|Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — Amelia Court House — Lee's Retreat — April 4-5, 1865|
|General Lee ordered all columns of his army from the Richmond and Petersburg trenches to rendezvous at this village on the Richmond & Danville Railroad. Here he hoped to obtain rations before continuing the march to North Carolina to join General Joseph Johnston's army.
7.4 miles — Map (db m18871) HM|
|Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — John Banister Tabb|
Father John Bannister Tabb was born in Amelia County in 1845 at “The Forest”, the Tabb family plantation. A member of one of wealthiest families in Virginia, he was carefully schooled by private tutors until the age of 14, when his eyesight became to poor to read. In spite of his poor eyesight, shortly after the Civil War broke out he enlisted in the Confederate Navy and served aboard the blockade runner Robert E. Lee.
Tabb was captured in 1864 and spent nine . . . — Map (db m35959) HM|
|Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — Lamkin’s Battery|
|This mortar belonged to the battery cammanded by Captain J.N. Lamkin. On July 30, 1864, at the “Crater”, the battery helped check the Union advance until Mahone came up. Four mortars were captured near Flat Creek in Lee’s Retreat, April 2, 1865. One of them blew up in saluting the remains of Jefferson Davis when bought through Amelia Court House.
Placed by the Amelia Chapter of the U.D.C. 1940 — Map (db m18873) HM|
|Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — M 11 — Lee's Retreat|
|Lee's army, retreating toward Danville, reached this place, April 4-5, 1865, only to find that the supplies ordered here had gone on to Richmond. The famished soldiers were forced to halt to forage. The result was that Lee, when he resumed the march in the afternoon of April 5, found that Sheridan was at Jetersville blocking the way south. — Map (db m18874) HM|
|Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — M 28 — Marion Harland — (12 Dec. 1830-3 June, 1922)|
|Born Mary Virginia Hawes at Dennisville about eight miles south, Harland was a prolific author, producing a syndicated newspaper column for women, many short stories, 25 novels, 25 volumes on domestic life, and 12 books on travel, biography, and Virginia history. Her Common Sense in the Household (1871) was the best-selling cookbook in America for more than fifty years, until the Fannie Farmer Cookbook and the Settlement Cookbook became popular after World War I. — Map (db m19029) HM|
|Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — 10 — Mrs. Samantha Jane Neil — Amelia Court House, Virginia — Amelia County|
|Amelia County is largely indebted to one woman for bringing formal education and religion to African Americans after the Civil War. In 1865 Mrs. Samantha Jane Neil left her home in Pennsylvania to search for her husband’s body. He had been a Union army officer and had died somewhere in Amelia County only a few days before Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House. Though she never found her husband’s remains, she did discover a serious need for education for . . . — Map (db m20239) HM|
|Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — 9 — Russell Grove Presbyterian Church and School — Amelia Court House, Virginia — Amelia County|
|Russell Grove Presbyterian Church and the Russell Grove School were established as a result of the efforts of Mrs. Samantha Jane Neil, a Presbyterian missionary and teacher of African-American children after the Civil War. At first the school was primitive, with rough walls, boards painted black to act as chalkboards and no desks. Parents joined to pay the teachers and a man to cut wood for the woodstove, the school's only source of heat. The curriculum for the school from 1865 to well into . . . — Map (db m28927) HM|
|Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — M 31 — William Branch Giles|
|Noted lawyer and statesman William Branch Giles was born 12 Aug. 1762 in Amelia County and educated at Hampden-Sydney College, Princeton, and the College of William and Mary. Giles served Virginia in the United States House of Representatives (1790-1798 and 1801-1803) and in the U.S. Senate (1804-1815), where he was a chief Republican ally of Thomas Jefferson during the Republican and Federalist party debates of that era. Giles was elected governor by the General Assembly in 1827 and served . . . — Map (db m19039) HM|