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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Maryland, Gwynns Falls Trail Historical Markers

 
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By Christopher Busta-Peck, March 18, 2008
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Maryland, Baltimore — A Name Before a Place
Leakin Park had a name before it had a place. At his death in 1922 John Wilson Leakin left the city several downtown properties to be sold so land could he purchased for apark. The city deferred action because of existing leases, the Great . . . — Map (db m6338) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — An Old Mill Stream
If you were standing here in the early 1800s, you would have been listening to the waterwheel humming away at the Windsor Mill across this bridge. This section of the Gwynns Falls Trail is built over a three-mile millrace that carried water to power . . . — Map (db m6340) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Bridging Gwynns Falls
The lofty, triple-arched Baltimore Street Bridge was built here in 1932 to provide better access across the Gwynns Falls Valley to the city's rapidly developing west side. Earlier, the Frederick Turnpike crossed farther south on a relatively short, . . . — Map (db m6351) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Carroll Park
Baltimore’s Park Commission purchased portions of the Mount Clare estate between 1890 and 1907 to provide a large landscaped park for the city’s southwestern neighborhoods. The Olmsted Brothers firm helped the city develop plans to protect the . . . — Map (db m41430) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Carroll Park at the Golf Course — Gwynns Falls Trail
Native Americans once traversed this stream where nearby at Gwynns Run in 1669, Richard Gwinn, the stream’s namesake, established a trading post. Next to the trail today is the nine-hole executive Carroll Park Golf Course, one of the five operated . . . — Map (db m41426) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Carrollton Viaduct
The Carrollton Viaduct carried the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad over the Gwynns Falls, its first malor stream crossing as it headed west from its Pratt Street terminus Completed in 1829, the 300-foot stone span is named for Charles Carroll of . . . — Map (db m6391) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Cherry Hill
Part of the city but green as a suburb, Cherry Hill is a distinctive African American planned community. Cherry Hill was established to provide housing for blacks who moved to Baltimore to work in industries during World War II. Originally it . . . — Map (db m6359) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Crimea Estate
In the mid-1800s this meadow and hillside were part of Thomas Winans' country estate, the Crimea. After returning from Russia, where he helped build the St. Petersburg-Moscow railroad, Winans established this estate. He and his Russian-born wife, . . . — Map (db m6336) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Dickeyville's Historic Legacy
Dickeyville has been known by several other names - Tschudi, Franklinville, Wetheredville, Hillsdale - depending on who owned the grist, paper, or textile mills powered by the Gwynns Falls. Both the Wethereds and Dickeys ran their mill operations as . . . — Map (db m6339) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Early Industries
Industries have flourished here in the lower Gwynns Falls Valley since the early 1700s, when the Baltimore Iron Works Co. turned iron into nails and anchors and Dr. Charles Carroll's gristmills ground wheat into flour. The Wilkens Curled Hair . . . — Map (db m6393) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Early Transportation Routes
The Gwynns Falls Trail follows a valley that has served as both a transportation avenue and an obstacle since the days of American Indians and European colonists. Early roads were privately owned turnpikes that charged tolls; they became public . . . — Map (db m6352) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Ellicott Flour Mills
The Ellicott Driveway portion of the Gwynns Falls trail follows the route of a millrace that carried water to a flour-milling complex owned by the Ellicott family. In the 1800s, 26 gristmills along the Gwynns Falls and other on the Jones Falls and . . . — Map (db m5533) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Federal Hill and Otterbein
The Federal Hill and Otterbein Historic Districts exemplify preservation efforts in Baltimore. Adjacent to the Inner Harbor, they were among the earliest areas developed in the city. After periods of economic prosperity and decline, these historic . . . — Map (db m6357) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — John Smith Explores Patapsco
Captain John Smith visited the Patapsco River twice in 1608 after settling at Jamestown the previous year. In a 40-foot shallop, Smith and his crew were exploring the Chesapeake Bay hoping, in vain, to discover a passage to the Pacific Ocean. On the . . . — Map (db m6360) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Leon Day Park
This park is named for Leon Day, an outstanding player in the Negro Leagues who was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame. A resident of southwest Baltimore, Day joined the Baltimore Black Sox in 1934 when African Americans could not play in . . . — Map (db m6345) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Mount Clare, the Georgia Plantation
In the late 1760’s, the Mount Clare mansion was built by Charles Carroll, Barrister and his wife, Margaret Tilghman, as their summer home. The mansion was located on the grounds of the original plantation, Georgia, and included an orangery, . . . — Map (db m2533) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Of Fords, Felles, and Falls
The Susquehannock and Algonquian Indians had long traveled through this area when Captain John Smith explored and mapped the Chesapeake Bay region in 1608 As the Susquehannocks went from Pennsylvania to the bay, they crossed the Gwynns Falls stream . . . — Map (db m6390) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Restoring Water Quality
After centuries of abuse, the Gwynns Falls is being restored as a healthy stream. Government, civic groups, and scientists monitor water quality here and work together to implement restoration projects. Volunteers pick up trash, plant trees and . . . — Map (db m6389) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Reviving the Waterfront
Here where the Gwynns Falls flows into the Patapsco's Middle Branch, Baltimoreans have come to work and to play over the years. Since the early 1700s this area his been home to mining operations, brickyards, glass factories, and other industries. In . . . — Map (db m6363) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Rowhouses: a Baltimore Tradition
In Baltimore's early years, the Gwynns Falls lay beyond the city's settled area. During the 19th century, rapid population growth pushed the boundaries westward by annexing new areas in the valley and then beyond. Through the years of expansion, the . . . — Map (db m4944) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Solo Gibbs Park
Solo Gibbs Park was created in 1979 when 1-395 was built. The 1869 Sachse Bird's Eye View Illustrated Map shows the once larger neighborhood where, since the late 1700s a free African American community lived, worked and worshipped along side . . . — Map (db m6356) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Struggling For Equality
Slavery, segregation, discrimination, and the struggle for equality have defined the African American experience in Baltimore. At the start of the Civil War, Baltimore had 25,680 free blacks-more than any other U.S. city-and only 2,218 slaves. Over . . . — Map (db m6355) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Gwynn Oak — Franklintown's Historic Roots
The Gwynns Falls Trail begins near Franklintown at the abrupt end of Interstate 70 and passes by two of the community's landmarks, a mill and an inn. The gristmill operated on Dead Run from 1761 to 1934. Franklintown Inn accommodated patrons of a . . . — Map (db m6332) HM

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