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Battle of Alamance Marker image, Click for more information
By Patrick G. Jordan, March 6, 2010
Battle of Alamance Marker
North Carolina (Alamance County), Alamance — G 24 — Battle of Alamance
The militia under Royal Governor Tryon defeated the Regulators at this point, May 16, 1771. — Map (db m28261) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Alamance — G 111 — Battle of Clapp's Mill
Troops led by Henry Lee ambushed British cavalry of Banastre Tarleton one mile north, Mar. 2, 1781. Americans retreated under heavy British fire. — Map (db m32592) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Alamance — First Battle of the Revolution
[ Rear of Monument ] Here was fought the Battle of Alamance between the British and the Regulators ------------- [ Right of Monument ] Liberty [ Left of Monument ] 1880 — Map (db m33797) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Alamance — Johnston Moves WestHolt's Mill — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began of February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush . . . — Map (db m45341) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Alamance — Oak Grove Plantation
Oak Grove (ca. 1790-1910) was a 1,693-acre grain farm owned by the Holt family. The Holts were pioneers in the southern textile industry and developers of "Alamance Plaid" fabrics. While textiles made the Holts one of the wealthiest families in . . . — Map (db m74439) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Alamance — Oak Grove Plantation1790-1910
1693 acre grain plantation founded by Michael Holt III (1778-1842). Birthplace of E.M. Holt (1807-1884), a founder of the southern textile industry and developer of "Alamance Plaid" fabrics. Dr. William Rainey Holt (1798-1868), noted "scientific . . . — Map (db m74448) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Alamance — The Battle of the Alamance
The first battle of the Revolutionary War, was fought in Orange County, North Carolina May 16th, 1771. [ Right of Monument ] 1771 – 81             1901 James Hunter “General” of the Regulators. “The country is as . . . — Map (db m33799) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — A Legacy of Community
Following the labor turbulence of the 1930s and the strain of the Great Depression, World War II brought relative calm and increased productivity to the mill communities. Immediately after the War, however, mill owners revived a movement that had . . . — Map (db m32846) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — African Americans in the Mill Village
African Americans experienced the textile mill world very differently than white families. Mills did not offer the same work opportunities to black men and women as they did for whites. Life in the mill village was also restricted, and black workers . . . — Map (db m32783) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — After the Whistle Blows
Mill employees worked at tedious jobs for long hours, usually having only Sundays to rest. With responsibilities at home as well as in the mill, free time was limited. Still, mill workers found ways to socialize, relax, and have fun in a world . . . — Map (db m32999) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — G 82 — Alamance Cotton Mill
Built 1837 by E. M. Holt. Produced Alamance Plaid, the first factory-dyed cotton cloth south of the Potomac. Stood here. — Map (db m28695) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Battle of Alamance
Here was fought (I) on May 16, 1771, the Battle of Alamance. Opposing forces were colonial militia, mainly from the eastern part of the province, commanded by Governor William Tryon, and a band of frontier dwellers known as Regulators, who had risen . . . — Map (db m35055) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Battle of Clapp's Mill
Battle of Clapp's Mill On March 2, 1781, the American light troops under Colonel Otho Holland Williams of Maryland and Lieutenant Colonel Henry "Lighthouse Harry" Lee of Virginia engaged the British light troops near Clapp's Mill on Beaver . . . — Map (db m28062) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Calling the Mill Village 'Home'
Mill owners initially built villages near textile mills to attract families of workers. By 1900, 92% of workers lived in mill-owned housing. A typical mill village in the 1920s consisted of about 350 houses located within walking distance of the . . . — Map (db m32830) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Camp Alamance
At this site on 1 June 1861 soldiers of the 6th NC State Troops, commanded by Col. Charles Fisher president of the NC Railroad, drilled before departing for the war front. In July 1861, they became the first troops ever carried by rail into battle. . . . — Map (db m29626) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Carriage Shed
To the right is the carriage shed. This building is an original building to the site. It was used to store a wagon or other horse drawn equipment. To the left is a blacksmith shop. Even though this building is not original, the blacksmith was . . . — Map (db m34743) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Cedarock Historical Farm
Welcome to Cedarock Historical Farm. The farm was settled in 1830 by John and Polly Garrett. The farm was 115 acres in size (85 improved and 30 unimproved acres). Please enjoy your visit and come back to see us. — Map (db m34720) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Charles Richard Drew1904 - 1950
Charles Richard Drew 1904 - 1950 Black scientist and surgeon Pioneer in the preservation of blood plasma Medical director of the Blood-for-Britain Project, 1940 Director of the first American Red Cross Blood Bank, 1941 . . . — Map (db m31142) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Children in the Mill Village
Early textile mill owners alleviated labor shortages by recruiting entire families for employment. Offering homes as well as jobs, owners created villages of workers from which the mills could draw. Children - sometimes as young as seven - filled . . . — Map (db m32671) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Confederate OccaneechiPiedmont Indians in the Civil War
When North Carolina passed laws in 1833 to restrict the rights of free blacks; they also limited the rights of Indians. In old Orange (later Alamance) County, many Occaneechi Indians including Dixon Corn, Jesse Jeffries, Enoch Jones, and Andrew . . . — Map (db m46084) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Cotton Dust and Poverty
Although industrialization brought great improvements to the South, advancements in health and medicine lagged dramatically behind. Without antibiotics, infectious diseases were common and dangerous. Medical care was often unavailable, and employers . . . — Map (db m33273) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Dentzel Carousel
Burlington Historic Property Circa 1906 - 1910 — Map (db m29238) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — G 13 — Early Railroads
First public meeting to promote railroads in North Carolina, Aug. 1, 1828, was at Wm. Albright's home which stood 4 mi. S.E. — Map (db m30693) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Friendship Academy and High School1879 - 1927
Was located 150 yards north-east of this marker. Built by community effort and without public funds. This school was dedicated to thoroughness in all subjects taught, and to the building of character as fundamental for the growth of the student. . . . — Map (db m75810) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Glencoe - Churches
Church congregations were central to social as well as religious life in the village. Mill owners encouraged church membership among their workers and often aided congregations to promote social stability and community morality. The Baptist church, . . . — Map (db m32376) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Glencoe - Company Office and Store
Built around 1890 between the factory and the mill houses, the small brick building linked mill production and village life. The mill office was on the left side, with the owner's office behind it. The company store was on the right side. Especially . . . — Map (db m31284) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Glencoe - Grist Mill and Dam Site
Like many Piedmont mills, Glencoe was built at an old grist mill site - the Vincent Mill begun in the 1860s. Remains of it may be seen on the "island" side of the mill race. The Vincent Mill had a wooden dam and a mill race about 100 yards long. For . . . — Map (db m31337) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Glencoe - Life in the Mill VillageFrom Farm to Factory
The whole matter of providing attractive and comfortable habitations for cotton operatives [is] summarized in the statement that they are essentially a rural people…while their condition is in most cases decidedly bettered by going to the . . . — Map (db m33540) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Glencoe - Lodge Hall and Barber Shop
The Lodge Hall, a small frame building, housed many types of gatherings. The Barber Shop, built in the 20th century, served village men and boys. In one period, old-timers recall, a barber would arrive and open the shop to cut hair one evening each . . . — Map (db m32377) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Glencoe - Picker House and Dye House
2. Picker House After drivers delivered bales of raw cotton to Glencoe, the first step in transforming it to woven cloth took place in the Picker House. Men unpacked the cotton from the bales and removed such debris as twigs, leaves, and bugs. . . . — Map (db m32475) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Glencoe - Power, Wheel House and Turbine
To power the turbine that ran the mill, the water that ran through the mill race flowed into the wheelhouse at the back of the mill. It dropped down through the 48-inch, 152-horsepower turbine located below ground level. A metal shaft connected the . . . — Map (db m32420) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Glencoe - The Marshall Family House Site
In 1899 James H. Holt sold Emanual "Man" Marshall a one-acre lot at the northeastern end of the Glencoe property. "Man" Marshall was the superintendent at Glencoe Mills for nearly forty years. He and wife Mary Eliza Murray Marshall lived with their . . . — Map (db m33580) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Glencoe - The Mill BuildingsMill Design
Mill designers planned the brick and heavy timber mill to standards of the day. They employed the Italianate style popular for industrial architecture. Its ornate brickwork, arched windows, low roof, and prominate tower suited the functional needs . . . — Map (db m31547) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Glencoe - The School
When Glencoe Mill opened in 1880, founder James H. Holt was ahead of most of his contemporaries in requiring that village children attend school for several months a year to the sixth grade, before they could work in the factory. The company built . . . — Map (db m33583) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Glencoe - Two-Story Workers' Houses
In Glencoe as in other Alamance County villages, the Holts built many substantial, 2-story houses for the workers. They resembled farmhouses in the area. In most of the 2-story houses, carpenters used hand-sawn timbers put together with pegs. Some . . . — Map (db m33650) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Glencoe Management Houses
At Glencoe, there were three levels of management: Owner, Manager, and Superintendent. The location and style of their houses indicated their occupants' status in the hierarchy. The Mill Owner's House, built for Robert Holt, is a large 2-story . . . — Map (db m31504) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Glencoe Mill1880 - 82
Incorporated in 1880 by James H. and William E. Holt, sons of textile pioneer E. M. Holt. The last water-powered textile mill developed by the Holts. Produced napped cotton cloth, flannels and woven plaids. Employed as many as 500 workers at its . . . — Map (db m31082) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Glencoe Mill VillageBuilt 1880 - 82
A remarkably complete mill village exemplifying the post-Civil War development of the textile industry along the streams of piedmont North Carolina. Glencoe Mill built nearly 50 houses for its workers. Acquired by Preservation North Carolina in 1997 . . . — Map (db m31291) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — G 58 — Henry Jerome Stockard
Poet, author of "Fugitive Lines" and other works; lifelong educator; president of Peace Institute, 1907-12. Home stood here. — Map (db m29764) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — G 126 — J. Spencer Love1896 - 1962
Founder of Burlington Mills, 1924; success of rayon propelled world's largest textile company. "Pioneer Plant" 3/4 mi. S. — Map (db m29949) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — John and Polly Garrett House
It took John and Polly Garrett five years to build this house. During that five year period, they lived in the small log home to your right. The Garrett's moved into this house in 1835. Four years later, Polly gave birth to their first child. They . . . — Map (db m34722) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Johnston Moves WestLogisticians at Work — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface) The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush . . . — Map (db m46046) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Living in a Mill-Centered World
In the village, every aspect of the workers’ lives revolved around the mill. In addition to their homes, the churches, schools, and stores all belonged or were tied to the mill owners. While these places provided much needed social time for mill . . . — Map (db m33320) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — McCray School
McCray School Est. 1915 - 16 One Room School House Alamance Burlington School System — Map (db m31153) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Men in the Mill Village
Transitioning from the farm to an industrialized way of life was especially hard for men. On the farm, men experienced a certain amount of freedom and variety; millwork was often tedious, repetitive, and produced only wages for a day's labor. Men . . . — Map (db m32775) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Neighbors Divided
Industrialization came to the South later than it had in the North. The first generation of mill workers were transplanted farmers who had no tradition of labor unions. The nature of the mill village also made organized labor difficult. The mill . . . — Map (db m33311) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Norfolk & Western Caboose #518654
This Norfolk & Western caboose was given to the City of Burlington by Norfolk Southern Railway in 1993. It is symbolic of the railroad roots of the North Carolina Railroad town of Company Shops (1866) which became Burlington in 1893. The caboose was . . . — Map (db m35022) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — G 89 — North Carolina Railroad
Company shops built here in 1857 for maintenance and repair of the N.C. Railroad. Closed in 1866. — Map (db m43304) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Occaneechi in the ServicePiedmont Indians in the Civil War
When North Carolina passed laws in 1833 to restrict the rights of free blacks; they also limited the rights of Indians. In old Orange (later Alamance) County, many Occaneechi Indians including Dixon Corn, Jesse Jeffries, Enoch Jones, and Andrew . . . — Map (db m58335) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Original Garrett House
In 1830, John and Polly Garrett constructed this small log home, which is one of the earliest structures in the district. They lived in this house for five years while they were building the large two-story house behind you. This house served as a . . . — Map (db m34724) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Pine Hill Cemetery - Veterans Memorial
(Front):Dedicated to the men and women of Alamance County who served their country in war (East Side): Time will not dim the glory of their deeds (Back): Patriotic sacrifices forever remembered (West Side): . . . — Map (db m31558) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Pioneer PlantBurlington Industries
Burlington Mills was incorporated Nov. 1, 1923. The first plant of that company, later known as Burlington Industries, largest maker of textiles in the world, began operations on this site July 29, 1924. — Map (db m29995) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Pleasant Grove High School1922 - 1971
Side A Pleasant Grove High School was built on this site in 1922 to serve grades 8 - 10 from 5 small schools in the Pleasant Grove township and one from the Faucette township; Mahan, Sidney, King, Squires, and McCray. Brogden Tew was the . . . — Map (db m31151) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Post Office
During the 1870's and 80's, this building served as a community post office. The building has been restored and displays "pigeon holes" which are compartments used to sort the mail. The building on the right is a smoke house. It dates back to . . . — Map (db m34735) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — G 22 — Pyle's Defeat
A body of Tories, going to join Cornwallis' Army at Hillsborough, was destroyed by a Whig force, Feb. 23, 1781. ¾ mile southwest. — Map (db m28524) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Pyle's DefeatFebruary 1781
Near this location, mounted Loyalists from Chatham and southern Orange counties led by Col. John Pyle, and on their way to join Gen. Cornwallis in Hillsborough, were defeated by units of Gen. Greene's American Army led by Col. Henry "Light Horse . . . — Map (db m34718) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — St. Paul's Lutheran Church
On Colonial Trading Path Travelers used nearby spring Preaching point 1759 Originally called "Graves Church" Church founded circa 1770 Burials from early period in rock enclosed cemetery Recorded burials from 1790 Called "the Chappel" . . . — Map (db m32156) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — The Animals of a Turn of the Century Farm
The animals of a turn of the century farm were very important to the self supporting farmer. We have tried to represent some of the more common animals found on the farm. We presently have sheep, goats, beef cows, dairy cows and a team of mules. The . . . — Map (db m34744) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — The Corn Crib
The corn crib (located on your left) was a special building used for storing corn and other grains. The corn would be picked from the fields and put in there to dry. Once the corn dried, the farmer would separate the kernels from the cob using a . . . — Map (db m34736) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — The John Allen House
Quaker John Allen constructed this log dwelling circa 1780 in nearby Snow Camp. The State of North Carolina moved it here in 1966, restored it, and opened it to the public in 1967 to illustrate colonial life in the backcountry of North Carolina. The . . . — Map (db m42253) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — The Regulators' FieldA Lesson for the Defeated — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began of February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush . . . — Map (db m42335) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — The Rise of the Textile Mill Communities
In the decades following the Civil War, the textile industry thrust the South into a period of rapid industrialization. In North Carolina, construction of railroads began through Piedmont “backcountry,” and cities sprung up in their . . . — Map (db m33535) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — G 33 — Trading Path
Colonial trading route, dating from 17th century, from Petersburg, Virginia, to Catawba and Waxhaw Indians in Carolina, passed nearby. — Map (db m28700) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — G 60 — Tryon’s Camp
Before and after the battle of Alamance, the militia of Governor William Tryon camped nearby, along Alamance Creek, May 13-19, 1771. — Map (db m37373) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — G 60 — Tryon's Camp
Before and after the Battle of Alamance, the Militia of the Governor William Tryon camped nearby, along Alamance Creek. May 13-19, 1771. — Map (db m28526) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Union Ridge Church1815
Since before 1776 religious services have been held on this site. In 1815 several residents here bought property, organized a church and began holding regular services open to all. The new church soon joined with the Christian denomination of the . . . — Map (db m89309) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Women in the Mill Village
The first waves of migration off the farms were primarily single women and widows. Since these women had limited access to land, they were eager to take the steady work and housing the textile mills provided. An example of this was Bynum, North . . . — Map (db m32792) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Working the Shift
Turning raw cotton into cloth was a multi-step process. As a result, textile mills had different jobs all along the production chain. In the opening room, men unfastened cotton bales and loaded them into cleaning and fluffing machines. From there . . . — Map (db m32834) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Elon — G 52 — Elon University
Founded Elon College by the Christian Church in 1889. Coeducational. Burned in 1923; rebuilt 1923 - 26. — Map (db m30100) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — "Elmhurst"1869
Second Empire Victorian Architecture Residence of Capt. J.N. Williamson Son-in-Law of E.M. Holt — Map (db m35046) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — 1763 ProvidenceCenter of History
This site and "meeting house" was the area birthplace of a new country in pre-revolutionary meetings, a new county (Alamance), a new county seat (Graham), an early public library, a courthouse, a school to college presidents and a governor, and a . . . — Map (db m64237) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — Alamance County Confederate Memorial
To Commemorate With Grateful Love the Patriotism, Valor, and Devotion to Duty, of the Brave Soldiers of Alamance County. (Back): "On Fame's Eternal Camping Ground, Their Silent Tents are Spread, and Glory Guards, with Solemn Round, . . . — Map (db m28269) WM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — Alamance County Courthouse
Alamance County Courthouse Built in 1923 to replace the original 1851 brick and stucco structure — Map (db m39916) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — Alamance County War Memorial
The Memorial Is Dedicated To The Honor Of All The Brave Men And Women Of Alamance County Who Fought In Service To Their Country And In Memory Of Those Inscribed Here Who Died In Defense Of Our Freedom. Civil War Jacob Adams, W.B. . . . — Map (db m31485) WM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — G 55 — Alexander Wilson
Teacher in Piedmont area from 1819 to 1867; operated own school in Alamance County, 1851 - 67. Home is 1 mile, grave is 3½ miles northeast. — Map (db m29244) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — Built to House the Alamance Gleaner
1906 Built to House The Alamance Gleaner Published Weekly 1875 - 1947 — Map (db m34989) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — Captain James W. White House1871
Constructed by E.M. Holt as a residence for his daughter, Emily Virginia, wife of Capt. James W. White — Map (db m35038) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — G 96 — Graham College
Est. by the Christian Church, 1851, as Graham Institute; forerunner of Elon College. Burned in 1892. Stood 1 blk. west. — Map (db m29894) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — Graham's First Bank
1851 Constructed by E. M. Holt for mercantile use In 1860 housed Graham's first bank — Map (db m31014) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — Johnston Moves WestRuffin Mills — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface) The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush . . . — Map (db m46022) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — G 120 — Kirk-Holden War
Racial violence in Caswell and Alamance counties in 1870 led to martial law, under Col. Geo. W. Kirk, impeachment & removal of Gov. W.W. Holden. — Map (db m28308) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — Michael Holt II1723 - 1799
An early pioneer, leader and landowner, Michael Holt II was the son of Michael Holt I who had moved to this area in he 1750s. He is buried nearby with his two wives, “Peggy” O'Neal and Jean Lockhart. He had ten children who became the . . . — Map (db m73992) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — Montwhite Building1907
Italian Renaissance Housed the Opera House and Various Mercantile Enterprises — Map (db m35016) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — Mt. Hermon Meeting House
Of log construction, used for worship and school, stood here. Deed for land recorded in 1834 states it adjoins old Mt. Hermon tract, which signifies a place of worship existed prior to this date. Feb. 27, 1834 annual Methodist Protestant Conference . . . — Map (db m66554) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — National Bank of Alamance
Organized in 1899 Housed in this building Constructed in 1906 Remodeled 1924 — Map (db m31013) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — Originally a Wing of the Union Hotel
1851 Originally a Wing of the Union Hotel In 1903 Converted to a Dwelling By L. Banks Holt — Map (db m35017) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — Providence Church & CemeteryFirst building erected c. 1763
Side A Providence was a gathering spot for pioneers in the Haw River basin. Many families and denominations during the eighteenth century used this cemetery. Many early settlers including members of the Turrentine, Sellars, Holt, Harden, . . . — Map (db m28277) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — The Harden House
The Harden House Greek Revival Architecture Built and Occupied by Peter R.Harden Pioneer Merchant — Map (db m34988) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Graham — Wrike Drug
Renaissance Revival unaltered but for the new store front 1902 — Map (db m32400) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Haw River — Nathaniel Polk DeShongThe Southern Diaspora
Nathaniel Polk DeShong descended from Huguenot immigrants who settled near the Haw River about a mile and a half north of here. He enlisted on June 21, 1861, at 17 years of age under Capt. James W. Lea “for the War” in the 6th North . . . — Map (db m46081) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Haw River — G 59 — Thomas M. Holt
Governor, 1891-93; cotton mill owner. Sponsor of railroad development and state aid to education. Home stood 350 yards S. — Map (db m29968) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Haw River — G 81 — W. Kerr Scott
Governor, 1949 - 1953; United States Senator, 1954 - 1958; N.C. Commissioner of Agriculture, 1937 - 1948. Birthplace is nearby. — Map (db m29305) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Mebane — G 54 — Alexander Mebane
Brigadier general of North Carolina militia, member House of Commons, conventions 1788, 1789, and U.S. Congress. His home stood nearby. — Map (db m28808) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Mebane — G 36 — Bingham School
Founded as Mt. Repose by William Bingham ca. 1815; closed in 1827. Stood 1½ mi. N. Later operated in Orange Co. — Map (db m29303) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Mebane — G 30 — Hawfields Church
Presbyterian, founded about 1755, three miles N.E. Henry Patillo the first pastor. Present building erected 1852. — Map (db m29337) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Mebane — Johnston Moves WestHardee's Column — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush . . . — Map (db m46023) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Mebane — G 34 — Trading Path
Colonial trading route, dating from 17th century, from Petersburg, Virginia, to the Catawba and Waxhaw Indians in Carolina, passed nearby. — Map (db m28822) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Saxapahaw — G 95 — B. Everett Jordan1896 - 1974
United States Senator, 1958 - 1973, and textile executive. Home stands one mile northeast. — Map (db m30266) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Saxapahaw — Saxapahaw
. . . — Map (db m30264) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — A Memorial to British Troops Who Died in the Old Meeting House
A memorial to British troops who died in the Old Meeting House during Cornwallis encampment here on his retreat from Guilford Courthouse March 1781. Erected by Troop 46 B.S.A. Henry Overman Leader Who Died Before Completing It. — Map (db m30558) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — Allen HouseCirca 1780
Original frontier log dwelling built by Quaker John Allen III. House stood approximately 400 feet southeast. Housed five generations. Moved in 1965 to Alamance Battleground State Historic Site. — Map (db m30287) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — Cane Creek Friends Meeting Since 1751 / Abigail Overman Pike 1709 - 1781
Side 1: Cane Creek Friends Meeting Since 1751 The first Cane Creek Meetinghouse stood about two miles east on land belonging to John Stanfield. The first of four meetinghouses on this site was built in 1764 on land given by William . . . — Map (db m30682) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — G 69 — Cane Creek Meeting
First Monthly Meeting of Friends in central North Carolina, 1751. Present building is on the original site. — Map (db m30487) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — Cane Creek Meeting HouseSuffering for Peace
The Quakers (Society of Friends) were early anti-slavery supporters of the Underground Railroad. Once the war erupted and Alamance County residents chose sides, supporters of the Confederacy regarded the Friends as Unionists. Never attacked directly . . . — Map (db m45538) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — Ernest Peter Dixon1879 - 1953 — A Master Teacher - Father of Eli Whitney Schools
Educator, historian, civic leader, farmer, a teacher in the public schools of North Carolina for 32 years. 22 years in this community he motivated his students and the community, his home place stands 2 miles northwest. — Map (db m30283) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — Freedom Hill ChurchNo Slaveholder can be a Christian!
A mile south of here is the site of Freedom Hill Wesleyan Methodist Church, a simple frame building that measured 27 by 36 feet and was dedicated in March 1848. When local residents sent a plea for a minister to the Wesleyans in Ohio in 1847, the . . . — Map (db m46020) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — General John Butler
. . . — Map (db m30697) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — G 21 — Lindley's Mill
In a Battle, September 13, 1781, Four Miles Southwest, Butler's Whigs Failed to Rescue Governor Burke From Fanning's Tories. — Map (db m30270) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — Micajah McPhersonWe have Fought the Good Fight and Kept Our Faith
Micajah McPherson, a trustee of Freedom Hill Wesleyan Methodist Church and abolitionist, was lynched about a mile and a half southeast of here. Although there are different stories about his lynching, they agree that he was an innocent man lynched . . . — Map (db m46021) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — September 13, 1781(Battle of Lindley's Mill)
On these grounds, Revolutionaries and Loyalists were buried together in mass graves by people of this neighborhood, who also cared for the wounded in their homes. Additional burials are at Spring Meeting House. — Map (db m30695) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — G 76 — Snow Camp
Settled by Quakers in 1749. Cornwallis camped in area after Battle of Guilford Courthouse and used home of Simon Dixon as headquarters. — Map (db m32292) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — G 91 — Spring Friends Meeting
Meeting house by 1761; Meeting recognized, 1773; Preparative Meeting, 1779; & Monthly Meeting, 1793. — Map (db m30276) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — The Battle of Lindley's MillSeptember 13, 1781
At this site, Patriot militia commanded by Brigadier General John Butler ambushed loyalist militia commanded by Colonel David Fanning in an effort to free prisoners, whom the Loyalist had captured at Hillsborough the previous day. Although losses . . . — Map (db m30696) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — The Battle of Lindley's Mill Memorial
In Memory of the Whig and Tory Soldiers who died in the Battle of Lindley's Mill 14th D. 11 Mo. 1781 and were buried here and on the battlefield Erected 7th Day 10 Mo. 1979 — Map (db m30594) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — Uncle Eli's Quilting PartyBegan here in former Eli Whitney School
In 1921 Principal E.P. Dixon started high school classes in nearby vacant cotton gin, naming school for the inventor Eli Whitney. In 1923 high school classes relocated to building on this site. In 1928 a primary grade school building was . . . — Map (db m33345) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Swepsonville — G 128 — John Butler
Orange County sheriff in War of Regulation, 1770-1771; brigadier general, N.C. militia, 1777-84. Lived ¼ mi. N. — Map (db m69973) HM
North Carolina (Alleghany County), Laurel Springs — Robert Lee Doughton
Robert Lee Doughton, for whom Doughton Park is named, was born in Alleghany County, North Carolina, November 7, 1863. An original and leading advocate of the establishment and development of the Blue Ridge Parkway, he was a member of the United . . . — Map (db m91786) HM
North Carolina (Anson County), Ansonville — K 57 — Ralf Freeman
Free black served as a Baptist pastor at Rocky River Church until law in 1831 barred blacks from public preaching. Buried 500 yards west. — Map (db m77358) HM
North Carolina (Anson County), Lilesville — K 17 — Samuel Spencer
Jurist & Antifederalist leader. Member of court which in 1787 issued the first reported precedent for judicial review. His home stood 3 miles N.E. — Map (db m77357) HM
North Carolina (Anson County), McFarlan — K-22 — North Carolina / South Carolina

North Carolina
Colonized, 1585-87, by first English settlers in America; permanently settled c. 1650; first to vote readiness for independence, Apr. 12, 1776

South Carolina
Formed in 1712 from part of Carolina, which was . . . — Map (db m42303) HM
North Carolina (Anson County), Morven — K-6 — John J. McRae1815-1868
Governor of Mississippi, 1854-1857. Member, U.S. Senate and House; Confederate congressman. Born 5 miles southeast. — Map (db m42319) HM
North Carolina (Anson County), Morven — K-7 — Sneedsborough
Laid out 1795. Promoted as inland port town on Pee Dee River by Archibald D. Murphey. Only graveyard remains, five miles southeast. — Map (db m42309) HM
North Carolina (Anson County), Polkton — KK-1 — Brown Creek Soil Conservation DistrictFirst in America
Here was established the first district in America for a systematic program of land erosion control. Known as the Brown Creek District because it embraced the area of the Brown Creek Watershed, it heralded the beginning of a national program of soil . . . — Map (db m42349) HM
North Carolina (Anson County), Polkton — K-11 — Leonidas L. Polk1837-1892
President of National Farmers' Alliance, 1889-1892; began Progressive Farmer, 1886; a founder of NCSU and Meredith College. Was born here. — Map (db m42356) HM
North Carolina (Anson County), Wadesboro — Anson County Training School
Anson County Training School 1920-1960 A facility for education of children of color. Woodlawn School 1960-1961 J.R. Faison School 1961-1985 — Map (db m94987) HM
North Carolina (Anson County), Wadesboro — K-41 — Boggan-Hammond House
Eighteenth-century house built by Patrick Boggan, Revolutionary soldier & a founder of Wadesboro. Now historical museum. Located 2 blocks south. — Map (db m42321) HM
North Carolina (Anson County), Wadesboro — K-55 — Hugh Hammond Bennett1881-1960
“Father of soil conservation.” First chief of the Soil Conservation Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, 1935-1952. Born 4 miles southwest. — Map (db m42344) HM
North Carolina (Anson County), Wadesboro — K-40 — Thomas Samuel Ashe
Associate Justice, State Supreme Court, 1878-1887; Member of Congress, 1873-1877; Member of Confederate Congress; legislator. Home is one mile west. — Map (db m42320) HM
North Carolina (Ashe County), Grassy Creek — M 15 — North Carolina / Virginia
(obverse) North Carolina Colonized, 1585-87, by first English settlers in America; permanently settled c. 1650; first to vote readiness for independence, Apr. 12, 1776 (reverse) Virginia First permanent English . . . — Map (db m95737) HM
North Carolina (Ashe County), Jefferson — M 20 — Asa Gray
American botanist and Harvard professor. In July 1841, investigated the region's flora. Headquarters was in house that stood 50 yds. N. — Map (db m95736) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Banner Elk — Banner ElkUnionist Haven
In 1860 Banner Elk was a small community in the mountains of Watauga County (present-day Avery County). Then called Banner’s Elk, it was named for the local Banner family and the Elk River. During the last years of the Civil War, an organized system . . . — Map (db m77533) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Banner Elk — N 36 — Shepherd M. Dugger
Author of The Balsam Groves of the Grandfather Mountain, 1892; educator and humorist. Grave one block south. — Map (db m77549) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Crossnore — N 44 — Crossnore School
Founded by Mary Martin Sloop, physician, 1913, to serve region's youth. Weaving Room, est. 1920, boosted revival of handicrafts. Campus ½ mi. W. — Map (db m77493) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Elk Park — Cranberry Iron MineIron for the Confederacy
During the Civil War, natural resources such as salt, lead, and iron were highly prized commodities in the Confederacy. The government relied especially on small rural ironworks to manufacture cannons, swords, and firearms. Ruben White first mined . . . — Map (db m77479) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Elk Park — N-6 — Cranberry Mines
Iron ore deposits near here were mined from ca. 1826 until 1930. Supplied iron to the Confederacy. — Map (db m44969) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Linville — A Woman of WarSarah Malinda Blalock
Sarah Malinda Blalock and her husband, William McKesson “Keith” Blalock, lived in Coffey’s Gap on the Watauga and Caldwell County line in 1860. Keith Blalock was an avowed Unionist, but with the passage of the first Confederate . . . — Map (db m77492) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Newland — N 5 — Yellow Mountain Road
Along a route nearby the "Over-Mountain Men" marched to victory at King's Mountain, 1780. — Map (db m77477) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Valley — Overmountain Men
Appalachian Trail, Yellow Mountain Gap. Yellow Mountain Gap is the junction of the Appalachian Trail and Historic Bright’s Trace, route used by the “Overmountain Men” to cross the mountain enroute to the Revolutionary War battle at . . . — Map (db m3269) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Bath — B-48 — Alexander Stewart
Anglican minister to N.C., 1753-71. Served parish of St. Thomas & as chaplain to Gov. Arthur Dobbs. Erected first glebe house on record in the colony. — Map (db m65664) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Bath — Bath African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
This site marks the former location of the Bath African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church. The AME Zion denomination, chartered in New York City in 1801, began in the 1790s when discrimination against African American Christians forced them to . . . — Map (db m65673) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Bath — B-5 — Christopher Galeca. 1679-1735
Chief Justice of colony of North Carolina, 1712. Lived nearby at "Kirby Grange," his plantation. — Map (db m65701) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Bath — Colonial Bath
Bath, originally the Indian town of Pampticough, was settled by white men about 1690 and incorporated in 1705. It is the oldest town in North Carolina. Its first commissioners were John Lawson, Joel Martin, and Simon Alderson. Here was . . . — Map (db m64799) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Bath — BB-1 — Colonial Bath
Bath, oldest town in North Carolina, was established in 1705. The first settlers were French Huguenots from Virginia. Among the early English inhabitants were John Lawson, author of the first history of Carolina (1709) and Christopher Gale, Chief . . . — Map (db m67574) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Bath — B-47 — Edward Teach
Notorious pirate called "Blackbeard." Lived in Bath while Charles Eden was governor. Killed at Ocracoke, 1718. — Map (db m64796) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Bath — B-21 — First Post Road
The road from New England to Charleston, over which mail was first carried regularly in North Carolina, 1738-39, passed near this spot. — Map (db m65358) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Bath — B-6 — First Public Library
In North Carolina was set up near this spot about 1700. Books sent from England by Rev. Thos. Bray. — Map (db m66103) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Bath — BB-2 — Historic Bath
(MAP OF TOWN OF BATH) Bath, the oldest incorporated town in North Carolina, was established in 1705. By the 1708 the town consisted of twelve houses and a population of fifty people. Among the early inhabitants were John Lawson, Surveyor General . . . — Map (db m67575) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Bath — B-56 — James Adams Floating Theatre
Toured coastal towns, 1913-1941. Edna Ferber's 1925 visit to ship, then docked nearby, was basis for her novel Show Boat. Map (db m66515) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Bath — B-25 — John F. Tompkins
Agricultural reformer, a founder of the State Fair, published and edited the "Farmer's Journal", 1852-53, in Bath. This was his home. — Map (db m67567) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Bath — B-63 — John Garziaca. 1690-1744
Anglican minister, born in Spain. Served parish, 1733-1744, in spite of difficulties inherent to life in colonial N.C. — Map (db m67170) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Bath — John Lawson1674-1711
Naturalist, explorer and surveyor general for the Lords Proprietors, John Lawson traveled the interior of the Carolina colony in 1700-01. He described the 550-mile journey in A New Voyage to Carolina, published in 1709. Lawson was killed by . . . — Map (db m67573) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Bath — B-27 — Matthew Rowan
Acting governor, 1753-54. Councilor, assemblyman, and Surveyor General. Merchant in the Irish trade. His home was here. — Map (db m67566) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Bath — BB-3 — Palmer - Marsh House
Colonial home of Colonel Robert Palmer, Surveyor-General of North Carolina 1753-1771 and Collector of Customs for the Port of Bath. Built c. 1744, probably by Michael Coutanche, it is one of the oldest surviving dwelling-houses in the State. . . . — Map (db m66701) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Bath — B-62 — Port Of Bath
Colony's first town, incorporated March 8, 1705. Home to first port of entry, 1716; exported naval stores. — Map (db m65501) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Bath — B-3 — St. Thomas Church
Episcopal. Oldest church building in the state of North Carolina; was constructed in 1734. — Map (db m67568) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Chocowinity — B-17 — Fort Hill
Site of Confederate batteries on Pamlico River which enabled General D. H. Hill's forces to besiege Washington in spring of 1863. Five miles east. — Map (db m52837) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Chocowinity — B-46 — Trinity Church
Episcopal. Originally Blount’s Chapel. Built ca. 1774 by Rev. Nathaniel Blount. Moved in 1939 from original site nearby. — Map (db m52776) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Chocowinity — C-36 — Trinity School
Episcopal boys school founded in 1851 by The Rev. N.C. Hughes. Open off and on until 1908. Many students entered ministry. Stood here. — Map (db m52835) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), near Bunyan — B-8 — Granville Grant
Formed northern half of colony of North Carolina. Its southern boundary was surveyed in 1743 to a point near here. — Map (db m65275) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — B-15 — Attack On Washington
Town taken by Federals, March, 1862. Confederate efforts to recapture it failed, 1862 and 1863. — Map (db m64758) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — B-16 — Burning Of Washington
The town was burned and shelled by evacuating United States troops in April, 1864. — Map (db m64759) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — B-36 — C. C. Cambreleng
Congressman from New York, 1821-39; House leader for Jackson & Van Buren; minister to Russia; merchant. Was born in this town, 1786. — Map (db m65820) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — B-33 — Daniel G. Fowle
Governor, 1889-91, state Adjutant General, 1863, Confederate officer, superior court judge, state legislator. His home was here. — Map (db m65862) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — B-28 — DeMille Family
Home of motion picture producer Cecil B. DeMille & his father, playwright Henry C. DeMille, stood five blocks west. — Map (db m65580) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — B-14 — Dr. Susan Dimock
Native of Washington, Zurich graduate, head of a Boston hospital, 1st woman member N.C. Medical Society, 1872. Her girlhood home was here. — Map (db m66169) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — Havens Memorial Building
This building which served the thriving shipping industry of early Washington was built in the early 1800's by Jonathan Havens (1744-1828). Its restoration in 1979 was made possible by a gift from Jonathan Havens Moss in memory of the Havens family. . . . — Map (db m70501) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — B-51 — John Gray Blount1752~1833
Merchant & land speculator. Shipping interests across eastern N.C.; also invested in western N.C. land. Home stood here. — Map (db m67373) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — B-65 — John H. Small1858-1946
Congressman, 1899-1921. Chair, Cmte. on Rivers & Harbors; champion of Intracoastal Waterway. Home stood 40 yds. E. — Map (db m67564) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — B-24 — Josephus Daniels
Secretary of the Navy, 1913-21; Ambassador to Mexico; editor; author. Birthplace stood here. — Map (db m67565) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — B-61 — Lindsay C. Warren1889-1976
U.S. Comptroller General, 1940-54; Member, U.S. House 1925-40. Sponsor Cape Hatteras National Seashore Act. Lived here. — Map (db m67563) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — Oakdale CemeteryTo Our Confederate Dead
After the Civil War, women’s associations throughout the South sought to gather the Confederate dead from battlefield burial sites and reinter the remains in proper cemeteries, while Confederate monuments were erected in courthouse squares and other . . . — Map (db m76917) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — B-39 — Siege Of Washington
Confederates failed to recapture town, March- April, 1863, but held it March-Nov., 1864. — Map (db m64757) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — Siege of WashingtonMarch 30 - April 20, 1863
To protect Confederate supply lines and to gather much-need provisions in eastern North Carolina, Gen. Daniel H. Hill planned demonstrations against Union-occupied New Bern and Washington in March 1863. He acted under orders from Gen. James . . . — Map (db m70502) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — B-59 — St. John the Evangelist Church
The first Roman Catholic church in North Carolina. Consecrated, 1829. Burned by Federal troops, 1864. Stood one block east. — Map (db m67562) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — Tranter's CreekBrothers in Battle
After Union Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside’s army captured Roanoke Island in February 1862, Federal troops occupied New Bern the next month and then secured the undefended town of Washington on March 20. Although several weeks passed with only a few . . . — Map (db m70506) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — USS PicketBattle of Washington
During the summer of 1892, Union forces firmly controlled eastern North Carolina, with garrisons stationed at Plymouth, Washington, New Bern and elsewhere. Federal detachments raided the countryside at will, while Confederate . . . — Map (db m64899) HM
North Carolina (Beaufort County), Washington — Washington, North Carolina
To commemorate the 200th Anniversary of Washington, North Carolina The first town in the United States to be named for General George Washington Originally known as "town at the forks of the Tar River." It was settled . . . — Map (db m70505) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Merry Hill — A 49 — "Scotch Hall"
Plantation setting for the novel "Bertie," by George R. Throop (1851), tutor in the family of Geo. W. Capehart. House built 1838 is 8 mi. S.E. — Map (db m56987) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Merry Hill — A-10 — Salmon Creek and Eden House: Seedbed of the Colony
Along the banks of the Chowan River and Salmon Creek, the seeds were planted for the colony and state of North Carolina. From these roots in the 1600s emerged the refined plantation life of the ruling colonial gentry in the 1700s, made possible by . . . — Map (db m56927) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — A 74 — "Windsor Castle"
Built 1858 by Patrick H. Winston, Jr. Birthplace of sons George T., educator; Francis D., lt. gov., 1905-1909; & Robert W., writer. 100 yards east. — Map (db m60651) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — Bertie Academy
Baptist. Founded 1895 for blacks, coeducational. W.S. Etheridge, principal after 1901. Later public school. Was 100 yds. W. — Map (db m67583) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — Bertie County Confederate Monument
. . . — Map (db m60728) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — C. Wayland Spruill1889-1966
"Cousin Wayland". Farmer, businessman, and state legislator. Advocate of mental health programs. Home was 100 feet N.E. — Map (db m67582) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — A 7 — David Stone
Governor, 1808-10; U.S. Senator; Congressman. "Hope," his home, stands 4 miles northwest. — Map (db m60650) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — Eden House Root Cellar
In the days before electricity and refrigerators, many people built a kind of half-basement under a home or shed called a “root cellar” to store food. The natural insulation of the ground lets root cellars maintain a fairly constant . . . — Map (db m60732) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — Engagement at WindsorAction on the Cashie River
To disrupt Confederate recruiting efforts here in Windsor, the Bertie County seat, three Federal transports steamed from Plymouth on the night of January 29, 1864, under U.S. Navy Lt. Cmdr. Charles W Flusser. USS Whitehead and USS . . . — Map (db m60627) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — Gray’s Landing
William Gray in 1776 set aside 100 acres at Gray’s Landing for establishing a town. 18th century travelers would have disembarked from sailing vessels docked at the foot of King Street at the old Gray’s Landing site. Visitors to Windsor today, . . . — Map (db m60629) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — Historic Windsor
Created by an act of Colonial Assembly in 1768, New Windsor was established on the site known as Gray’s Landing. A part of grants to the Lords Proprietors, 2800 acres on the Cashie River were sold in 1717 by John Lord Carteret, Earl of Granville to . . . — Map (db m60630) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — A 36 — Locke Craig1860-1925
Governor, 1913-1917; teacher, lawyer, state legislator. His birthplace is one mile N.E. — Map (db m60652) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — A 57 — Naval Battle, 1864
The Confederate ironclad ram Albemarle, led by Capt. J.W. Cooke, crossed Batchelor's Bay, May 5, 1864, and fought seven Union warships 15 mi. E. — Map (db m56990) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — A-48 — Roanoke River
Early channel of trade, its valley long an area of plantations. Frequent floods until 1952; since controlled by Kerr Dam. Old name was "Moratuck". — Map (db m67521) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — Roanoke/Cashie River Center Grave Site
These graves were discovered during site preparation for Roanoke/Cashie River Center. They were overgrown with vines and shrubs, and had not been tended in many years. One grave dates to 1884. No date is found on the other headstone. . . . — Map (db m60733) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — The Battle of WindsorJanuary 30, 1864
Acting on orders from General Robert E. Lee in the winter of 1863-64, Confederate forces under the command of Major General George E. Pickett were deployed throughout eastern North Carolina preparatory to as an attempt at clearing the enemy from the . . . — Map (db m60628) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — Wellington and Powell Railroad
This brick vault was once housed in the depot of the Wellington and Powell Railroad. The W&P ran between Windsor and Ahoskie in the early to mid 1900’s carrying produce and passengers. There was a hill on the train’s route it often had . . . — Map (db m60730) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — A 41 — William Blount
Member of Continental Congress, signer of the Federal Constitution, governor S.W. Territory, Senator from Tennessee. Birthplace 1/5 mi. S.W. — Map (db m60649) HM
North Carolina (Bladen County), Clarkton — Old Brown Marsh Presbyterian Church2 Miles North East
Organized prior to 1756. Present building constructed 1818—the third on site. First two buildings of logs. Was also used for secular education until 1848. Among early ministers: H. McAden, Jas. Hall, S. Stanford, C. Lindsay. — Map (db m60483) HM
North Carolina (Bladen County), Clarkton — Old Brown Marsh Presbyterian Church
Organized prior to 1756 by Scottish settlers. Present building constructed 1818. Third building on site. First two building of logs. Was also used for secular education until 1848. Some early ministers: H. McAden — Jas. Hall — S. . . . — Map (db m60485) HM
North Carolina (Bladen County), Clarkton — Whistler’s Mother1804–1881
Anna Mathilda McNeill Whistler, mother of the noted painter, James Abbot McNeill Whistler, lived in a house which stood 1300 yards east of this spot. — Map (db m60280) HM
North Carolina (Bladen County), Elizabethtown — I-11 — Battle of Elizabethtown
Whigs broke Tory power in Bladen County, August, 1781, driving them into Tory Hole, 50 yards north. — Map (db m27536) HM
North Carolina (Bladen County), Elizabethtown — Mount Horeb Presbyterian Church and Cemetery
Mount Horeb Presbyterian Church and Cemetery circa 1845 have been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m94725) HM

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