|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-50 — "Oakton" — Ante-bellum residence of John R. Wilder.|
|June 19, 1864. Johnston’s Army of Tennessee [CS] withdrew to its Kennesaw line -- Polk’s A. C. (under Loring), posted on the mountain; Hardee’s, extending S. from Loring’s left, prolonged the line beyond Cheatham Hill; Hood’s corps on Loring’s right, prolonged the line E. to the Canton road, where it was supported by Wheeler’s cav. -- the extreme right of the army. June 21, Hood’s A. C. was shifted to the left, of Hardee’s line [CS] -- prolonging it to & S. of Powder Springs rd., leaving . . . — Map (db m30280) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-60 — 16th A.C. to Roswell|
|When the 23d A.C. [US] crossed the Chattahoochee at Soap Creek, above the State R. R., July 8, 1864, Johnston’s River Line [CS] (Oakdale Rd.) was evacuated to the Fulton County side, July 9. There being no further need of McPherson’s Army of the Tenn. [US] on the lower Sandtown Rd., it was sent up river to Roswell. The 16th was the 1st corps to be shifted; it began its 27 mi. march from Mitchell’s, 10 A. M. June 9, & camped that night 1 mi. E. of Marietta. Its line of march included Powder . . . — Map (db m19696) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 1916 Glover Machine Works Locomotive|
|Built by Glover Machine Works of Marietta, this 1916 locomotive was sold to a company in Va. for hauling lumber. In 1921 GMW reassumed possession. It was restored in 1992. Today GMW is in its sixth generation and still makes heavy industrial products. Begun in 1848 GMW is the oldest family-owned manufacturing industry in Georgia. — Map (db m13077) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-82 — 23D Army Corps to Soap Creek|
|July 6, 1864. Schofield’s Federal 23d A.C. having been shifted N.E. from Sandtown Rd. (at Floyd Station), camped at Smyrna. Resuming the march, July 7, it traversed only 2 mi. (to this point) where it camped. July 8, 4 A.M. the march continued to Soap Creek – four miles N.E. This was a strategic maneuver to effect a river crossing at Soap Cr., N. of Johnston’s defense line (CS) on Cobb County side (at & S. of the State R.R. bridge). The move was designed to render the Confederate line . . . — Map (db m52301) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Address by President Lincoln — At the Dedication of The Gettysburg National Cemetery — November 19, 1863.|
Address by President Lincoln
At the Dedication of
The Gettysburg National Cemetery
November 19, 1863.
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to . . . — Map (db m60972) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-14 — Battle of Kolb’s Farm — June 22, 1864|
|The 3 brigades of Williams’ (1st) Div., 20th A. C., [US] were posted on the high ground W. of the road between this point and the Powder Springs Road.
Geary’s (2d) Div. [US] right joined Williams at the ravine West of the Greer house, his artillery sweeping the low ground. Brown’s & Reynold’s brigades of Stevenson’s Div. [CS] assaulted the left of Williams’ line by way of the ravine -- trying to turn his left, but the 20th A. C. artillery broke up the assault and the two [CS] brigades withdrew. — Map (db m29710) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-11 — Battle of Kolb's Farm — June 22, 1864|
|Hascall’s (2d) Div. 23d A.C., Union, via Manning’s Mill, reached Kolb’s schoolhouse (site of Mt. Zion Ch.) 2 p.m. & joined its left to right of Williams' (1st) Div., 20th A.C. [US] at the McAdoo - Oatman house on Powder Springs Rd. Hascall placed 3 brigades on high ground S. E. of the road. Skirmishers, supported by the 14th Ky., [US] seized a ridge E. of the Valentine Kolb house and stubbornly held it until forced to withdraw. The left of Stevenson’s Div., Confederate, after dislodging . . . — Map (db m16871) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-13 — Battle of Kolb's Farm — June 22, 1864|
|The extension of the right wing of Federal forces S. of the Dallas Rd. threatening to outflank him, Johnston sent Hood’s Corps [CS] from the right (E. of Kennesaw) to this, the extreme left, with directions to stop further Federal advances. Hood sent Stevenson’s 4 brigades [CS] -- 2 astride the road, and 2 N. of it, against the 20th and 23d corps troops [US] posted astride the road to the W. This, and later attempts failed to check the Federal extensions southward. — Map (db m17158) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-12 — Battle of Kolb's Farm — June 22, 1864|
|The 14th Kentucky (2d Division, 23d A.C.,) together with the 123d N. Y. (1st Division, 20th A.C.,) [US] were posted as skirmishers East of the Kolb farmstead.
The stubborn resistance by the 14th Ky., and the 123d N.Y., disrupted the concerted assault by Stevenson’s Division, [CS] upon the main line [US] astride the Powder Springs Road West of this point. This delaying action, together with Federal artillery fire halted Stevenson’s attempt to win his objective. — Map (db m19573) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Battle of Kolb's Farm - June 22, 1864|
|A costly Confederate attack here stopped the Union army's attempt to bypass Kennesaw Mountain. On June 22, 1864, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston sent Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood's 13,000 troops down Powder Springs Road to stop the Federal army's threat to his flank. When Confederate skirmishers encountered Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker's 11,000-man Union corps here at Kolb's farm, Hood ordered his troops to attack. Hooker, having learned of Hood's plans from some captured Confederates, ordered . . . — Map (db m17280) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Battle of Pine Knob — June 15, 1864|
|On June 15, 1864, General Sherman ordered an attack on a portion of the Confederate fortified line located between Gilgal Church and a hill one mile eastward known as "Pine Knob". Three divisions of the 20th Army Corps were to break through an over-extended Confederate defense line and force a retreat. The attack began promptly at 5PM with a force of 15,000 Federal infantry. The attack failed. The 60th New York Regt's battle line can be seen nearby. This shallow trench was dug late in the fight . . . — Map (db m11765) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Bell Bomber (B-29) Plant — 1943 - 1946|
|A plan to help lift rural Cobb County out of the Great Depression by building a commercial airport changed course when America entered WWII and Marietta was chosen as the location for a new aircraft assembly plant. Wartime necessity had rival companies collaborating as when Bell Aircraft Corporation of Buffalo, NY was awarded a contract to build B-29 Superfortresses designed by Boeing. Standing 29 feet tall with a wingspan of 141 feet, the four-engine plane had a 4,000-mile range, a ceiling . . . — Map (db m33703) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-47 — Brushy Mountain Line|
|June 19, 1864. McPherson’s army of the Tenn., left wing of Sherman’s army, moved into this sector – the rugged terrain of Brushy mtn. – on the Kennesaw Mountain front.
The 17th A.C. & Garrard’s Cav. Were N.E. of this point; 15th & 16th, S.W Hood’s A.C. & Wheeler’s Cav. (E. of Kennesaw Mtn.) were opp. the 17th A.C.; Polk’s A.C. (Loring), on the mtn.; Hardee’s A.C. on Loring’s left, S. of the mtn. June 21, Hood was shifted to Hardee’s left – prolonging the line S. to the Powder . . . — Map (db m50199) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Captain Peter Simonson — 5th Indiana Battery|
|Acting chief of artillery for the 1st Division (4th Army Corps), Simonson on June 16, 1864 was busy entrenching here a 4-gun battery of artillery when he was killed by a Confederate bullet. The Confederate was perhaps a sharpshooter armed with an English made rifle with scope known as a Whitworth. The Whitworth fired a six sided bullet that could kill a target one-half mile away. However, the two armies were within a few hundred feet of each other at this point, so it is not unreasonable to . . . — Map (db m11338) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-55 — Cheatham Hill|
|The intrenched line of the Confederate Army of Tenn., as of June 19-July 3, 1864, crossed the road here. This sector was held by Lt. Gen. Wm. J. Hardee's A.C. -- the right of his line at Kennesaw Mtn., the left, from 1 to 2 miles southward of this point.
June 27. Cheatham's & Cleburne's divs. withstood an assault by 5 Federal brigades -- the spearhead of the attack directed toward a salient angle 3/4 mi. S., held by Vaughan's & Maney's brigades of Cheatham's division.
The Illinois monument to . . . — Map (db m5239) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Cherokee Indian Trail Tree|
|The Native Americans bent saplings to grow into living “signposts” for traveling Indians. These living markers pointed the way to a water source, a suitable river crossing or a main trail. — Map (db m50200) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Cherokee Land Lottery — Oct. 1832 - Apr. 1833|
|In 1803, Georgia established a lottery as the fairest means of distributing land to common farmers. After gold was discovered in 1828 near Dahlonega, the state ignored federal treaties and asserted its claims on the Cherokee territory (including Cobb County). In 1832, it began disbursing these lands in 40-acre gold lots and 160-acre farm lots. Names of eligible white citizens were drawn from one wheel and matched with lot numbers drawn from another. Some of the Cherokees
protested and refused . . . — Map (db m9154) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Clarke Library Building|
|Sara Freeman Clarke established the first public library in Marietta and Cobb County in 1882 when she allowed residents to borrow books from her home without charge. She named it the “Franklin Lending Library”.
The next year, a group of citizens organized the Marietta Library Association, but lacked a permanent location and public funding. Miss Clarke developed a plan to merge the two libraries and encouraged her many friends from New England, including Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, . . . — Map (db m60577) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-37 — Cobb County|
|Created December 3, 1832, and named for Judge Thomas W. Cobb, a former U.S. Senator, Marietta was named for his wife.
Fertile lands gave impetus to farming; ample water power encouraged industries. People from further south sought Marietta as a summer resort due to delightful climate and society.
Cobb County sacrificed much for the Southern Confederacy; ravaged by war, it fought slowly upward through reconstruction. In recent years industry has brought wealth and growth to the area. — Map (db m1660) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-106 — Confederate Cemetery|
|3,000 Confederate dead from every southern state are buried in this cemetery. First established for [CS] soldiers killed in a railroad collision in 1863, it became the resting place for dead from nearby battlefields. In 1866, under the direction of Miss Mary J. Green and Mrs. Charles J. Williams of the Ga. Mem. Assn., bodies were moved here from the Chickamauga area. Land for the cemetery was given by Mrs. Jane Glover, Ann Moyer and other citizens of Marietta. A cannon, which served Ga. . . . — Map (db m17007) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-107 — Confederate Cemetery — >>>------>|
|Burial of Confederates killed in a railroad collision, September, 1863, on land given by Mrs. Jane Glover, established this cemetery. Later more land was given by Ann Moyer and others, and the [CS] dead here from Marietta hospitals and the Kennesaw battlefield were interred here. In 1866 Georgia provided funds to move her dead here from the Chickamauga area, under the direction of Miss Mary J. Green and Mrs. Charles J. Williams of the Georgia Memorial Association. Soldiers from every southern . . . — Map (db m29816) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-7 — Darby Plantation|
|The old Marietta Rd. joined the Sandtown Rd. here -- 1864. June 17-19. Geary’s (2d) Div., 20th A.C., supporting 13th N.Y. & Pa. E batteries, were N. of rd. & Cox’s (3d) Div. 23d. A.C., supporting 1st Ohio Bat. D. [US] were S. of rd. -- in area from Darby house to Mud Cr. The artillery duel with Cleburne [CS] on high ridge E. of creek & Geary’s [US] rain-soaked infantry in flooded area next to stream, are a part of the annals. On 19th, Cleburne [CS] moved E. followed by 20th A.C. 23d A.C. . . . — Map (db m17686) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-1 — Davis' Cross Roads|
|Site of home of Rev. Gary Davis (1799-1875).
In June 1864, was an outpost of right wing of Sherman´s forces [US], moving from New Hope Church in Paulding Co. toward the State R.R. and the [CS] left
flank. Hardee´s Corps [CS] , on the left, occupied a line at Gilgal Church 1.5 mi. S.E. June 10, Strickland´s 3d Brigade of Hascall´s 2nd Div. 23d Corps [US], assaulted Cleburne´s Sharpshooters [CS] posted here and on adjacent hill.
After a sharp conflict the [CS] withdrew to the lines near Gilgal Church. — Map (db m14407) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-54 — Federal Troops Occupy Marietta, 1864.|
|The 23d A.C. [US] seized a position at Moss’ house (at Floyd Station), lower Sandtown Rd., July 1 -- nearer Chattahoochee River than Johnston’s Kennesaw line [CS], whereupon he withdrew his army, via Marietta, to his Smyrna - Ruff’s Mill line, 6 mi. S., during the night, July 2-3. Pursuit followed; two divs. of Logan’s 15th A.C. [US] (Osterhaus & Harrow) were sent via Burnt Hickory & Dallas rds. to occupy Marietta. Being replaced, they marched, 9 A.M. July 4, via Powder Springs Rd. & the . . . — Map (db m16851) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-56 — Federal, Confederate Lines, June 22, 27, 1864.|
|One-half mi. S., at the road - fork, is SIGNAL HILL, where Sherman observed the assault on Cheatham Hill by troops of the 4th & 14th Corps [US], June 27.
The John Ward Road -- left turn at the fork -- leads to Thomas’ Headquarters, June 27, & the battlefield of Kolb’s Farm, on & near Powder Springs road, 2.5 mi. S., where Hood [CS] attacked the right of the 20th & the left of the 23d Corps [US], June 22.
The road W. leads to Dallas & New Hope Ch., in Paulding County, where Federal . . . — Map (db m29755) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-58 — Five Federal Brigades|
|June 27, 1864. At 8 A.M., five brigades assaulted the Confederates of Hardee’s Corps, posted on the wooded ridge across the valley eastward. From left to right there were: Kimball’s, Wagner’s & Harker’s brigades, Newton’s div. 4th A. C.; McCook’s & Mitchell’s brigades, Davis’ div., 14th A. C. -- all Army of the Cumberland troops [US].
Kimball & Wagner struck Cleburne’s left; Harker, McCook & Mitchell centered on the salient angle at the right of Cheatham’s div. The assaults were in . . . — Map (db m30010) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Founder's Lot William Harris|
|Oldest grave is on this plot for Wm. Harris´ son, William Capers G. Harris (1823-1831). Mr. Harris, a wealthy planter, was a devout Methodist and champion of education. In War of 1812 he served in Capt. Jett Thomas´ Co., 2nd, Regt., Ga. Militia. He was Colonel
Cobb Co. Militia 1833-34; helped found 1851 Ga. Military Institute. — Map (db m15202) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Gantt House — c. 1880|
|John D. Gantt came to Cobb County in the 1850s with his parents and siblings, and married in 1858. Although the family's farm was destroyed during the Civil War, they rebuilt and continued to acquire land. Years later, the family built this house, which featured 6 rooms, 2 porches and 4 fireplaces. After John's passing in 1903, the property remained in the Gantt family. John's son Jasper eventually became sole owner and in 1922 owned approximately 195 acres. Jasper died in 1937 without heirs. . . . — Map (db m11321) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-93 — Garrard & Newton Move on Roswell|
|300 ft. W. stood the res. of Wm. Johnston who operated the ferry in the 1850's, where Johnston's Fy. Rd. crosses the Chattahoochee River.
July 5, 1864. Gen. Kenner Garrard's cav. div. [US] enroute from Marietta to Roswell via this rd., camped on Willeo Cr., from which point he sent a regiment S. to burn the Paper Mills on Soap Creek. July 9. Newton's 4th A. C. div. [US], moving from Vining's Station, traversed this road to Roswell to support Garrard's passage of the river at Shallow Ford -- . . . — Map (db m19184) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-94 — Garrard’s Cavalry at Roswell|
|With the occupation of Marietta by Federal forces July 3, 1864, Garrard’s cav. was sent to Roswell to secure a Chattahoochee River crossing for the passage of McPherson’s Army of the Tennessee, which was later shifted from the Federal right to the extreme left.
July 5. Garrard reached this point on Willeo Creek, where he camped. From here a regiment was sent to burn the Soap Creek Paper Mills. On the same day a detachment moved to Roswell & while the 7th Pa. Cav. drove the Confederate . . . — Map (db m50567) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-15 — Gen. George H. Thomas' Headquarters — Army of the Cumberland [US] — June 24 - July 3, 1864|
|In field west of rd., where right of 14th joined left of 20th corps [US]. From this point, June 27, Gen. Thomas [US] directed the assault of 5 brigades of 4th and 14th Corps, against Hardee’s Corps [CS] posted on Cheatham's Hill, E., across valley of Nose’s Cr.
This attempt to penetrate Johnston’s [CS] Kennesaw line was void of results. — Map (db m17179) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-18 — Gen. J. E. Johnston’s Headquarters|
|Cyrus York house-site; June 10-19, 1864. Johnston’s forces [CS] moved from Paulding Co. to Kennesaw area, June 5, & occupied lines from Lost to Brushy Mtns. June 16: the left was withdrawn E. of Mud Creek. June 19: all forces shifted to mountain line. June 19: Hdq’rs moved to the Kirkpatrick house south of the mountain. The advanced Fed. line crossed the road several hundred ft. W. Between June 19 & 27, the two-story York house, used by Fed. sharpshooters, was destroyed by Confederate artillery fire from the mountain. — Map (db m17650) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-21 — Gen. O. O. Howard’s Headquarters — Wallis House; June 19, 22, 1864|
|Following the withdrawal of Johnston’s forces, from the Mud Creek ~ Brushy Mtn. line, June 19, to the final one, which included Kennesaw Mtn., Howard’s 4th A. C. [US] moved E. from Hardee’s salient [CS].
Astride this, the Burnt Hickory rd., the corps [US] advanced toward Kennesaw until halted by a counter-attack [CS] from the mtn. An intrenched position [US] was established at the York house, one mi. E. which line was later occupied by the 15th Corps of the Army of the Tennessee [US]. — Map (db m33449) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-20 — General Leonidas Polk's Headquarters — G.W. Hardage house; June 10-14, 1864|
|After withdrawing his corps from Lost Mtn. June 9, Polk’s H’dq’rs. [CS] were at the John Kirk house 1 mi. W. on this rd. June 10, h’dq’rs. were moved to Hardage house. Sun. June 12. The Bishop-General read the church service (Episcopal) for his staff, escort, and the Hardage family. June 14. Polk rode with Johnston, Hardee & others to Pine Mtn. to inspect Bate’s [CS] line at that advanced outpost. While there, Polk was killed by a Federal shell. — Map (db m17665) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Georgia Military Institute — 1851 – 1864|
|Opened in 1851 on a 110-acre campus, the Institute had a 4-year curriculum modeled after West Point. The cadet lifestyle was strict. Students attended classes all day followed by an hour-long drill, dress parades at sunset and evenings spent studying. Townspeople proudly supported the Institute and attended its functions. Cadets came from at least nine states and graduates included Major General Pierce M. B. Young, CSA. Although increased income from the school’s growth never kept pace with . . . — Map (db m33698) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-22 — Hardee's Salient|
|June 16, 1864. From this point as a pivot, the Confederate line W. to Gilgal Church & Lost Mtn. was swung back to a N. & S. line E. of Mud Creek, thereby making a salient angle -- Hardee's A. C. on the left or S; Polk's & Hood's Corps on the right, or E.(CS) This shift of Hardee's line was due to pressure on his front by the 20th & 23d Corps (US), from June 9 to 15. Further pressure by the 4th, 14th & 20th Corps (US) upon Hardee's salient, June 17, 18, forced Johnston to abandon his entire . . . — Map (db m11481) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Hightower Trail|
|Already a well-established route in the 1700s, the Hightower Trail was a major Indian thoroughfare and part of a network of trails connecting Augusta with the Etowah River area and Alabama. The path crossed the Chattahoochee River at a shallow ford below Roswell, traveled in a west and northwest direction through Fulton County, crossing Willeo Creek to enter Cobb County. It traveled over land later developed as the Mountain Creek subdivision and connected with present-day Shallowford Road near . . . — Map (db m33432) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Historic Dickson House — c. 1841|
|Facing demolition, this house was relocated here in 2005 from its original site on the battlefield at Gilgal Church in west Cobb County. On 1864 military maps, it was referred to as the “Dixon House”. The house was damaged by artillery and rifle fire during the battle on June 15, 1864. General Daniel Butterfield’s Federal division fought past this house intending to attack southern defenses at the Due West crossroads. The assault failed due to approaching darkness and Confederate . . . — Map (db m33426) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-51 — Johnston's Line East of Kennesaw|
|A point on the intrenched line of Loring’s (formerly Polk’s) A.C., [CS] which extended from the mtn. down its E. slope to the Bell’s Ferry rd. This sector was held by Featherston's div. -- the rt. of the corps. Hood’s A.C. [CS] prolonged the line E. beyond the Canton rd., where Wheeler’s cav. [CS] was posted. June 21, Featherston extended E. to occupy the line vacated by Hood’s A.C. when it was shifted to the left of the line below Kennesaw, on Powder Springs road.
June 27. Featherston & . . . — Map (db m20571) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Joseph Emerson Brown Park|
|A four-time Gov. of Ga, Joseph E. Brown (1821-1894) was born in S.C., educated at Yale, and admitted to the Ga. Bar in 1845. "The war governor," he served from 1857-1865. He served in Ga. Supreme Court and three terms in U.S. Senate. He was popular with the public, especially the working class. Son and Mariettan Joseph M. Brown was Governor 1909-1911. — Map (db m14685) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Judge Debra Halpern Bernes — October 15, 1955 – July 20, 2010|
|Judge Debra Halpern Bernes was a loving and devoted wife and mother to her husband, Gary, and children, Lane and Matthew. She served her community as an Assistant District Attorney for Cobb County, a solo practitioner of law and as an elected judge of the Georgia Court of Appeals, a position she held from 2005. Judge Bernes was a proud member of the Kiwanis Club of Marietta, a past president of the Cobb County Bar Association, and a committed supporter of the Jewish Educational Loan Fund. Her . . . — Map (db m54702) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-52 — Kennesaw Battlefield|
|One of the two abortive attempts to break Johnson’s line, * June 27, 1864, was made in this area by 3 Federal brigades. Deployed on the ridge W. of the stream & astride Burnt Hickory Rd., they moved E. toward the Spur of the mountain, which was the center of the attack.
The left of the charging line entered the gorge between the Spur & Little Kennesaw; the right swung around the point where the Spur impinges on the road.
During this battle, Federal regiments from Missouri battled . . . — Map (db m867) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-109 — Kennesaw House|
|In ante-bellum days, this hotel was a summer resort for planters attracted by the gay social activities of the town. In 1862, J. J. Andrews and his Federal raiders met here to begin the daring Locomotive Chase. Confederate wounded were fed and treated here after many battles, and civilian refugees from overrun Tennessee and Kentucky stayed here, moving south as Federals drew near. July 3, 1864, Sherman had his headquarters in the hotel, while directing pursuit of the Confederates retiring into . . . — Map (db m11469) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-53 — Kennesaw Spur|
|June 19, 1864. When Johnston’s forces [CS] moved to a third position on the Kennesaw front, the defense works included the mountain. Bearing N.E. & E., the line ran to the Canton rd.; southward, it reached below the Dallas Rd. The left of French’s div. (Loring’s A.C. [CS], posted on the mtn.) rested on this road, where the right of Hardee’s A.C. (Walker’s div.) joined. June 27. The left of French & the right of Walker withstood the assaults of 3 Federal brigades ~ moving E. astride this, the . . . — Map (db m33140) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Lady in Black|
|This memorial to Mary Annie Gartrell (1853-1906) was erected by her grieving sister Lucy (1863-1954). Musicians both and natives of Cobb County, Lucy visited this grave from her Atlanta home at least twice-weekly for 48 years, many times on foot. Dressed
always in mourning clothes, Lucy became known on the streets of Atlanta as "The Lady in Black." — Map (db m15203) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Lemon St. Grammar and High School|
|The Lemon Street Grammar School opened in 1894. The original wooden structure was funded by Marietta’s school board, and designed to educate Negro students. The high school was built nearby in 1930 at urging of Ursula Jenkins. Professor M. J. Woods became principal of both schools in 1929 and led the high school until 1962. Lemon Street and Marietta High Schools merged in 1967 and the Lemon Street building was demolished. The new grammar school was built at the direction of city council in 1951 and operated as a school until 1971. — Map (db m60575) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 33-1 — Leo Frank Lynching|
|Near this location on August 17, 1915, Leo M. Frank, the Jewish superintendent of the National Pencil Company in Atlanta, was lynched for the murder of thirteen-year-old Mary Phagan, a factory employee. A highly controversial trial fueled by societal tensions and anti-Semitism resulted in a guilty verdict in 1913. After Governor John M. Slaton commuted his sentence from death to life in prison, Frank was kidnapped from the state prison in Milledgeville and taken to Phagan’s hometown of Marietta . . . — Map (db m16574) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-19 — Logan’s 15th A.C. Line|
|June 25, 26, 1864. These troops being designated to assault Confederate forces on Kennesaw Spur, moved to this sector & were aligned astride the Burnt Hickory rd. at this point.
June 27. Walcutt’s brigade (Harrow’s div.) N. of rd.; G.A. Smith’s astride the rd., & Lightburn’s S. of it (M. L. Smith’s div.), moved E. toward Kennesaw Spur where the attack fell upon Gen. S.G. French’s div., (Loring’s A.C.), [CS] & the right of Hardee’s A.C. [CS] just S. of it.
This assault failed to . . . — Map (db m29988) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-3 — Lost Mountain Cross-Roads|
|On May 23-24, 1864, Lt. Gen. Leonidas Polk's Corps (CS) marched from Allatoona, Bartow Co., to Dallas, Paulding Co., passing Lost Mountain Post Office.
On June 4-5, Polk's Corps withdrew from the Dallas-New Hope front to Lost Mtn., the position here being the Left Flank of Johnston's first Kennesaw Line.
On the 9th, Polk's corps was shifted eastward to the vicinity of New Salem Church north of the Burnt Hickory Rd., where it formed the center of the line. This shift was a necessary move . . . — Map (db m11440) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-23 — Lt. General Leonidas Polk Killed at Pine Mountain|
|The wooded knob W. was a fortified outpost, 1.25 miles north of Johnston’s intrenched line from Lost to Brushy Mountains, June 5-15, 1864. Pine Mountain was held by Bate’s division of Hardee’s A. C., 5th Co. Washington Artillery of N. Orleans & Lt. R. T. Beauregard’s S. Carolina Battery.
June 14. While observing Federal lines with Generals Johnston and Hardee, General Polk was killed by a shell from a Federal battery -- identity of which is not certain.
The outpost was abandoned . . . — Map (db m30365) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Main Confederate Battle Line — June 1-17, 1864|
|About a hundred yards southeast of this marker is the remnant of a 15 mile line of Confederate fortifications. These infantry trenches were occupied until June 17th by the Army of Mississippi, a unit within the Confederate Army of Tennessee, Gen. Leonidas Polk commanding. An additional trace of these entrenchments may also be seen close to this marker, on the west side of the nearby road. On June 15th, Polk's left flank linked with Hardee's Confederate corps at today's junction of Hickory View . . . — Map (db m11337) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Marietta Campground|
|The campground was established in 1837 at the recommendation of a Methodist "circuit rider" who traveled to serve many churches. The original 40-acre site was purchased for $40.00 and included the land now occupied by the church and cemetery across the street. The tabernacle was built in 1838 and cabins added later. Although services have been held every year, camping was discontinued for a brief period during and after the Civil War. As members of other churches joined in, meetings became . . . — Map (db m11205) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Mary Phagan|
|Celebrated in song as "Little Mary Phagan" after her murder at age 13 on April 26, 1913 in Atlanta. The trial and conviction of Leo Frank were controversial, as was the commutation of his death sentence four days before Confederate Veterans marked her grave on June 25, 1915. He was abducted from prison & lynched Aug. 17, 1915. In 1986 he was issued a pardon. — Map (db m16571) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-57 — McCook's Brigade|
|E. on the ridge beyond the valley is the Illinois memorial to Col. Dan McCook’s brigade, Davis’ div., 14th A.C. [US]. It stands at an angle in breastworks of Cheatham's div., Hardee’s A.C. [CS]. McCook's was 1 of 5 brigades designated to attempt a break-through, June 27. Its 5 regiments formed on the then wooded slope this side of the stream -- four in column, of regimental fronts, one advanced as skirmishers. The assault was toward the angle; down the hill -- across the stream -- up the . . . — Map (db m17192) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — McLeod Vault|
|Built in the style of coastal burial chambers in 1854 by Savannah planter Francis Harris McLeod (1784-1864), an investor in Roswell King´s mills. He was the namesake of his grandfather Francis Harris, first Speaker of 1751 Ga. Colonial Assembly. Six family
memberes were entombed within 1857-1891. King lot was for son-in-law Wm. King. — Map (db m15187) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Military Action at Gilgal Church|
|On 15 June 1864 Daniel Butterfield's division of Joseph Hooker's XX [20th] Army Corps approached this point via the Sandtown Road (Acworth-Due West Rd.) intending to attack Cleburne's Confederates entrenched here at Burnt Hickory and Sandtown roads intersection. Due to strong resistance by Cleburne's skirmishers and the arrival of night-fall, Butterfield's effort here at Gilgal Church diminished to a probing action. Planned as a coordinated mile wide attack by three 5000 man divisions . . . — Map (db m11373) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-6 — Mud Creek Line|
|Hardee’s intrenched line [CS] crossed the road at this point -- position held June 17-19, 1864 by Cleburne’s Division [CS] after withdrawal of Johnston’s left flank from Gilgal Church. A sharp artillery duel & severe rain marked the 48 hours here -- the opposition being the 20th & 23d Corps batteries [US] at Darby’s West of the creek. Brig. Gen. Lucius E. Polk (nephew of Lt. Gen. Polk) [CS] was severely wounded & the regiments of his brigade were assigned to other commands in Cleburne’s Div. — Map (db m17685) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Nesbitt-Union Chapel Ruins — c. 1880|
|In 1886, Mr. & Mrs. R.T. Nesbitt sold Union Chapel to
the church’s trustees. The deed specified it was to be
used by all Christian denominations and by schools and
agricultural societies. As this was a rural community,
various clergymen preached here on a rotating schedule. The stone building, which featured double-hung Gothic arch-styled windows, was sustained by donations and fundraisers and was still in use in the 1910s. The chapel eventually fell into a state of ruins with three of four . . . — Map (db m11174) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-4 — Old Sandtown Road|
|1.5 Mi. N.W. is the site of old Gilgal Primitive Baptist Ch. (at DUE WEST) -- a landmark of military operations. JUNE 5-17, 1864.S.E. along this road Cleburne’s div. of Hardee’s Corps [CS] withdrew from Gilgal to old Marietta Rd. S. of the Darby house, turning E. to ridge beyond Mud Cr., JUNE 16.Schofield’s 23d Corps [US] marched S. on this rd. from Gilgal to the Moss house (FLOYD STATION) June 17 - July 2, -- at which time it was the right flank of Sherman’s . . . — Map (db m17682) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Old Zion Heritage Museum|
|Zion Baptist Church was organized in 1866 by 88 former slaves who left First Baptist Church. The first worship place was a brush arbor. Next a small wooden structure was built which was destroyed by fire.
In 1888, the present structure was built.
Original early 20th century pews are still used.
Placed on National Register of Historic Places in 1990. Restored in 1997. Museum established in 2003. — Map (db m42785) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-59 — Powder Springs Road — June - July, 1864|
|Old Zion Church stood 150 ft. E. Confederate trenches crossed rd. in N. S. direction -- the left of Johnston’s Kennesaw line, occupied by Hood’s A. C., [CS] June 21, when it was shifted to their sector from E. of Kennesaw Mtn. Hood’s corps deployed here and moved S. W. to the battlefield of Kolb’s Farm, June 22. July 3. Line evacuated by Confederate forces, withdrawing S. E. across Olley’s Creek to the Nickajack. Federal 14th and 20th A. C. marched from John Ward Road toward Marietta where . . . — Map (db m19670) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Power-Jackson Cabin — c. 1830|
|This cabin is one of the rare examples of a single-pen (one room) log house remaining in Cobb County. Although a framed addition was added later, the original hand-hewn, squared-and-notched log construction is still visible. William Power originally acquired the house in trade for a shotgun. His daughter Martha Jane and her husband Jeptha C. Jackson moved in shortly after their marriage in the late 1840s. After her husband’s death in 1888, Mrs. Jackson continued to run their farm. She died in . . . — Map (db m33350) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-90 — Power's Ferry|
|Established 1835 by James Power, (1790-1870).
Maj. Gen. O. O. Howard’s 4th A. C. (Army of the Cumberland) [US], moved from Vining’s station to this vicinity July 9, 10, 1864. Newton’s (2d) div. was diverted to Roswell to support Garrard’s cav. Stanley’s (1st) and Wood’s (3d) camped 3 mi. N. near Soap Creek, July 10. Stanley crossed the Chattahoochee on Schofield’s pontoon bridge at mouth of Soap Cr. and moved S. on the other side to cover Power’s Ferry where Wood crossed on a pontoon bridge . . . — Map (db m16782) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-35A — Residence of Alice McLellan Birney — (1872 - 1884)|
|This house was the residence of Alice McClellan Birney, co-founder of the National Congress of Parents and Teachers during the post-war era.
The home was probably built by Miss Mary Ann Nesbit prior to 1869, in which year it was purchased by William R. Gignilliatt.
In 1887 it was bought by St. James Episcopal Church for use as a Rectory. — Map (db m19980) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Rest well, Miss Mattie|
|Mattie Harris Lyon, 97, the “Mother of Marietta,” was known for her years of zealous and affectionate service in religious, civic, welfare and patriotic activities. Her life was dedicated to the service of people of all races. A true humanitarian, she gave unselfishly through religious and social service work.
Through her inspiration, the Cobb County Welfare Department, the Cobb County Chapter of the American Red Cross, the Community Chest and other humanitarian agencies were . . . — Map (db m5198) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Rev. Thomas Milton Allen|
|Prominent minister who was born a slave 1833. He was a charter member of Zion Baptist at its founding in 1866 and its second pastor (1869-1885). In 1885 he organized Cole St. & later Pleasant Grove and Whitlock Avenue Baptist Churches. In 1890 formed first
Asso. for black churches. (As a slave named "Allen" was baptized in 1858.) — Map (db m15191) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Robert Edward Flournoy, Jr. — September 30, 1930 - August 10, 2003|
|Lawyer, Legislator, Mayor, Judge Robert Flournoy moved to Marietta from Atlanta in 1957 to practice law. He served in the Georgia House 1963 – 1965, creating the Cobb State Court. Flournoy founded the Downtown Marietta Development Authority in 1971. As Mayor of Marietta, 1982 – 1986, he oversaw the renovations of Glover Park. In 1987, he became Cobb Superior Court Judge, rising to Chief Judge Cobb Judicial Circuit in 1999, and serving as Senior Judge in 2001 until his death in 2003. . . . — Map (db m46618) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-48 — Robert McAfee House|
|After the seizure of Big Shanty (Kennesaw) by Sherman’s forces, June 9, 1864, Brig. Gen. Kenner Garrard’s cav. div. [US] was posted on the left flank during operations on the Kennesaw Mountain front.
Garrard’s cav. guarded Noonday Creek valley from Woodstock to the left of the 17th A. C. (in the rugged Brushy Mtn. area), with patrols on the Canton, Bell’s Ferry & Alabama roads. Daily conflict with his opponent—Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler's Cavalry [CS]—marked the period from June . . . — Map (db m1662) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-61 — Ross' Headquarters|
|Brig. Gen. L. S. Ross, commanding the Texas brigade of Brig. Gen. Wm. H. Jackson’s cavalry [CS], had fought delaying actions with Schofield’s 23rd A. C. [US] (the rt. of Sherman’s forces) since both armies moved from Paulding Co.; Ross had headquarters at the Shaw House, June 22, 27, 1864. June 22, Schofield’s troops reached Cheney’s house. Hascall’s div. supported the 20th A. C. [US] at Kolb’s Farm, while Cox’s div. at Cheney’s held the extreme Federal right.
June 26, 27. The 23rd A. C. . . . — Map (db m19606) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — S. V. Sanford|
|The greatest friend Univ. of Ga. ever had" began his academic career in Marietta: principal, Supt. City Schools 1892-1903. At Georgia (1903-1945) promoted academics and sports: Faculty chrm. athletics from 1908; first head School of Journalism in 1921. President 1932 to 1935; Chancellor of Consolidated University 1935-1945. 1929 Stadium named in his honor. — Map (db m17028) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-9 — Schofield's Headquarters — Home of Andrew J. Cheney (1815-86) — -- Built about 1856 --|
|Hdqrs., Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield, Commanding Army of the Ohio [US] -- rt. wing of Sherman’s forces on the Kennesaw front, June 22-30, 1864, while directing flanking march of 23d A.C. [US] S. on the Sandtown Road. Cox’s 3d Div. camped here & supported Hascall’s 2d Div. [US] near the McAdoo house in Battle of Kolb’s Farm. Sherman inspected rt. of Kennesaw line [US] here, June 23 & 25. — Map (db m19699) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Site of the Dickson House — June 15, 1864|
|Late in the day General Butterfield's division of the Federal XX Army Corps fought past the Dickson House intending to assault the Confederate entrenchments at Gilgal Church, 300 yards south of this point near the intersection of Acworth-Due West and Kennesaw-Due West roads. High ground was gained 50 yards north of the roads, but the assault on the defenses was not made due to darkness and Confederate resistance. In this action the house was heavily damaged by artillery and rifle fire but . . . — Map (db m33427) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Slave Lot|
|The only slave burial ground in any major white Georgia cemetery. Here 19 Christian slaves and freed persons of Marietta Christians were buried in unmarked graves ca. 1848-1866. Only four have been positively named, servants of Mrs. Eliza G. Robarts:
Clarissa, Hannah, Nancy & Peggy. They lived adjacent to the north side of the First Presbyterian Church. — Map (db m15188) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-91 — Soap Creek Paper Mills|
|The original structures which housed the Marietta Paper Mills ~ incorporated in 1859 ~ stood 1/4 mile down stream from Paper Mill Road. The mills manufactured news print, wrapping paper and stationery ~ a pioneer enterprise in this section of the state. July 5, 1864. The mills were burned by a detachment of Gen. Kenner Garrard’s cavalry division while guarding the left flank of Federal forces preparing to cross the Chattahoochee River at the mouth of Soap Creek. Rebuilt after the war, the . . . — Map (db m53527) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-36 — Sope Creek Industries|
|By 1854 Edward Denmead was operating a large flour mill upstream from the bridge over Sope Creek.
By 1859 a paper mill was operating downstream, making writing, printing, and wrapping paper. Both industries were built here to utilize water power.
Burned by the Federals, the paper mill was rebuilt and operated until the early 1900´s. A unit of the paper mill operated in Marietta until 1918. — Map (db m53526) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-92 — The 23D Corps at Soap Creek|
|July 8, 1864. The first passage of the Chattahoochee River by Federal forces was made at mouth of Soap Creek by Cox’s division, 23d A.C. [US]. Cameron’s brigade crossed creek at the dam and passing the blackened ruins of the Paper Mills, scaled the high ridge east. Wading the river at a fish-dam, Cameron moved south to support a contingent crossing in pontoons at mouth of creek. A Confederate cavalry outpost and field-piece were captured. This Federal crossing forced Johnston to abandon his . . . — Map (db m53532) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-92 — The 23d Corps at Soap Creek|
|July 8, 1864. The first passage of the Chattahoochee River by Federal forces was made at mouth of Soap Cr. by Cox’s div., 23d A.C. Cameron’s brigade crossed cr. at the dam and passing the blackened ruins of the Paper Mills, scaled the high ridge E. wading the river at a fish-dam, Cameron moved S. to support a contingent crossing in pontoons at mouth of Cr.
A Confederate cav. outpost and field-piece were captured. This Federal crossing forced Johnston to abandon his River Line at and below . . . — Map (db m53533) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-111 — The Archibald Howell Home|
|Here, in the spring of 1865, Gen. Henry M. Judah had his headquarters and saw evidence which helped him make a decision of much importance to local people. Since no crops had been grown here on the battlefields and, as the surrender had paralyzed economy and government, local people lacked food, funds and employment. Judah, seeing that aid was needed to prevent suffering, proposed to issue corn and bacon to the needy until a crop could be made. The issue, approved, was made and these rations . . . — Map (db m8997) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — The Bell Bomber Park — City of Marietta|
|This park is dedicated to thousands of men and women who built 665 B-29 bombers that played a major role in bringing the U.S. victory during World War II.
The steps remain as a reminder of the daily walk to work at the Bell Aircraft Plant by the employees from adjoining Marietta Place Apartments, a federal housing project for war workers.
The park is a joint effort of the City of Marietta; the Cobb County Commission; the State of Georgia; the Cobb County Board of Education who . . . — Map (db m30044) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — The Reversed Trench — Pine Knob Battle|
|Constructed and manned by Confederate infantry on
June 15, 1864 the location of this trench enabled the
southerners to deliver a deadly flank fire into the right of Geary’s division (20th Army Corps) as it approached the principal line of Confederate defense near what is now the intersection of Hamilton and Kennesaw-Due West roads. Later, arrival of Williams’ Federal division in this vicinity forced the Confederates to abandon the trench. During the night the Federals were busy . . . — Map (db m11224) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-89 — The River Patrol & Cochran’s Ford|
|Pending Federal crossings of the Chattahoochee, Gen. E. M. McCook's cav. div. [US] screened 4th and 23d Corps movements to fords and ferries in this vicinity, July 6, 15, 1864. July 7, Brownlow's 1st Tennessee reg't., Dorr’s brigade (McCook's cav.) seized the upper island near Power’s Ferry, as an observation point. July 9, Col. Dorr, with a detachment, crossed at the mouth of Soap Cr., 3 mi. N. (Schofield's crossing, July 8), to scout the country below. Another detachment crossed at . . . — Map (db m16779) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — This Little Cannon|
|This little cannon served at the Georgia Military Institute from 1852 to 1864, then went into the Confederate Army, was captured on Sherman’s March to the Sea, 1864-1865, and held as a trophy of war until 1910, when it was returned by the United States Government to the Confederate Cemetery at Marietta Georgia. — Map (db m56251) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-110 — UDC And Kennesaw House|
|The Kennesaw Chapter United Daughters of the Confederacy was organized July 29, 1898, in the parlors of the Kennesaw House on the second floor corner nearest the railroad station. Mrs. R. L. Nesbitt was elected the first president. There were forty women at the meeting. The nucleus of this chapter was the Ladies Memorial Association, formed soon after the close of the war. The nucleus of that association was the Ladies Aid, who had served the armies and soldiers of the Confederacy in field and in camp.
— Map (db m1665) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — William Root|
|Beloved merchant, druggist, and Episcopalian, he helped found St. James in 1842; in 1844 he built his home across from the church. His 1845 drug store on the square was a town social center. The Root home, one of the oldest wooden houses, and a good specimen of early town architecture, now stands at N. Marietta Pkwy & Polk St. It is open to the public. — Map (db m17193) HM|
|Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-10 — Wm. G. McAdoo's Birthplace|
|The house atop hill was one of the few battle-field houses surviving military operations of the Kennesaw Campaign.
McAdoo ownership was Jan. 6, 1863-Feb. 3, 1864. Here, Oct. 31, 1863 was born the Hon. Wm. G. McAdoo. Secy. of the Treasury, 1913-1918; Candidate Dem. presidential nomination; 1924, 1928. U.S. Senator, California, 1933-1939.
Place was named MELORA during McAdoo occupancy. S. B. Oatman owned it at time of Battle of Kolb's Farm. — Map (db m8482) HM|