|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 1 — “Sixty-Two” Building — 1862|
|Old address 62 So. C Street, this building had two commercial spaces. Moses Wertheimer a German Jewish immigrant owner of a San Francisco cigar factory was in the south half of the building in 1868. It operated until the mid 1890’s. North half was a saloon from 1864 to early 1900’s. In 1930’s C. Pucinelli merged halves and reopened as the Old 62 Bar.
No. 1 Friends of the Comstock Dedicated 2004 — Map (db m22655) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 601's|
|In the spring of 1871, a secret organization comprised of leading citizens and business men, was formed to combat lawlessness in Virginia City.
This vigilance committee, known as the 601's, served to undesirables, notices to leave town. If they had not left town by 24 hours, they were severely dealt with.
Since this organization was secret, little information to the meaning of 601 exists. One theory to the number is: Six Feet Under, Zero Trial, One Rope. — Map (db m77699) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 266 — African Americans And The Boston Saloon|
|Between 1866 and 1875, a remarkable business thrived directly behind building. Free-born William C. Brown operated his Boston Saloon, serving Virginia City’s African Americans. Archaeologists have revealed that Brown offered his customers finely prepared meals with the best cuts of meat. Shortly after Brown sold his business, The Great Fire of 1875 swept through town destroying the building.
There were rarely more than one hundred African Americans living in Virginia City, but they played . . . — Map (db m21830) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — Bank of California — Historic Bank Site — 1864 – 1964|
|On this site, the Virginia City Agency of the Bank of California was established on September 6, 1864.
Here miners obtained the capital that financed the most spectacular boom in mining history. Nearly one billion dollars in gold and silver was mined from the neighboring hills, and much of it passed through these doors, to be stored in the vault now on display inside.
The bank also financed mining operations through other Nevada agencies at Gold Hill, Treasure City, Hamilton and White . . . — Map (db m21540) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 2 — Banner Brothers Building — 1876|
|Originally a clothing store operated by Victor & Marcus Banner in 1868. Rebuilt after the 1875 fire and continued under the Banners until the late 1880’s. E.J. Dwyer & Co. continued operations until the 1920’s. Bill Marks opened the Crystal Bar circa 1934 establishing a first tourist attraction in Virginia City. — Map (db m22038) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 13 — Bonner Shaft of the Gould & Curry Mine — Comstock Historical Marker No. 13 — 100 Block, South D Street, Virginia City, NV|
|The Bonner shaft was named in honor of mine superintendent, Charles S. Bonner and began operations in the mid-1860s to explore the lower levels of the Gould & Curry Mine. This four compartment shaft reached a depth of almost 700 feet and cost over $75,000 to build. Construction of the shafts consisted of 12 inch timbers installed every 5 ft. and supported by vertical posts the same size. The cribbing was then covered on the outside by 4 inch planks. Wooden or metal guides were then installed . . . — Map (db m45903) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 1 — C & C Mining Works — Consolidated Virginia & California Mine Shaft, L Street, Virginia City, NV — Comstock Historical Marker No. 1|
|The C&C was the largest and most modern of all Comstock era shafts and was located on the grounds of the California Mine. It was the joint property of the Consolidated Virginia and California Mining Companies. It was used to extract the fabulously rich “Big Bonanza” ores of both mines. The shaft was started in the mid-1870s and was part of a line of vertical shafts sunk in an attempt to tap the Comstock Lode at depths of 3,000 feet beneath the surface. Between 1876 and 1881 total . . . — Map (db m50104) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — C. J. Prescott House|
C. J. Prescott House
12 Hickey Street
Has been placed on the
of Historic Places
by the United States
Department of the Interior
1864 — Map (db m21621) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — Captain Edward Faris Storey|
1829 – 1860 — Map (db m22025) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — Chinatown|
|Two blocks east of here once stood a Chinese community of almost 2,000 people. They came to Nevada during the mining days and did much of the hard work that helped establish the State. This honors the Chinese pioneers who played a major role in Nevada’s early history.
Map (db m22094) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 5 — Chinatown — Generally bordered on the North and South by Sutton and Union and on the East and West by G and L St — Comstock Historical Marker No. 5|
|The first Chinese came to the Comstock in the early 1860s after having worked on the Reese River Ditch project in Dayton, NV in the mid-1850s. Prejudice against them was prevalent at the time, due to their strange customs and traditions that was not understood by the rest of society. Consequently, they were denied rights that were taken for granted by the rest of the community. A provision in an early Virginia City mining document of 1859 stated: “No Chinaman shall hold a claim in this . . . — Map (db m50106) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 6 — Chollar – Potosi Mining Co. — Comstock Historical Landmark No. 6 — 615 South F. Street, Virginia City, NV|
|Founded by William “Billy” Chollar (pronounced collar) in 1859, the original Chollar claim was 1,400 feet in length and 400 feet in width. In 1861, the nearby Potosi mine discovered an ore body that dipped into Chollar and brought suit to recover it. Later, when Chollar found rich ore that reached into the Polosi and filed suit, it started one of the costliest litigation cases in Comstock history.
Eventually 1.3 million was expended in court costs defending these . . . — Map (db m22054) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 209 — Chollar Mine|
|First located in 1859, the Chollar was consolidated with the Potosi in 1865. As the Chollar-Potosi, it was one of the leading producers on the Comstock. The Nevada Mill was erected here in 1887 to process low-grade Chollar ore. It was the last to use the Washoe Pan Process, but the first on the Comstock to generate and utilize electric power. — Map (db m50109) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 5 — Col. Morris Pinschower Building — 1862|
|Joseph Frederick Hardware, The Nevada Bank of San Francisco and a livery stable were housed herein. In 1910 Ferdinand Beck opened Beck’s Hardware, & Comstock Garage. In the 1930’s Clarence Elkin operated a Shell garage and Ford dealership. From 1959-1994 this building housed Grahame and Paula Hardy’s Mark Twain Museum of Memories. — Map (db m22482) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 4 — Combination Shaft — Chollar – Potosi, Hale & Norcross and the Savage Mines — Comstock Historical Marker No.4|
The Combination Shaft began in 1875 when the owners of the Chollar-Potosi, Hale & Corcross and the Savage mines combined their efforts to sink a shaft to explore the Comstock Lode at a greater depth. The Combination was the deepest shaft ever sunk on the Comstock, reaching a depth of 3,250 feet. Low grade ore was found at this level, but proved to be of little value. The Combination was plagued by flooding in the mid-1880’s and the two Cornish pumps lifting over 5 million gallons of water a . . . — Map (db m22842) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 12 — Consolidated Virginia & California Pan Mill — Upper end of Six Mile Canyon (Mill Street), Virginia City — Comstock Historical Marker No. 12|
|Built in 1874, the mill went into operation in January of 1975, and was destroyed later that year in the great fire of October 25th, but was quickly rebuilt at a cost of $350,000. The Con Virginia Pan Mill was built by Pacific Mill and Mining Company, whose owners were the Bonanza firm of Mackay, Fair, Flood and O’Brien. Located by the Virginia & Truckee Railroad yard, the mill has 60 stamps, 40 pans, 20 settlers and four agitators; and could process 250 tons of Bonanza ore a day. As ore volume . . . — Map (db m50100) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — E Clampus Vitus Building|
|Constructed the year following the great 1875 conflagration, the building had deteriorated in latter-days until all that remained was the front brick façade in 1969. During this year the site was purchased by the Virginia City Chapter of E Clampus Vitus with the intent of restoring the historic property and utilizing it as their lodge hall. For many years it had been referred to as The Moran Building, named for a local assayer and surveyor who retained the premises from 1905 until 1938. . . . — Map (db m21986) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 48 — Eagle Engine Co. No.3|
|At his location was the Eagle Engine Co.No.3. After organizing in August of 1863, Eagle Engine Co. No.3 purchased a Jeffers hand-pumped fire engine for $3,700 from San Francisco's Vigilante Engine Co. No.9, and initially housed the 4,000 pound engine in a B Street building housing the city clerk's office, police courtroom and trustees' meeting room. In 1869, the company moved further south on B Street, but by 1872 was building its own new firehouse.
On May 27, 1872, the engine was "housed" in . . . — Map (db m77703) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — Engineering Marvels on the Comstock|
|From the first recorded ore discoveries in 1859, the Comstock area was part of a global community. Arriving from places as diverse as the Germanies, Poland, Russia, and North America, Jewish immigrants with engineering backgrounds, entrepreneurial spirit, and creativity, they were foremost in developing innovative technological marvels. The Comstock Lode became the "richest place on earth" largely thanks to their remarkable contribution.
As the miners followed the Comstock Lode deeper into . . . — Map (db m40485) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — First Presbyterian Church — Dedicated Jan. 1, 1867|
| This Carpenter Gothic Church was built at a cost of $12,000.
It is listed as No. 301 of the American Presbyterian & Reformed Historic Sites. — Map (db m21537) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — Founders of Julia C. Bulette Chapter|
|On January 11, 1963, 13 members of E Clampus Vitus met at the Bucket of Blood Saloon for the purpose of forming a new chapter of E Clampus Vitus. Those present were: Louie Beaupre, Marsh Fey, John Dufresne, Jim Lydon, Jack Cross, Ed Lydon, Bob Barry, Tiny Carlson, Ted Garland, Scott McCulloch, Frank Phillips, Bob Richards and Click Slocum. Through the efforts of these Clampers, Julia C. Bulette Chapter was granted a Charter and has become one of the premier chapters of E Clampus Vitus. — Map (db m89508) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 4 — Fourth Ward School — 1876 – 1936|
|Centennial monument to education and National treasure. Built in the second Empire Style Architecture with state of the art amenities to house 1000 students. Instructed using progressive curriculum and teaching practices. The building represents the importance of public education to the early miners and in the heritage of the American West. — Map (db m21879) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — Frank Bell — 1840 – 1927|
|Early pioneer of both the telegraph and telephone. He was builder of the first telegraph lines across the Sierra’s from Placerville to Genoa then on to Virginia City. He also had the distinction of telegraphing Nevada’s Constitution to President Lincoln prior to Nevada becoming a state in 1864.
Frank Bell served as the sixth governor of Nevada from September – December 1890.
Julia C. Bulette Chapter 1864
E Clampus Vitus
June 18, 1988 — Map (db m22342) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 9 — Gould & Curry Offices — Also Known as Mackay Mansion – 129 So. D. St., Virginia City, Nv. — Comstock Historical Marker No. 9|
|The Gould and Curry Mining Company was founded in the Spring of 1859 by Alvah (Alva) Gould and Abraham Curry. The original claim was just over 900 feet of the Comstock Lode between the Best & Belcher and the Savage mines. Both men later sold their interest in the mine in the Fall of 1859. Curry relocated to Carson City where he became a major player in the town's growth and is considered the father of Carson City.
Built in 1860, the Gould and Curry mining office also provided housing for . . . — Map (db m21597) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 11 — Hale & Norcross Mining Co. — Comstock Historical Marker No. 11 — South D Street, Virginia City, NV|
|Founded in 1859, the Hale & Norcross contained about 400 feet of original Comstock Lode located between the Savage and Chollar Mines. In 1868, a fierce stock battle was waged for ownership over this property. At the time, the mine was thought to be barren and was in the hands of William Sharon and the Bank of California (Wm. Ralston). Local miners John Mackay and James Fair were convinced the mine had been poorly managed, but would produce good ore if properly worked. The two formed an alliance . . . — Map (db m45902) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — In Memory of Julia C. Bulette|
In Memory of
Julia C. Bulette
Angel of miners, friend of firemen
and administrator to the needy
Brutally murdered Jan. 20, 1867
Julia Omnio Servibus
Presented by Nevada Chapter
E Clampus Vitus July 1963 — Map (db m35743) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — John “Snowshoe” Thompson / James T. Fennimore|
|Dedicated to two of Nevada’s brawniest pioneers: James T. Fennimore, who, on a wild night in 1859, christened this town Virginia – and to John “Snowshoe” Thompson who carried the mails on homemade skis during the crescent years of the Comstock Lode. Erected June 13, 1959 by Snowshoe Thompson Chapter E Clampus Vitus. — Map (db m21825) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — John Pearson|
|John Pearson, Born Franklin, Vermont, October 9th, 1838. died Virginia City, Nevada, October 31st, 1892. Married Jennie Thomas December 10th, 1865. Jennie Thomas was born in Iowa on January 28, 1846. John Pearson was engaged in Mining. He was foreman of one of the leading mines of Virginia City, Nevada for several years. In 1866 he went to Lafayette, California where he was engaged in farming for ten years. He then returned to the famous “Comstock” and went into the mines again as . . . — Map (db m22658) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — Life in Virginia City on the Comstock Lode|
|Virginia City, circa. 1880’s, was a bustling industrial community of about 25,000 people which included Gold Hill and the Silver City communities. Gold and silver mining was a corporate environment that was owned by either the bank of California or the partnership of John Mckay, James Fair, James Flood and William O’Brien. The gold and silver deposits that became known as the Comstock Lode were discovered in the spring of 1859 by two groups of placer miners at the head of what was later called . . . — Map (db m81819) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 41 — Lousetown|
|North of this marker, a station was established in 1860 on Geiger and Tilton’s new toll road from Truckee Meadows, •• Fine springs, terminus of several wood roads, and a population of teamsters, stock and sheep men were found at Lousetown •• Nevada’s most unique name. The area included the first Virginia City railroad surveys, first ice project, and race track with trap shooting and picnic grounds. The first telegraph line to Reno and the largest toll station in the area in the area were in the vacinity [sic] of this marker. — Map (db m45487) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 132 — Mackay Mansion|
|The Gould & Curry Mining Co. office escaped the 1875 fire to also become the home of John Mackay, “Boss” of the Big Bonanza, which made him the richest man in the Comstock (over $100,000,000 ).
Mackay also founded the Postal Telegraph Company
State Historical Marker No.132
Nevada State Park System
Nevada Landmarks Society — Map (db m21595) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 132 — Mackay Mansion|
|Once the residence of John Mackay, this elegant mansion also served as the office for the Gould & Curry Mining Company. Mackay, an Irish-born immigrant, was the richest man the Comstock ever produced. Built in the 1860s, this building survived the “Great Fire of 1875” and was the headquarters for Mackay, Flair, Flood and O’Brien – “Silver Kings” of the Comstock.
State Historical Marker No.132
Division of Historic Preservation and Archeology
Nevada Landmarks Society — Map (db m21596) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — Mark Twain|
|100 years ago, in 1864, Samuel Clemens left the Territorial Enterprise, moving on to California and world-wide fame. He was a reporter here in 1863 when he first used the name, Mark Twain. He later described his colorful adventures in Nevada in “Roughing It.”
Nevada Centennial Marker No. 27
James Lenhoff, 1964
Editor and Publisher
[A Second Marker:]
Who greatly enriched the . . . — Map (db m22682) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 211 — Old Geiger Grade — 'In Canyon Below'|
|Constructed by Davidson M. Geiger and John H. Tilton in 1862, this old toll road was the most direct connection between the Comstock Lode and Truckee Meadows until replace by the present paved highway in 1936.
Concord stages, mud wagons ten-mule freighters carried thousands of passengers and millions in precious cargo across this section of the Virginia Range and many are the tales of unpredictable winds, snows, landslides and the everlasting danger of lurking highwaymen which could be . . . — Map (db m45486) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 30 — Old Miners Union Hall|
|The Miners Union was organized in 1867. The Union fought for recognition, safety, family welfare, and a living wage $4.00 per day. This building, owned and maintained since 1913 by Aerie 532 F. O. E., was built in 1876. The original hall was destroyed in the 1875 fire. — Map (db m21955) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — Ophir Grade|
|Built in 1860 by the Ophir Mining Company to facilitate the hauling of ore to the mills in the Washoe Valley, it was operated as a toll road until 1871 when its popularity declined due to the completion of the V and T Railroad from Carson City to Reno. It gained back popularity to some extent due to the discovery of ore bodies in the Jumbo District in the 1880’s. After Jumbo’s decline in 1900, it reverted back to its present condition. — Map (db m45574) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 10 — Piper’s Opera House — Comstock Historical Marker No. 10 — 12 North B Street, Virginia City, NV|
|Piper’s Opera House began as Maguire’s Opera House in 1863 when San Francisco theater impresario Thomas Maguire built the establishment, two blocks east of this site on “D” Street between Union and & Taylor Streets. Maguire fell on hard times and sold the opera house to John Piper in 1867. That building burned in the Great Fire of 1875. Piper then rebuilt the second opera house here behind his Corner Saloon, and re-opened on January 28, 1878. Tragedy struck once again when an early . . . — Map (db m22005) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 236 — Piper’s Opera House|
|This building, the most magnificent vintage theater in the West, was erected by John Piper in 1885. Third in a succession of theatres, which he operated on the Comstock, Piper’s Opera House, with its original scenery, raked stage, and elegant proscenium boxes, is a remarkable survivor of a colorful era in American theatrical history. Many popular nineteenth-century touring stars and concert artists appeared here.
State Historic Marker No. 236
Division of Historic Preservation and Archeology
Louise Z. Driggs — Map (db m37242) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 20 — Red Dog Saloon|
|76 North C Street, Virginia City, Nevada 89440
The Red Dog Saloon was a bar and live music venue located in the isolated 1860s mining town of Virginia City, Nevada which played an important role in the history of the hippie movement. In April 1963 Chandler A. Laughlin III established a kind of tribal, family identity among approximately fifty people who attended a traditional, all night Native American peyote ceremony in a rural setting. This ceremony combined a psychedelic . . . — Map (db m45572) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 37 — Red Light District|
|On this spot once stood the cribs of Virginia City’s “Sporting Row.” Near this site, in Crib 1, was housed the celebrated courtesan of the Comstock, Julia C. Bulette, brutally murdered January 20, 1867 for her jewels by John Millian. — Map (db m45843) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 87 — Savage Mansion (c. 1861)|
|This elegant mansion, designed in a French Second Empire style, served as a residence for the superintendent, as well as a mine office for the Savage Mining Company. The first floor served as the mine office while the upper two stories provided a residence for many successful superintendents.
Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States and "General of the Armies", spoke to the townspeople from the second floor balcony on October 27, 1879, after a town parade in his honor. — Map (db m89479) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 3 — Savage Mining Co. — Comstock Historical Marker No. 3|
|Claimed on July 4, 1859 by R. Crale, C. Chase, H. Carmack, W. Surtevant, A.O. Savage and L.C. Savage, the original Savage claim consisted of 1,800 feet along the Comstock Lode. In 1865, the company built a mill in Washoe Valley to process ore. Captain Sam Curtis and Charles Bonner became superintendents of the Savage in the mines’ early years. The Savage went into decline at the end of 1865, but became a major producer the following three years when rich ore was struck at the 600 foot level. In . . . — Map (db m22437) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 69 — Ships of the Nevada Desert|
|Camels first arrived in Virginia City in April, 1964. The U.S. Camel Corps was disbanded in 1863, and the animals sold to Nevada traders. Camels were used for hauling freight, firewood, and marsh salt use in refining silver ore. Although one camel could replace three mules, they frightened horses, women and caused runaways, stampedes, and general chaos.
Cheaper freighters and public sentiment against the camels caused their decline. They were turned out on the desert in the 1870’s and 80’s; the last was seen in 1912. — Map (db m45644) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — Silver Terrace Cemeteries|
|You are facing east overlooking the Silver Terrace Cemeteries. The Silver Terrace was not the only Comstock complex, both Gold Hill and Silver City had their own cemeteries. The earliest cemeteries were established far away from the ore veins. As it turned out, they were too well removed and were abandoned due to the lengthy commute from town.
Typically the first cemeteries in Western American mining towns were haphazard, unplanned affairs. At the beginning of the Comstock in 1859, the . . . — Map (db m78164) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — Site of International Hotels|
|Three International Hotels stood on this lot:
The first hotel, a 14 room wood structure, was built in 1860 and dismantled in 1863.
The second, a 100 room, 4 story brick building, was destroyed by the “Great Fire” of October 1875.
The third International opened its doors March, 1877, with 160 rooms on 6 floors, complete with hot/cold running water, steam heat, gas lighting, and the first hydraulic elevator in Nevada. Local notables and visiting dignitaries utilized the . . . — Map (db m22066) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — St. Mary Louise Hospital|
|Built in 1875 under the supervision of Father Patrick Manogue, the St. Mary Louise Hospital opened March 6, 1876. The grounds, formerly occupied by Van Bokkelen’s Garden (A German brewery-saloon), was donated by Marie Louise Mackay, wife of Bonanza King John Mackay. The four story, $40,000 building, with accommodations for 70 patients, included a small chapel, a well-stocked reading room and a facility with bars on the windows for the mentally disturbed. To support the operation the mining and . . . — Map (db m45557) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 7 — St. Mary Louise Hospital — 55 North R Street, Virginia City, NV — Comstock Historical Marker No. 7|
|The grounds were formally known as Van Bokkelen’s Beer Garden. General Jacob Van Bokkelen was commander of the Virginia City National guard, was killed in a dynamite explosion in his hardware store on Taylor St,. west of C Street in March 1873 that took his life and that of several others. This five acre site was later purchased by Mrs. John (Mary Louise) Mackay, wife of Bonanza King John Mackay. Mrs. Mackay then donated the land to Father (later Bishop) Patrick Manogue of the Catholic Church . . . — Map (db m50108) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — St. Mary's in the Mountains — The Cradle of Catholicism in Western Nevada|
|Known as the "Bonanza Church" because of the rich silver mines of the last century, this Mother Church of the Comstock Lode traces it history to 1858 when the Rev. Joseph Gallagher (1821-87) offered the first mass in Nevada. His brother, the Rev. Hugh P. Gallagher (1815-82), opened the first church in Virginia City in 1860. Destroyed by the winds of the following winter, this church was replaced in 1864 when the Rev. Patrick Manogue (1831-95) erected a new church a block away from here. The . . . — Map (db m35694) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 8 — Storey County Courthouse — Comstock Historical Marker No. 8 — 26 South B Street, Virginia City, NV|
|Storey County was organized in 1860 and is named after Captain Edward Storey who was killed during the Pyramid Lake Indian wars in Nevada. The prior courthouse erected on this site was destroyed in the Great Fire of October 26, 1875, that also burned many of Virginia City’s early documents. Storey County hired the architectural firm of Kenitzer and Raum of San Francisco to design the replacement. Work began in 1876 by contractor Peter Burke, and was finished in 1877 at a cost of $117,000.00. . . . — Map (db m22007) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 16 — The Big Bonanza — Virginia City, Nevada — Comstock Historical Marker No. 16|
|The “Big Bonanza” was the greatest mining strike in the history of the American West. In 1872, John Mackay, James Fair, James Flood & William O’Brien formed an alliance and took control of the “Consolidate Virginia” and “California” mines for an investment of about $100,000. The two mining properties were thought by others to be barren ground, but Mackay & Fair who were well seasoned miners thought otherwise. In 1873 an incredibly rich body of ore was struck . . . — Map (db m50103) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 13 — The Comstock Lode — 1864 – 1964|
Near this spot was the heart of the Comstock Lode, the fabulous 2 ½ mile deposit of high-grade ore that produced nearly $400,000,000 in silver and gold. After the discovery in 1859, Virginia City boomed for 20 years, helped bring Nevada into the Union in 1864 and to build San Francisco.
Seven major mines operated during the boom. Their sites are today marked by large yellow dumps, several which are visible from here – The Sierra Nevada, a mile to your left, the Union, Ophir, . . . — Map (db m22630) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — The Comstock Trail and History Kiosk|
| [Panel 1]:
You will find the trail head sign a hundred yards ahead, next to the recycling/dump site. Beyond the dump site is a ridge extending to your left. The trail winds along this ridge for two miles through Pinyon Juniper forest to a quarry site before looping back. The four-mile round trip trail offers spectacular desert vistas as well as exploration of the flora, fauna and scattered traces of the mining that shaped the cultural and physical landscapes of . . . — Map (db m46131) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — The Delta|
|Symbolized by the Greek Symbol was opened by Orindorff & McGee, Louisiana Patriots. The first Saloon rebuilt after the big fire of 1875.
The Delta Front is solid Comstock Cedar, hand made by McIntosh, Architect, wood craftsman and builder of the International Hotel Front.
Of the 100 Saloons in Virginia City the Delta was the most famous for its gaming room where Bonanza Kings bucked the Faro. It is known $38,000 was lost on a turn of a card. “Rocky Mountain” now known as . . . — Map (db m21863) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — The Fourth Ward School|
Walk in Their Shoes
On November 28, 1876, the excited residents of Virginia City christened their new monuments to education, the Fourth Ward School. The town was divided into “wards” for political and fire purposes. Built to honor the nation’s centennial, the majestic four-story building could accommodate over 1000 students, which helped alleviate the serious overcrowding in the eleven other public schools. The new school boasted state-of-the-art heating, ventilation, . . . — Map (db m21883) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — The Glory of Solidarity and Fraternity|
|In Sept. 1864, while Atlanta smoldered, the first use of military force to allay labor unrest in the West occurred when Governor J. W. Nye ordered 2 companies of Calvary from Fort Churchill to end a strike by The Story County Miner’s League. The Unions of the Comstock believed they were essential components in a successful industrial economy. The Virginia City Miner’s Union was a vital part of local society and respected for their efforts to help disabled mineworkers, the widow and the . . . — Map (db m21957) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — The Great Fire of 1875|
|Early in the morning on October 26, 1875 fire broke out in Kate Shea’s Boarding House. A strong wind quickly spread the fire. Gallant attempts from the volunteer firemen to extinguish the blaze were futile.
By 11:00 A.M., most of the city had been reduced to ashes. By 2 P.M., the flames of the greatest conflagration ever to sweep through the Comstock had ceased.
About two thousand buildings were lost. Estimated loses for the fire was $10,000,000.
Dedicated June 26, 2004 (6009) . . . — Map (db m21646) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 228 — The Great Fire of 1875|
|The most spectacular calamity to befall Virginia City had its origins within fifty feet of this marker. Early on the morning of October 26, 1875 a coal oil lamp was knocked over in a nearby boarding house and burst into flames. Strong winds spread the blaze and thirty-three blocks of structures where leveled. The losses included St. Mary’s-in-the-Mountains Catholic Church, the Storey County Courthouse, Piper’s Opera House, the International Hotel, city offices and most of Virginia City’s . . . — Map (db m45845) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — The Millionaires Club — Historic Landmark|
|Millionaires Club and Oldest Saloon in Virginia City
͠ Since ͠
[Marker Located on Back Wall of Saloon]
This historic club was formed in the mid-1870’s by the elite gentlemen of the Comstock. It was an exclusive social club which allowed them recognition of their status. It was also a way of avoiding the rowdy citizens. It was formed in the hey-day of the mining activity here, termed the “Silver Seventies” and . . . — Map (db m22466) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — The Nevada Bank of San Francisco|
|Built in 1862-63, this building was first the office of the private bankers Paxton and Thornburgh. After their move to Reese River in 1864-65, it was used sporadically until the Nevada Bank of San Francisco opened January 10, 1876.
Owned by the “Big Four” Mackay, Fair, Flood and O’Brian with Louis McLane. This bank engaged in international financial business for Nevadans for almost twenty years.
While never large, the Nevada Bank was important and successful and when . . . — Map (db m22551) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — The Pioneer Church|
|The first religious service in Nevada, officiated by a visiting Protestant Episcopal Reverend, was held in Virginia City's U.S. Courthouse on Sept. 11, 1861. A Parish was organized as St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal. In the following year the Rev. Franklin S. Rising became St. Paul's first Pastor and missionary, also holding services in Gold Hill and Silver City. A $30,000.00 church was built and the first service was held on Feb. 22, 1863. It was destroyed in the great fire of 1875 and rebuilt . . . — Map (db m77709) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — The Piper - Beebe House|
|This Italianate Victorican built in 1876 by A.F. Mackay, later the home of the Edward Piper family, and in 1949 the residence of Lucius M. Beebe, author and publisher, has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior. — Map (db m45847) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 17 — The Storey County Jail — Comstock Historical Maker No. 17 — Courthouse South B Street, Virginia City, NV|
|This two-story jail was completed in 1877, and featured ten individual cells, each of which had bunk beds and “state of the art” plumbing for the day. Women were housed on the second level and men on the first floor until 1963, when the United States Supreme Court ruled that males and females could not occupy the same facility without being physically separated. There was heavy wire mesh strung between the posts of the second level to prevent falls and mingling of inmates.
The . . . — Map (db m45904) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — The Territorial Enterprise|
|Near this site Nov. 3, 1860 was published the first Territorial Enterprise under a Virginia City dateline. Born 1858 at Genoa the Enterprise was to become a celebrated property of the Old West whose Editors, Joe Goodman, Rollin Daggett, Mark Twain, Judge C.C. Goodwin, achieved immortality in Western legion. This marker is placed Nov. 3, 1955 to mark 95 years of Nevada letters.
Lucius Beebe, Publisher
Charles Clegg, Editor — Map (db m21693) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — The Union Brewery|
|Beer was not forgotten, and six breweries could scarcely supply the people with beer, for Virginia City has a dry climate.
Originally located at 40 North C Street and destroyed by the Fire of 1865, the Union Brewery moved to its present location in 1866.
Beer was brewed in the basement, and the saloon was situated on the first floor.
Fire once again destroyed the building in 1875, and was re-built in 1876.
Since its conception, prohibition was the only evil that interrupted sale, making . . . — Map (db m45564) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — V & T Car No. 13 — Virginia & Truckee Railroad|
|The only railroad car ever designed expressively for transportation pf precious metals. Mail-Bullion Car No. 13 was built by the Oxford Car Company in 1874 to the order of the fabulous Virginia & Truckee Railroad. Until 1939 she transported her precious cargoes, totaling in value millions of dollars, from Virginia City to the mint at Carson City and to the S.P. connection in Reno.
Donated to Virginia City by
George L. Gary
This plaque erected by
The Virginia City . . . — Map (db m21864) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 23 — V & T, 1869 - 1950|
|The Virginia and Truckee RR was built to carry Comstock ore to the Carson River mills and to haul supplies back to the mines here. Service to Gold Hill began in December 1869 and to Virginia City in 1870. Once handling 30 to 45 trains a day, the line closed down in 1939. — Map (db m45645) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — Veterans Day November 11th 1995|
|Commemorating the 50th anniversary of America’s victory in World War II. The people of Storey County, Nevada, dedicate this plaque to America’s sons and daughters who service in her armed forces make her free and kept her free.
Army – Navy – Air Force – Coast Guard — Map (db m45489) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 14 — Virginia & Gold Hill Water Company — Comstock Historical Marker No. 14 — 130 South B St., Virginia, City, NV|
|Following the discovery of silver and gold, the miners obtained their water from the small streams or from the springs located in the canyons such as Ophir Ravine, in Virginis City, and Bullion and Crown Point ravines above Gold Hill. Originally water was free for the taking but as demand increased the supply became valuable. Two companies were formed to collect and distribute water. The Virginia Water Company and the Gold Hill Water Company. The two organizations were consolidated May 12, . . . — Map (db m35942) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — Virginia and Truckee Railroad — “Do it at once”|
|“Do it at once” was the order given to I. E. James by William Sharron to build the V & T Railroad.
Construction to Carson City was completed in November 1869. By November 1871, Reno was connected to Carson City thus establishing a shipping route from the Comstock to the Union Pacific. The V & T was to become known as “the richest railroad in the world.”
On May 31, 1950 the V & T ceased operations. — Map (db m45642) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — Virginia City|
[Located in the center of town is a monument on which there is mounted six markers commemorating historical events and people of Virginia City]
West Side - Front of Monument:
In June of 1859 in Gold Canyon, a second group of Prospectors found the outcropping of what would become one of the richest gold and silver deposits ever found. Soon to be known as “the Richest Place on Earth” the Washoe Diggings, as it was called, became the towns of Silver City and . . . — Map (db m21565) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 37 — Washoe Engine Co. No.4|
|After Washoe Engine Co. No.4 organized in August 1863, it purchased a new Button hand-pumped fire engine with 9 1/4 inch cylinders, and 600 feet of hose for $4,288. The company housed their fire engine at the Virginia Stables on C Street, then purchased a lot from John Piper on Union Street for a fire hall later that year. If February 1865, Washoe Engine Company No.4 converted a former auction shop in Collin's Brick Building at this location into an engine house. In 1872, the company purchased . . . — Map (db m77702) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — William Sharon — 1821 – 1885|
|Managed the Bank of California during the Comstock’s Bonanza period. During this time, he was known as the “King of the Comstock.”
William Sharon was the father of the Virginia and Truckee Railroad. He also formed the “Union Mill and Mining Company” and was elected United States Senator in 1875.
Often times disliked by many, William Sharon was one of the major developers of the Comstock Lode.
Julia C. Bullette Chapter #1864
E Clampus Vitus
June 27th 1998 (6003) — Map (db m21555) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — William Wright aka Dan De Quille — May 9, 1829 – March 16, 1898|
| Worked as a reporter for the Territorial Enterprise from 1861 until 1885, re-joined the paper in 1887 and continued working until the paper ceased operation.
While as a reporter he was the author of several books. His most famous was the “Big Bonanza” published in 1876. While the book first met with little success today it is considered one of the foremost written on the Comstock Lode.
Dan De Quille left Virginia City in 1897 to live with his daughter in West Liberty, . . . — Map (db m21718) HM|
|Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 30 — Young America Engine Co. No. 2 — No. C St., Virginia City|
|Young America Engine Co. No. 2 was organized in 1862, housing its Rodgers double end stroke hand engine in the Metropolitan Stables building just South of here, across from the Presbyterian Church. In 1867, the company built a masonry fire hall just north of the stables, placing the former vigilante bell from San Francisco in its bell tower. The large bell had to be moved to the center of the roof, however, because when it was rung ceiling plaster inside would fall. In 1872, Young America . . . — Map (db m78129) HM|