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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Chicago Landmarks Historical Markers

Scores of markers sponsored by the Commission on Chicago Landmarks, whose members are appointed by the Mayor and City Council. Established in 1968 by City Ordinance, the Commission is responsible for recommending individual buildings, sites, objects, or entire districts be designated as Chicago Landmarks, thereby providing legal protection.
 
(Former) Marshfield Trust and Savings Bank image, Click for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, August 27, 2011
(Former) Marshfield Trust and Savings Bank
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — (Former) Marshfield Trust and Savings Bank
This terra-cotta-clad flat-iron building makes the most of its triangular building lot. Like many neighborhood banks from the 1920s, the Marshfield Trust and Savings Bank employed the Classical Revival style of architecture to convey a sense of . . . — Map (db m47457) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Abraham Lincoln Monument — Augustus Saint-Gaudens, sculptor Stanford White, architect — 1887
Chicago Landmark One of the oldest and most important public sculptures in Chicago, this monument to America’s sixteenth president influenced a generation of sculptors due to its innovative combination of a natural-looking . . . — Map (db m47815) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Alfred Caldwell Lily Pool — Alfred Caldwell, landscape architect — 1936-38
Chicago Landmark One of the most important historic landscapes in Chicago, this “hidden garden” in Lincoln Park was designed by note landscape architect Alfred Caldwell in the Prairie style. Inspired by his mentor Jens Jensen . . . — Map (db m47845) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — American Book Company Building — Nelson Max Dunning, architect — 1912
This handsome building originally served as the Midwest office, warehouse and distribution center of the American Book Company, a nationally-prominent textbook publisher. Typical of industrial architecture of its time, this reinforced-concrete . . . — Map (db m69594) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Auditorium Building — Adler and Sullivan, architects — 1889
The extraordinary engineering talent of Dankmar Adler and the architectural genius of Louis Sullivan created this building to reflect the cultural maturity of Chicago. Combining hotel and office space with a splendid theater, the Auditorium was a . . . — Map (db m34975) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Blackstone Hotel — Marshall & Fox, architects — 1910
An outstanding example of Modern French style of Beaux-Arts Classical architecture. As one of the city's earliest luxury hotels, it became the "Hotel of Presidents," serving as host to a dozen U.S. Presidents, including Woodrow Wilson, Franklin D. . . . — Map (db m94409) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Carbide and Carbon Building — Burnham Brothers Inc., architect — 1929
Chicago Landmark According to popular legend, the architects chose this building’s dark green and gold colors based on a gold-foiled champagne bottle seen at an office holiday party. Whether true of not, the building is one of the . . . — Map (db m51698) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Charles N. Loucks House — Clarence H. Tabor, architect 1889 — Chicago Landmark
Designed as a "model home," this Queen Anne-style house was built for Irving Park land developer Charles N. Loucks. It is a fine example of "pattern book architecture,", building designs sold through the mail--a popular method used to keep pace with . . . — Map (db m66329) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Chicago & North Western Railway Powerhouse — Foster & Granger, architects — 1909-1911
Chicago Landmark The Powerhouse is the best-surviving building associated with the Chicago and North Western Railway, one of the city’s most prominent historic railroads. While a utilitarian building, this grandly-scaled example of the . . . — Map (db m47726) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Continental and Commercial Bank Building — D.H. Burnham & Co. ; Graham, Anderson Probst & White, architects — 1914
Chicago Landmark This massive block-long office building was built to house one of Chicago’s leading banks and exemplifies the large commercial buildings that define the distinctive LaSalle Street “canyon.” Architect Daniel . . . — Map (db m47757) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Florsheim Shoe Company Building — Alfred S. Alschuler, architect • 1924-26 — Chicago Landmark

This building is a significant early 20th-century industrial building built for one of Chicago's best-known manufacturers. Founded and headquartered in the city for many years, the Florsheim Shoe Company was one of the nation's leading shoe . . . — Map (db m94316) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Gauler Twin Houses — Walter Burley Griffin, Architect — 1906
Built as speculative housing by John Gauler, this pair of wood-and-stucco residences is a rare example of a "twin" Prairie School design. Their architect is internationally recognized for his distinctive designs and for his early contributions to . . . — Map (db m68556) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Getty Tomb — Adler and Sullivan, architects • 1890 — Chicago Landmark

The Getty Tomb marks the maturity of [Louis] Sullivan's architectural style and the beginning of modern architecture in America. Here the architect departed from historic precedent to create a building of strong geometric massing, detailed with . . . — Map (db m94392) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Henry Gerber House — 1885 — Chicago Landmark
This house is nationally significant as the earliest known site associated with the gay and lesbian civil rights movement in the United States. It was the home of pioneering activist Henry Gerber from 1924 to 1925, during which time he organized the . . . — Map (db m47813) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Hotel St. Benedict Flats — James J. Egan, architect — 1882-83
This rare surviving example of Victorian Gothic design is also one of the city's best late-19th century apartment buildings. Because early luxury apartments were viewed with skepticism, this building was designed to look like a series of four . . . — Map (db m66612) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Jane Addams' Hull-House and Dining Hall — Settlement active from 1889 to 1963
Here, in 1899, Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr started what became the most influential social settlement in America. It eventually consisted of several buildings around this house which had been built in 1856 by Charles Hull. The Dining Hall and . . . — Map (db m61819) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Lion House, Lincoln Park Zoo — Perkins, Fellows & Hamilton, architects — 1912
Located in one of the country's oldest municipal zoological parks, the Lion House blends both the grandly-scaled public architecture of the Classical style with the innovative Prarie style developed by Chicago architects in the early 20th century. . . . — Map (db m10653) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Ludington Building — William Le Baron Jenney, architect — 1891
Chicago Landmark The city’s earliest surviving steal-frame building, a type of construction that changed commercial architecture. As one of the first structures clad in terra cotta, it marked an important step in the development of the . . . — Map (db m47781) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Office and Studio of Perkins, Fellows & Hamilton, architects — 1917 — Chicago Landmark
Finely detailed with tapestry brick and carved stone ornament, this Arts & Crafts-influenced facade is an excellent example of the type of designs for which this architectural firm was noted. "Towertown," as the area surrounding the Chicago Water . . . — Map (db m66729) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Old Town Triangle — Chicago Landmark District
Settled in the 1850s by German immigrants, this area was virtually destroyed by the Fire of 1871. Most of these wood cottages and brick and stone townhouses date to the last decades of the 19th century. After World War II, this area became the focus . . . — Map (db m47626) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Palmer House Hotel — Holabird & Roche, architects — 1925-27
This massive hotel, once the world's largest, bears the name of Potter Palmer, one of Chicago's most important businessmen. It is designed in the Classical Revival style with French Neoclassical influences. Interior spaces of note include the . . . — Map (db m92465) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Rookery Building — Burnham and Root, architects — 1886
Chicago Landmark Its powerful exterior softened by John Root’s lively ornament, the Rookery typifies the 1880s’ lingering picturesque attitude toward commercial architecture. A transitional structure in the evolution of modern architecture, . . . — Map (db m47758) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Rosehill Cemetery Entrance — William W. Boyington, architect • 1864 — Chicago Landmark

Designed by the architect of the Old Chicago Water Tower and predating it by five years, the Rosehill Cemetery Entrance is a rare Midwestern example of castellated Gothic architecture. Many prominent Chicagoans are buried here in plots marked . . . — Map (db m94331) HM

Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Site of Fort Dearborn — 1803
Chicago Landmark Fort Dearborn served as the major western garrison of the United States until destroyed during an Indian uprising in August of 1812. A second fort, erected on the same site in 1816, was demolished in 1858. Designated a Chicago . . . — Map (db m47681) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Site of the Sauganash Hotel/Wigwam — Chicago Landmark
On this site stood the Sauganash Hotel, built in 1831 by pioneer Mark Beaubien, which was location of the frontier town’s first village board election in 1833. The Wigwam, an assembly hall built in 1860 (destroyed c. 1867) on the site of the hotel, . . . — Map (db m47725) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Tribune Tower — Chicago Landmark
Tribune Tower John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood, architects 1925 This design was the result of an international competition for ‘the most beautiful office building in the world,” held in 1922 by the Chicago Tribune. The . . . — Map (db m47666) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Wheeler–Kohn House — Otis L. Wheelock, architect — 1870
A rare survivor of the stately mansions built on the Near South Side prior to the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, this also ranks as one of the city's best examples of Second Empire architecture. Built by banker Calvin Wheeler, it was remodeled in the . . . — Map (db m69591) HM

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