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E Clampus Vitus Markers
1255 markers matched your search criteria. The first 250 markers are listed. Next 1005
Arizona (Cochise County), Tombstone — Tombstone, Arizona"The Town Too Tough To Die"
In 1877 prospector Ed Schieffelin searched for silver in Apache land. He was told he would only find his own tombstone. Schieffelin ignored the advice. The result was a strike worth at least forty million dollars. This brought not only miners and businessmen, but gamblers, prostitutes and gunmen to the new town. The most famous gunfight in western history occurred at the OK Corral, October 26, 1881, when the Earps shot it out with the Clantons and the McLaurys. In 1882 the mines . . . — Map (db m48507) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Parks — Beale Wagon RoadAmerica’s Great Camel Experiment 1857-1858
In the summer of 1857 former Navy Lt. Edward F. Beale was chosen by the Buchanan Administration to develop a wagon road from Fort Defiance, New Mexico Territory (now Arizona) to the Colorado River along the 35th parallel. Secretary of War John B. Floyd also charged Beale with conducting a test to determine the suitability of camels for use by the U.S. Army in the deserts of the American Southwest. To this end, the army issued Beale 25 camels from its herd stationed at Camp Verde, Texas. Syrian . . . — Map (db m48347) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Williams — Williams, Arizona
The area around what now is Williams, Arizona, was first explored by a Mountain Man who came to this area in 1876, William Shirley Williams, who was called “Old Bill”. The town site was created by a cowboy named C.T. Rogers in 1879. Railroad workers put their camp on the map when they began construction on the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad in 1880. By 1881 this camp had enough inhabitants to qualify for a post office, requiring them to pick a name. They decided on Williams, to . . . — Map (db m48351) HM
Arizona (Gila County), Jakes Corner — Jakes Corner - An Arizona Stage Stop
In 1916, Jakes Corner originally called Felton, started as a stage stop, on the Annie Hardt homestead. As a pull out on the road to Globe, stages used to stop and wait as the occasional flooding Salt River receded. Annie Hardt had a vegetable stand, which passer-byes would stop and deposit her requested amount in the collection box, that Annie would later pickup. In 1924, the first store was built by George Felton. With advent of motorized travel and completion of Roosevelt Dam, it . . . — Map (db m48354) HM
Arizona (Gila County), Young — The Pleasant Valley War a.k.a. The Graham-Tewksbury FeudCirca 1882 - 1892
One of the West’s Longest and Bloodiest feuds took place here and around Pleasant Valley. The Grahams and the Tewksburys had been in the cattle business and it seems probable that they first fell out over the division of cattle they jointly owned (some believe stole). “Sheep were introduced into the valley in 1887 and this was an aggravating factor, drawing in cattle and sheep men from Holbrook and Flagstaff. Historians still debate the details of the feud that included brand changing, . . . — Map (db m78742) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 89 — 736th Tank Battalion (M) SP
Camp Bouse September 1943 to March 1944 "The Kid Battalion" From Normandy to the Elbe: •Normandy •Northern France •Ardennes •Rhineland •Central Europe — Map (db m78563) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 738th Medium Tank Battalion, SpecialWorld War II — 1943 – 1945
Dedicated to the men who gave time in their lives to serve honorably and courageously for our country. We take this moment in time to recognize their achievements which were done with pride and dignity. * * * Campaigns Ardennes - Alsace - Rhineland Central Europe — Map (db m29160) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 95 — 739th Tank Battalion (SP) (ME)
Campaigns Ardennes, Rhineland and Central Europe The 739th Tank Battalion was activated in March 1943 at Fort Lewis, Washington. The officers were from various states, the enlisted personnel from Oklahoma, Texas and Louisiana. The battalion participated in maneuvers in Oregon, the firing range at Yakima, Washington and special training at Fort Knox, Kentucky. From January to April, 1944 the unit trained at Camp Bouse, Arizona with the CDL (Gizmo) Tanks, then returned to Fort . . . — Map (db m78558) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 90 — 740th Tank BattalionDaredevil Tankers
The 740th tank battalion was activated at Fort Knox, Ky. on March 1, 1943. It trained at Fort Knox and at Camp Bouse, Az. as a canal defense light (CDL) unit and as a standard medium tank battalion from October 15, 1943 to April 24, 1944 then sailed to England on July 26, 1944. It landed at Utah Beach, Normandy, France on November 1, 1944 and entered combat on December 19, 1944 during the Battle of the Bulge. In it's first half hour of combat, it stopped the furthest advance of the German 1st . . . — Map (db m78562) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 155 — 748th Tank Battalion"The Rhinos"
The 748th Tank Battalion, Medium was activated on 20 August 1942 at Camp Rucker, Alabama. The Rhinos headed for Fort Knox on the 15th of April 1943 for training and on 20 April 1943 were reorganized as a special battalion equipped with CDL spotlights. They departed Fort Knox on 15 July 1943 for Camp Bouse, AZ. On 30 August 1943 they were attached to the 9th Armored Tank Group and arrived at Camp Bouse 1 September 1943 as a Canal Defense Light (CDL) unit. The Rhinos landed at Glasgow, Scotland . . . — Map (db m92814) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — A & C Mercantile Company
This building was built prior to 1912. The mercantile was known to do business with the A & C and Swansea railroads in 1916. It has been open continuously since that time. Bouse postmaster Cora L. Johnston moved the US Post Office to the store in 1924. The Townsend Family bought the A & C in 1942. Elsie Pearl Townsend was postmaster from 1942 to 1962. In 1943 and 1944 the US Army at Camp Bouse used the A & C as their PX and Post Office. The A & C Mercantile Co, is still open . . . — Map (db m39504) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 96 — Camp BouseThe 554th Ordnance - Heavy Maintenance Company (Tanks) — 9th Tank Group CDL Project
Activated 1 April, 1943 at Camp Perry, OH. Completed basic training and then sent to Ft. Knox, KY. Unit then assigned to Camp Bouse, AZ arriving there 9 November, 1943. Maintaining operation of special tanks named "Leaflets" was specific assignment. Unit left Camp Bouse 27th April, 1944 for Ft. Hamilton, NY. Boarded the Troop ship, Queen Elizabeth 21 June, 1944 arriving at Grennock, Scotland, 28 June and then departed for Puncheston, Wales. Boarded an L. S. T. craft at Swansea, . . . — Map (db m78557) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 88 — Camp BouseThe 701st Tank Battalion
Campaigns Central Europe Northern France Rhineland The 701st tank battalion was activated 3/28/43 at Camp Campbell, KY. Here 553 young men and officers began their journey into history. These men began their basic training and for many saw a tank for the first time. The 701st relocated to Fort Knox, for further training. The battalion received orders on 12/8/43 to relocate to Camp Bouse, the mysterious secret camp. The men were introduced to the Grant Tank, a WW I designed tank . . . — Map (db m78564) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 86 — Camp BouseThe 526th A. I. B. - Canal Defense Light Project — Desert Training Center - California – Arizona Maneuver Area
Camp Bouse was established in Butler Valley 30 miles behind this monument in Sept. of 1943. It was one of twelve such camps built in the southwestern deserts to harden and train United States troops for service on the battlefields of World War II. The desert training center was a simulated theater of operations that included portions of California and Arizona. The other camps were Young, Coxcomb, Granite, Iron Mountain, Ibis Clipper, Pilot Knob, Laguna, Horn, Hyder and Rice. Camp Bouse . . . — Map (db m78566) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 114 — George L. WendtHeadquarters Company — 526 Armored Infantry Battalion
United States Army World War II 1924 – 2002 Whose dedication to the memory of his brothers in arms, who fell in the Battle of the Ardennes, made this historical park possible. — Map (db m78542) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 120 — In Memory of Eight Ball - Morale OfficerEquus asinus — Camp Bouse
He was our drinking buddy While on duty He drank our beer He was Full of good cheer And went to the nurses' quarters around the bend And came to an untimely end, Of the Colonel, he was unaware That it would be the crime of all time If he ate the nurses' underwear And was slain by The jealous rival Rest in peace — Map (db m78536) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — Monument Row
We bring to a close We tried to find We must now impose Units not found 748th Tank Battalion 150th Station Hospital 538th Ordnance Company 166th Quartermaster 629th Quartermaster — Map (db m29161) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 119 — The 526th Armored Infantry BattalionWorld War II
In honored memory of those soldiers of the battalion who trained here at Camp Bouse and gave their lives in combat to preserve the freedom of the United States and to set the Peoples of Europe free. Headquarters Company Donald D. Hauger, Harry J. Moyles, Robert R Sullivan "A" Company Harland S Bittinger, Raymond R. Dukes (Kia, Korea), Jack W. Ellery, James A. Evans, Lloyd E Fisher, Dale B. Nelson, Ralph Quesenberry "B" Company Donald J . . . — Map (db m78537) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Cibola — 104 — Cibola Arizona
Gold and silver strikes in the 1860's created growth in the area. It is said Wyatt Earp served as sheriff of Cibola for one year in the 1890's. The town of Cibola formed in 1898 and construction began on a 16 mile canal to bring water from the river to the town. A post office operated here from 1903 to 1933, serving the farms, but the irrigation project failed. Floods were a yearly event until dams were built on the Colorado River. All the remnants of Cibola are now located on nearby private property. — Map (db m78552) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Cibola — 103 — Colorado River Ferries
Ferries of various size and design once provided transportation across the lower Colorado River linking Arizona with California, Nevada and Utah. Ferrymen plied their trade from Yuma to Pearce Ferry. The first ferry on the river was started at Yuma Crossing in 1849. Ferries operated into the 1900's. Ferries furnished a vital service until railroads and highways replaced them. — Map (db m78553) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Ehrenberg — 41 — Ehrenberg Cemetery
This monument built to perpetuate the memory of the pioneers, trailblazers, and adventurers that rest in these unmarked graves. (Arizona Highway Department, 1934) Rededicated: April 27, 2003 (CY 6008) By the Ancient and Honorable Order of E Clampus Vitus Lost Dutchman Chapter 5917+4 Map (db m31188) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Phoenix — Jacob Waltz
Jacob Waltz was born in the kingdom of Wurttemberg Germany circa 1810. He immigrated to the USA in 1839 and became a naturalized citizen in 1864. Waltz was prospecting in Arizona and is reputed to have found a gold deposit near the superstition mountain now known as the legendary lost Dutchman Mine. In 1868 Jacob Waltz was living as a humble farmer on the north bank of the Salt River. He died on October 26, 1891 and was buried in the southwest corner of City Cemetery. — Map (db m74397) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Queen Creek — Rittenhouse Elementary School
In 1924 construction of a new schoolhouse began. Classes were being held in an old cook shack that had once been used by muleskinners to clear the land. The school, named after Charles Rittenhouse, would be a three-room, u-shaped building made of Arizona red brick with transom windows. Oak floors were tongue and groove and black boards were real slate. In 1936 restrooms and two more buildings were added to the rear of the building. First heated by steam from a boiler and radiators in the rooms, . . . — Map (db m32393) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Wickenburg — Vulture Gold Mine
In 1863 Austrian Henry Wickenburg discovered gold, legend has it, while retrieving a vulture he had shot. The vulture mine went on to become one of Arizona's richest gold mines and sparked the development of Arizona and the city of Phoenix. In the 1880s and 1890s Vulture City's population grew to almost 5000 people and featured a large stone Assay Office, miners' dormitories, houses for company officials, a mess hall, a school, a post office, and an 80-stamp mill. It is estimated that the . . . — Map (db m40319) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Chloride — Arizona and Utah / Western Arizona Railway
Originally built in 1899 as the Arizona and Utah Railway, this short-line reached almost twenty five miles from the siding at McConnico on the Sante Fe to the White Hills. In 1904, a storm washed out much of the route. In 1905, the Sante Fe acquired the right-of-way and created the Western Arizona Railway over the same route. This railroad served the mines in the Chloride area, as well as mines in nearby Eldorado Canyon in Nevada. In 1910 the Western Arizona was completed to Chloride proper, . . . — Map (db m48288) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Chloride — Chloride"Oldest Silver Mining Town in Arizona"
Founded in 1862 with the discovery of silver, Chloride became the first mining town of the Cerbat Mountains. During it's heyday, 1900 to 1920, the population swelled to over 2000 with 75 mines in operation. Chloride was the first incorporated town in Arizona; the home of the state's oldest all-volunteer fire department and the state's oldest continuously operating US Post Office, established in 1871. Chloride was served by the Butterfield Stage from 1898 to 1919 and the Santa Fe Railroad . . . — Map (db m31845) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Chloride — Metcalf Baker - Andrew Judson
Metcalf Baker - Andrew Judson Killed by Indians Oct. 13th 1866 — Map (db m52373) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Kingman — Camp Beale Springs Arizona
This camp, established March 25, 1871 by Company F, 12th Infantry commanded by Capt. Thomas Bryne, was located at a spring used by Indians for centuries. It was named for Navy Lt. Edward F Beale who established a wagon road along the 35th parallel. In 1865 William Hardy created a stop on his toll road from Prescott to Hardyville. It was an Army outpost during the Hualapai War of 1866-1870. The location became a temporary reservation for Hualapai Indians from 1871 to 1874. The spring . . . — Map (db m29411) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Kingman — El Trovatore Motel
Trovatore is Italian for troubadour or traveler. Developer John E. Miller built the Nevada Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada which was later named Sal Sagev (Las Vegas spelled backwards). He moved to Kingman, Arizona in 1935 after Hoover Dam was completed, purchased the motel site and started construction. From 1937-1940 a service station, auto court and café were built. The modern settlement was a rest stop for travelers. Having heating and air conditioning, it was luxurious for it's time. Many . . . — Map (db m68934) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Kingman — Hotel Brunswick
Constructed in 1909, Hotel Brunswick was built by prominent businessmen, John Mulligan and J. W. Thompson. Kingman's first three story building, constructed of local quarried tufa stone, featured 50 cowboy rooms with shared bath facilities, a dining room with service bar. It was reputed for its service using Waterford Crystal and solid brass beds in all rooms. Kingman's Andy Devine spent his childhood in and around the Brunswick. Today the Brunswick is one of Kingman's finer dining establishments. — Map (db m29425) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Littlefield — 121 — The Old Spanish Trail1829 - 1848
The Old Spanish Trail, the main trade route between Santa Fe and Los Angeles, passed this way beginning in 1829. At the end of the Mexican-American War this portion of the route evolved into what was variously known as the Salt Lake Road, the Mormon Trail, the California Road, and eventually U.S. Hwy. 91. The original pack trail descended Utah Hill, passed through Beaver Dam, then followed the Virgin River toward Las Vegas. As wagon traffic increased in the 1850s the route veered westward near . . . — Map (db m78535) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Oatman — Gold Road Mine
In 1900 Jose Jerez discovered gold here in a chunk of quartz. It was assayed out 40 ounces to the ton! The claim was resold for $275,000. By 1907 the mine milled 140,625 ounces of gold worth $2,250,000. Addwest Minerals acquired the mine in 1992 producing 16,000 ounces in 1995; 40,000 in 1996; and 36,500 in 1997. Low gold prices forced the mine to temporarily close in 1998. — Map (db m50762) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Oatman — 80 — Oatman Arizona and its Burros
Oatman was founded around 1906 as part of Arizona's richest gold mining area. Oatman was reborn in the late 1960's and early 1970's as a tourist town. The main attraction was the wild burro herd. The burros roaming the Oatman area are descendants of the burros from the mining ventures of earlier times. If it were not for these burros in all probability, neither you nor this plaque would be standing here today. People from all over the world come to visit, feed, and take pictures of the burros. — Map (db m78570) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Ajo — 10 — The Mine Manager's HouseAjo, Arizona
The mine manager’s house was built in 1919 by John O. Greenway, General Manager of Calument & Arizona Mining Co. Michael Curley, the first occupant lived here until his retirement in 1939. Of the 14 subsequent managers, 12 lived in this house. It was converted to 'The Mine Manager's House Inn' Bed & Breakfast in 1987. ―――――― Ajo ore was first used by area Indians and miners from Mexico. Arizona Mining & Trading Co. operated in 1854. A number of . . . — Map (db m83227) HM
Arizona (Pinal County), Apache Junction — Dons's Camp
Presented to The Dons of Arizona Dedicated to the preservation of southwestern legend and lore. Each year from this base camp The Don's launch an expedition into the Superstition Mountains in search of the Lost Dutchman Mine. — Map (db m48355) HM
Arizona (Pinal County), Apache Junction — Goldfield Mining DistrictArizona
Originally called the Superstition Mining District, this district had its heyday from 1893 to 1898. The greatest producing mines were the Mammoth, Black Queen and Bull Dog. Their output was around a million dollars in gold and silver based on 1890's valuation. — Map (db m34059) HM
Arizona (Pinal County), Apache Junction — Jacob Von Walzer1808 – 1891 — Lost Dutchman Gold Route
Dedicated October 1961 To the Memory of Jacob Von Walzer 1808 – 1891 One of America's most famed legendary figures, whose exploits have stimulated the imagination of peoples everywhere by his contribution to the heritage of his adopted country in which he found the freedom to search for his mine of gold. In his honor, U. S. Highway 70 which passes through the great states of North Carolina, Tennessee, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California . . . — Map (db m74394) HM
Arizona (Pinal County), Florence — Granville H. Oury
March 12 1825 - Jan 11 1891 Judge- District court of New Mexico Delegate to Confederate Congress Arizona Mounted Volunteers CSA Territorial legislature US Congress Pioneer- Soldier- Statesman — Map (db m32394) HM
Arizona (Pinal County), Red Rock — 2 — Red Rock Post Office
Established June 14, 1887. A small conical red peak gave Red Rock its name. Red Rock was a major cattle shipping point via the S.P. Railroad. This post office celebrated its Centennial in June 1987. — Map (db m31190) HM
Arizona (Pinal County), Superior — Robert Taylor 'Bob' JonesFebruary 8, 1884 – June 11, 1958
Born in Rutledge, Tennessee, he became a self-taught construction engineer and builder of railroads. In 1909, he settled in the mining town of Superior, site of the Magma Copper Company. He opened his first drug store in Superior in 1913, later expanding into Phoenix and Tucson. He began his commitment to public service in 1916. ―――― 1916 – 1921 Postmaster • 1931 – 1939 State Senator 1939 – 1940 Sixth Governor – State of Arizona — Map (db m34104) HM
Arizona (Pinal County), Superior — US 60 History Trail
This historical trail began in 1997 when Broken Hill Proprietary Company Limited ( BHP ) donated local mining artifacts from the 120 year old magma mine to the Superior Historical Society, Inc. due to their age and size, it was determined that these artifacts would be displayed in an outdoor environment along with the natural history of the area. The Superior Historical Society worked with BHP, the town of Superior, architects and planners to develop a layout that would preserve the legacy of . . . — Map (db m67494) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Bagdad — Bagdad Copper Mine
Cypress Copper ― Bagdad Corporation In memory of WJ. Pace and J.M. Murphy Who filed the Bagdad claim January 1, 1882; John Lawler who patented the claim in 1889; and the Lincoln family who developed the mine. — Map (db m31552) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Clarkdale — United Verde Copper Company Smelter
The U.V.C.C. Clarkdale smelter was built through the vision of William A. Clark, owner of the United Verde Mine in Jerome. The Smelter was constructed between 1912-1915 to replace the outdated Jerome smelter. On May 26, 1915 the first furnace was blown in, belching sulfur-laden smoke from the 400' steel stack. In 1922 the Cottrell Plant with a new 430' brick stack was added. For the peak year of 1929, hundreds of workers handled the 1.75 million tons of ore, producing 12 million pounds of . . . — Map (db m33199) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Congress — Congress, Arizona
In 1863 Pauline Weaver and Abraham Peeples came from California to find gold. They found gold and the rush was on. In 1887 The Congress mine was formed and the town had a name. On March 14, 1895 the railroad came. Congress was booming. In 1910, after producing over 7 ½ million dollars, the gold ran out.The second boom started with U.S. highway 89 in 1926.The post office moved to Congress Junction in 1938, where it remains. The community now known as Congress is the old Congress Junction. . . . — Map (db m59977) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Jerome — Jerome, ArizonaToo Strong to Die
The first mining claims were filed in 1876, within 20 years Jerome was a billion dollar copper mecca and one of the wildest, wickedest mining towns in the west. Drinking, gambling, brawls and frolicking with ladies of the night occurred around–the-clock in two dozen magnificent saloons. By the time mining shut down in 1952, enough copper had been produced to put 13 pounds in the hands of every citizen in the world. Gold and silver production covered mining expenses. Through the . . . — Map (db m33149) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Kirkland — Kirkland Bar and SteakhouseKirkland, Arizona
In the late 1800's, Thomas Earnhart erected the Kirkland Store on the site of today's Kirkland Bar and Steakhouse. In the early 1900's, Louis Haselfeld assumed ownership and opened the Haselfeld Store. The original wood frame building burned in 1922 and was rebuilt in 1923 by erecting a new concrete building on the original foundation. Over time, the building has served as a mercantile store, Wells Fargo Office, Post Office, stage and rail stop, hotel, restaurant and bar. The current . . . — Map (db m33046) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Kirkland — Malvina Lode ClaimMineral Survey No. 4158
Site of Assay Office and way stop on road to Prescott — Map (db m33043) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Prescott — 8 — Arizona Pioneer Home
To those responsible for the Arizona pioneer's home A. J. Doran Introduced enabling legislation - 1907 Supervised construction - 1910 First Superintendent – 1911 George D. Morris Reintroduced Successful enabling legislation – 1909 Joseph H. Kibbey - Governor Signed legislation March 11, 1909 Frank M. Murphy & T.G. Norris Donators of the land for the home W.S. Elliott - Architect Norman L. Griffin - 1833-1916 Louis B. St. James - . . . — Map (db m32903) HM
Arizona (Yavapai county), Prescott — Simmons, Arizona
This is the site of ‘the crossing' on the Mojave-Prescott "Hardyville" toll road. The road was authorized by the first territorial legislature and was built by W. H. Hardy, connecting Prescott with Hardyville on the Colorado River. William John Simmons built a home, bar, hotel, dance hall, post office, store, corrals, blacksmith, and storage buildings here. — Map (db m72625) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Prescott — VFW Bucky O'Neill Post No. 541
Founded in Jan. 1921 and named after the famous Rough Rider William "Bucky" O'Neill, the post is the oldest active VFW post in Arizona. Born Feb. 2, 1860 in St. Louis, Missouri, his many accomplishments include being a Lawyer, Judge, Sheriff, Editor of 3 newspapers and Mayor of Prescott, Az. He was killed in action July, 1, 1898 in the battle for San Juan, Cuba. On his grave at Arlington it is written "Who would not die for a new star on the flag" — Map (db m68732) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Seligman — Beale Wagon RoadSeligman, Arizona
From 1857 to 1860 Lt. Edward F. Beale and a crew of 100 men built the first federal highway in the southwest. The 1857 Beale Expedition used 22 camels and dromedaries for pack animals. This road went from Fort Smith, Arkansas to Los Angeles, California at a cost of $210,000. The Beale Wagon Road was used by military troops and emigrants en route to California. Herds of cattle and sheep were driven over the route until 1883. Information compiled by Jack Beale Smith — Map (db m32206) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Dateland — 111 — Datelan Army Air Field
Datelan Army Air Field was established here January 1, 1943. The site was chosen due to the availability of water and the adjacent location of the Yuma Gunnery Range. Construction was completed June 1, 1943. Datelan AAF was a sub-base of Yuma Army Air Field, which was the location of the Army advanced flying school. Colfred, Stovall, and Wellton Gunnery Ranges were also established nearby. The base was originally designed for single engine gunnery training, but was converted to twin engine . . . — Map (db m78545) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Dateland — 110 — Hyder Divisional Camp-Horn Divisional Camp Desert Training CenterCalifornia-Arizona Maneuver Area — United States Army
Camps Hyder & Horn were established 10 miles north of Dateland in the fall of 1943. They were 2 of 15 desert camps built to harden and train United States Troops for service in World War II. The Desert Training Center was a simulated theater of operations that included portions of California, Arizona, and Nevada. The camps were Bouse, Clipper, Coxcomb, Desert Center, Essex, Goffs, Granite, Horn, Hyder, Ibis, Iron Mountain, Laguna, Pilot Knob, Rice, and Young, as well as Rice Army Airfield. A . . . — Map (db m78546) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Camp LagunaDesert Training Center — California – Arizona Maneuver Area
Camp Laguna operated from April 1942 to April 1944. It was one of twelve such camps built in the southwestern deserts to train United States troops during World War II. The Desert Training Center, a simulated theater of operations, included portions of Arizona, California and Nevada. The other camps were Young, Coxcomb, Iron Mountain, Ibis, Clipper, Pilot Knob, Bouse, Granite, Horn, Hyder, and Rice. Over one million soldiers from approximately 400 units were trained at the center. These . . . — Map (db m29061) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Castle Dome Mining District1864 - 1979
In 1863 Jacob Snively, founder of Gila City, and right hand to Sam Houston, avenger of the Alamo, following blazes left on the saguaros by Mexican and Conquistador predecessors, came to Castle Dome, and within 15 years, Castle Dome City’s population rivaled that of nearby Yuma. In 1871, the Floral Temple mine within the district had the distinction of being the second patented mine in Arizona. The Castle Dome Mine with 7 shafts was patented in 1876. In 1878, Castle Dome Mine built the . . . — Map (db m48924) HM
Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Flora Temple Mine
This is the point of discovery for the Flora Temple Mine. In the early 1870’s, a Colorado River steamboat captain named Isaac Polthamus purchased the Flora Temple Mine. This mine was the 2nd patented claim in Arizona (1871). Polthamus and his partner, Nicholas Gunter, were the original claimants. The Castle Dome Mining & Smelting Company acquired ownership and operations of the mine until 1933 when it was sold to Mrs. Eliza DeLuce. The ore retrieved from the mine was Silver-Galena which . . . — Map (db m91925) HM
California (Alameda County), Castro Valley — Rowell Ranch
Once a hiding and trading place in the 1850's for the notorious bandit Joaquin Murrieta, known in California as "El Famoso," this canyon has produced many rodeos dating back to the rancho days circa 1820. Harry Rowell, originally from England, held his first rodeo in 1921 and purchased this land in 1925. Quickly he became known as the "Rodeo King of the West." The Rowell Ranch Rodeo Assn. celebrates the 75th annual rodeo in 1995. In 1978, the Hayward Area Recreation and Park District . . . — Map (db m94033) HM
California (Alameda County), Dublin — 1943 Fleet City 1946Shoemaker, California
During World War II 3,396 acres were purchased for the largest naval installation in the U.S. Three navy bases sat adjacent to each other in an area known as Fleet City. Camp Parks located along Dougherty Road, The U.S. Naval Hospital among Tassajara Road with Camp Shoemaker in between. Camp Parks was the western home for the Navy Construction Battalion, or "Seabees." Camp Shoemaker (decommissioned, 1946) was the U.S. Naval Personnel and Distribution Center with disbursing responsibility . . . — Map (db m94022) HM
California (Alameda County), Dublin — Amador Valley Hotel(Later the Dublin Hotel)
For 86 years a favorite congregating spot. Built by John Green in 1860, with a balcony over the porch and a gabled roof. A famous cross-roads stop and transfer point on the Oakland-Stockton and Martinez-San Jose stagecoach routes intil the 1890's and then for buses until demolished in January 1946. This marker stands on the site of the front doors. — Map (db m59944) HM
California (Alameda County), Dublin — Don Jose Maria AmadorSoldier - Explorer - Pioneer - Rancher
Jose Maria Amador, born 1794 at San Francisco Presidio, spent his early years in the Mexican Army, as soldier, explorer, Indian fighter, and was later administrator at Mission San Jose. Amador was paid for his service with land, a grant stretching from Danville on the north to Pleasanton, and from the crest of the western ridge to the crest of the east. In 1826 Amador built his home about 800 ft. west of this marker on the site of Alamilla Spring. He was the first settler in this valley . . . — Map (db m69727) HM
California (Alameda County), Dublin — Mape Memorial Park
Commander John "Jack" Clement Mape USN, was Dublin's first casualty of the Vietnam War. A 40-year old father of seven, Mape lived in Dublin and was stationed in Alameda, CA. He was assigned to Squadron VA-52 of the USS Ticonderoga in September, 1965. As commander, Mape led the VA-52 on a mission over Hanoi. On that day, April 13, 1966, his plane was hit by a Sam missile. There were no survivors. Jack Mape was a true American hero, one of Dublin's Finest. — Map (db m69725) HM WM
California (Alameda County), Dublin — Site of the Dougherty Station Hotel
Built at the crossroads in 1862 by James Witt Dougherty where it served travelers going by stagecoach from Oakland to Stockton and from San Jose to Martinez and Sacramento. This area was named Dougherty Station from 1862 until 1878, and the hotel alternated with the Green Store as Post Office. John Bonde owned and operated the hotel from 1895 until the early 1920's. Henry Bevilaqua, Charlie Mayo, the Bertola Family and others operated a restaurant here from the early 1920's until destroyed by fire on July 5, 1955. — Map (db m69726) HM
California (Alameda County), Fremont — D26 — Ehrman General Store
With the discovery of gold in California, the town around the Mission San Jose became the gateway and provision center for the “49er” on his way to the Southern Mines. To meet these demands, the firm of Strauss and Co. was founded by S. Strauss, Leon Kerman and S. Bachman in an old adobe on this site. After a succession of partnerships with A. Lebrecht and brother Max Ehrman, Solomon Ehrman built this brick structure in 1894. The Ehrman General Store served for years as the . . . — Map (db m64904) HM
California (Alameda County), Fremont — Washington Hotel
Washington Hotel originally located across the street as a two story adobe building. Destroyed by the 1868 earthquake. Rebuilt on the present site in the same year. The building has served as a hotel, stage stop, state library, and present day bed and breakfast inn. — Map (db m54668) HM
California (Alameda County), Livermore — Joaquin Murrieta and Murrieta's Well
The legend of Joaquin Murrieta is one of the most enduring and fascinating of chapters in California history. Facts, fiction and romantic tales entangle to create a legend of unique aura that had become part of California's folklore, especially in the Livermore Valley where Joaquin was a frequent visitor. In the early 1850's Joaquin Murrieta roamed this land. Most famous as an avenging outlaw or a Robin Hood, Joaquin Murrieta and his men were above everything else horsemen, and of the best . . . — Map (db m17944) HM
California (Alameda County), Livermore — Livermore Southern Pacific Depot
This railroad station having been located about half a mile west of the old town of Laddsville, on land owned by Wm. M. Mendenhall. Established the location of the town Livermore. The first depot was a freight car that was soon replaced by a building. In 1891 this building burned, and by August 1892 a combination passenger and freight depot was built. Dedicated April 13, 1991 by Joaquin Murrieta Chapter 13 E Clampus Vitus — Map (db m19993) HM
California (Alameda County), Livermore — Livermore Town Hall Jail and Firehouse
[Upper Marker:] Built 1875, this building was first a hotel then the Livermore Valley Bank. It was the Livermore Town Hall from 1905 to 1957. The jail was in the rear, and to the left the firehouse. It was here a light bulb was lit and continues to burn to this day. Dedicated by Joaquin Murrieta Chapter 13 E Clampus Vitus October 5, 1985 [Lower Marker:] Old City Hall and Firehouse Built 1882 On this site: Wooden Boarding House, c.1874 Bank of . . . — Map (db m19982) HM
California (Alameda County), Livermore — Tolliver Airship
Eight miles southwest of this location, in the Spring of 1904, Charles Tolliver built an airship. With an aluminum superstructure covered with 6,000 yards of rongee silk, the craft was to be 250 feet long, 40 feet wide and 44 feet high. Four gasoline powered engines and six propellers - two on each side, one in the front, one rear. There was no need for rudders with this type of construction. Mrs. Phoebe Hearst was the main financial backer, contributing 72,000 dollars to the project. . . . — Map (db m19968) HM
California (Alameda County), Livermore — 957 — Wente Bros. Winery
Here the first Wente Vineyards of 47 acres was established by C.H. Wente in 1883. In 1935 his sons, Ernest and Herman, introduced California’s first varietal wine label, Sauvignon Blanc. The efforts of the Wente family have helped to establish the Livermore Valley as one of the premier wine-growing areas of California. In their centennial year, Wente Bros. is the oldest continuously operating, family-owned winery in California. California Registered Historical Landmark No.957 Plaque . . . — Map (db m31408) HM
California (Alameda County), Newark — Carter Brothers
Western history owes the Carter Brothers a great debt, for they were the general contractors for the first six narrow gauge railroads in California. From 1874 to 1902 they built freight, passenger, cable and street cars. Their plant became Newark's first industry. Their cable cars are still in operation on San Francisco hills. — Map (db m94310) HM
California (Alameda County), Niles — Completion of the Transcontinental RailroadNiles, California
“May God continue the unity of our country as this railroad unites the two great oceans of the world.” The gold spike ceremony at Promontory, Utah in May of 1869 united the tracks of the Central Pacific and Union Pacific Railroads. However the trails did not span the United States from ocean to ocean until some months later. In September the final link between San Francisco and Sacramento was completed near the Flour Mill of Jesus Vallejo, a short distance east of this location. — Map (db m24473) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — Dunsmuir House
Within this crescent shaped valley is the beautiful 37-room Dunsmuir House, an example of colonial revival Victorian architecture. Built in 1899 on a 415 acre estate by Alexander Dunsmuir, heir to a Canadian coal and lumber fortune, for his bride Mrs. Josephine Wallace. He died in 1900 and she in 1901. In 1906, her daughter Edna Wallace Hooper, sold it to the I.W. Hellman, Jr. family who used it as a summer residence for over 50 years. Now located on a 49 acre site, it belongs to the City of . . . — Map (db m72061) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — Kennedy Tunnel
Opened in 1903, the timber-lined Kennedy Tunnel was the fast route between Oakland and Lafayette, saving four hours of driving around the San Pablo Reservoir. In 1914, it was wired for lights and renamed the Broadway Tunnel. In 1937, after the completion of the Caldecott Tunnel, the Kennedy Tunnel was closed to motor cars, allowing only foot, horses and two-wheeled traffic. In 1947, the timber lined tunnel was permanently closed due to repeated cave-ins and rising maintenance costs. It finally . . . — Map (db m71764) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — Key Route Train Station
On this spot on June 1, 1904, the first Key Route electric train arrived to be welcomed by a crowd of excited residents. From a new ferry pier on the bay off Emeryville it had brought officials and guests to a dedication ceremony here. Key founder and president, “Borax” Smith welcomed the crowd to the latest form of rapid transit. In 1937 a new station was built for streamlined trains which started running over the Bay Bridge in 1939. Train time from here to First and Mission St. in . . . — Map (db m72279) HM
California (Alameda County), Pleasanton — Gold CreekThe Great Gold Discovery of 1871
On Feb. 8, 1871 two men, the names of Neal F. Taylor and Timothy Cox, were looking for coal in the area and found more than they were looking for. On this creek which comes down through the then Dougherty Ranch the two men found a gold nugget. They prospected the area finding more nuggets and gold flakes and gold dust. Soon others heard of this and there was a grand rush to Gold Creek. There were 20 claims staked and some 30 men working the creek for gold, which never produced much and was . . . — Map (db m69728) HM
California (Alameda County), Pleasanton — J. W. Kottinger’s BarnPleasanton Heritage Site - 1852
John W. Kottinger (1819 – 1892) was Murray Township Justice of the Peace from 1853 to 1870. His home was the Seat of Justice for the township; The northwest corner of this adobe barn was used to jail prisoners. A frequent visitor was Joaquin Murrieta. On one occasion he was distracted by Mrs. Kottinger’s bountiful table, thus allowing Kottinger to make a hasty trip to a San Francisco bank. The bandit was deprived of the pleasure of relieving Kottinger of a large gold deposit. — Map (db m24507) HM
California (Alameda County), Sunol — Niles Canyon Railway
In 1869, the first Transcontinental Railroad passed this spot on its way to the shore of the San Francisco Bay. In 1984 the Southern Pacific Railroad abandoned this historic line between Niles and Tracy, California. Volunteers of the Pacific Locomotive Association have rebuilt the portion of the line between Sunol and Niles, so that future generations may enjoy a ride over this important link in America’s Railroad heritage. Dedicated to commemorate the one hundred and twenty-fifth . . . — Map (db m63766) HM
California (Alameda County), Sunol — Sunol
Named in honor of Antonio Maria Sunol, merchant, naval man and cattlebarron, who acquired a Spanish / Mexican land grant in 1840. Along with the vast ranching and fertile farmlands, coal and gold were found in the Sunol area in the 1870’s. Sunol became a typical western cattletown with the arrival of the railroad in 1869, and a favorite hangout for banditos. It was rumored that when Joaquin Murrieta stayed here his horse stood on a bed of charcoal keeping the hooves warm for a quick get-away. — Map (db m24495) HM
California (Alpine County), Bear Valley — Old Emigrant Road
This Sierra Crossing used by Jedediah Smith 1821 - Major John Ebbetts 1850 - Snowshoe Thompson 1856-76 - Gold Seekers 1850's. Old road left Carson Pass Road in Hope Valley, crossed Border Ruffian Pass to Hermit Valley, Pacific Summit and through Bear Valley to Big Trees. Big Trees Carson Valley Turnpike Co. built toll road over Ebbetts Pass to Silver Mountain in 1860's. Harvey Blood collected tolls at this point from 1864-1910. — Map (db m10730) HM
California (Alpine County), Kirkwood — Kirkwood's
This building has been the pioneer home of the Kirkwood and Taylor families since it was built by Zachary Kirkwood in 1864. This building was one of the first resorts operated in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. — Map (db m57981) HM
California (Alpine County), Kirkwood — Snowshoe Thom(p)son(John Tostensen) — A True Pioneer
“…there ought to be a shaft raised to Snow-Shoe Thompson: Not of marble; Not carved and not planted in the valley, but a rough shaft of basalt or of granite, massive and tall, with top ending roughly as if broken short, to represent a life which was strong and true to the last. And this should be upreared on the summit of the mountains over which the strong man wandered so many years, as an emblem of that life which was worn out apparently without an object…” Attributed to: Dan . . . — Map (db m12028) HM
California (Alpine County), Markleeville — Alpine Hotel
Originally built in 1862 as the Fiske House in Silver Mountain City. It was dismantled, board by board, in 1886 by A.M. Grover and a crew of men. Each board was marked and many of the old square nails were saved. It was re-erected on this site and named the “Hot Springs Hotel”. In 1900 it was once again renamed, this time as the “Alpine Hotel” which it has carried to this day. Dedicated September 16, 1972. Snow-Shoe Thompson Chapter No. 1827 E Clampus Vitus — Map (db m20631) HM
California (Alpine County), Markleeville — Markleeville General Store
On August 2, 1885, fire broke out in the Town of Markleeville destroying several buildings, including Harvey and Rask’s Bucher Shop and Smokehouse. Later on in the Fall, the building was rebuilt and reopened as Rask’s Butcher Shop. The building today, contains the original section plus additions, made in the 1890’s and 1950’s. The old cooler room, now referred to as the Antiques Room, has 12 inches of sawdust in its 14 inch walls for insulation. In the early 1900’s it changed into a general . . . — Map (db m11963) HM
California (Alpine County), Markleeville — Old Log Jail
In 1875, the Alpine County seat was moved from Silver Mountain (Kongsberg) to Markleeville. A new jail being needed, a foundation was laid using logs. The iron cells from the old jail were placed thereon and using the mortise and tenon method the rest of the building was completed using logs. So far as is known not another jail was ever built like this one. In 1969 the jail was moved to its present site. Donated to the Historical Society in memory of Orrin P. Brown, Sheriff. Dedicated on . . . — Map (db m3007) HM
California (Alpine County), Markleeville — Old Webster School
Built by the citizens of Markleeville in 1882 it remained in operation until 1929 when the new Webster School was completed. In 1966, with the old school on the verge of total destruction, the Historical Society of Alpine County began to raise funds for the restoration of the school. Work began immediately with money and labor donated by the members of the Society and other interested people. In 1968 the project was completed. Originally dedicated Sept. 17, 1966 — Rededicated and . . . — Map (db m3006) HM
California (Alpine County), Markleeville — Silver Mountain
Settled by Scandinavian miners in 1858, - then called Kongsberg. Renamed Silver Mountain in 1863 and made county seat of Alpine County Aug. 11th, 1864. During the Sixties, the town supported a post-office, two newspapers, express office, telegraph office and several hotels. Population was at its peak in 1864. County seat moved to Markleeville Nov. 1st, 1875. Dedicated to the venturesome spirit, courage and perseverance of California Pioneers Sept. 13, 1858 by the Society of E Clampus Vitus – Snowshoe Thompson Chapter officiating. — Map (db m58786) HM
California (Amador County), Drytown — Salute to Early Amador MinersE Clampus Vitus
This plaque is dedicated on September 10, 1960 by the ancient and honorable society of E Clampus Vitus to honor the memory of the early miners, both placer and quartz, of Amador County on the Mother Lode in California. It marks the place where in May 1848 some gold miners from Monterey began to mine for gold on the south bank of Dry Creek. That year, and in 1849, Eastman and Thomas and others, including some Mexicans, found the nearby gulches and ravines to be very rich. In February . . . — Map (db m10851) HM
California (Amador County), Ione — Iron Ivan
Old No. 7 was the last steam locomotive to operate over the Amador Central Railroad between Ione and Martell. The twelve mile long railroad lies entirely within Amador County and is one of the shortest railroads in this country. Iron Ivan is a fine example of one of the early steam locomotives produced by the Baldwin Locomotive Works. This engine was manufactured in January 1901 and was brought to the Amador Central Railroad from the McCloud River Railroad in 1937. The last trip was made by . . . — Map (db m2371) HM
California (Amador County), Ione — Old Red Brick Building Saloon
Later the Scully Building Dedicated to the spirits within James W. Marshall Chapter No. 49 E Clampus Vitus April 24, 1974 — Map (db m2379) HM
California (Amador County), Jackson — - Jackson -The Jumping Seat of Calaveras County
Judge Smith proclaimed Jackson the Seat of Justice after Clerk Collier canvassed the votes of the May 1851 election in which 1224 votes were cast for Moquelumne Hill and 1014 for Jackson. An armed party from Moquelumne Hill pursued Judge Smith to lynch him. Another party stole the records from the clerk’s office. Later Judge Smith shot and killed Collier on Main Street over another disputed election count. A perfect example of Mother Lode politics. - Erected by - Chapter No.49 – E . . . — Map (db m27499) HM
California (Amador County), Jackson — The Louisiana HouseBuilt in 1862
Known as the National Hotel from 1913 to 1962, this hostelry is built over double springs at which earlier gold seekers stopped to refresh themselves. It has been in constant operation since 1862 and has served as a focal point for “community doings” since its beginnings. — Map (db m27670) HM
California (Amador County), Jackson — The Old Spring
This monument marks the site of a spring that refreshed the early travelers into this region. So many bottles were found around this spring that some Chilean miners called the site "Bottileas" or place of the bottles, the first name by which the area of Jackson was known. Dedicated by James W. Marshall Chapter No.49 E Clampus Vitus May 16, 1964 — Map (db m21371) HM
California (Amador County), Jackson Gate — A. Chichizola Store
Since 1850 Has served Jackson Gate since The California Gold Rush NRHP Plaque: Augustino Chichizola's Store Has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior Registered Aug. 21, 1992 Circa 1850 — Map (db m33376) HM
California (Amador County), Kit Carson — Plasse’s Trading Post
Founded by Raymond Peter Plasse in 1853. It was a stopping place for emmigrants on the Carson Pass Trail on the route to California gold field. Dedicated by the James W. Marshall Chapter Of E. Clampus Vitus September 15, 1984 — Map (db m21261) HM
California (Amador County), Martell — Amador Ledger
This newspaper was started in Volcano October 27, 1855. It was moved to Jackson in April, 1857. The Amador Ledger is the fourth oldest weekly newspaper in California and the oldest in Amador County. This building became the new home of the Amador Ledger in October, 1967. — Map (db m44139) HM
California (Amador County), Pine Grove — 37 — Clinton
Prospectors in 1849 traveled from the Mokelumne River through Clinton on the way to the diggins in Volcano. In the early 1850’s, the camp of Clinton became a market town, supplying the placer miners of the middle and southern forks of Jackson Creek, and later the shallow quartz mines around Irishtown and Clinton. As a stop on the stage road between Jackson, Aqueduct City and Volcano, Clinton grew and by 1852 had 100 clapboard and canvas houses and the areas only hotel. The camp was . . . — Map (db m41226) HM
California (Amador County), Plymouth — 762 — D'Agostini Winery
D’Agostini Winery was started in 1856 by Adam Uhlinger, a Swiss immigrant. The original wine cellar, with walls made from rock quarried from nearby hills, hand hewn beams, and oak casks, is still in use and part of the present winery. Some original vines are still in production. California Registered Historical Landmark Number 762 Plaque placed by the California State Park Commission in cooperation with the James W. Marshall Chapter No. 49, E Clampus Vitus. September 16, 1961. — Map (db m70454) HM
California (Amador County), Sutter Creek — Bellotti Inn
This hotel is a member of the State of California 100 Year Club and was opened for business in 1860. Bellotti Inn is one of oldest hotels still in continuous operation serving travelers in the State of California. The earliest hotel opened on this site was the American Exchange Hotel in 1858. — Map (db m29819) HM
California (Amador County), Sutter Creek — C. Soracco Company
Established in 1869 by Carlo Soracco, the store and adjoining residence were copied from similar buildings in Genoa, Italy. Carlo’s son, Frank, one of Amador County’s leading citizens, became proprietor in 1894. C. Soracco Co. was a major supplier to Mother Lode mines. — Map (db m57992) HM
California (Amador County), Sutter Creek — Sutter Creek Jail
The jail was built in 1908 to replace the original jail that was destroyed by a fire started when an unidentified inmate set his mattress on fire and burned to death. Sutter Creek and Amador County shared the cost of the new cement jail built by the Levaggi brothers. The two cell jail was actually built over the Sutter Creek. Each cell had one bed and the plumbing was a hole in the floor, that drained into the creek. Used until the 1940’s, the jail was torn down in 1970. — Map (db m57980) HM
California (Amador County), Volcano — John Doble's Cabin
At this spot on Plug St. about 100 feet from the intersection of Consolation Ave. is where John Doble chronicled his journey from Indiana, though Central America, up the coast to San Francisco and finally to the gold diggins of Volcano. His daily journal, and his letters to Miss Lizze E. Lucas, is an unprecedented look back at the life and times of a pioneer in Volcano and what would become Amador County. Gone are the camps and gulches he prospected in but his descriptions and maps of the . . . — Map (db m85859) HM
California (Amador County), Volcano — Moose Milk
This plaque is in memory of the pioneers of California who assembled in Volcano where Moose Milk was originated. Dedicated this 13th day of January, 1951 by E Clampus Vitus. [A rededication marker, just below the main one, reads]: Rededicated May 15, 5989 Our Year Chapter 49 E Clampus Vitus [The Clamper year 5989 equates to 1984] Map (db m9055) HM
California (Amador County), Volcano — Soldier Gulch
This plaque is in commemoration of two soldiers of a party from Stevenson’s New York Regiment who discovered Volcano Valley in late 1848 and camped here in Soldier Gulch through a hard winter. Their bodies were discovered in the spring and buried somewhere here by a party of Mexicans. May these pioneer miners rest in peace. — Map (db m11364) HM
California (Amador County), Volcano — The Old Bavarian Brewery
Built in 1856, the Bavarian Brewery is one of two historic breweries in Volcano, named for brewer Peter Seible. A notable example of early masonry, the precisely cut stones in the front facade are still plumb today. The deep cellar, used for the storage of "liquid gold", was accessed through iron trap doors in the front. Iron shutters, typical of many of that Gold Rush era, were installed as fire retardants. The present day owners, the Gottstein family, have preserved and left exposed the . . . — Map (db m32785) HM
California (Amador County), Volcano — 29 — Volcano
[Larger Marker]: Started 1848 by soldiers of Colonel Stevenson’s Regiment. Named by miners because of apparent volcanic appearance. Here the first California rental library, 1850, was established. And one of the first “Little Theaters” founded by the “Volcano Thespian Society”, 1854 Interesting Civil War History. [Smaller Marker]: Volcano - Right Here! 1934 plaque placed in Pine Grove as "obituary" when planned dam would flood Volcano. . . . — Map (db m11336) HM
California (Butte County), Durham — Samuel Neal1816 – 1859
Born in Bucks County Pennsylvania, Neal a blacksmith by trade came to California with John Fremont’s second expedition in 1844. After working for John Sutter briefly at New Helvetia, obtained a land grant and established Rancho Esquon. After gathering a fortune in gold mining Neal turned to farming and ranching. Before an early death in 1859 Neal had immense holdings throughout Butte County. “We today all owe a debt to this early pioneer” — Map (db m61826) HM
California (Butte County), Forest Ranch — Katie Thompson – Mattie Thompson – Josie CampbellECV Preserving California History
On this site the remains of Katie Thompson, Mattie Thompson, and Josie Campbell were laid to rest. The children, were the grandchildren of Joseph Campbell, and all died of Scarlett Fever in 1877. Joseph Campbell was a prominent pioneer in this area where his name remains on many locations. The original grave markers were intentionally destroyed sometime during the 1920’s by the owner of Gracie’s Tavern, who tired of her hearing of graves in her parking lot. In keeping with the philosophy of . . . — Map (db m61767) HM
California (Butte County), Magalia — “Magalia Depot & Butte County Railroad”
In 1902, Diamond Match Co., established the Butte Co. Railroad. The So PAC tracks ran between Chico, Durham, and Stirling City. Regular train service between Chico and Magalia began Nov. 2, 1903. Magalia depot was completed soon thereafter. April 8, 1904 lumber and passengers were being transported from Stirling City. Due to financial setbacks, Diamond Match in 1915 turned the line over to Southern Pacific. Stirling City sawmill closed on Jan. 31, 1958 & the last train ran on Feb. 5, 1958. . . . — Map (db m61223) HM
California (Butte County), Magalia — Dogtown
This site was first settled in 1850. It was named Dogtown for the dogs raised and sold to the miners by a woman named Bassett. — Map (db m66119) HM
California (Butte County), Magalia — LovelockSquare-Nail Town Smith
Named for George Lovelock, born in Wales in 1824, emigrated to California in 1850. George Lovelock settled in Butte County in 1851 and began a successful business in Butte Creek Canyon before moving not far from this present site to establish a ranch and lumber mill. Following business reversals in 1861 George Lovelock left Butte County and moved to Nevada and established the town of Lovelock, Nevada. — Map (db m61685) HM
California (Butte County), Magalia — Magalia Community Church / The Magalia Schoolhouse Bell
[ Upper Marker ] This property Magalia Community Church Has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior [ Lower Marker ] The Magalia Schoolhouse Bell The bell now hangs in the belfry of the Old Magalia Community Church, with the original church bell. It is a 24” inch bell with no identifiable markings on the casting. — Map (db m29609) HM
California (Butte County), Oroville — BUT-012 — Long's Bar
Site of Gold Rush settlements Long’s Bar, Adamstown, White Rock, and nearby Banner Mine. Sam Neal discovered gold here in 1848. First Christian and Masonic observances in Butte County held here 1849. First county ferry franchise, 1850. — Map (db m69790) HM
California (Butte County), Paradise — Nelson Bar
Mining settlement named for Benjamin Nelson who discovered gold here in 1850. Town was on both sides of W. Branch of N. Fork of Feather River. — Map (db m61686) HM
California (Butte County), Paradise — Butte 011 — Old Paradise Depot
Constructed in 1903, this depot is one of three maintained along the Butte County Railroad, a 31 mile line from Chico to Stirling City, completed by Diamond Match Co. in 1904. The railroad was later acquired by Southern Pacific and operated as a spur until the rails were removed in 1979. Prior to construction of the depot, “Old” Paradise was located near Leonard’s Mill at the intersection of Clark and Elliot Rds. With the coming of iron rails the “New Town” of Paradise . . . — Map (db m29671) HM
California (Butte County), Stirling City — Inskip HotelElev. 4808’
Editor's Note: All the "E's" on this marker are backwards The historic inn, first built in 1857 by Pat Kelley sold to John Stokes in 1866. Destroyed by fire in 1868. Rebuilt in 1868, is the only remaining one of five hotels which served the Inskip mining district. A gold strike in the early 1850’s brought in a population of over one thousand by 1860. Inskip was the major midway station on the old Oroville-Susanville-Honey Lake Road. A distance of about 140 . . . — Map (db m61765) HM
California (Butte County), Stirling City — Stirling City
This peaceful community, gateway to the remote regions of the High Lakes of Butte and Plumas Counties, owes its origin and subsequent development to the entrance of the Diamond Match Company to California. With the purchase of about 40,000 acres of virgin timber lands in the Ransey Bar – Kimshaw areas, Diamond, between the years 1901 - 1904, financed the survey and construction of the Butte County Railroad from Chico to here. It had already acquired some 1200 acres at this place, upon . . . — Map (db m61764) HM
California (Calaveras County), Angels Camp — Archie D. Stevenot“Mr. Mother Lode”
September 25, 1882 – August 1, 1968 Founder of Mother Lode Association in 1919, which created colorful Highway 49 – California’s first highway association. Plaque and 100 year capsules placed on July 23, 1976 by Golden Chain Council of the Mother Lode and Grand Council of E Clampus Vitus — Map (db m6876) HM
California (Calaveras County), Angels Camp — Archie Stevenot“Mr. Mother Lode”
He was born Sept. 25, 1882 on the old Stevenot Homestead one-half mile west of this marker. Son of Emile K. and Sarah E. Stevenot and the grandson of Gabriel K. Stevenot, Calaveras County pioneer who pitched tent there in April, 1850. Student, salesman, miner, rancher, post master, school board member and general superintendent of the nearby Carson Hill Mine, he has spent a productive lifetime in this region. He established the Mother Lode Highway Association in 1919, serving as president or . . . — Map (db m6847) HM
California (Calaveras County), Angels Camp — Chinatown
This building, once owned by Sam Choy, is the only building remaining from a large Chinese settlement here in early Gold Rush days. Now owned by the City of Angels Camp. — Map (db m31889) HM
California (Calaveras County), Angels Camp — Claussen’s Corner
Built in the early 1850’s, year not documented, by Frank Egan, as the Central Park Hotel. Then, it included a brothel upstairs. The hotel was sold to Mrs. Mitrovich and renamed The Waverly Hotel. Blagoje “Billy” Ratkovich bought the hotel in 1922 and died in 1940. Dorothy Ratkovich Soracco, Billy’s daughter, inherited the property. Her husband, Mel Soracco, who had worked in the hotel since 1932, took over the property, closed the hotel and renamed it Mel’s Central Corner. Later, . . . — Map (db m40811) HM
California (Calaveras County), Angels Camp — Giovanni LavagninoPioneer Craftsman
In Tribute To the pioneer craftsman whose skills, ingenuity and determination established permanent communities in the wake of the gold rush, and whose progeny have continued to contribute to the region’s character and spirit, recognition is today given the gates created on the forge of Giovanni Lavagnino. A native of Italy, who arrived here in 1877 at the age of 18 and died here, victim of a mining accident, in 1909 at the age of 49. — Map (db m58925) HM
California (Calaveras County), Angels Camp — James H. Carson
James H. Carson (1821 - 1853) - - Soldier, gold prospector and miner, writer, sportsman. Discovered gold at Carson’s Creek. He inspired a mutual confidence between man and man. Dedicated by Matuca Chapter, E.C.V. This 27th Day of April 1974 — Map (db m7502) HM
California (Calaveras County), Avery — Avery One-Room School House
Avery one-room school was established April 4, 1886. School was in session from March to December due to winter snows that kept the highway closed. Hazel Fischer taught here from July 1916 to March 1941. Ms Fischer took all the students to San Francisco World’s Fair in 1939. She was also known to take them swimming for their physical education. The school closed in March 1941. When the present highway was constructed and the timber industry grew, a new school was built in White Pines. — Map (db m53304) HM
California (Calaveras County), Avery — The Avery Hotel
The oldest continuously operated hotel in Calaveras County, it was built as a family home in 1851 by Joseph and Sarah Goodell of Maine. The Goodells later relocated to Stockton. In 1853 Peter and Nancy Avery, also of Maine, began operating it as a hotel. Famous guests have included Alfalfa of “Our Gang” fame and such western legions as Black Bart and Roy Rogers. Owners and guests have reliably reported that the benign spirits of a late 19th century sea captain and a locally revered . . . — Map (db m20626) HM
California (Calaveras County), Copperopolis — Black Bart at Funk HillCopperopolis
July 1875, at Funk Hill 4 miles due east Black Bart, alias Charles E. Bolton or Boles, wearing a flour sack mask and a linen duster, waving a double-barrelled shot gun held up the Wells Fargo Sonora to Milton Stage. The first successful stage robbery in California. For eight years he was the “scourge and terror of California roads.” Often leaving a few lines of doggerel at the scene: I’ve labored long and hard for bread, For honor and for riches, But on my corns’ too long . . . — Map (db m70090) HM
California (Calaveras County), Copperopolis — Calaveras Telephone
Present site of one of the last family - founded and - still - operated - by - that - family phone companies in America. Founded by Jim Tower, who strung his first telephone wires in 1895 tacked along posts of barb wire fences, earning himself the colorful nickname, “Barbed Wire Jim.” In 1900, Jim was franchised with Alexander Graham Bell to do business with the Bell system. Barb Wire Jim was born in nearby Salt Springs Valley in 1879, having been midwifed by Madame Felix herself. . . . — Map (db m57982) HM
California (Calaveras County), Copperopolis — 296 — CopperopolisThe Town of
With the discovery of copper ore in 1860 by Thomas McCarty and William K. Reed, the town of Copperopolis sprang into existence and soon became the largest producer of copper in the western United States. The population of Copperopolis grew to exceed 10,000 by 1863. The Union Mine was the largest producing mine in the area, working three shafts and hundreds of men on the payroll. During the nations three recent wars, the Civil War, World War I and World War II, much of the copper ore that was . . . — Map (db m13004) HM
California (Calaveras County), Copperopolis — Copperopolis Cemetery
Located atop a prominent hill, this cemetery overlooks the community of Copperopolis and it’s surrounding area. After crossing through the wrought iron gates and walking amongst the paths you’ll find yourself surrounded by the 4 foot natural stone walls. Think of the Civil War veterans, Clampers and many members of the founding families buried and honored within. It is due to their diligence and perseverance that we stand here today. The oldest tombstone is dated 1863. — Map (db m19759) HM
California (Calaveras County), Copperopolis — Madame Josephine Felix
Josephine Felix arrived from France in 1852, one of the first settlers in Salt Spring Valley. Soon widowed, she established a waystation at the junction of the Angels and Central Ferry Roads. She wed neighbor Alban Hettick and the couple developed a prosperous farm on the Madame Felix Ranch where she died in 1880. She figured prominently in the social life of the valley and was so respected that mining district, post office and telephone exchange were named for her. — Map (db m58929) HM
California (Calaveras County), Copperopolis — The Old Corner Saloon
In the 1860’s Copperopolis had a population of 10,000 and was the principal mine in the west. The mine closed in 1945. This building has housed a saloon since it was built in 1862. Twice it survived raging fires which destroyed the town. The bar operated through Prohibition as a “speakeasy” in the basement. The main floor was a soda parlor and had a buzzer set up to warn those below of approaching law enforcement. The upstairs functioned as a rooming house and a brothel. — Map (db m19770) HM
California (Calaveras County), Dorrington — Board's Crossing
Board’s Crossing was first used as a cattle crossing in the early 1870’s. Brothers David and William Board moved here from Missouri in 1854. They settled in Salt Springs Valley and raised cattle. This shallow ford across the river was a favorite with local ranchers as the cattle were moved to the mountains each summer. The family built their small cabin here, which still stands. The Boards continued this operation for nearly 30 years then sold to the pioneer family Nichols in 1906. Dedicated . . . — Map (db m58791) HM
California (Calaveras County), Dorrington — Dorrington Hotel
Built in 1860 by John and Rebecca Gardner, this was a stage coach stop on the Big Trees Carson Valley Road. A toll road from 1862 – 1910. The hotel served as a depot for stockmen and as a summer resort. Noted for its ice cold springs, it was called Cold Springs Ranch until a Post Office was established. Rebecca’s maiden name was submitted to the Postal Department and the town has been known as Dorrington since 1902. — Map (db m57983) HM
California (Calaveras County), Douglas Flat — The Italian Store
Built is 1861 by Antonio and Caterina Gagliardo. Served as a Post Office and social center for the community of Douglas Flat. A hand dug well located next to the store supplied Douglas Flat with good fresh water and remains in good shape today. James Malespina purchased the store in 1885 where it remained in the family for several years. A Wells Fargo office also occupied the building with a safe and armed guard to protect the gold from the Table Mountain and along Coyote Creek. The mines . . . — Map (db m58852) HM
California (Calaveras County), Mokelumne Hill — 663 — Calaveras County Courthouse and Leger Hotel
A portion of this building served as the Calaveras County Courthouse from 1852 to 1866, when the county seat was removed to San Andreas. George W. Leger then acquired the court building and made it a part of his adjoining hotel, which has been operating since early gold mining days. It was known as the Grand Hotel in 1874 when fire damaged it and destroyed its dance hall. Restored in 1879, it has since been known as the Leger Hotel. — Map (db m11537) HM
California (Calaveras County), Mokelumne Hill — Mokelumne Hill
Beneath this spot in 1851, Joe H. Zumwalt established the first chapter of the Ancient and Honorable Order of E Clampus Vitus. On his way West, Zumwalt discovered an amusing ritual in the newspaper office at Bowling Green, Mo. Arriving in Moke Hill in 1851, he observed that the miners needed a humorous outlet. Chapter #1001 was chartered in an unoccupied community jail. From here the idea of E.C.V. spread like wildfire in the diggins. Let all Clampers, Frolicking Friars and Vituscan . . . — Map (db m45976) HM
California (Calaveras County), Murphys — Albert A. MichelsonDec. 19, 1852 – May 9, 1931
First American scientist awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (Physics – 1907); Dean of American Optics; Measured velocity of light, ether drift, standard meter, steller diameters. Lived here during childhood. — Map (db m32818) HM
California (Calaveras County), Murphys — E Clampus VitusECV Wall of Comparative Ovations
During the Gold Rush Days of California the organization known as E Clampus Vitas flourished throughout the gold diggings. It was sort of a parody of the solemn and mysterious fraternal orders then so popular in the states. Every member held an office of equal indignity. It was said that E Clampus Vitus existed for the purpose of promoting the welfare of widows and orphans, especially the widows. Early newspaper articles prove their deeds actually did aid needy families. Primarily, however, it . . . — Map (db m31275) HM
California (Calaveras County), Murphys — John Murphy1824 – 1892
Founder of Murphys, 1848. John and brother Daniel set up trading post; hired Miwok Indians to mine gravel – paid them in merchandise Murphys was first known as Murphys Diggings; then Murphys Camp – later Murphys John Murphy left camp in Dec. 1849 with $1,500,000 in gold. Returned to San Jose. Married Virginia Reed of Donner Party. Served as Mayor of San Jose and Sheriff of Santa Clara — Map (db m34335) HM
California (Calaveras County), Murphys — Maj. James D. Savage
Member of Fremont’s Battalion during Mexican War. Established Indian trading posts throughout Central San Joaquin Valley. Leader of the first expedition of the Mariposa Battalion into Yosemite Valley, 1851 Dr. Lewis Leach described Savage as man of great intelligence ••• magnetic temperament — Map (db m34057) HM
California (Calaveras County), Murphys — Murphy Brothers
The brothers John Murphy (1824-1892) and Daniel Murphy (1826-1882) reportedly pitched their trading tent near this site late in 1848. — Map (db m51558) HM
California (Calaveras County), Murphys — Site of E.C.V. Saloon
Near this spot the “E.C.V. Saloon” stood in 1853. Believed to be the only E. Clampus Vitus (miners’ fun fraternal order) saloon officially recorded. — Map (db m32875) HM
California (Calaveras County), Murphys — The Compere Store
Built in 1858 by Pierre Bonet with fire proof steel shutters and stone walls. Owned and operated by Victorene Compere to provision the miners. Restored and preserved as a private residence in 1939. Historic American Building Survey No. 1108 1977 ECV — Map (db m32872) HM
California (Calaveras County), Murphys — William Gordon HuffE Clampus Vitus Wall of Comparative Ovations
William Gordon Huff 1903 ~ 1993 Sublime Nobel Grand Patriarch Grand Clamp Artist Visionary • Artist • Sculpture Bill conceived, named, and created E Clampus Vitus Wall of Comparative Ovations as a memorial to portray early legends of the Grand Council and to recognize its early leaders. All plaques (memorial portraits and inscriptions) were handcrafted in ceramic and were affixed to the wall by Clampartist Huff. Many of his earliest non-Clamper commissions (from Maine . . . — Map (db m31195) HM
California (Calaveras County), San Andreas — Attempted Stage Robbery
At this place, April 30th 1892, without warning, a lone bandit fired two charges of buckshot into the stage carrying the payroll for the Sheepranch Mine. Miss Johanna Rodesino, a passenger, was instantly killed. Babe Raggio, driver, was severely wounded. Mike Tovey, messenger, was slightly wounded. Miss Agnes Filipini and Mrs. A. Lloyd, passengers, were unhurt. No treasure was taken and the bandit was never apprehended. — Map (db m11683) HM
California (Calaveras County), San Andreas — Calaveras County Hospital Cemetery
In this cemetery lie the remains of 600 Calaveras pioneers. All died in the once adjacent county hospital and were interred here between 1890 and the 1910’s. Mostly older men, they lacked the means to be buried in a church or town cemetery. Some were natives of California, while others came to Calaveras from distant places, such as Chile, Mexico, Hawaii, Canada, Nova Scotia, England, Ireland, France, Italy, Spain, Belgium, Austria, Denmark, Norway, Australia, China, and virtually every state on . . . — Map (db m19324) HM
California (Calaveras County), Tamarack — Camp Tamarack
For more than 80 years, the area was known as Onion Valley due to the profusion of wild onions growing here. It was mainly used as a summer stock range. In the late 1860-70’s a sawmill was operated by C. Brown. Later a man called “Turkey” Johnson came every summer with sheep, pigs, chickens and turkeys. Once, during an early snowstorm, the turkeys took to the pines and Johnson could not get them down. Dave Filipini received the first land patent. Later he sold to Will & Chas. . . . — Map (db m40974) HM
California (Calaveras County), Vallecito — Camp Nine Bell
From New York in 1900 to the present day in California; from cookhouse to firehouse this bell has been a part of Vallecito’s history. In 1906, Beach Thompson needing water for his hydraulic mining, and investors in San Francisco needing electric power came together to form the Union Construction Co. and the Stanislaus Electric Power Co. to build the Stanislaus Powerhouse – known as Camp Nine. In the early days, the cook used the bell to call the workers to their morning and . . . — Map (db m32727) HM
California (Calaveras County), Vallecito — Dinkelspiel Store
The store was built in 1851 and opened for business in 1852 by the Dinkelspiel family, who had recently emigrated from Germany. The buildings were made of rhyolite tuff blocks from the Altaville Quarry. The small adjoining building originally used as a saddle shop. Later became the Wells Fargo Company’s express office. The first Wells Fargo agent in Vallecito was L. Dinkelspiel and Co. It was one of the many express companies which handled mail in the Mother Lode prior to 1854, when the Post Office was established. — Map (db m11967) HM
California (Calaveras County), Valley Springs — Valley Spring
The original three foot narrow gauge line was built by the San Joaquin & Sierra Nevada Railroad, extending from Brack’s Landing on the Mokelumne River, east to Valley Springs. The depot and turntable were built around the time of completion of the last section, which was finished in April 1885, at a total cost of $409,570. The line was changed to standard gauge by Southern Pacific around 1904. It was then extended 13 miles further east to Kentucky House to service the Calaveras Cement Company . . . — Map (db m10635) HM
California (Colusa County), Arbuckle — Arbuckle
In 1859 Tacitus Ryland Arbuckle located a homestead in the Sacramento Valley, and in 1875 had the land plotted for a town site. The legendary Arbuckle founded the town, deeded the lots, furnished the nails, and helped build the first houses in what has since become the city of Arbuckle. Known far and wide as “the home of the almond”. — Map (db m54548) HM
California (Colusa County), Colusa — Adelade M. Ryerson House--1906
This house, also called the Tin House because of its pressed metal siding has a symmetrical façade that is suggestive of a Colonial Revival influence. In the 1890’s a flour mill was located on this site but eventually closed because of continued erosion of the river bank. In 1906 the land upon which the house was built was purchased for “ten dollars gold coin of the United States”. For many years before World War Two, the house served as a bordello, one of many in town. The house, . . . — Map (db m72987) HM
California (Colusa County), Colusa — Old Chinatown District--Circa 1890
In the 1850s, Chinese came to California, a land they called Gum Shan, meaning Mountain of Gold, for the same reason as other nationalities: to seek their fortune. As the placer gold played out, Chinese took jobs building railroads, dams, levees, and highways. In Chinatown, people could come together for comfort, safety, and religious purposes, free from the persecution to which they were accustomed. Typically, families would conduct business and live in the same building. At one time, a . . . — Map (db m54986) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Alamo — Stone Valley
Squire Silas Stone emigrated with his family from Iowa in 1853 and settled half mile east of this marker. The pioneer's home stood nearby until 1957. His son Albert eventually expanded the ranch to 800 acres and gave the family name to the present day Stone Valley. — Map (db m93667) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Antioch — City of Antioch War Dog Memorial
You protected us on the field of battle. You watched over our eternal rest. You will not be forgotten. We are forever grateful. Dedicated in memory of Specialist 4th Class George D. (Doug) Deitrick and his scout dog, Egor (75IM), 1st Infantry Division, 41st Infantry Platoon Scout Dog, killed in action on June 23, 1969, Binh Duong, S. Vietnam. — Map (db m93604) WM
California (Contra Costa County), Antioch — CHL 932 — Mount Diablo Coal Field
From 1860 to 1906, this area was the largest coal mining district in California. Five towns (Nortonville, Somersville, Stewartville, Judsonville and West Hartley) grew up around twelve major mines. Today the towns are gone. The buildings having been moved to nearby communities. After the mines closed, mine openings, tailings, railroad beds and a pioneer cemetery are being preserved by the East Bay Regional Park District. — Map (db m93611) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Antioch — Riverview Union High School
This was the first high school constructed in Contra Costa County. Supported by the Womans Club of Antioch, the first joint communities bond was passed in 1908 for $20,000 by Antioch, Pittsburg, Somersville, Nortonville and Live Oak. Charles Appleton Hooper donated unincorporated land for the school. The election of April 1, 1910, approved the site and elected all new Antioch trustees. Construction began in September 1910 and the school was opened November 4, 1911. Antioch and Pittsburg . . . — Map (db m91845) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Antioch — Sidney Flat
This area was the original site of the coal mining town of Somersville. The town was located here because of the availability of good drinking water. When the railroad arrived in 1866, water could be hauled from the San Joaquin River and the town was moved closer to the mines. A rancher later established a brothel here that included the unusual feature of a tunnel connecting the building's rear entrance to a nearby ravine, allowing customers to avoid being seen by passers-by. In 1904 the . . . — Map (db m93608) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Antioch — The Woman's Club of Antioch
Eleven women founded the Woman's Club of Antioch in February, 1902. They pledged to "improve and beautify the town, to do any business which shall promote the educational, industrial, benevolent, social or political welfare of its members or the community at large." These women spearheaded the first high school, first library, city park, paved streets and municipal water-sewer system. This lot was purchased in 1904; cardboard shingle sales for a dime built the permanent clubhouse in 1910. . . . — Map (db m93605) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Brentwood — Byer/Nail House
This house, which serves as the museum for the East Contra Costa Historical Society, was originally built by Johnson and Elizabeth Fancher in 1878. In the early 1880's the Fanchers sold the house and surrounding acreage to John and Letitia Byer. In 1922, after the death of Mr. and Mrs. Byer, the house and surrounding acres were sold to their granddaughter and her husband, Zelma and James Nail. In 1984, Clelland Nail (the only child of James and Zelma) inherited the house and 8 acres. Clelland . . . — Map (db m94652) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Byron — ByronEst. 1878
At this location, in 1878, a railroad station was established for the San Pablo and Tulare Railroad, which ran from Los Banos to Martinez, later to become part of the Southern Pacific Railway, for the purpose of taking on water, and became known as the "By Run". This township was famous for shipping more hay than any other station in California at the turn of the century. Dedicated to the early pioneers and settlers of this community. Dedicated September 19, 1987 Joaquin Murrieta Chapter 13 E Clampus Vitus — Map (db m17325) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Clayton — Joaquin Murrieta
Born in Mexico in 1832 the renowned "Robin Hood of the El Dorado" spent his early days in Californa working in Contra Costa County as a vaquero before turning bandit. Dedicated By Joaquin Murrieta Chapter No. 13 E Clampus Vitus November 6, 1976 in Commemoration of our Bicentennial Year — Map (db m24567) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Clayton — Old Marsh Creek Springs
This area in the mid 1850s, was a known hideout for legendary bandit Joaquin Murrieta, who worked as a vaquero for John Marsh on his rancho just east of here. It was also frequented by John "Grizzly" Adams, famed California mountain man. In 1927 Old Marsh Creek Springs was the site of the first natural swimming pool in Contra Costa County. Gerould (Jerry) and Verna Gill founded Old Marsh Creek Springs, which consisted of four baseball fields, two swimming pools and a large dance hall. The . . . — Map (db m94657) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Clayton — The Clayton Club
Jacob Rhine's National Saloon had an impressive inventory of cigars and liquor in 1874. The saloon was renamed after Carl Berendsen bought the property in 1905. He added a building shipped from San Francisco via Martinez for family living quarters. The Clayton Club survived 1920-1933 Prohibition as a cafe and social club, offering non alcoholic drinks, meals, and entertainment. A six-shooter "kept things honest" at the gaming table. Jennie and Carl Milano bought the Clayton Club in 1959. . . . — Map (db m57976) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Concord — Live Oak CemeteryFounded 1865
Don Salvio Pacheco granted this land designated as a cemetery to serve Clayton and Concord. There are many prominent pioneers of early Clayton and Concord buried here. They include members of the following families: Atchinson, Babel, Clayton, Dendinger, DeSoto, Duncan, Frank, Galindo, Gehringer, Keller, Lewis, Mitchell, Morgan, Nichols, Russelmann, Stockfleth, Stranahan, Treat, Trettle, and others. — Map (db m93630) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — Birthplace of The Martini
On this site in 1874, Julio Richelieu, bartender, served up the first martini when a miner came into his saloon with a fistful of nuggets and asked for something special. He was served a "Martinez Special." After three or four drinks, however, the "Z" would get very much in the way. The drink consisted of 2/3 gin, 1/3 vermouth, a dash of orange bitters, served over crushed ice and served with an olive. Humorist James Thurber once said, "One is alright, two is too many, and three is not . . . — Map (db m57975) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — Borland Home
This Victorian cottage was the home of the Robert Borland Family. Built in 1890 by Dr. John S. Moore, D.D.S., and originally used as his dental office. The property was inherited by his daughter, Mrs. Emma Moore Borland. The Martinez Historical Society, working in cooperation with the City of Martinez and volunteers, saved the building from demolition and is continually refurbishing it as time and funds allow. The Martinez Museum, opened here June 6, 1976, has changing displays of Martinez . . . — Map (db m16730) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — Captain Joseph R. Walker
This monument erected in honor of his contributions as a soldier, mountain man, and explorer who through his efforts and those of his breed such as Jim Bridger, Thomas Fitzpatrick, Jedediah Smith, helped explore and open the way to the West. There are many areas through the West that bear the Walker name due to his efforts. Capt. Walker is buried in this cemetery. — Map (db m93508) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — Dedicated to the Family of Don Ignacio Martinez
Dedicated to the family of Don Ignacio Martinez, who settled El Rancho Pinole in 1830. Many of his descendants rest here, members of one of Contra Costa's first families. Dedicated by Joaquin Murrieta Chapter 13 E Clampus Vitus September 18, 1982 — Map (db m53061) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — God's Acre
Potters field at Alhambra Cemetery. Here, marked by numbered headstones the size of bread loaves, are buried over 600 poor and unknown early pioneers of California and Martinez. The earliest known burial was in 1853 and they continued until the early 20th century. Among those buried here are Chinese, Mexicans, Irish, Scots, Clampers of old, and native Californians, all of whom played a vital role in the shaping of our great state. May they continue to rest in peace. — Map (db m93541) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — Hook Family
William Hook came to the California gold country in 1850 to sell mining equipment and build mining machinery. In 1853 Hook opened a general store at the corner of Ferry and Main Streets in Martinez. Over the years Hook brought up land in Contra Costa County until he owned almost 3,000 acres. — Map (db m93510) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — 1996 — James Rankin
In 1865, at the age of 17, James Rankin emigrated from a Scottish coal mining town after hearing of the "Black Gold" in Contra Costa. He worked with pick and shovel in the underground mines of Somersville. In 1885, Rankin was elected sheriff and move to Martinez. Rankin owned 50 acres on what is now Rankin Park, upon which he planted some 400 olive trees. He now rests in the Alhambra Cemetery here in Martinez. — Map (db m93506) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — Martinez Train DepotDedicated September 22, 2001
The City of Martinez has been the home of a train station along the waterfront for 125 years. The first station (approximately 200 yards to the east of this site) was erected in 1876 and closed in 2001 when this station was opened. More than 1,000 Chinese laborers, who one live in a tent city near this spot blasted hillsides, built tunnels and bridges, eventually connecting this line with the Oakland Ferry Wharf in 1878. This plaque was made possible with input from the Martinez . . . — Map (db m93542) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — Martinez-Benicia Ferry"Gateway to the Gold Fields"
Founded by Dr. Robert Semple in 1847, the Martinez-Benicia ferry was the first established and longest operating ferry service in the S.F. Bay Area. In 1850 Oliver Coffin took over the operation and with his brothers purchased a new ferryboat, the "Carquinez", and built the Ferry Street Wharf, once located 100 feet west of this spot. The Pony Express, on one of its trips to San Francisco, first set foot in Contra Costa County on April 23, 1860, after an early morning ferry trip from Benicia. . . . — Map (db m27645) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — XIII (13) — Pioneer Cemetery
In this cemetery are laid to rest many of the early California pioneers, settlers and their families. One of the more famous is Joseph Reddeford Walker, XNGH - mountain man, guide and pathfinder. — Map (db m93507) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — 511 — Vicente Martinez Adobe
In 1849, Vicente Martinez built a two-story adobe ranch house on his portion of the Rancho Pinole. This land was inherited from his father, Don Ignacio Martinez, a Spanish officer who became Comandante of the San Francisco Presidio and later Alcade of San Francisco. In 1966 the National Park Service acquired the adobe and it is now open to the public. — Map (db m50821) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Pittsburg — Bank of America
The First National Bank Building was designed by E.L. Norberg and built by G.H. Fields & Co. in 1921. In January 1927, the bank was purchased by Liberty Bank of San Francisco, which then merged with Bank of America Los Angeles later the same day. The following month it was purchased by the Bank of Italy. In 1930, the Bank of Italy was consolidated by its founder, A.P. Giannini with the Bank of America. This building has become a visual focal point for the Historical District of Pittsburg. — Map (db m37488) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Pittsburg — Black Diamond
In 1860, at the confluence of the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers, settlers founded the village of Black Diamond. Named for the coal that was mined in the Mount Diablo foothills, the village of Black Diamond flourished as a shipping port for coal bound to Stockton, Sacramento and San Francisco and a stopover for gold miners bound for the Motherlode. In 1911, with the coal running out and new industries on the rise, the town of Black Diamond became the city of Pittsburg. Dedicated . . . — Map (db m91846) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Pittsburg — Pittsburg Post Dispatch Building
Built in 1923, this brick building was the home of the Coast Counties Gas and Electric Company which provided utilities to the City of Pittsburgh. The company closed its office in the 1950s and the building became a newspaper publishing and distribution center for the Pittsburg Post Dispatch. After merging with the Contra Costa Times, the newspaper closed operations here. In 1997, the Pittsburg Historical Society purchased the building from the Lesher Foundation and created a museum and . . . — Map (db m37423) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Port Costa — The Burlington HotelEstablished 1883
Port Costa's old timers are quite certain that the rumor of the Burlington Hotel being a bordello is untrue. Their reasoning is that the respected owners and their families lived nearby, therefore it could not have been a bordello. However, the archives of the Ancient and Honorable Order of E Clampus Vitus will once and for all put to rest these rumors. Our records indicate that not only was the Burlington Hotel a bordello, but it was highly ranked among the California bordellos of the era. . . . — Map (db m57971) HM
California (Del Norte County), Klamath — Captain Courageous1963 - 1983
The heroic voyage of this crossbreed steer; floating downriver from Klamath Glen and up the coast into Crescent City Harbor, was an inspiration to the flood victims of Klamath. He embodied their courage, stamina, and indomitable spirit. A living memorial to the disastrous flood of 1964, he passed peacefully on to greener pastures in 1983. Erected May 10, 1997 by E. Clampus Vitus Eureka Chapter 101 in Memory of Andy McBeth the "Captain's" final caretaker — Map (db m91941) HM
California (El Dorado County), Coloma — Chinese Miners of the Mother Lode
Following the California Gold Rush of ’49, swarms of Chinese miners came to make their mark on the diggings in the Mother Lode, including this Coloma Valley. They were industrious and self-contained and mostly content to thoroughly comb the old diggings. Thus they reclaimed much gold that would have been overlooked. Chinese merchants came to serve their needs, such as Wah Hop who ran the adjoining store. This plaque dedicated to the memory of the diligent Chinese miners of the gold days. — Map (db m12225) HM
California (El Dorado County), Coloma — James W. MarshallDiscoverer of Gold
“Boys I believe I have found a gold mine” so said James W. Marshall to his millworkers on January 24, 1848, after he discovered gold in the tail race of Captain John A. Sutter’s sawmill at Coloma. This discovery started the great Gold Rush to California which resulted in its admission to the Union as the thirty first state on September 9, 1850. This plaque dedicated in his honor by E Clampus Vitus, January 27, 1957 — Map (db m12224) HM
California (El Dorado County), Coloma — Monroe Family Homestead
The home of the pioneer Monroe family stood here for more than a century. The family matriarch, Nancy Gooch, came across the plains from Missouri as a slave in 1849. She gained her freedom in 1850 when California joined the Union as a “free” state. Later, she bought the freedom of her son, Andrew Monroe and his family, who joined her in Coloma. Begun as a cabin, the home was enlarged as the family grew. Andrew and his son Pearley raised fruit and other crops. Their 80 acres of . . . — Map (db m17455) HM
California (El Dorado County), Coloma — Sutter Mill Replica
This replica of Sutter’s Mill was based on research from many sources – a drawing by James Marshall, an old photograph of the mill, and the results of several excavations made on the original mill site. The building is 60 feet long, 20 feet wide, and 39 feet high, and 80,000 board feet of lumber were used in construction. The structure is assembled with wooden pegs – no nails were used. As in the original mill, all timbers were adzed by hand. The replica was placed here because the . . . — Map (db m12206) HM
California (El Dorado County), El Dorado — 700 — El Dorado (Mud Springs)
Trading post, emigrant stop, and mining camp of the 1850’s. This became one of the remount stations of the Central Overland Pony Express. Here at the Nevada House on April 13, 1860, pony rider William (Sam) Hamilton changed horses while carrying the first west-bound mail of the Pony Express from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California. — Map (db m11571) HM
California (El Dorado County), El Dorado Hills — 699 — Mormon TavernOverland Pony Express Route - California
At this site on the old Clarksville-White Rock Emigrant Road was Mormon Tavern. Constructed in 1849, this popular stage stop was enlarged and operated by Franklin Winchell in 1851. It became a remount station of the Central Overland Pony Express and on April 4, 1860, pony rider Sam (Bill) Hamilton changed horses here on the first eastbound trip. — Map (db m12056) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — American River Inn
American River Inn formerly American Hotel Destroyed by fire, 1899 Rebuilt by F. Schmeder 1899 — Map (db m54944) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — 17 — Balsar House / I.O.O.F Hall
[Three small markers are mounted on the front of the building:] Marker 1: Balsar House A hotel built in 1850 by Madam Balsar Remodeled for an opera house in 1870. Restored by the Independent Order Odd Fellows and used as a meeting place by fraternal orders. Marker 2: Balsar House Erected 1859 by a butcher Joseph Olmstead Erected at a cost of $15,000 In 1889 it was bought by I.O.O.F. Marker 3: I.O.O.F Hall Formerly the Balsar . . . — Map (db m54812) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — Civil War Armory
Built in 1862 for the Georgetown Home Guard — Map (db m54931) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — 484 — Georgetown
Founded August 7, 1849 by George Phipps and party. Nicknamed Growlersburg from the heavy nuggets that “growled” in the miners’ pans. Georgetown was the hub of an immensely rich gold area. After the disastrous fire of 1852 the old town was moved from the canyon in lower Main Street to its present site. Unique in early day planning, Main Street was laid out 100 feet wide and side streets 60 feet. Population was 3,000 in 1854 – 56. — Map (db m57962) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — Georgetown - Pride of the Sierra / Growlersburg / E Clampus Vitus
Georgetown Pride of the Sierras Georgetown was founded in 1849 by George Phipps, a member of a party of sailors prospecting for gold, who first pitched his tent near the head of what is now known as Empire Canyon. George's town quickly developed into a center of commerce, providing supplies to gold miners working the many claims in the region. Growlersburg Within Georgetown a small community in the lower area of town became known as Growlersburg, and was inhabited by those . . . — Map (db m54773) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — Georgetown Firehouse
This firehouse, completed in 1965, was built to replace one on the opposite side of Main Street which was inadequate to house modern equipment. Headquarters of the Georgetown Fire District, now in this building, were formerly on Church Street. — Map (db m54929) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — Georgetown Hotel
Built 1856 Destroyed twice by fire and rebuilt in 1896 — Map (db m67570) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — Miners Club
Built 1862 Operated as morgue during Civil War — Map (db m55077) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — Shannon Knox House
Oldest Residence in Georgetown Built in the late Spring and Summer of 1854 — Map (db m54823) HM
California (El Dorado County), Georgetown — Wells Fargo Building
Wells Fargo Building and State Stop Built in 1852 — Map (db m54932) HM
California (El Dorado County), Kyburz — 705 — Moore’s (Riverton)
This was the site of a change station of the Pioneer Stage Company in the 1850’s and 1860’s. During 1860-1861, the Central Overland Pony Express maintained here the first pony remount station east of Sportsman’s Hall. — Map (db m57977) HM
California (El Dorado County), Latrobe — LatrobeEst. 1864
The youngest town acquisition of El Dorado County owes its origin to the Placerville and Sacramento Valley Railroad. They established a station for neighboring Amador County at this crossing of the roads. The town started on the completion of the railroad. It was platted by Chief Engineer F. Bishop. He named the town after B. Latrobe, the civil engineer in charge of building the first railroad in the United States. Dedicated January 26th 2008 by E. Clampus Vitus Chapter 49 James W. Marshall — Map (db m19317) HM
California (El Dorado County), Meyers — 708 — Yank’s Station
This was the site of the most eastern remount station of the Central Overland Pony Express in California. Established as a trading post in 1851 by Martin Smith, it became a popular hostelry and stage-stop operated by Ephraim “Yank” Clement on the Placerville-Carson Road. Pony Rider Warren Upson first arrived here on the evening of April 28, 1860. Changing ponies he galloped on to Friday’s in Nevada to deliver his mochila to Bob Haslam for the ride to Genoa. Used as a pony remount . . . — Map (db m433) HM
California (El Dorado County), Placerville — John Mohler Studebaker
1833 - - - 1917 Pioneer – Blacksmith – Soldier Inventor – Builder — Map (db m35536) HM
California (El Dorado County), Placerville — 475 — PlacervilleOriginally Known as “Hangtown” — Incorporated May 13, 1854
Established on banks of “Hangtown” Creek as rich mining camp in spring of 1848. Millions in gold were taken from its ravines and hills. Supply center for surrounding mining camps and transportation terminus for famous Comstock Lode. John M. Studebaker, Mark Hopkins, Leland Stanford, Phillip Armour, and Edwin Markham were among well-known men who contributed to Placerville’s early history. Also, “Snowshoe” John A. Thompson who carried from 60 to 80 pounds of mail on skies . . . — Map (db m12732) HM
California (El Dorado County), Placerville — 701 — Placerville Pony ExpressStation and Terminus
Gold Rush town and Western Terminus of the Placerville – Carson Road to the Comstock. Placerville was a relay station of the Central Overland Pony Express, April 4, 1860 – June 30, 1861. Here on April 4, 1860 the first east-bound pony rider, William (Sam) Hamilton changed horses, added one express letter to his mochila, and sped away for Sportsman’s Hall. On July 1, 1861, Placerville became the Western Terminus of the Pony Express, until its discontinuance on October 26, 1861. — Map (db m57973) HM
California (El Dorado County), Placerville — Swift Berry“Mr. Clamper”
Born Nebraska 1887. Educated Biltmore Forest School, North Carolina. Began career 1908 in California with U.S.F.S. Major U.S. Army A.E.F. 1917 – 1919 General Manager Michigan California Lumber Co. 1925 – 1949 California State Senator 1952 – 1960 We salute our esteemed Clampatriarch and Clamproctor, Historian, Forester, Banker and Tireless Civic Leader A “MAN TO MATCH OUR MOUNTAINS.” — Map (db m57974) HM
California (El Dorado County), Placerville — Three Unfortunates Hanged
“Somewhere here lie the remains of the three unfortunates hanged in late 1849 from the oak tree in the feed corral after fair trial by the vigilantes. This incident changed the name of Dry Diggins to Hangtown. Let us not judge them too harshly for those were the rough days of the great Gold Rush.” — Map (db m57972) HM
California (El Dorado County), Pollock Pines — 704 — Sportsman’s Hall
This was the site of Sportsman’s Hall, also known as Twelve-Mile House. The hotel operated in the late 1850’s and 1860’s by John and James Blair, a stopping place for stages and teams of the comstock. It became a relay station of the Central Overland Pony Express. Here, at 7:40 A.M., April 4, 1860, Pony Rider William (Sam) Hamilton, riding in from Placerville, handed the express mail to Warren Upson, who, two minutes later, sped on his way eastward. California Registered Historical . . . — Map (db m609) HM
California (Fresno County), Centerville — 23 — Kings River - Centerville
Gabriel Moraga of the Spanish Army, on Jan. 6, 1806 camped near here on the banks of a river never before seen by white men. The day was Epiphany, commemorating the visit of the three kings of the East to the Christ Child. This holy day suggested a name for the stream, "El Rio de los Santos Reyes", the River of the Holy Kings. In the 1850's, the village of Scottsburg grew up east of here but was repeatedly devastated by floods. It was relocated here in 1868 and named Centerville. It soon became . . . — Map (db m27833) HM
California (Fresno County), Clovis — 9 — Academy
One Quarter mile NW of here in a grove of oak tress on the south bank of Dog Creek was established "The Academy" in 1872. It was the first secondary school in Fresno County. J.D. Collins, later Sheriff was the first teacher. Just easterly of The Academy stood the small M. E. South Church built in 1869, and still in use. The stage route from Visalia to Millerton passed nearby and soon a small village sprang up including a hotel, store, stables, and a Post Office to which the name "Academy" . . . — Map (db m28014) HM
California (Fresno County), Clovis — Tarpey Depot
Built in 1892 as one of the three depots along the line of the San Joaquin Valley Railroad, this structure was originally located on the Tarpey Ranch just southeast of what is now the intersection of Ashlan and Clovis Avenues. In the span of its exisence, it has served as a freight and passenger depot, the La Paloma Winery office, a post office, a polling place and as the office of Billings and Fine, real estate agents for the Tarpey Village development. It is the last remnant of the San . . . — Map (db m26131) HM
California (Fresno County), Clovis — 14 — The San Joaquin Valley Railroad
In 1891, Marcus Pollasky formed a company to construct a railroad from the junction of the Southern Pacific Co. tracks in Fresno to the Sierra with the idea that eventually the railroad would cross the mountains and open the San Joaquin Valley to direct traffic with the East. The railroad was constructed as far as Hamptonville, now known as Friant, and subsequently was taken over by the Southern Pacific. In securing right-of-way for the railroad Pollasky promised Clovis Cole to build a . . . — Map (db m28017) HM
California (Fresno County), Dunlap — Converse Basin Grove
One of the largest stands of Giant Sequoias, it contained some of the finest Big Trees. The grove was logged as a private land between 1897 and 1907, first by the Sanger Lumber Company and later by Hume-Bennett Lumber Company, which in 1909 developed Hume Lake for a mill. Converse Basin, two miles northeast of this monument, had its own mill and narrow gauge rail connection to the logging town of Millwood, from which lumber was sent to Sanger in the valley by flume. Although they never realized . . . — Map (db m52239) HM
California (Fresno County), Dunlap — 33 — Dunlap CemeteryBaker's Mountain
Arriving in Fresno County in 1870, Sands Baker purchased a quarter section of land at the base of what became Baker's Mountain. Baker continually added to this tract until he had about 2000 acres. Baker was prominent in the mountain community. He was a prime mover in opening the road from Sand Creek, which proved to be a boon to the foothill settlers. He also served on the Fresno County Board of Education. Baker died on April 13, 1918 and is buried here in the few acres he set aside before . . . — Map (db m28066) HM
California (Fresno County), Easton — 35 — Easton / Washington Union High School District
[Side A:] Easton In 1878, O.W. Easton and J.P. Whitney, San Francisco entrepreneurs, bought a total of 12 sections of land in this area (7680 acres), formed the Washington Irrigated Colony and began selling 20-acre farms. Allen T. Covell was the superintendent and resident manager of the Colony, established the townsite that came to be called Covell. The town was composed of lots, each of which came as a bonus to the purchaser of a 20-acre farm. As the community grew and the . . . — Map (db m28011) HM
California (Fresno County), Firebaugh — 10 — Andrew Davidson Firebaugh - Firebaugh's Ferry
Andrew Davidson Firebaugh was born in Virginia in 1823. He served with the Texas Mounted Riflemen in the Mexican War. Coming to Californian in 1849, he fought in the Mariposa Indian War under Major James D. Savage on the expedition that discovered Yosemite in 1854. He established a trading post and ferry on the San Joaquin River one quarter mile due north of here. Known as Firebaugh's Ferry, it was a station on the great Butterfield Overland Stage Route. He built the first road over Pacheco . . . — Map (db m28015) HM
California (Fresno County), Fowler — Fowler's Switch
In 1872, the old Central Pacific Railroad, forerunner of the Southern Pacific, constructed a north-south line through the San Joaquin Valley, which opened the valley to commerce and settlement. The railroad contructed a switch a short distance south-easterly of this monument for loading cattle from the vast ranches of State Senator Thomas Fowler and others. The switch became known as Folwer's Switch. A town and a post office were established in 1882 and at that time the name was shortened to . . . — Map (db m26132) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — China Alley街人唐
In 1874 600 people moved to what is now Fresno. Of those, 200 were Chinese, who made the brick and helped start the building of Fresno. A short time later, they were persuaded to settle west of the train tracks. They built an area of shops, which catered to all ethnic backgrounds. It was a thriving area that offered goods, services, and "entertainment" day and night. It was the cosmopolitan area of Fresno for many years and to this day this area still has influence on the city. The brick used . . . — Map (db m52981) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 3 — Fort Washington
Approximately 2 miles north of this point, Fort Washintgon was built in the spring of 1850 by Wiley B Cassity (Cassady or Cassidy), Charls D. Gibbes, Major Lane and others. This fort, probably the first building erected in Fresno County, served as protection for miners and travelers during the Indian uprisings of 1850-51. Cassity and Gibbes operated a ferry across the San Joaquin River northeast of the fort. Cassity was slain by the Indians on Feb. 25, 1851. The fort was destroyed by flood, . . . — Map (db m28013) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 18 — Fresno County Courthouse
A temporary rough board building, containing county offices, was erected near the spot in the fall of 1874, about the time the cornerstone was laid for the original permanent courthouse. Fresno was selected by the voters in a previous spring election to replace Millerton as the county seat. This plaque commemorates the 100th anniversary of the move from the gold mining foothill community to the new railroad town on the valley plains. Jim Savage Chapter 1852 E Clampus Vitus September 28, 1974 — Map (db m27940) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 27 — Fresno Traction Company1903 - 1939
During the year 1903, streetcars began to rattle along the city streets from the San Joaquin River through the fig garden area to downtown Fresno and east along Huntington Boulevard to Sunnyside. Providing a reliable, entertaining, even elegant method of transportation, trolley cars became an overnight sensation and continued for 36 years under the operation of the Fresno Traction Company. Honoring the men and the streetcars that shaped the growth of our community, we dedicate this monument. — Map (db m27830) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 6 — Green Bush Spring
On this spot in the early days was a flowing spring beside which stood a large green bush. Wild horses, deer, elk and antelope watered here and it served as a watering place for sheep and cattle. The presence of this water caused the railroad in 1872 to locate its station and townsite here. The name shown on the first map proposed town was Green Bush. Because of its central location in Fresno County, Leland Stanford changed the name to Fresno Station. In 1873 when the official map . . . — Map (db m28012) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 28 — John Charles Fremont
Fremont passed within sight of this spot on April 7, 1844. He is coming from the San Joaquin River to the Kings River with his mountain men guides, Thomas "Broken Hand" Fitzpatrick, Kit Carson and Alex Godey. Fremont described a vast prairie with great bands of elk, wild horses and antelope. Wolves stalked young animals nearby. He returned in 1846 and took part in the Mexican War. In that war he was served by James D. Savage, later to become a trader friend of the Indians, commander of the . . . — Map (db m78355) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 20 — Moses J. Church
The Father of Fresno Irrigation. He was born in New York State in 1819, became a blacksmith and emigrated to California in 1852. He came to Fresno County in 1868 and employed by A. Y. Easterby, built the first irrigation system for lush fields of wheat, which in 1872 prompted Central Pacific to survey a townsite here called Fresno. Directing the Fresno Canal and Irrigation Co., he built hundreds of miles of canals, located hundreds of settlers on farms, expanded cultivation and forged Fresno's . . . — Map (db m71793) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — Sierra Sky ParkAmerica's first aviation community
Established October 23, 1946 as America's first aviation community. Through the efforts of Wm. and Doris Smilie, 130 acres of rolling "hog-wallow" and hardpan were transformed into a public use airport, with a sod runway, connecting taxi-way and extra wide streets. This combination would set the precedent for hundreds of similar communities through out the United States and the world. It would allow aviation oriented families to experience the dream of having an aircraft in their own yards and the camaraderie of neighbors with similar dreams. — Map (db m78354) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — 2 — Site of Church-Sperry Mill and Mill Ditch
Built in 1883 by Moses J. Church, Fresno's first flour mill operated with Fancher Creek water run through Mill Ditch and down Fresno Street. The original wooden structure was replaced in 1892 by a brick building and was sold to the Sperry Flour Company in 1893, The mill operated until 1927 when it was remodeled as an automobile showroom. After much litigation, the Mill Ditch, a foul-smelling stream, was filled in by irate citizens one Sunday in 1887 and steam engines were used thereafter. The . . . — Map (db m69808) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — The Basque Hotel
[Marker mounted to the left of the entrance door.] This building is the first Basque Hotel built near the Central Pacific Railroad lines that brought many new immigrants to Fresno and the San Joaquin Valley. It was one of several establishments that catered to Basque settlers and their families in the valley. The combined hotel, restaurant, bar and handball court soon became a center of cultural activity for the Basque community in Fresno County and other parts of the valley. The . . . — Map (db m37563) HM
California (Fresno County), Fresno — The Fresno Brewing Company
Ernst Eilert, a European trained Brewmaster and his son William established the Fresno Brewing Company on this site in 1899. They built a six story brewery, a laboratory, a racking room, stable and other structures. Five kinds of beer were brewed and distributed throughout the valley and across the Sierra until prohibition forced a shutdown. Until the repeal of prohibition, the plant bottled soft drinks and made ice cream. Brewing was resumed in 1933 and continued until 1948. The brewery was . . . — Map (db m26298) HM
California (Fresno County), Friant — 13 — Millerton
Due north of here, now covered by the waters of the lake, was the site of Millerton, first County Seat of Fresno County 1856-1874 — Map (db m52442) HM
California (Fresno County), Humphreys Station — Humphrey Station
This site was originally called Mechanicsville, gradually changing to Humphrey Station after Miles Humphreys' store. Miles Humphreys came to California to join his brother John after the Civil War and saw an opportunity by opening his store at this crossroads. Although not an official stage stop, the Butterfield Stage dropped off passengers at Humphrey's store to get "refreshed". Passengers included for the most part working class men from the lumber industry. Thus, Humphreys is the only . . . — Map (db m28272) HM
California (Fresno County), Kerman — 42 — Kerman
Originally, in the late 1800's Kerman was called "Collis" in honor of the Southern Pacific Railroad President at the time, Collis P. Huntington. The Southern Pacific Railroad line was built through Kerman in 1891. The name was changed to Kerman in 1906 when two Los Angels Capitalists, William G. Kerchoff and Jacob Mansar, purchased a large tract of land from the insolvent Bank of California. With a water supply and electrical power being brought to the area the town quickly grew. The city of Kerman was incorporated in 1946. — Map (db m28840) HM
California (Fresno County), Kerman — 5 — Sycamore PointSkaggs Bridge Park
Steamboats carrying supplies for Millerton reached the head of navigation at Sycamore Point on the south bank of the San Joaquin River about one mile upstream from here. In the spring of 1852 and for many years thereafter paddle wheel steamers made regular trips during high water. Their cargoes were carried from that point on by wagon. The last steamer to reach this point was in 1911. — Map (db m47418) HM
California (Fresno County), Reedley — 29 — Poole's FerrySmith's Ferry
Side A - North Poole's Ferry Most important of Kings River's earliest crossings, it was operated from 1851 - 1857 by William Campbell and John Poole 3 miles above this point. The ferry and its trading post served travelers and miners. In July, 1852, it became the focus of violence when an armed party led by Walter Harvey, Tulare County's first judge, raided a Choinumni Yocuts Indian Village. Yosemite discoverer Major James D. Savage, famed Indian trader and peacemaker, tried . . . — Map (db m28844) HM
California (Fresno County), Reedley — Wagon Bridge1885 - 1929
In the early 1850's, before it became a town, Reedley was in Mariposa County. The only way to cross the Kings River was doing so at your own risk or to find a ferry and pay a fee to cross. The Reedley area could claim two operating ferries. Poole's trading post and ferry was located about two miles north of Reedley and was run by William Campbell and John Poole from 1851 through 1857. It was made famous as the location where Major James Savage was murdered by newly elected Tulary County . . . — Map (db m77752) HM
California (Fresno County), Sanger — 37 — Dalton Mountain
In 1891, a posse shootout forced the infamous Dalton brothers gang from this mountain hidehout. They made their way back to Kansas where they eventually met their fate in Coffeyville. The outlaws, long since gone, leave Dalton Mountain as their lasting valley legacy.Dedicated September 18, 1994 Jim Savage 1852 E Clampus Vitus and Sanger Rotary — Map (db m27962) HM
California (Fresno County), Sanger — 25 — Kings River
Its waters made possible the irrigation of a million fertile acres, despite a 39 year battle over water rights. From 1882 forward, 150 lawsuits were filed and early irrigators often used armed force to open headgates to water their crops. L. A. Nares proposed the first diversion plan in 1897. Broader agreements in 1921 and 1927 brought peace. Completion of Pine Flat Dam in 1956 by the U.S. Corps of Engineers for flood control and irrigation finally insured maximum use of the river's water, . . . — Map (db m27996) HM
California (Fresno County), Sanger — 32 — Sanger
Founded by the Pacific Improvement Co. following the completion of Southern Pacific's east side railroad in May 1888. Its name honors Joseph Sanger, Jr., Indiana rail executive. Sanger, supported by a rich fruit citrus farming district which later made it a fruit and packing center, soon eclipsed neighboring Centerville. In 1890, Sanger became an important part of a major Sierra Nevada logging operation, with a mill which operated nearly four decades. The 54 mile Millwood Flume (later . . . — Map (db m28164) HM
California (Fresno County), Sanger — 38 — William "Yank" Hazelton1824 -1906
"Yank" Hazelton, son of Joseph, a blacksmith, and Sophia Cleveland, was born in Coeyman, N.Y., in 1824. He emigrated to California through San Diego in 1853. He settled on this site and homesteaded this land in November, 1857, with his wife of 2 months, Mary Jane, daughter of Henry and Delilah (Miller) Akers. In 1861, Yank went to Mexico on one of his last cattle buying trips. He brought back some oranges, in his saddlebags, as a surprise for his family. Mary Jane planted the seeds from these . . . — Map (db m28069) HM
California (Fresno County), Selma — 19 — Frank Dusy
Born in Canada in 1836, orphaned at age 8, he worked at numerous jobs before arriving in California in 1858. In his 40 years here he pioneered in photography, discovered Tehipite Valley and other prominent Sierra features. He led construction of the Fowler Switch Canal, helped develop the Fresno Scraper, promoted westside oilfields, served as a sheriff's deputy, fought for the rights of the Mussel Slouch settlers, operated a brickyard and several other ventures. Soldier, explorer, developer and . . . — Map (db m28156) HM
California (Fresno County), Selma — 30 — Groundwater Irrigation Beginnings
[Marker Front:] Groundwater Irrigation Beginnings The San Joaquin Valley's groundwater reservoir was first tapped with a practical pumping plant 4 miles northeast of here on Dec. 12, 1894. William De La Grange of Selma, tired of upstream irrigationists draining Kings River water from the canal he used, drilled a pioneering open bottom well. Using steam power, he pumped 350 gallons of water per minute onto his ranch at the southeast corner of Manning and Bethel Ave's. The plant . . . — Map (db m28594) HM
California (Fresno County), Selma — Libby, McNeill and Libby Cannery
On this 6 1/4 acre site, Libby, McNeill and Libby opened the San Joaquin Valley's largest cannery on July 18, 1911, less than four hectic months after the site was acquired and construction plans were announced. The initial construction cost was 25,895. Attracted to Selma by many orchards of cling peaches and early success of a much smaller cannery a few blocks away on Whitson Street, Libby's grew quickly and a year later doubled its production capacity. In 1914, this large warehouse . . . — Map (db m52240) HM
California (Fresno County), Selma — 24 — Selma
Founded along this street in the late spring and early summer of 1880 by Jacob E. Whitson, George B. Otis, Monroe Snyder and E. H. Tucker as a 40 acre townsite mapped from Whitson's homestead and wheat field. Selma boomed and first prospered here but a series of fires shifted most growth and the main business district across the tracks. Incorporation in March 1893 made Selma the second city in Fresno County. Jim Savage Chapter 1852 E Clampus Vitus Selma Centennial Jubilee Committee August 10, 1980 — Map (db m28161) HM
California (Fresno County), Squaw Valley — Millwood
Two miles northwest of here astride Mill Flat Creek is the site of old Millwood. A sawmill town established in 1891. Railroads brought logs here for milling and later lumber from other nearby mills including that which cut the privately owned redwoods in Converse Basin. The lumber was dried and placed in a fifty four mile wooden flume terminating in Sanger, Sequoia Lake was formed to provide flume water. The operation continued until 1910 when it was moved to Hume. Millwood once had . . . — Map (db m2979) HM
California (Fresno County), Tollhouse — 11 — Tollhouse
In the early 60's Elijah Sarvers, a solitary goatherd, was the first non-Indian here. In 1866 the Woods Bros. began making shakes on Pine Ridge, hiring Indians to carry them down the mountain. In 1867 the county granted them a franchise to build a toll road and fixed the rates. As more mills sprang up a village grew around the toll house. The county bought the road in 1878 and its use became free. It was so steep that despite the great skill of the long line teamsters, an occasional outfit . . . — Map (db m28016) HM
California (Humboldt County), Eureka — 154 — Fort Humboldt
By the early 1850's, newly arrived white settlers had moved into the Humboldt Bay area, causing conflict with the native inhabitants. To protect both Indians and settlers, Fort Humboldt was established in 1853 and operated until 1866. It became a focal point in the violent struggle between two cultures. Many Native Americans were assembled here before removal to reservations. California Registered Historical Landmark No. 154 Plaque placed by the State Department of Parks and . . . — Map (db m19936) HM
California (Humboldt County), Orick — Big DiamondA Circus Elephant
"Big Diamond", a circus elephant expired near here in 1927. His skinned hulk was buried. Years later, his bones were unearthed and speculation arose about a Humboldt mastodon until investigators were enlightened by people who'd seen the pachyderm's ignominious end. — Map (db m22274) HM
California (Humboldt County), Petrolia — Cape Mendocino LighthouseLit Dec. 1, 1868 to Mar. 3, 1951
Built at 422 ft. elevation, the light swept 30 mi. to sea. The perilous waters here claimed nine ships. Mules took supplies to the site, 15 mi. north, the westernmost in the U.S. Dedicated to the Keepers of the Light — Map (db m51954) HM
California (Humboldt County), Shelter Cove — Cape Mendocino Lighthouse
Lit Dec. 1, 1868, the light from its first order Fresnel lens swept 30 miles to sea. Decommissioned in 1951, the structure slowly began to inch toward the 422’ cliff. The light was dismantled in 1998 and moved to Point Delgada, Shelter Cove by the Cape Mendocino Lighthouse Preservation Society. The lantern roof portion was airlifted by the Army National Guard. Funded during the Lincoln administration, the lighthouse is now a monument to those hardy and long-suffering keepers of the light and to . . . — Map (db m1093) HM
California (Humboldt County), Trinidad — 216 — Town of Trinidad
Founded April 8, 1850, Trinidad is the oldest town on the Northern California coast. During the 1850s, it served as a vital supply link between ships anchored at Trinidad Bay and miners in the Klamath, Trinity, Salmon River, and Gold Bluff mines. It was the county seat of Klamath County (now disbanded) from 1851 to 1854, but its population declined as Eureka and other area port cities developed. California registered historical landmark No. 216 Plaque placed by the State Department . . . — Map (db m1188) HM
California (Imperial County), Calexico — Calexico Carnegie Library
Completed in 1919, the library was constructed with a $10,000 grant from industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. Calexico's Woman's Improvement Club and the Farmers and Merchants Club encouraged the city to apply for the Carnegie funds. In order to receive a Carnegie grant, the city was required to demonstrate a need, provide a suitable site and agree to provide operating support through local taxes. Over 2500 library buildings were constructed worldwide with Carnegie grants. The . . . — Map (db m62070) HM
California (Imperial County), Calexico — 808 — Camp Salvation
Here on September 23, 1849, Liet. Cave J. Couts, Escourt Commander, International Boundary Commission, established Camp Salvation. From September till the first of December 1849, it served as a refugee center for distressed emigrants attempting to reach the gold fields over the Southern Emigrant Trail. — Map (db m50586) HM
California (Imperial County), Calexico — Hotel De Anza
The Hotel De Anza was opened on May 28, 1931 by Will R. Conway, an experienced hotelman. The $48,000 cost was partly financed by Calexico citizens. It was opened with a big celebration after being built in only four month. The hotel featured three dance floors, inlaid tile, an innovative air conditioning system and plumbing for ice water. Hotel De Anza was frequented by Hollywood celebrities gambling in Mexico during prohibition in the USA. Following the end of prohibition in 1933 the hotel . . . — Map (db m62071) HM
California (Imperial County), El Centro — Camacho's Place and Café
Camacho's Place was opened for business on December 12, 1946 by Richard Camacho and his wife, Juanita. It is erected on the site of a former Seventh-Day Adventist church and school that had been damaged and abandoned following a major earthquake on December 31, 1926. The building is an early example of sustainable construction, with many discarded materials used in its construction. The concrete floors are reinforced with steel from old automobiles and bed springs. Walls and ceiling beams . . . — Map (db m62073) HM
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