinton became a market town, supplying the placer miners of the middle and southern forks of Jackson Creek, . . . — Map (db m41226) HM
California (Amador County), Plymouth — 762 — D'Agostini Winery
D’Agostini Winery was started in 1856 by Adam Uhlinger, a Swiss immigrant. The original wine cellar, with walls made from rock quarried from nearby hills, hand hewn beams, and oak casks, is still in use and part of the present winery. Some original . . . — Map (db m70454) HM
California (Amador County), Sutter Creek — Bellotti Inn
This hotel is a member of the State of California 100 Year Club and was opened for business in 1860. Bellotti Inn is one of oldest hotels still in continuous operation serving travelers in the State of California. The earliest hotel opened on this . . . — Map (db m29819) HM
California (Amador County), Sutter Creek — C. Soracco Company
Established in 1869 by Carlo Soracco, the store and adjoining residence were copied from similar buildings in Genoa, Italy. Carlo’s son, Frank, one of Amador County’s leading citizens, became proprietor in 1894. C. Soracco Co. was a major supplier . . . — Map (db m57992) HM
California (Amador County), Sutter Creek — Sutter Creek Jail
The jail was built in 1908 to replace the original jail that was destroyed by a fire started when an unidentified inmate set his mattress on fire and burned to death. Sutter Creek and Amador County shared the cost of the new cement jail built by the . . . — Map (db m57980) HM
California (Amador County), Volcano — John Doble's Cabin
At this spot on Plug St. about 100 feet from the intersection of Consolation Ave. is where John Doble chronicled his journey from Indiana, though Central America, up the coast to San Francisco and finally to the gold diggins of Volcano. His . . . — Map (db m85859) HM
California (Amador County), Volcano — Moose Milk
This plaque is in memory of the pioneers of California who assembled in Volcano where Moose Milk was originated. Dedicated this 13th day of January, 1951 by E Clampus Vitus. [A rededication marker, just below the main one, . . . — Map (db m9055) HM
California (Amador County), Volcano — Soldier Gulch
This plaque is in commemoration of two soldiers of a party from Stevenson’s New York Regiment who discovered Volcano Valley in late 1848 and camped here in Soldier Gulch through a hard winter. Their bodies were discovered in the spring and buried . . . — Map (db m11364) HM
California (Amador County), Volcano — The Old Bavarian Brewery
Built in 1856, the Bavarian Brewery is one of two historic breweries in Volcano, named for brewer Peter Seible. A notable example of early masonry, the precisely cut stones in the front facade are still plumb today. The deep cellar, used for the . . . — Map (db m32785) HM
California (Amador County), Volcano — 29 — Volcano
[Larger Marker]: Started 1848 by soldiers of Colonel Stevenson’s Regiment. Named by miners because of apparent volcanic appearance. Here the first California rental library, 1850, was established. And one of the first “Little . . . — Map (db m11336) HM
California (Butte County), Durham — Samuel Neal1816 – 1859
Born in Bucks County Pennsylvania, Neal a blacksmith by trade came to California with John Fremont’s second expedition in 1844. After working for John Sutter briefly at New Helvetia, obtained a land grant and established Rancho Esquon. After . . . — Map (db m61826) HM
California (Butte County), Forest Ranch — Katie Thompson – Mattie Thompson – Josie CampbellECV Preserving California History
On this site the remains of Katie Thompson, Mattie Thompson, and Josie Campbell were laid to rest. The children, were the grandchildren of Joseph Campbell, and all died of Scarlett Fever in 1877. Joseph Campbell was a prominent pioneer in this area . . . — Map (db m61767) HM
California (Butte County), Magalia — “Magalia Depot & Butte County Railroad”
In 1902, Diamond Match Co., established the Butte Co. Railroad. The So PAC tracks ran between Chico, Durham, and Stirling City. Regular train service between Chico and Magalia began Nov. 2, 1903. Magalia depot was completed soon thereafter. April 8, . . . — Map (db m61223) HM
California (Butte County), Magalia — Dogtown
This site was first settled in 1850. It was named Dogtown for the dogs raised and sold to the miners by a woman named Bassett. — Map (db m66119) HM
California (Butte County), Magalia — LovelockSquare-Nail Town Smith
Named for George Lovelock, born in Wales in 1824, emigrated to California in 1850. George Lovelock settled in Butte County in 1851 and began a successful business in Butte Creek Canyon before moving not far from this present site to establish a . . . — Map (db m61685) HM
California (Butte County), Magalia — Magalia Community Church / The Magalia Schoolhouse Bell
[ Upper Marker ] This property Magalia Community Church Has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior [ Lower Marker ] The Magalia . . . — Map (db m29609) HM
California (Butte County), Oroville — BUT-012 — Long's Bar
Site of Gold Rush settlements Long’s Bar, Adamstown, White Rock, and nearby Banner Mine. Sam Neal discovered gold here in 1848. First Christian and Masonic observances in Butte County held here 1849. First county ferry franchise, 1850. — Map (db m69790) HM
California (Butte County), Paradise — Nelson Bar
Mining settlement named for Benjamin Nelson who discovered gold here in 1850. Town was on both sides of W. Branch of N. Fork of Feather River. — Map (db m61686) HM
California (Butte County), Paradise — Butte 011 — Old Paradise Depot
Constructed in 1903, this depot is one of three maintained along the Butte County Railroad, a 31 mile line from Chico to Stirling City, completed by Diamond Match Co. in 1904. The railroad was later acquired by Southern Pacific and operated as a . . . — Map (db m29671) HM
California (Butte County), Stirling City — Inskip HotelElev. 4808’
Editor's Note: All the "E's" on this marker are backwards The historic inn, first built in 1857 by Pat Kelley sold to John Stokes in 1866. Destroyed by fire in 1868. Rebuilt in 1868, is the only remaining one of five hotels which . . . — Map (db m61765) HM
California (Butte County), Stirling City — Stirling City
This peaceful community, gateway to the remote regions of the High Lakes of Butte and Plumas Counties, owes its origin and subsequent development to the entrance of the Diamond Match Company to California. With the purchase of about 40,000 acres of . . . — Map (db m61764) HM
California (Calaveras County), Angels Camp — Archie D. Stevenot“Mr. Mother Lode”
September 25, 1882 – August 1, 1968 Founder of Mother Lode Association in 1919, which created colorful Highway 49 – California’s first highway association. Plaque and 100 year capsules placed on July 23, 1976 by Golden Chain . . . — Map (db m6876) HM
California (Calaveras County), Angels Camp — Archie Stevenot“Mr. Mother Lode”
He was born Sept. 25, 1882 on the old Stevenot Homestead one-half mile west of this marker. Son of Emile K. and Sarah E. Stevenot and the grandson of Gabriel K. Stevenot, Calaveras County pioneer who pitched tent there in April, 1850. Student, . . . — Map (db m6847) HM
California (Calaveras County), Angels Camp — Chinatown
This building, once owned by Sam Choy, is the only building remaining from a large Chinese settlement here in early Gold Rush days. Now owned by the City of Angels Camp. — Map (db m31889) HM
California (Calaveras County), Angels Camp — Claussen’s Corner
Built in the early 1850’s, year not documented, by Frank Egan, as the Central Park Hotel. Then, it included a brothel upstairs. The hotel was sold to Mrs. Mitrovich and renamed The Waverly Hotel. Blagoje “Billy” Ratkovich bought the . . . — Map (db m40811) HM
California (Calaveras County), Angels Camp — Giovanni LavagninoPioneer Craftsman
In Tribute To the pioneer craftsman whose skills, ingenuity and determination established permanent communities in the wake of the gold rush, and whose progeny have continued to contribute to the region’s character and spirit, recognition is . . . — Map (db m58925) HM
California (Calaveras County), Angels Camp — James H. Carson
. . . — Map (db m7502) HM
California (Calaveras County), Avery — Avery One-Room School House
Avery one-room school was established April 4, 1886. School was in session from March to December due to winter snows that kept the highway closed. Hazel Fischer taught here from July 1916 to March 1941. Ms Fischer took all the students to San . . . — Map (db m53304) HM
California (Calaveras County), Avery — The Avery Hotel
The oldest continuously operated hotel in Calaveras County, it was built as a family home in 1851 by Joseph and Sarah Goodell of Maine. The Goodells later relocated to Stockton. In 1853 Peter and Nancy Avery, also of Maine, began operating it as a . . . — Map (db m20626) HM
California (Calaveras County), Copperopolis — Black Bart at Funk HillCopperopolis
July 1875, at Funk Hill 4 miles due east Black Bart, alias Charles E. Bolton or Boles, wearing a flour sack mask and a linen duster, waving a double-barrelled shot gun held up the Wells Fargo Sonora to Milton Stage. The first successful stage . . . — Map (db m70090) HM
California (Calaveras County), Copperopolis — Calaveras Telephone
Present site of one of the last family - founded and - still - operated - by - that - family phone companies in America. Founded by Jim Tower, who strung his first telephone wires in 1895 tacked along posts of barb wire fences, earning himself the . . . — Map (db m57982) HM
California (Calaveras County), Copperopolis — 296 — CopperopolisThe Town of
With the discovery of copper ore in 1860 by Thomas McCarty and William K. Reed, the town of Copperopolis sprang into existence and soon became the largest producer of copper in the western United States. The population of Copperopolis grew to exceed . . . — Map (db m13004) HM
California (Calaveras County), Copperopolis — Copperopolis Cemetery
Located atop a prominent hill, this cemetery overlooks the community of Copperopolis and it’s surrounding area. After crossing through the wrought iron gates and walking amongst the paths you’ll find yourself surrounded by the 4 foot natural stone . . . — Map (db m19759) HM
California (Calaveras County), Copperopolis — Madame Josephine Felix
Josephine Felix arrived from France in 1852, one of the first settlers in Salt Spring Valley. Soon widowed, she established a waystation at the junction of the Angels and Central Ferry Roads. She wed neighbor Alban Hettick and the couple developed a . . . — Map (db m58929) HM
California (Calaveras County), Copperopolis — The Old Corner Saloon
In the 1860’s Copperopolis had a population of 10,000 and was the principal mine in the west. The mine closed in 1945. This building has housed a saloon since it was built in 1862. Twice it survived raging fires which destroyed the town. The bar . . . — Map (db m19770) HM
California (Calaveras County), Dorrington — Board's Crossing
Board’s Crossing was first used as a cattle crossing in the early 1870’s. Brothers David and William Board moved here from Missouri in 1854. They settled in Salt Springs Valley and raised cattle. This shallow ford across the river was a favorite . . . — Map (db m58791) HM
California (Calaveras County), Dorrington — Dorrington Hotel
Built in 1860 by John and Rebecca Gardner, this was a stage coach stop on the Big Trees Carson Valley Road. A toll road from 1862 – 1910. The hotel served as a depot for stockmen and as a summer resort. Noted for its ice cold springs, it . . . — Map (db m57983) HM
California (Calaveras County), Douglas Flat — The Italian Store
Built is 1861 by Antonio and Caterina Gagliardo. Served as a Post Office and social center for the community of Douglas Flat. A hand dug well located next to the store supplied Douglas Flat with good fresh water and remains in good shape today. . . . — Map (db m58852) HM
California (Calaveras County), Mokelumne Hill — 663 — Calaveras County Courthouse and Leger Hotel
A portion of this building served as the Calaveras County Courthouse from 1852 to 1866, when the county seat was removed to San Andreas. George W. Leger then acquired the court building and made it a part of his adjoining hotel, which has been . . . — Map (db m11537) HM
California (Calaveras County), Mokelumne Hill — Mokelumne Hill
Beneath this spot in 1851, Joe H. Zumwalt established the first chapter of the Ancient and Honorable Order of E Clampus Vitus. On his way West, Zumwalt discovered an amusing ritual in the newspaper office at Bowling Green, Mo. Arriving in Moke Hill . . . — Map (db m45976) HM
California (Calaveras County), Murphys — Albert A. MichelsonDec. 19, 1852 – May 9, 1931
First American scientist awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (Physics – 1907); Dean of American Optics; Measured velocity of light, ether drift, standard meter, steller diameters. Lived here during childhood. — Map (db m32818) HM
California (Calaveras County), Murphys — E Clampus VitusECV Wall of Comparative Ovations
During the Gold Rush Days of California the organization known as E Clampus Vitas flourished throughout the gold diggings. It was sort of a parody of the solemn and mysterious fraternal orders then so popular in the states. Every member held an . . . — Map (db m31275) HM
California (Calaveras County), Murphys — John Murphy1824 – 1892
Founder of Murphys, 1848. John and brother Daniel set up trading post; hired Miwok Indians to mine gravel – paid them in merchandise Murphys was first known as Murphys Diggings; then Murphys Camp – later Murphys John Murphy . . . — Map (db m34335) HM
California (Calaveras County), Murphys — Maj. James D. Savage
Member of Fremont’s Battalion during Mexican War. Established Indian trading posts throughout Central San Joaquin Valley. Leader of the first expedition of the Mariposa Battalion into Yosemite Valley, 1851 Dr. Lewis Leach described Savage as . . . — Map (db m34057) HM
California (Calaveras County), Murphys — Murphy Brothers
The brothers John Murphy (1824-1892) and Daniel Murphy (1826-1882) reportedly pitched their trading tent near this site late in 1848. — Map (db m51558) HM
California (Calaveras County), Murphys — Site of E.C.V. Saloon
Near this spot the “E.C.V. Saloon” stood in 1853. Believed to be the only E. Clampus Vitus (miners’ fun fraternal order) saloon officially recorded. — Map (db m32875) HM
California (Calaveras County), Murphys — The Compere Store
Built in 1858 by Pierre Bonet with fire proof steel shutters and stone walls. Owned and operated by Victorene Compere to provision the miners. Restored and preserved as a private residence in 1939. Historic American Building Survey No. 1108 . . . — Map (db m32872) HM
California (Calaveras County), Murphys — William Gordon HuffE Clampus Vitus Wall of Comparative Ovations
William Gordon Huff 1903 ~ 1993 Sublime Nobel Grand Patriarch Grand Clamp Artist Visionary • Artist • Sculpture Bill conceived, named, and created E Clampus Vitus Wall of Comparative Ovations as a memorial to portray early . . . — Map (db m31195) HM
California (Calaveras County), San Andreas — Attempted Stage Robbery
At this place, April 30th 1892, without warning, a lone bandit fired two charges of buckshot into the stage carrying the payroll for the Sheepranch Mine. Miss Johanna Rodesino, a passenger, was instantly killed. Babe Raggio, driver, was severely . . . — Map (db m11683) HM
California (Calaveras County), San Andreas — Calaveras County Hospital Cemetery
In this cemetery lie the remains of 600 Calaveras pioneers. All died in the once adjacent county hospital and were interred here between 1890 and the 1910’s. Mostly older men, they lacked the means to be buried in a church or town cemetery. Some . . . — Map (db m19324) HM
California (Calaveras County), Tamarack — Camp Tamarack
For more than 80 years, the area was known as Onion Valley due to the profusion of wild onions growing here. It was mainly used as a summer stock range. In the late 1860-70’s a sawmill was operated by C. Brown. Later a man called . . . — Map (db m40974) HM
California (Calaveras County), Vallecito — Camp Nine Bell
From New York in 1900 to the present day in California; from cookhouse to firehouse this bell has been a part of Vallecito’s history. In 1906, Beach Thompson needing water for his hydraulic mining, and investors in San Francisco needing . . . — Map (db m32727) HM
California (Calaveras County), Vallecito — Dinkelspiel Store
The store was built in 1851 and opened for business in 1852 by the Dinkelspiel family, who had recently emigrated from Germany. The buildings were made of rhyolite tuff blocks from the Altaville Quarry. The small adjoining building originally used . . . — Map (db m11967) HM
California (Calaveras County), Valley Springs — Valley Spring
The original three foot narrow gauge line was built by the San Joaquin & Sierra Nevada Railroad, extending from Brack’s Landing on the Mokelumne River, east to Valley Springs. The depot and turntable were built around the time of completion of the . . . — Map (db m10635) HM
California (Colusa County), Arbuckle — Arbuckle
In 1859 Tacitus Ryland Arbuckle located a homestead in the Sacramento Valley, and in 1875 had the land plotted for a town site. The legendary Arbuckle founded the town, deeded the lots, furnished the nails, and helped build the first houses in what . . . — Map (db m54548) HM
California (Colusa County), Colusa — Adelade M. Ryerson House--1906
This house, also called the Tin House because of its pressed metal siding has a symmetrical façade that is suggestive of a Colonial Revival influence. In the 1890’s a flour mill was located on this site but eventually closed because of continued . . . — Map (db m72987) HM
California (Colusa County), Colusa — Old Chinatown District--Circa 1890
In the 1850s, Chinese came to California, a land they called Gum Shan, meaning Mountain of Gold, for the same reason as other nationalities: to seek their fortune. As the placer gold played out, Chinese took jobs building railroads, dams, levees, . . . — Map (db m54986) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Alamo — Stone Valley
Squire Silas Stone emigrated with his family from Iowa in 1853 and settled half mile east of this marker. The pioneer's home stood nearby until 1957. His son Albert eventually expanded the ranch to 800 acres and gave the family name to the present . . . — Map (db m93667) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Antioch — City of Antioch War Dog Memorial
You protected us on the field of battle. You watched over our eternal rest. You will not be forgotten. We are forever grateful. Dedicated in memory of Specialist 4th Class George D. (Doug) Deitrick and his scout dog, Egor (75IM), . . . — Map (db m93604) WM
California (Contra Costa County), Antioch — CHL 932 — Mount Diablo Coal Field
From 1860 to 1906, this area was the largest coal mining district in California. Five towns (Nortonville, Somersville, Stewartville, Judsonville and West Hartley) grew up around twelve major mines. Today the towns are gone. The buildings having been . . . — Map (db m93611) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Antioch — Riverview Union High School
This was the first high school constructed in Contra Costa County. Supported by the Womans Club of Antioch, the first joint communities bond was passed in 1908 for $20,000 by Antioch, Pittsburg, Somersville, Nortonville and Live Oak. Charles . . . — Map (db m91845) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Antioch — Sidney Flat
This area was the original site of the coal mining town of Somersville. The town was located here because of the availability of good drinking water. When the railroad arrived in 1866, water could be hauled from the San Joaquin River and the town . . . — Map (db m93608) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Antioch — The Woman's Club of Antioch
Eleven women founded the Woman's Club of Antioch in February, 1902. They pledged to "improve and beautify the town, to do any business which shall promote the educational, industrial, benevolent, social or political welfare of its members or the . . . — Map (db m93605) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Brentwood — Byer/Nail House
This house, which serves as the museum for the East Contra Costa Historical Society, was originally built by Johnson and Elizabeth Fancher in 1878. In the early 1880's the Fanchers sold the house and surrounding acreage to John and Letitia Byer. In . . . — Map (db m94652) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Byron — ByronEst. 1878
At this location, in 1878, a railroad station was established for the San Pablo and Tulare Railroad, which ran from Los Banos to Martinez, later to become part of the Southern Pacific Railway, for the purpose of taking on water, and became known as . . . — Map (db m17325) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Clayton — Joaquin Murrieta
Born in Mexico in 1832 the renowned "Robin Hood of the El Dorado" spent his early days in Californa working in Contra Costa County as a vaquero before turning bandit. Dedicated By Joaquin Murrieta Chapter No. 13 E Clampus Vitus November 6, 1976 . . . — Map (db m24567) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Clayton — Old Marsh Creek Springs
This area in the mid 1850s, was a known hideout for legendary bandit Joaquin Murrieta, who worked as a vaquero for John Marsh on his rancho just east of here. It was also frequented by John "Grizzly" Adams, famed California mountain man. In 1927 . . . — Map (db m94657) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Clayton — The Clayton Club
Jacob Rhine's National Saloon had an impressive inventory of cigars and liquor in 1874. The saloon was renamed after Carl Berendsen bought the property in 1905. He added a building shipped from San Francisco via Martinez for family living . . . — Map (db m57976) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Concord — Live Oak CemeteryFounded 1865
Don Salvio Pacheco granted this land designated as a cemetery to serve Clayton and Concord. There are many prominent pioneers of early Clayton and Concord buried here. They include members of the following families: Atchinson, Babel, Clayton, . . . — Map (db m93630) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — Birthplace of The Martini
On this site in 1874, Julio Richelieu, bartender, served up the first martini when a miner came into his saloon with a fistful of nuggets and asked for something special. He was served a "Martinez Special." After three or four drinks, however, the . . . — Map (db m57975) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — Borland Home
This Victorian cottage was the home of the Robert Borland Family. Built in 1890 by Dr. John S. Moore, D.D.S., and originally used as his dental office. The property was inherited by his daughter, Mrs. Emma Moore Borland. The Martinez Historical . . . — Map (db m16730) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — Captain Joseph R. Walker
This monument erected in honor of his contributions as a soldier, mountain man, and explorer who through his efforts and those of his breed such as Jim Bridger, Thomas Fitzpatrick, Jedediah Smith, helped explore and open the way to the West. There . . . — Map (db m93508) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — Dedicated to the Family of Don Ignacio Martinez
Dedicated to the family of Don Ignacio Martinez, who settled El Rancho Pinole in 1830. Many of his descendants rest here, members of one of Contra Costa's first families. Dedicated by Joaquin Murrieta Chapter 13 E Clampus Vitus September . . . — Map (db m53061) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — God's Acre
Potters field at Alhambra Cemetery. Here, marked by numbered headstones the size of bread loaves, are buried over 600 poor and unknown early pioneers of California and Martinez. The earliest known burial was in 1853 and they continued until the . . . — Map (db m93541) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — Hook Family
William Hook came to the California gold country in 1850 to sell mining equipment and build mining machinery. In 1853 Hook opened a general store at the corner of Ferry and Main Streets in Martinez. Over the years Hook brought up land in Contra . . . — Map (db m93510) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — 1996 — James Rankin
In 1865, at the age of 17, James Rankin emigrated from a Scottish coal mining town after hearing of the "Black Gold" in Contra Costa. He worked with pick and shovel in the underground mines of Somersville. In 1885, Rankin was elected sheriff and . . . — Map (db m93506) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — Martinez Train DepotDedicated September 22, 2001
The City of Martinez has been the home of a train station along the waterfront for 125 years. The first station (approximately 200 yards to the east of this site) was erected in 1876 and closed in 2001 when this station was opened. More than . . . — Map (db m93542) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — Martinez-Benicia Ferry"Gateway to the Gold Fields"
Founded by Dr. Robert Semple in 1847, the Martinez-Benicia ferry was the first established and longest operating ferry service in the S.F. Bay Area. In 1850 Oliver Coffin took over the operation and with his brothers purchased a new ferryboat, the . . . — Map (db m27645) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — XIII (13) — Pioneer Cemetery
In this cemetery are laid to rest many of the early California pioneers, settlers and their families. One of the more famous is Joseph Reddeford Walker, XNGH - mountain man, guide and pathfinder. — Map (db m93507) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — 511 — Vicente Martinez Adobe
In 1849, Vicente Martinez built a two-story adobe ranch house on his portion of the Rancho Pinole. This land was inherited from his father, Don Ignacio Martinez, a Spanish officer who became Comandante of the San Francisco Presidio and later Alcade . . . — Map (db m50821) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Pittsburg — Bank of America
The First National Bank Building was designed by E.L. Norberg and built by G.H. Fields & Co. in 1921. In January 1927, the bank was purchased by Liberty Bank of San Francisco, which then merged with Bank of America Los Angeles later the same day. . . . — Map (db m37488) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Pittsburg — Black Diamond
In 1860, at the confluence of the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers, settlers founded the village of Black Diamond. Named for the coal that was mined in the Mount Diablo foothills, the village of Black Diamond flourished as a shipping port for coal . . . — Map (db m91846) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Pittsburg — Pittsburg Post Dispatch Building
Built in 1923, this brick building was the home of the Coast Counties Gas and Electric Company which provided utilities to the City of Pittsburgh. The company closed its office in the 1950s and the building became a newspaper publishing and . . . — Map (db m37423) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Port Costa — The Burlington HotelEstablished 1883
Port Costa's old timers are quite certain that the rumor of the Burlington Hotel being a bordello is untrue. Their reasoning is that the respected owners and their families lived nearby, therefore it could not have been a bordello. However, the . . . — Map (db m57971) HM
California (Del Norte County), Klamath — Captain Courageous1963 - 1983
The heroic voyage of this crossbreed steer; floating downriver from Klamath Glen and up the coast into Crescent City Harbor, was an inspiration to the flood victims of Klamath. He embodied their courage, stamina, and indomitable spirit. A living . . . — Map (db m91941) HM
California (El Dorado County), Coloma — Chinese Miners of the Mother Lode
Following the California Gold Rush of ’49, swarms of Chinese miners came to make their mark on the diggings in the Mother Lode, including this Coloma Valley. They were industrious and self-contained and mostly content to thoroughly comb the old . . . — Map (db m12225) HM
California (El Dorado County), Coloma — James W. MarshallDiscoverer of Gold
“Boys I believe I have found a gold mine” so said James W. Marshall to his millworkers on January 24, 1848, after he discovered gold in the tail race of Captain John A. Sutter’s sawmill at Coloma. This discovery started the great Gold . . . — Map (db m12224) HM
California (El Dorado County), Coloma — Monroe Family Homestead
The home of the pioneer Monroe family stood here for more than a century. The family matriarch, Nancy Gooch, came across the plains from Missouri as a slave in 1849. She gained her freedom in 1850 when California joined the Union as a . . . — Map (db m17455) HM
California (El Dorado County), Coloma — Sutter Mill Replica
This replica of Sutter’s Mill was based on research from many sources – a drawing by James Marshall, an old photograph of the mill, and the results of several excavations made on the original mill site. The building is 60 feet long, 20 feet . . . — Map (db m12206) HM
California (El Dorado County), El Dorado — 700 — El Dorado (Mud Springs)
Trading post, emigrant stop, and mining camp of the 1850’s. This became one of the remount stations of the Central Overland Pony Express. Here at the Nevada House on April 13, 1860, pony rider William (Sam) Hamilton changed horses while carrying the . . . — Map (db m11571) HM
California (El Dorado County), El Dorado Hills — 699 — Mormon TavernOverland Pony Express Route - California
At this site on the old Clarksville-White Rock Emigrant Road was Mormon Tavern. Constructed in 1849, this popular stage stop was enlarged and operated by Franklin Winchell in 1851. It became a remount station of the Central Overland Pony Express and . . . — Map (db m12056) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — American River Inn
American River Inn formerly American Hotel Destroyed by fire, 1899 Rebuilt by F. Schmeder 1899 — Map (db m54944) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — 17 — Balsar House / I.O.O.F Hall
[Three small markers are mounted on the front of the building:] Marker 1: Balsar House A hotel built in 1850 by Madam Balsar Remodeled for an opera house in 1870. Restored by the Independent Order Odd Fellows and used as a . . . — Map (db m54812) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — Civil War Armory
Built in 1862 for the Georgetown Home Guard — Map (db m54931) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — 484 — Georgetown
Founded August 7, 1849 by George Phipps and party. Nicknamed Growlersburg from the heavy nuggets that “growled” in the miners’ pans. Georgetown was the hub of an immensely rich gold area. After the disastrous fire of 1852 the old town . . . — Map (db m57962) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — Georgetown - Pride of the Sierra / Growlersburg / E Clampus Vitus
Georgetown Pride of the Sierras Georgetown was founded in 1849 by George Phipps, a member of a party of sailors prospecting for gold, who first pitched his tent near the head of what is now known as Empire Canyon. George's town quickly . . . — Map (db m54773) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — Georgetown Firehouse
This firehouse, completed in 1965, was built to replace one on the opposite side of Main Street which was inadequate to house modern equipment. Headquarters of the Georgetown Fire District, now in this building, were formerly on Church Street. — Map (db m54929) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — Georgetown Hotel
Built 1856 Destroyed twice by fire and rebuilt in 1896 — Map (db m67570) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — Miners Club
Built 1862 Operated as morgue during Civil War — Map (db m55077) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — Shannon Knox House
Oldest Residence in Georgetown Built in the late Spring and Summer of 1854 — Map (db m54823) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — Wells Fargo Building
Wells Fargo Building and State Stop Built in 1852 — Map (db m54932) HM
California (El Dorado County), Kyburz — 705 — Moore’s (Riverton)
This was the site of a change station of the Pioneer Stage Company in the 1850’s and 1860’s. During 1860-1861, the Central Overland Pony Express maintained here the first pony remount station east of Sportsman’s Hall. — Map (db m57977) HM
California (El Dorado County), Latrobe — LatrobeEst. 1864
The youngest town acquisition of El Dorado County owes its origin to the Placerville and Sacramento Valley Railroad. They established a station for neighboring Amador County at this crossing of the roads. The town started on the completion of the . . . — Map (db m19317) HM
California (El Dorado County), Meyers — 708 — Yank’s Station
This was the site of the most eastern remount station of the Central Overland Pony Express in California. Established as a trading post in 1851 by Martin Smith, it became a popular hostelry and stage-stop operated by Ephraim “Yank” . . . — Map (db m433) HM
California (El Dorado County), Placerville — John Mohler Studebaker
1833 - - - 1917 Pioneer – Blacksmith – Soldier Inventor – Builder — Map (db m35536) HM
California (El Dorado County), Placerville — 475 — PlacervilleOriginally Known as “Hangtown” — Incorporated May 13, 1854
Established on banks of “Hangtown” Creek as rich mining camp in spring of 1848. Millions in gold were taken from its ravines and hills. Supply center for surrounding mining camps and transportation terminus for famous Comstock Lode. John . . . — Map (db m12732) HM
California (El Dorado County), Placerville — 701 — Placerville Pony ExpressStation and Terminus
Gold Rush town and Western Terminus of the Placerville – Carson Road to the Comstock. Placerville was a relay station of the Central Overland Pony Express, April 4, 1860 – June 30, 1861. Here on April 4, 1860 the first east-bound pony . . . — Map (db m57973) HM
California (El Dorado County), Placerville — Swift Berry“Mr. Clamper”
Born Nebraska 1887. Educated Biltmore Forest School, North Carolina. Began career 1908 in California with U.S.F.S. Major U.S. Army A.E.F. 1917 – 1919 General Manager Michigan California Lumber Co. 1925 – 1949 California State . . . — Map (db m57974) HM
California (El Dorado County), Placerville — Three Unfortunates Hanged
“Somewhere here lie the remains of the three unfortunates hanged in late 1849 from the oak tree in the feed corral after fair trial by the vigilantes. This incident changed the name of Dry Diggins to Hangtown. Let us not judge them too . . . — Map (db m57972) HM
California (El Dorado County), Pollock Pines — 704 — Sportsman’s Hall
This was the site of Sportsman’s Hall, also known as Twelve-Mile House. The hotel operated in the late 1850’s and 1860’s by John and James Blair, a stopping place for stages and teams of the comstock. It became a relay station of the Central . . . — Map (db m609) HM
California (Fresno County), Centerville — 23 — Kings River - Centerville
Gabriel Moraga of the Spanish Army, on Jan. 6, 1806 camped near here on the banks of a river never before seen by white men. The day was Epiphany, commemorating the visit of the three kings of the East to the Christ Child. This holy day suggested a . . . — Map (db m27833) HM
California (Fresno County), Clovis — 9 — Academy
One Quarter mile NW of here in a grove of oak tress on the south bank of Dog Creek was established "The Academy" in 1872. It was the first secondary school in Fresno County. J.D. Collins, later Sheriff was the first teacher. Just easterly of The . . . — Map (db m28014) HM
California (Fresno County), Clovis — Tarpey Depot
Built in 1892 as one of the three depots along the line of the San Joaquin Valley Railroad, this structure was originally located on the Tarpey Ranch just southeast of what is now the intersection of Ashlan and Clovis Avenues. In the span of its . . . — Map (db m26131) HM
California (Fresno County), Clovis — 14 — The San Joaquin Valley Railroad
In 1891, Marcus Pollasky formed a company to construct a railroad from the junction of the Southern Pacific Co. tracks in Fresno to the Sierra with the idea that eventually the railroad would cross the mountains and open the San Joaquin Valley to . . . — Map (db m28017) HM
California (Fresno County), Dunlap — Converse Basin Grove
One of the largest stands of Giant Sequoias, it contained some of the finest Big Trees. The grove was logged as a private land between 1897 and 1907, first by the Sanger Lumber Company and later by Hume-Bennett Lumber Company, which in 1909 . . . — Map (db m52239) HM
California (Fresno County), Dunlap — 33 — Dunlap CemeteryBaker's Mountain
Arriving in Fresno County in 1870, Sands Baker purchased a quarter section of land at the base of what became Baker's Mountain. Baker continually added to this tract until he had about 2000 acres. Baker was prominent in the mountain community. He . . . — Map (db m28066) HM
California (Fresno County), Easton — 35 — Easton / Washington Union High School District
[Side A:] Easton In 1878, O.W. Easton and J.P. Whitney, San Francisco entrepreneurs, bought a total of 12 sections of land in this area (7680 acres), formed the Washington Irrigated Colony and began selling 20-acre farms. Allen T. . . . — Map (db m28011) HM
California (Fresno County), Firebaugh — 10 — Andrew Davidson Firebaugh - Firebaugh's Ferry
Andrew Davidson Firebaugh was born in Virginia in 1823. He served with the Texas Mounted Riflemen in the Mexican War. Coming to Californian in 1849, he fought in the Mariposa Indian War under Major James D. Savage on the expedition that discovered . . . — Map (db m28015) HM
California (Fresno County), Fowler — Fowler's Switch
In 1872, the old Central Pacific Railroad, forerunner of the Southern Pacific, constructed a north-south line through the San Joaquin Valley, which opened the valley to commerce and settlement. The railroad contructed a switch a short distance . . . — Map (db m26132) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — China Alley街人唐
In 1874 600 people moved to what is now Fresno. Of those, 200 were Chinese, who made the brick and helped start the building of Fresno. A short time later, they were persuaded to settle west of the train tracks. They built an area of shops, which . . . — Map (db m52981) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 3 — Fort Washington
Approximately 2 miles north of this point, Fort Washintgon was built in the spring of 1850 by Wiley B Cassity (Cassady or Cassidy), Charls D. Gibbes, Major Lane and others. This fort, probably the first building erected in Fresno County, served as . . . — Map (db m28013) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 18 — Fresno County Courthouse
A temporary rough board building, containing county offices, was erected near the spot in the fall of 1874, about the time the cornerstone was laid for the original permanent courthouse. Fresno was selected by the voters in a previous spring . . . — Map (db m27940) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 27 — Fresno Traction Company1903 - 1939
During the year 1903, streetcars began to rattle along the city streets from the San Joaquin River through the fig garden area to downtown Fresno and east along Huntington Boulevard to Sunnyside. Providing a reliable, entertaining, even . . . — Map (db m27830) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 6 — Green Bush Spring
On this spot in the early days was a flowing spring beside which stood a large green bush. Wild horses, deer, elk and antelope watered here and it served as a watering place for sheep and cattle. The presence of this water caused the railroad in . . . — Map (db m28012) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 28 — John Charles Fremont
Fremont passed within sight of this spot on April 7, 1844. He is coming from the San Joaquin River to the Kings River with his mountain men guides, Thomas "Broken Hand" Fitzpatrick, Kit Carson and Alex Godey. Fremont described a vast prairie with . . . — Map (db m78355) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 20 — Moses J. Church
The Father of Fresno Irrigation. He was born in New York State in 1819, became a blacksmith and emigrated to California in 1852. He came to Fresno County in 1868 and employed by A. Y. Easterby, built the first irrigation system for lush fields of . . . — Map (db m71793) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — Sierra Sky ParkAmerica's first aviation community
Established October 23, 1946 as America's first aviation community. Through the efforts of Wm. and Doris Smilie, 130 acres of rolling "hog-wallow" and hardpan were transformed into a public use airport, with a sod runway, connecting taxi-way and . . . — Map (db m78354) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 2 — Site of Church-Sperry Mill and Mill Ditch
Built in 1883 by Moses J. Church, Fresno's first flour mill operated with Fancher Creek water run through Mill Ditch and down Fresno Street. The original wooden structure was replaced in 1892 by a brick building and was sold to the Sperry Flour . . . — Map (db m69808) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — The Basque Hotel
[Marker mounted to the left of the entrance door.] This building is the first Basque Hotel built near the Central Pacific Railroad lines that brought many new immigrants to Fresno and the San Joaquin Valley. It was one of several . . . — Map (db m37563) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — The Fresno Brewing Company
Ernst Eilert, a European trained Brewmaster and his son William established the Fresno Brewing Company on this site in 1899. They built a six story brewery, a laboratory, a racking room, stable and other structures. Five kinds of beer were brewed . . . — Map (db m26298) HM
California (Fresno County), Friant — 13 — Millerton
Due north of here, now covered by the waters of the lake, was the site of Millerton, first County Seat of Fresno County 1856-1874 — Map (db m52442) HM
California (Fresno County), Humphreys Station — Humphrey Station
This site was originally called Mechanicsville, gradually changing to Humphrey Station after Miles Humphreys' store. Miles Humphreys came to California to join his brother John after the Civil War and saw an opportunity by opening his store at this . . . — Map (db m28272) HM
California (Fresno County), Kerman — 42 — Kerman
Originally, in the late 1800's Kerman was called "Collis" in honor of the Southern Pacific Railroad President at the time, Collis P. Huntington. The Southern Pacific Railroad line was built through Kerman in 1891. The name was changed to Kerman in . . . — Map (db m28840) HM
California (Fresno County), Kerman — 5 — Sycamore PointSkaggs Bridge Park
Steamboats carrying supplies for Millerton reached the head of navigation at Sycamore Point on the south bank of the San Joaquin River about one mile upstream from here. In the spring of 1852 and for many years thereafter paddle wheel steamers made . . . — Map (db m47418) HM
California (Fresno County), Reedley — 29 — Poole's FerrySmith's Ferry
Side A - North Poole's Ferry Most important of Kings River's earliest crossings, it was operated from 1851 - 1857 by William Campbell and John Poole 3 miles above this point. The ferry and its trading post served travelers and . . . — Map (db m28844) HM
California (Fresno County), Reedley — Wagon Bridge1885 - 1929
In the early 1850's, before it became a town, Reedley was in Mariposa County. The only way to cross the Kings River was doing so at your own risk or to find a ferry and pay a fee to cross. The Reedley area could claim two operating ferries. . . . — Map (db m77752) HM
California (Fresno County), Sanger — 37 — Dalton Mountain
In 1891, a posse shootout forced the infamous Dalton brothers gang from this mountain hidehout. They made their way back to Kansas where they eventually met their fate in Coffeyville. The outlaws, long since gone, leave Dalton Mountain as their . . . — Map (db m27962) HM
California (Fresno County), Sanger — 25 — Kings River
Its waters made possible the irrigation of a million fertile acres, despite a 39 year battle over water rights. From 1882 forward, 150 lawsuits were filed and early irrigators often used armed force to open headgates to water their crops. L. A. . . . — Map (db m27996) HM
California (Fresno County), Sanger — 32 — Sanger
Founded by the Pacific Improvement Co. following the completion of Southern Pacific's east side railroad in May 1888. Its name honors Joseph Sanger, Jr., Indiana rail executive. Sanger, supported by a rich fruit citrus farming district which later . . . — Map (db m28164) HM
California (Fresno County), Sanger — 38 — William "Yank" Hazelton1824 -1906
"Yank" Hazelton, son of Joseph, a blacksmith, and Sophia Cleveland, was born in Coeyman, N.Y., in 1824. He emigrated to California through San Diego in 1853. He settled on this site and homesteaded this land in November, 1857, with his wife of 2 . . . — Map (db m28069) HM
California (Fresno County), Selma — 19 — Frank Dusy
Born in Canada in 1836, orphaned at age 8, he worked at numerous jobs before arriving in California in 1858. In his 40 years here he pioneered in photography, discovered Tehipite Valley and other prominent Sierra features. He led construction of the . . . — Map (db m28156) HM
California (Fresno County), Selma — 30 — Groundwater Irrigation Beginnings
[Marker Front:] Groundwater Irrigation Beginnings The San Joaquin Valley's groundwater reservoir was first tapped with a practical pumping plant 4 miles northeast of here on Dec. 12, 1894. William De La Grange of Selma, tired of . . . — Map (db m28594) HM
California (Fresno County), Selma — Libby, McNeill and Libby Cannery
On this 6 1/4 acre site, Libby, McNeill and Libby opened the San Joaquin Valley's largest cannery on July 18, 1911, less than four hectic months after the site was acquired and construction plans were announced. The initial construction cost was . . . — Map (db m52240) HM
California (Fresno County), Selma — 24 — Selma
Founded along this street in the late spring and early summer of 1880 by Jacob E. Whitson, George B. Otis, Monroe Snyder and E. H. Tucker as a 40 acre townsite mapped from Whitson's homestead and wheat field. Selma boomed and first prospered here . . . — Map (db m28161) HM
California (Fresno County), Squaw Valley — Millwood
Two miles northwest of here astride Mill Flat Creek is the site of old Millwood. A sawmill town established in 1891. Railroads brought logs here for milling and later lumber from other nearby mills including that which cut the privately owned . . . — Map (db m2979) HM
California (Fresno County), Tollhouse — 11 — Tollhouse
In the early 60's Elijah Sarvers, a solitary goatherd, was the first non-Indian here. In 1866 the Woods Bros. began making shakes on Pine Ridge, hiring Indians to carry them down the mountain. In 1867 the county granted them a franchise to build a . . . — Map (db m28016) HM
California (Humboldt County), Eureka — 154 — Fort Humboldt
By the early 1850's, newly arrived white settlers had moved into the Humboldt Bay area, causing conflict with the native inhabitants. To protect both Indians and settlers, Fort Humboldt was established in 1853 and operated until 1866. It became a . . . — Map (db m19936) HM
California (Humboldt County), Orick — Big DiamondA Circus Elephant
"Big Diamond", a circus elephant expired near here in 1927. His skinned hulk was buried. Years later, his bones were unearthed and speculation arose about a Humboldt mastodon until investigators were enlightened by people who'd seen the . . . — Map (db m22274) HM
California (Humboldt County), Petrolia — Cape Mendocino LighthouseLit Dec. 1, 1868 to Mar. 3, 1951
Built at 422 ft. elevation, the light swept 30 mi. to sea. The perilous waters here claimed nine ships. Mules took supplies to the site, 15 mi. north, the westernmost in the U.S. Dedicated to the Keepers of the Light — Map (db m51954) HM
California (Humboldt County), Shelter Cove — Cape Mendocino Lighthouse
Lit Dec. 1, 1868, the light from its first order Fresnel lens swept 30 miles to sea. Decommissioned in 1951, the structure slowly began to inch toward the 422’ cliff. The light was dismantled in 1998 and moved to Point Delgada, Shelter Cove by the . . . — Map (db m1093) HM
California (Humboldt County), Trinidad — 216 — Town of Trinidad
Founded April 8, 1850, Trinidad is the oldest town on the Northern California coast. During the 1850s, it served as a vital supply link between ships anchored at Trinidad Bay and miners in the Klamath, Trinity, Salmon River, and Gold Bluff mines. It . . . — Map (db m1188) HM
California (Imperial County), Calexico — Calexico Carnegie Library
Completed in 1919, the library was constructed with a $10,000 grant from industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. Calexico's Woman's Improvement Club and the Farmers and Merchants Club encouraged the city to apply for the Carnegie funds. In . . . — Map (db m62070) HM
California (Imperial County), Calexico — 808 — Camp Salvation
Here on September 23, 1849, Liet. Cave J. Couts, Escourt Commander, International Boundary Commission, established Camp Salvation. From September till the first of December 1849, it served as a refugee center for distressed emigrants attempting to . . . — Map (db m50586) HM
California (Imperial County), Calexico — Hotel De Anza
The Hotel De Anza was opened on May 28, 1931 by Will R. Conway, an experienced hotelman. The $48,000 cost was partly financed by Calexico citizens. It was opened with a big celebration after being built in only four month. The hotel featured three . . . — Map (db m62071) HM
California (Imperial County), El Centro — Camacho's Place and Café
Camacho's Place was opened for business on December 12, 1946 by Richard Camacho and his wife, Juanita. It is erected on the site of a former Seventh-Day Adventist church and school that had been damaged and abandoned following a major earthquake on . . . — Map (db m62073) HM

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