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Four Oaks Markers
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-21 — Bentonville
In 1865, a local market center for naval stores (tar, pitch & turpentine). Bentonville gives name to the battle fought nearby, March 19-21, 1865. Confederates concen- trated here the day before the battle. As they retreated on March 22, they burned all stocks of naval stores. Union forces occupied the village, March 22-24. — Map (db m34667) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Bentonville Battlefield
has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America 1996 National Park Service United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m34331) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Bentonville Battlefield Driving Tour
In the forests and fields around the North Carolina village of Bentonville, the armies of Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston and Union Gen. William T. Sherman fought their last major engagement of the Civil War on March 19-21, 1865. Sherman was marching toward Goldsboro to meet Union armies coming inland from New Bern and Wilmington to re-supply his force. Johnston tried to stop Sherman by striking one last blow against his foe. Before Bentonville, their two armies had fought at Shiloh, . . . — Map (db m34356) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-10 — Confederate Attacks
Across the fields be- hind this marker the Confederate Right Wing made five attacks on Union positions to the left, March 19, 1865. They were thrown back by the XX Federal Corps. — Map (db m34638) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-7 — Confederate Cemetery
The remains of 360 Confederates who fell in the Battle of Bentonville lie here. They were moved to this plot from other parts of the battle- field in 1893. the monument was erected at that time. — Map (db m34632) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Confederate Dead Monument
In memory of the Confederate dead Erected under the auspices of Goldsboro Rifles October 10, 1894. ♦♦♦ [ Left of Monument: ] On this spot and in this vicinity was fought the Battle of Bentonville March 19, 1865. ♦♦♦ [ Right of Monument: ] Twenty three of those buried here had their last hours soothed by the loving care of John Harper and his noble wife Amy A. Harper. ♦♦♦ [ Rear of Monument: ] Nor shall your glory be forgot . . . — Map (db m34675) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-3 — Confederate Hospital
Following the battle, 45 Confederate wounded were hospitalized in the Harper House. Nineteen of these men died here. Surgeons moved others to regular Confederate hospitals. — Map (db m34627) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Confederate Line of March“ … on this wretched road … ” — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Scattered Confederate forces consolidated in North Carolina, the Confederacy's logistical lifeline, where Sherman defeated Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's last-ditch attack at Bentonville. . . . — Map (db m14720) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-11 — Confederate Main Charge
After overrunning two Union lines above this road, the Confed- erates crossed here in the main assault of March 19, 1865. Union reinforcements halted their advance in the woods below the road. — Map (db m34642) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-22 — Confederate Works
Remains of breast- works on this hill mark a line of works built by the Confed- erates to protect Mill Creek Bridge. — Map (db m34669) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-9 — Federal Artillery
Union batteries (26 guns) formed a line here, March 19. These guns covered retreating Federals during the Confederate charges and finally halted the advance of the Confederate Right Wing. — Map (db m34636) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
“Defender of the Southland to the end” In memory and honor of Confederate soldiers who fought at Bentonville Battlefield, North Carolina during March 19-21, 1865 Erected by Sons of Confederate Veterans Dedicated March 20, 2010 Sculptor: Carl W. Regutti — Map (db m34181) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Hannah’s Creek BridgeSaving the Colors — Carolinas Campaign
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Scattered Confederate forces consolidated in North Carolina, the Confederacy's logistical lifeline, where Sherman defeated Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's last-ditch attack at Bentonville. . . . — Map (db m14714) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-25 — Hardee’s Charge
Near this point Gen. William J. Hardee led the charge of the 8th Texas Cavalry and other Confederates, repulsing the advance of Mower’s Division, March 21, 1865. — Map (db m34661) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Honoring the Dead of the Battle of Bentonville
Time may teach us to forgive, but it can never make us forget.”     - Confederate Lt. Gen. Wade Hampton, memorial address at Bentonville, March 20, 1895. By the evening of March 22, 1865 both the Union and Confederate armies had vacated the village of Bentonville. The Union army advanced towards Goldsboro, while the Confederates moved to nearby Smithfield. Not only did local citizens have to cope with hundreds of wounded Confederate soldiers left behind after the battle, . . . — Map (db m34407) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-15 — Main Confederate Line
The Confederate Left Wing, part of a long hook-shaped line de- signed to trap the Union forces, extended across the road here on March 19. This sector, occupied by Maj. Gen. R. F. Hoke’s Division, was evacuated on March 20. A new line parallel to the road was established 500 yards north. — Map (db m34647) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-20 — Main Confederate Line
Crossed the road at this point, March 20- 21. Gen. R. F. Hoke’s Division occupied this sector. Scene of much skirmishing but no heavy fighting. Earth- works remain. — Map (db m34657) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-19 — Main Union Line
Advanced to this point during the afternoon of March 21. The XV Corps established a line of works across the road here. Earth- works remain. — Map (db m34656) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-23 — Mill Creek
The flooded state of this creek upstream prevented an attack by Wheeler’s Confederate cavalry on the rear of Sherman’s Army, March 19, 1865. A bridge here was the Confederates’ sole line of retreat after the battle. — Map (db m34668) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-26 — Mower’s Attack
Advancing toward Mill Creek Bridge, Johnston’s only line of retreat, Maj. Gen. J. A. Mower’s Union Division broke the Confederate line near this point, March 21. Mower’s Division reached a point 200 yards from Johnston’s headquarters before it was driven back by Confederate infantry and cavalry. — Map (db m34662) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-16 — N. C. Junior Reserves
Held the line along this road and repulsed the assault of Hobart’s Union Brigade, March 19, 1865. This line was evacuated, March 20. — Map (db m34652) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — North Carolinians at the Battle of Bentonville
In memory of the North Carolinians who fought and died in the Battle of Bentonville March 19-21, 1865 — Map (db m34358) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-4 — Union Headquarters
Maj. Gen. A. S. Williams, commanding the XX Corps, established his headquarters here on March 19. In the woods to the north, the XX Corps erected breast- works which remain. — Map (db m34630) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-8 — Union Headquarters
Maj. Gen. H. W. Slocum, commanding Sherman’s Left Wing, had head- quarters in this field, March 19-21, 1865. — Map (db m34635) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-28 — Union Headquarters
Sherman’s headquarters were located in the field 400 yards to the rear of this marker, March 20-21, 1865. Head- quarters of the XVII Corps, which included Mower’s Division, were 250 yards to the left rear. — Map (db m34660) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-2 — Union Hospital
The Harper House was used as a hospital by the XIV Corps, March 19-21, 1865. About 500 Union wounded were treated here. — Map (db m34629) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-6 — Union Hospital
Field hospital of the XX Corps during the Battle of Bentonville was located here. Four hundred Union soldiers, wounded in the Battle of Averas- boro (16 miles west) on March 16, were brought here for treatment. — Map (db m34633) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-29 — Union Line, March 20
Trenches in the woods behind this marker formed the extreme right of the Union line on March 20. This sector was occupied by the XVII Corps, commanded by Maj. Gen. F. P. Blair. — Map (db m34666) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-27 — Union Line, March 21
After withdrawing from the advance against Mill Creek Bridge, Mower’s Federals re- formed here and threw up works. This was the extreme right of the Union line on March 21. Earthworks remain. — Map (db m34664) HM
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