“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Submitted by Robert H. Moore, II

The White House Ferry Mural, by Merle Hilscher image, Click for more information
By J. J. Prats, September 29, 2006
The White House Ferry Mural, by Merle Hilscher
Alabama (Marion County), Hamilton — Confederate Veterans Bicentennial MemorialHamilton - Marion County, Alabama
In Memory of Re-Union 6th and 7th August 1904 Managers: Probate Judge Wm. R. White and Hon. Mack Pearce Guest Speakers Ex-rept. Wm. C. Davis, Hamilton - later Lieut. Gov. Ala. Ex-Rept. Wm. W. Brandon, Tuscaloosa - later Governor, Ala. . . . — Map (db m80883) HM WM
Alabama (Marion County), Hamilton — The First Alabama CavalryU.S. Army
The First Alabama Cavalry U.S. Army Organized July 12, 1862 - Deactivated October 20, 1865 Huntsville, Alabama Colonel George E. Spenser, Commander Organized by special order No. 100 by Major General Don Carlos Buell of U.S. Army. Over . . . — Map (db m80884) HM WM
Alabama (Winston County), Arley — Arley, AlabamaDeep in the heart of The Free State of Winston
On January 11, 1861 the State of Alabama seceded from the Union. Deeply perturbed, the people of Winston County held a political convention on July 4, 1861 at Looney’s Tavern, near Addison. A resolution was adopted to the effect that Alabama had no . . . — Map (db m42859) HM
Kentucky (Clark County), Winchester — 1068 — Old Providence Church
Daniel Boone attended, Squire, Jr., Samuel, and Mary Boone baptized here. Church name changed, 1790, from Howard's Creek to Providence. William Bush, a member of Boone's second Ky. expedition, built the present stone structure of native limestone. . . . — Map (db m30831) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Bardstown — 2175 — Skirmish at Rolling Fork
(Side One): Advancing Federals fired on Confederate troops led by Gen. John Hunt Morgan on Dec. 29, 1862, during a rear-guard action. Acquaintances Col. John Harlan and Col. Basil Duke fought on opposing sides. Wounded during the clash, Duke . . . — Map (db m25152) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Elizabethtown — "Make a Street Fight Out of It"Christmas Raid, December 27, 1862
In December 1862, Gen. John Hunt Morgan was sent by the Confederate command to shut down the L&N Railroad, thereby cutting off one of the Union's major supply lines. Morgan's target was one of the railroad's most vulnerable points, the trestles at . . . — Map (db m25156) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Elizabethtown — 1116 — Elizabethtown Battle
Confederate Gen. John Hunt Morgan on his second raid into Kentucky, with 3,900 men, was met by 652 Union troops under Lt. Col. H.S. Smith, Dec. 27, 1862. Object of raid was destruction of L & N R.R. main artery for U.S.A. troop movement south. . . . — Map (db m25136) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Elizabethtown — 606 — General Custer Here
Cavalry and infantry battalions under Gen. George Custer, assigned here, 1871-1873, to suppress Ku Klux Klan and carpetbaggers, to break up illicit distilleries. Those gangs becoming inactive, he was sent to Chicago to maintain order after big fire. . . . — Map (db m25138) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Elizabethtown — 932 — Lincoln-Haycraft Memorial Bridge
Here along Severn's Valley Creek, Samuel Haycraft, Sr. built mill, raceway in 1796. Thomas Lincoln, father of Pres. Lincoln, employed in building it, received his first monetary wages when about 21 years of age. Abraham Lincoln, age 7, with his . . . — Map (db m25137) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Elizabethtown — 525 — Morgan's Second Raid
North of here, Morgan's Raiders destroyed two of the most important L & N R.R. trestles Dec. 28, 1862, rendering line impassable for two months. Circling this area, they returned to Tenn. on Jan, 2, 1863. In eleven days they destroyed $2,000,000 in . . . — Map (db m25131) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Elizabethtown — The CannonballChristmas Raid, December 27, 1862
Gen. John Hunt Morgan's Raiders arrived in Elizabethtown on December 27, 1862, appearing on the brow of the hill that is now the City Cemetery. The main objective of the Christmas Raid was to burn two huge Louisville and Nashville Railroad trestles . . . — Map (db m25159) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Elizabethtown — 1651 — Three Forts
Elizabethtown began in 1780, when three forts were built by Samuel Haycraft, Sr., Col. Andrew Hynes and Capt. Thomas Helm for common defense against Indians. The forts were one mile apart, the only settlements between falls of Ohio and Green River. . . . — Map (db m25135) HM
Kentucky (Nelson County), Bardstown — 506 — Camp Charity
Named by Lexington Rifles, under John Hunt Morgan, who camped here, Sept. 1861. Friendly people took no pay for food. With additional recruits, horses and supplies they joined Confederates at Green River Sept. 30. The Rifles were mustered in as . . . — Map (db m25145) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Four Locks
Here the Potomac River makes a meandering four-mile loop around Prather’s Neck. To avoid the bend in the river, the canal engineers cut the canal one-half mile across the neck. Because of the rapid elevation change, these four locks were necessary . . . — Map (db m15285) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Mule Power
“Here at Four Locks mule barn, mules rested during the winter months. Boat captains left their mules here, paying a mule tended to care for them. Often the mules grew thin because the keeper did not feed the mules as well as their owners did. . . . — Map (db m15278) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Spring — Four Locks
Four Locks – locks 47 through 50 – were built between 1836 and 1838, all within a half-mile stretch of the canal. Nestled amongst these four locks, a close-knit community thrived while the canal was in operation. Businesses prospered, . . . — Map (db m36716) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Capt. Samuel G. Prather
(North face): In memory of Capt. Samuel G. Prather. Who raised and commanded the 2nd Co. of the Potomac Home Brigade Maryland (Vols.) in Great Rebellion of 1861 against the only Free Government on the earth and died at his post of duty . . . — Map (db m25140) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Clear Spring
The spring from which the Town of Clear Spring acquired its name. — Map (db m693) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Gen. J. E. B. Stuart’s Cavalry
Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry on his raid around the Federal army, Oct. 19, 1862, crossed the National Road here after crossing the Potomac River at McCoy’s Ferry three miles south of this point. — Map (db m682) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — McCoy's Ferry
On May 23, 1861 Confederates attempting to capture the ferry boat at McCoy's Landing were driven off by the Clear Spring Guard. Here on October 10, 1862, Gen. J.E.B. Stuart crossed the Potomac on his second ride around McClellan's army. — Map (db m3914) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Protecting Cultural Resources
Floods occur at regular intervals in the Potomac Valley. Between 1829 and 1998 there have been 144 recorded floods or high water occurrences. repairing flood damage was a continuing battle for the C&O Canal Company and is still a problem for the . . . — Map (db m25142) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Stonewall Jackson at Dam 5
At the outbreak of the Civil War, Maryland became a border between the Confederacy and the Union. The Confederacy knew that the canal and railroad were important Union supply lines. Stonewall Jackson’s Brigade made several attempts to destroy Dam 5 . . . — Map (db m23561) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Vital CrossroadsClear Springs in the Civil War
This was a lively Unionist community on the important National Road during the war. In nearby Four Locks on January 31, 1861, local residents raised a 113-foot-high “Union Pole” with a streamer proclaiming the “Union . . . — Map (db m60553) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — 5th Md. Vet. Vol. Infy.
Erected by the survivors of Company A & I to the memory of our fallen comrads who fell on this spot September 17, 1862. ———— This stone marks the extreme advance of Weber's Brigade French's Div. 2nd Army Corps . . . — Map (db m17622) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Williamsport — Shielding the ArmyWhere are the Confederates? — Gettysburg Campaign
The mountains provided Gen. Robert E. Lee with cover. As his army of 75,000 men and 272 pieces of artillery rumbled north through Washington County, the U.S. Army commander did not know his whereabouts because South Mountain, to the east, shielded . . . — Map (db m39310) HM
Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — Pioneer Mother Monument
People Of Kansas City By Howard Vanderslice To Commemorate The Pioneer Mother Who With Unfaltering Trust In God Suffered The Hardship Of The Unknown West To Prepare For Us A Homeland Of Peace And Plenty Alexander Phimister . . . — Map (db m35749) HM
Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — Spanish-American War/Philippine Insurrection/China Relief Expedition Monument
To Commemorate the Valor and Patriotism of the Men Who Served in the War with Spain Philippine Insurrection and China Relief Expedition 1898-1902 — Map (db m61146) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Macon's Battery - Dearing's BattalionPickett's Division - Longstreet's Corps — Army of Northern Virginia
Army of Northern Virginia Longstreet's Corps Pickett's Division Dearing's Battalion Macon's Battery The Richmond Fayette Artillery Two Napoleons and Two 10 pounder Parrotts July 3 Advanced to the front about daybreak. Later in the morning took . . . — Map (db m12049) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Shippensburg — Fort Morris
Named for Gov. R.H. Morris, and built by local settlers under the supervision of James Burd after Braddock’s defeat in July, 1755. Later garrisoned by provincial troops commanded by Hugh Mercer. The fort site, long marked by the soldiers’ well, lies . . . — Map (db m18627) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Shippensburg — Middle Spring Presbyterian Church Commemorative Marker
In commemoration of the sacrifice and service of the men of Middle Spring Patriots-Pioneers Builders Site of First Log Church 1738 — Map (db m18529) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Shippensburg — Old Court House
“Widow Piper’s Tavern,” used for Cumberland County court-sessions, 1750-1751, until a court house was erected at Carlisle, the county seat. The house is now the home of the Shippensburg Civil Club. — Map (db m18628) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Shippensburg — One-Room Schoolhouse
The Mount Jackson or Potato Point School, originally built in 1865, is an authentically reconstructed one-room schoolhouse. It was relocated here in 1969 by alumni and friends of Shippensburg State College to preserve part of America's educational . . . — Map (db m18530) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Shippensburg — Our Fallen Patriots
East Face:Our Fallen Patriots The Price of Liberty 1st Lieut. Andrew A. Pomeroy Co. I, 198th Reg. P.V. Killed March 30, 1865 Corp. David W. McKinney Co. F, 13th Reg. Pa. Cav. Died May 7, 1863 J. Anderson Kelso Co. F. . . . — Map (db m18646) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — Abolitionist John Brown Boards in Chambersburg
Preparing for the raid on Harpers Ferry arsenal, John Brown came to Chambersburg in the summer of 1859 wearing a beard as a disguise and using the alias of Isaac Smith. He took up residence at Mary Ritner’s boarding house on East King Street, . . . — Map (db m18531) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — Burning of Chambersburg
Occupied the morning of July 30, 1864, by cavalry of Confederate Gen. John McCausland. Failing to obtain ransom, he burned the town in reprisal for ruin in the Shenandoah Valley by Gen. David Hunter. — Map (db m2140) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — Confederate Conference
On June 26, 1863, Gen. Robert E. Lee, and staff, entered this square. After conferring with Gen. A.P. Hill, near the middle of the 'Diamond', Lee turned eastward and made headquarters at the edge of town. — Map (db m8099) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — Fort Chambers
Erected in 1756 by Col. Benjamin Chambers, pioneer land-owner and founder of the town, who fortified his house and mill with stockade and cannon against Indians. — Map (db m8114) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — Fort Chambers
Southwest 150 Feet Erected 1755-56 by Colonel Benjamin Chambers Founder of Chambersburg A two story stone structure surrounded By a moat A stockade manned by two swivel guns Enclosed the fort, flour mill, sawmill, And dwelling. . . . — Map (db m18645) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — Founding Family Memorial Statue"The Homecoming"
On March 30, 1734, Benjamin Chambers, a Scots-Irish immigrant and millwright was granted a Blunston License by the Penn family to develop a 400-acre plantation and gristmill for the first Franklin County settlement, named the Falling Spring . . . — Map (db m18630) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — Frederick Douglass and John Brown
The two abolitionists met at a stone quarry here, Aug. 19-21, 1859, and discussed Browns plans to raid the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry. He urged Douglass to join an armed demonstration against slavery. Douglass refused, warning the raid would . . . — Map (db m18625) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — Memorial Fountain and Union Soldier Statue
Erected at center of Memorial Square to honor over 5,000 Franklin County soldiers who served in Civil War, 1861-65. Secured through gifts of Franklin County citizens and dedicated July 17, 1878. Entered in National Register of Historic Places, May . . . — Map (db m8095) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — The Burning of Chambersburg
During the Gettysburg campaign, Confederate troops were restrained, under orders, from destroying non-government property. By the time of the Rebels’ next raid into the North, however, the policy had changed. On July 30, 1864, Brigadier General . . . — Map (db m18532) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — The Greatest Sacrifice / Prelude to Gettysburg
The price of war is devastation. Franklin County paid the price when its county seat, Chambersburg, was burned to the ground in 1864. Invaded in 1862, 1863, and 1864 by Confederate forces, Franklin County has the distinction of suffering more . . . — Map (db m18629) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — Underground Railroad Activity in Chambersburg
Throughout the pre-Civil War period, there were a number of Underground Railroad "stations" in this area, temporary places of refuge for former slaves escaping through the mountainous terrain to freedom in the North. One local Underground Railroad . . . — Map (db m8096) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Ambush at Mercersburg
On July 3, 1863, three Confederate riders in Mercersburg’s town square were ambushed by two Union stragglers. Bullets passed through Private J.W. Alban, killing him and also the horse of the rider beside him. The third man quickly galloped out of . . . — Map (db m18533) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Steiger House at Mercersburg
Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart, during the first Chambersburg Raid (October 1862), stopped in Mercersburg at Bridgeside, the home of Mr. and Mrs. George Steiger. He intended to use the house as his headquarters while his troops rounded up . . . — Map (db m18534) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Stuart's Headquarters
On Oct. 10, 1862, 1800 picked Confederate cavalry commanded by Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and Brig. Gen. Wade Hampton with four cannon under Maj. John Pelham occupied Mercersburg on their way to destroy the railroad bridge at Chambersburg used to . . . — Map (db m18536) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — The 54th Mass. Infantry Regiment, US Colored Troops
In 1863, the 54th Massachusetts Regiment was among the first Civil War combat units open to African Americans. Troops from Pennsylvania made up more than 20 percent of the acclaimed unit. Mercersburg was second only to Philadelphia in mustering . . . — Map (db m44651) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Zion Union Cemetery
Eighty-eight African Americans from Mercersburg volunteered to defend the Union during the Civil War. At least 36 of those veterans lie in Mercersburg Zion Union Cemetery, established in 1876 by local Black citizens. By 1850 Mercersburg had 26 . . . — Map (db m44650) HM
South Carolina (Greenwood County), Ninety Six — The Attack
By June 17, the Ninety Six garrison was low on food and ammunition. Cruger had expected a relief expedition from Charleston, but hope was turning into despair. Suddenly, a farmer, casually riding near the American lines, spurred his gorse and . . . — Map (db m11249) HM
Virginia, Chesapeake — Liberty to Slaves
“…to reduce this colony to a proper sense of their duty…to His Majesty’s crown and dignity…” On November 15, 1775, the day after his success in routing the rebels at Kemp’s Landing, Lord Dunmore issued a proclamation declaring . . . — Map (db m54942) HM
Virginia, Fairfax — Ford Building
Built c.1835 Old Town Fairfax This was the home of Antonia Ford, imprisoned as a spy following Ranger Mosby's night capture of the local Union commander, Brig. Gen. Edwin H. Stoughton, March 9, 1863. A search of the house had revealed an honorary . . . — Map (db m6366) HM
Virginia, Harrisonburg — Chestnut RidgeDeath of Ashby — 1862 Valley Campaign
On June 6, 1862, the vanguard of Union Gen. John C. Frémont’s force, pursuing Confederate Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s army south up the Shenandoah Valley, reached this point near Harrisonburg. Jackson’s rear guard, led by Gen. . . . — Map (db m15752) HM
Virginia, Harrisonburg — Confederate Monument
(North face):This Monument is erected by the Ladies Memorial Association in grateful remembrance of the gallant Confederate Soldiers, who lie here. They died in defense of the rights of the South, in the war between the States, from 1861 to . . . — Map (db m16487) HM
Virginia, Harrisonburg — Court Square & SpringhouseTemporary Prison Camp
During the Civil War, a road (Market Street) ran east and west through the courthouse square, dividing it roughly in half. The courthouse occupied the northern portion while the jail, clerk’s office, and springhouse were in the southern section. . . . — Map (db m16482) HM
Virginia, Harrisonburg — Hardesty-Higgins HouseBanks's Headquarters
This was the home of Harrisonburg’s first mayor, Isaac Hardesty, an apothecary. Elected in 1849, Hardesty served until 1860. His Unionist sympathies compelled him to leave for Maryland after the Civil War began. Early in the first week of May 1862, . . . — Map (db m41496) HM
Virginia, Harrisonburg — A-33 — Harrisonburg
Here Thomas Harrison and wife deeded land for the Rockingham County public buildings, August 5, 1779. The same act established both Louisville, Ky., and Harrisonburg, May, 1780. Named for its founder, the town was also known as Rocktown. It was . . . — Map (db m16484) HM
Virginia, Harrisonburg — Rockingham County World War I Memorial
They Tasted Death In Youth That Liberty Might Grow Old To commemorate those who, at the call of country, left all, endured hardships, faced danger, and finally passed out of sight of men by the path of duty, giving up their lives that others . . . — Map (db m86489) HM
Virginia, Harrisonburg — The Woodbine Cemetery
The Woodbine Cemetery Company, Incorporated March 19, 1850 1877 These gates are erected in memory of the officers and members of the Woodbine Society, who gave generously of their time and means to beautify this cemetery, where they now rest from . . . — Map (db m16486) HM
Virginia, Harrisonburg — Warren-Sipe HouseHome and Hospital
This was the home of Edward T.H. Warren, a Harrisonburg attorney. As a lieutenant in the Valley Guards, a Rockingham County militia company, Warren attended the trial and execution of John Brown in Charles Town (in present-day West Virginia) in . . . — Map (db m41497) HM
Virginia, Harrisonburg — 30A — Where Ashby Fell
A mile and a half east of this point, Turner Ashby, Stonewall Jackson’s cavalry commander, was killed, June 6, 1862, while opposing Fremont’s advance. — Map (db m16488) HM
Virginia, Lexington — Jackson's Garden
This backyard kitchen garden provided the household with a variety of flowers, fruit and vegetables. Major Jackson reported in an 1860 letter that the garden included, “lima beans, snap beans, carrots, parsnips, salsify, onions, cabbage, . . . — Map (db m15640) HM
Virginia, Lexington — Lt. Gen. Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson 1824-1863
Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson is best known for his leadership of Confederate troops during the American Civil War, and especially for his celebrated Valley Campaign of 1862. Thomas Jackson was a country boy from (West) Virginia who . . . — Map (db m15637) HM
Virginia, Lexington — Rockaway
A rockaway is a low, four wheeled pleasure carriage with a standing top, open at the sides. It is named for the town of Rockaway, New jersey, where they were originally made. Jackson probably bought his rockaway in 1859, possibly from the local . . . — Map (db m15641) HM
Virginia, Lexington — The Stonewall Jackson House
This typical Federal-style town house, with a later stone addition, was the home of Thomas Jonathan Jackson and his wife, Mary Anna. They lived here with five of their six slaves before the Civil War. After her husband’s death in 1863, Mrs. . . . — Map (db m15638) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Spring Hill CemeteryConfederate Generals Rest — Battle of Lynchburg
During the Battle of Lynchburg on June 17-18, 1864, Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early moved his reserves into the cemetery to reinforce his lines across the Lynchburg-Salem Turnpike (Fort Ave.) at Fort Early. Before dawn on Sunday, June 19, these . . . — Map (db m3936) HM
Virginia, Staunton — Augusta County Confederates Plaque
This Bronze Commemorates, To Generations Which Knew Then Not, The Virginia Volunteers From Augusta In The Army Of The Confederate States. Twenty-Two Companies From Here Followed By Jackson And Stuart, With Many In Other Commands. No . . . — Map (db m16790) HM
Virginia, Staunton — Augusta County World War I Memorial Tablet
In Honor Of The Men And Women Of Staunton And Augusta County Who Served Their Country In The World War 1914-1918 The Unreturning Brave… They Give New Splendor to The Dead [Roll of the Dead follows] The Right Is More Precious Than . . . — Map (db m35752) HM
Virginia, Staunton — A-61 — Birthplace of Woodrow WilsonU.S. President 1913–21
Three and one half miles south, on Coalter Street in Staunton, is the birthplace of Thomas Woodrow Wilson, 8th Virginia-born President. New Jersey Governor, 28th President (World War I). He was chief author and sponsor of the League of Nations. Born . . . — Map (db m12363) HM
Virginia, Staunton — Confederate Dead Monument - Thornrose Cemetery
West Panel: Honor to the Brave 870 Lie Here Recorded by Name, Company & Regiment: From Virginia 385, N. Carolina 176, S. Carolina 59, Georgia 208, Alabama 49, Florida 8, Mississippi 11, Louisiana 19, Tennessee 12, Arkansas 20, . . . — Map (db m53666) HM
Virginia, Staunton — I-17 — Mary Baldwin College
The oldest college for women related to the Presbyterian Church, U. S. Founded 1842 by Rufus W. Bailey as Augusta Female Seminary; renamed in 1895 to honor Mary Julia Baldwin, pioneer woman educator and Principal, 1863–1897. — Map (db m12366) HM
Virginia, Staunton — StauntonVital Link — 1864 Valley Campaigns
Near this site on April 17, 1861, approximately one hundred local citizens, many of whom had just enlisted in The Staunton Artillery, met to board trains for Harpers Ferry. They were led by prominent local citizen John D. Imboden, who would remain . . . — Map (db m16436) HM
Virginia, Staunton — I-21 — Stuart Hall
Chartered on 13 January 1744 as the Virginia Female Institute, Stuart Hall is Virginia’s oldest college preparatory school for girls. The Rev. Dr. Richard H. Phillips headed the school from 1848 until 1880. Flora Cooke Stuart, “Mrs. . . . — Map (db m12372) HM
Virginia, Staunton — The Barger HouseThe War's Lasting Effects
Relocated from its original site approximately fifty miles to the south on Little Patterson’s Creek in Botetourt County, Virginia, the Barger home, immediately in front of you, is an operational pre-Civil War farmstead from the Valley of Virginia. . . . — Map (db m16653) HM
Virginia, Staunton — I-16 — The Virginia School for the Deaf and the BlindFounded 1839
A state residential school created by an act of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Virginia on March 31, 1838 for the purpose of educating the deaf and the blind children of the state. — Map (db m11797) HM
Virginia, Staunton — The Wesleyan Female Institute
The Wesleyan Female Institute stood on this site from 1850–1870. — Map (db m11803) HM
Virginia, Staunton — United States National Military Cemetery - Staunton
United States National Military Cemetery Staunton. Established 1867. Internments 753. Known 232. Unknown 521. — Map (db m16786) HM
Virginia, Waynesboro — Plumb HouseThe Valley is Lost — 1864 Campaigns
The Plumb House was built between 1802 and 1806 on what was then the western edge of Waynesboro. While fighting did not occur here until late in the war, the community felt its impact early on. Henry Plumb, who lived here, was mortally wounded at . . . — Map (db m16649) HM
Virginia, Waynesboro — William H. Harman Monument
William H. Harman Colonel, C.S.A. Born Feb. 17, 1828 Killed in action at Waynesboro Mar 2, 1865. He was a lieutenant of a com- pany from Augusta County in the Mexican War; after- wards Brig. General in the Virginia Militia; . . . — Map (db m16645) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Loyal Quaker and Brave SlaveRebecca Wright and Thomas Laws
In September 1864, U.S. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan heard rumors that Confederate forces had left the Shenandoah Valley to rejoin Gen. Robert E. Lee’s army at Petersburg. Wanting to confirm this information before attacking Gen. Jubal A. Early’s army, . . . — Map (db m46960) HM
Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Albemarle Barracks Burial Site
"In 1779 4,000 prisoners, British and their German auxiliaries, captured at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777, marched over 600 miles to quarters, called 'The Barracks', situated a half mile north of this site. Traditionally, some of these prisoners . . . — Map (db m37586) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Churchville — W-156 — James Edward Hanger
Born near Churchville on 25 Feb. 1843, Hanger joined the Churchville Cavalry at Phillipi, W.Va., on 2 June 1861, where the next morning he was wounded. The resulting amputation of his leg was probably the first of the Civil War. He convalesced at . . . — Map (db m15905) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Dooms — JD-14 — Jarman's Gap
Five miles east, formerly known as Woods’ Gap. Michael Woods, his three sons and three Wallace sons-in-law (Andrew, Peter, William), coming from Pennsylvania via Shenandoah Valley, crossed through this pass into Albemarle County in 1734 – . . . — Map (db m16644) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Fishersville — W-155 — Tinkling Spring Church
This was first the Southern Branch of the “Triple Forks of Shenandoah” Congregation, which called John Craig as pastor in 1741. A church was completed here about 1748; two other buildings have succeeded it. Beginning with 1777, James . . . — Map (db m16437) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Mount Solon — D 40 — Mossy Creek
Colonists first settled Mossy Creek in the 1740s. Mossy Creek Iron Works was founded by 1775, when partners Henry Miller and Mark Bird began operating an iron furnace, forge, and mills here. The ironworks became an important industrial enterprise . . . — Map (db m1841) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Swoope — West ViewConfederate Camps — 1862 Valley Campaign
In 1862, West View was a village of about 15 buildings including a flour mill, post office, store, wagon shop and saw mills. About 3,000 soldiers camped in the surrounding fields from April 20 to May 6. Confederates under Gen. Edward . . . — Map (db m15788) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), West Augusta — “… to go wee did not know where”
On April 20, 1862, the Confederate garrison left Fort Johnson to protect Staunton, and to avoid being cut off from the rear by another advancing Union Army. Lt. Pryor describes the retreat from the mountain. Camp at Westview, 7 mil N, Of Staunton . . . — Map (db m16783) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), West Augusta — “It was cold business”
February 23, 1862 My Dear Penelope, I write a few lines this morning to let you know that I am well & doing as well as I have since Iv been in the service. Well, Dear, wee had an alarm Friday knight about two oclock, and the way wee got . . . — Map (db m16776) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), West Augusta — “We had a hardscrabble up…”
Union forces now occupied Fort Johnson and were moving to capture Staunton. “Stonewall” Jackson, moving with speed and secrecy, had arrived at the foot of Shenandoah Mountain and moved west to defeat Union Generals John C. Fremont and . . . — Map (db m16784) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), West Augusta — “Wee are faring badly…”
Camp Shenandoah April 9th, 1862 My Dear Penelope, I take the opportunity this morning to write you a few lines to let you know that I am yet in the land of the living and enjoying good health. I thought last week that it was done snowing up here, . . . — Map (db m16777) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), West Augusta — “Wee are now looking out for a fight…”
Camp Shenandoah April 18th, 1862 My Dear Penelope, I take the opportunity this evening to write you a few lines to let you know that I am yet in the land of the living &, thank God, enjoying good health. Wee are now looking out for a fight here; . . . — Map (db m16781) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), West Augusta — W 149 — Fort Edward Johnson
Confederate troops, the remnant of the Army of the Northwest commanded by Brig. Gen. Edward “Allegheny” Johnson, constructed this fortification about 1 Apr. 1862 to protect the Shenandoah Valley, the “Breadbasket of the . . . — Map (db m15791) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), West Augusta — Healing the Wounds
After surviving the Battle of McDowell, in which he lost many comrades, Lt. “Shep” Pryor was later wounded in battle near Culpepper, Virginia. He survived the war, returned to his beloved Penelope, and became Sheriff of Sumter County, . . . — Map (db m16785) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), West Augusta — Mountain HouseJackson's March — 1862 Valley Campaign
The Battle of McDowell began three miles to the southeast (near the intersection of Routes 629 and 716) when Confederates were fired upon by Union cavalry on May 7, 1862. After skirmishing, Federals rushed to the base camp here, sounding the alarm . . . — Map (db m62920) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — 28th Regiment New York State Volunteer Infantry
28th Regt. New York State Volunteer Infantry 1st Brig. 1st Div. 12th Corps Army of the Potomac Organized at Albany, N.Y., May 18, 1861 in response to the first call for volunteers. Mustered into the United States service for two years, May 22, . . . — Map (db m13459) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — Heater House
Probably built around 1800, this clapboard-covered log house was once the center of a prosperous 600 acre farm owned by Solomon and Caroline Wunder Heater. Although two of her sons died in Confederate service, Mrs. Heater, a native of Pennsylvania, . . . — Map (db m3334) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Stephens City — A-12 — Stephens City
General David Hunter ordered the burning of this town on May 30, 1864; but Major Joseph Streans of the First New York Cavalry prevented it. — Map (db m580) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — Battle of McDowellConfederates Hold the High Ground — 1862 Valley Campaign
Beyond the ridge you are facing is Sitlington’s Hill. On the afternoon of May 8, 1862, Gen. Edward “Allegheny” Johnson directed two brigades of Confederate infantry to take position on the hill facing the Federals across Bull Pasture . . . — Map (db m62904) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — Commemorating The Battle Of McDowellMay 8, 1862
Federals in action 4000, killed and wounded 256. Confederates in action 2500, killed and wounded 498. Confederate Officers Killed Captains                     Lieutentants Samuel Dawson           John K. Goldwire William L. Furlow   . . . — Map (db m4283) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — W151 — Felix Hull House
This stately brick house was built about 1855 for Felix hull (ca. 1823-1861) in the Greek Revival style popular in the late antebellum period. During the Civil War, his widow, Eliza Mathews Hull, was living here on 7-8 May 1862 when the house was . . . — Map (db m16665) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — The Battle of McDowellMay 8, 1862
In the spring of 1862 Confederate fortunes seemed to have gone from bad to worse. Union forces had won several key battles in the West, while the U.S. Navy was establishing its coastal blockade and Major General George B. McClellan’s Army of the . . . — Map (db m16680) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — The Battle of McDowellConfederates Climb Sitlington's Hill
“… (The 31st Virginia] came close to the 3rd and saluted them, and called them by name, and proceeded with the slaughter.” Andrew Price, 3rd Virginia Most of Stonewall Jackson’s Confederates climbed Sitlington’s Hill through a . . . — Map (db m16683) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — The Battle of McDowellUnion Troops Attack Jackson
Major General Edward Johnson commanded the Confederates on the crest overlooking the town of McDowell. Johnson spread his line along the hilltop, anchoring his right flank on the knoll to your right. Stonewall Jackson remained in the valley below, . . . — Map (db m16685) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — The Battle of McDowellHeart of the Battlefield — Elevation – 2,815 Feet
The Confederate 12th Georgia Infantry Regiment held this exposed crest overlooking McDowell. Milroy’s Union troops assaulted this hilltop from two directions – on the left and the right. The Confederates held their ground against repeated . . . — Map (db m16689) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — The Battle of McDowellMcDowell Battlefield Trail
“God blessed our arms with victory at McDowell yesterday...” The McDowell Battlefield Trail is a 1.5 -mile hike that will take you to the battleline on top of Sitlington’s Hill—the scene of heavy fighting on May 8, 1862. . . . — Map (db m62903) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — Village of McDowellBattle of McDowell — 1862 Valley Campaign
Union troops camped in the fields south of here between April 17, 1862, and the Battle of McDowell on May 8. They deployed artillery, including “two twelve pounders [that] were planted on the plateau in the read of [the church] so as to cover . . . — Map (db m62955) HM
Virginia (Highland County), Monterey — Highland County Confederate Monument
. . . — Map (db m16663) HM
Virginia (Highland County), Monterey — Town of MontereyHeadquarters Town
Monterey was headquarters for Confederates during much of the 1861 Mountain Campaign and headquarters for Federals prior to the fighting at McDowell. In the winter of 1861-1862, skirmishing occurred across the county as the frontier between the . . . — Map (db m16660) HM
Virginia (Highland County), West Augusta — “... tolerable well fortified”
My Dear Penelope Wee are now tolerable well fortified; got 12 pieces of cannon and places all fixed for the men to shoot from; that is, fortifications for cannon with openings to shoot through so the men can man the cannon and not be exposed to . . . — Map (db m86203) HM
Virginia (Highland County), West Augusta — “The Shenandoah Mountain Pass is grand indeed…”
As “Stonewall” Jackson’s Army passed through the gap on their way down to McDowell, Virginia one soldier wrote: Tuesday 13th May 1862 I have been struck with the wild & mountain scenery. The Shenandoah Mt. Pass is grand indeed, you . . . — Map (db m16771) HM
Virginia (Highland County), West Augusta — Confederate Breastworks Interpretive Trail
You are standing in the middle of what was once Fort Edward Johnson. Confederate soldiers built this fort in 1862 under the command of Brigadier general Edward Johnson, a career officer from Virginia. Look to your right, and then left across the . . . — Map (db m16772) HM
Virginia (Highland County), West Augusta — Fort Edward Johnson
On April 19, 1862, General Johnson, with General Lee’s approval, moved our regiment from Allegheny Mountain to Shenandoah Mountain. To protect ourselves from Yankee bullets, we dug about a mile of trench in this rocky ground. We then opened our . . . — Map (db m16775) HM
Virginia (Highland County), West Augusta — Welcome to Fort Edward Johnson
My name is Shepherd Green Pryor, but my friends and family call me “Shep.” I was elected First Lieutenant of the Muckalee Guards, Company A, 12th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry. We’ve just survived a cold Virginia winter on the top . . . — Map (db m16773) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Hillsboro — T 25 — Loudoun Heights Clash
Union Maj. Henry A. Cole’s 1st Maryland Cavalry was camped here on Loudoun Heights on 10 Jan. 1864 when Confederate Maj. John S. Mosby and Capt. Benjamin Franklin “Frank” Stringfellow attacked before dawn with about 100 mounted Partisan . . . — Map (db m1998) HM
Virginia (Page County), Grove Hill — Somerville HeightsA "most terrific fire from the enemy" — 1862 Valley Campaign
Early in May 1862, Gen. Stonewall Jackson moved most of his army east over the Blue Ridge toward Charlottesville, leaving Gen. Richard S. Ewell's division at Conrad's Store (present day Elkton) to hold the Federals in the Shenandoah Valley. The . . . — Map (db m12086) HM
Virginia (Page County), Grove Hill — The Burning of Red BridgeThe "Last Straw" Between Jackson and Ashby — 1862 Valley Campaign
Nearly a month after the battle of Kernstown, Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's command had worked its way south "up" the Valley to join Gen. Richard S. Ewell's division near Conrad's Store (Elkton). To secure this haven for reorganization, on . . . — Map (db m12085) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Calendine
Calendine was built in the early 1850s by Townsend Young. The adjacent one story building served as a general store and stage stop on the Sperryville-New Market turnpike. The store was also a social gathering place for exchange of news and . . . — Map (db m16642) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — C-3 — Cavalry Engagement
In mid-June 1862, after Maj. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s Shenandoah Valley campaign, Brig. Gen. Beverly H. Robertson’s cavalry screened from Union observation Jackson’s movement east to join the Army of Northern Virginia near . . . — Map (db m591) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Confederate Heroes Monument
(Left Side):Would it not be a blame for us if their memories part from our land & heart and a wrong to them & a shame for us the glories they won shall not wane for us in legend & lay our heroes in gray shall forever live over again for us. . . . — Map (db m16457) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Fisher’s Hill and Yager’s Mill“We would have captured the entire rebel army.” — 1864 Valley Campaigns
In September 1864, Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan detached two cavalry divisions under Gen. Alfred T. A. Torbert to move into the Page Valley. While the bulk of Sheridan’s army would strike Gen. Jubal A. Early’s Confederates at Fisher’s Hill, Torbert . . . — Map (db m801) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Mauck Meeting House
Built for religious purposes by the “Neighbors”, mainly Mennonites from Switzerland and southern Germany. The outside of the one log walls were covered in 1851 with white weatherboards and the structure was roofed with chestnut . . . — Map (db m16643) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Pass Run and Thornton GapBetween Campaigns — Gettysburg Campaign
Nearly three weeks after the Battle of Gettysburg, and in the wake of a sharp fight near Front Royal at Wapping Heights (Manassas Gap) on July 23, 1863, Confederate troops from Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s corps withdrew to the Page Valley. On July 25, . . . — Map (db m13111) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — The Chapman-Ruffner HouseBoyhood Home of the “Fighting Chapmans” — Mosby's Confederacy
Immigrant Peter Ruffner built this house about 1739. Before the Civil War, William A. Chapman bought it, and three sons reared here later fought for the Confederacy. For their exploits as members of Col. John S. Mosby’s Rangers, two of them, Lt. . . . — Map (db m17210) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — White House BridgeCritical Crossing — 1862 Valley Campaign
On May 21, 1862. Confederate Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s Valley Army plodded north along this road to threaten Front Royal and out flank Union Gen. Nathaniel Bank’s position at Strasburg. With the addition of Gen. Richard . . . — Map (db m799) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — White House Ferry
Operated from 1870–1910 about ¼ mile north of U.S. 211 over the South Fork of the Shenandoah River with its approach road close to the existing White House. You can easily see the White House, on the east side of the river, as you drive . . . — Map (db m573) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Willow Grove MillBurning the Bread Basket
On October 2, 1864, elements of the 2nd U.S. Cavalry Division under Col. William H. Powell reached this area near Luray and quickly laid waste to the Willow Grove Mill. Amanda Moore, wife of the mill’s owner, later recalled, "We had the Mill, Saw . . . — Map (db m11034) HM
Virginia (Page County), Shenandoah — Catherine FurnaceUnderground Railroad for Union Soldiers
Built in 1846, Catherine Furnace was one of three Page County furnaces in operation during the Civil War. The 30-foot-tall main stack is nearly all that remains of the cold blast furnace and once-huge operation here, when 22,500 acres supplied wood . . . — Map (db m15892) HM
Virginia (Page County), Shenandoah — J-95 — Execution of Summers and Koontz
On 22 May 1865, after the Civil War ended, Capt. George W. Summers, Sgt. I. Newton Koontz, and two other armed veterans of Co. D, 7th Virginia Cavalry, en route to obtain their paroles, robbed six Federal cavalrymen of their horses near Woodstock. . . . — Map (db m15902) HM
Virginia (Page County), Shenandoah — Shenandoah Iron WorksPage Valley Iron Industry
In 1836, brothers Daniel and Henry Forrer, in partnership with Samuel Gibbons, purchased land here for an ironworks and built a cold-blast furnace, called Furnace #1. Some 6,249 acres provided trees for charcoal, quarries and mines for limestone and . . . — Map (db m16641) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — Graves’ ChapelJackson’s Last Glimpse of the Shenandoah Valley
On November 24, 1862, Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson moved through Page County toward Fisher’s Gap to rejoin the main body of the Army of Northern Virginia, then near Fredericksburg. Jackson was in command of the newly organized . . . — Map (db m15896) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — Jackson's Last Mountain Crossing
In November, 1862, Stonewall Jackson moved his 25,000 troops from Antietam to Fredericksburg. The army came through the deep notch (New Market Gap) in the first mountain range to the west (Massanutten Mountain). They followed the course of the Old . . . — Map (db m13184) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — Stonewall Jackson's Marches
The Shenandoah Valley below was the scene of much of Confederate General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's activity, during the first two years of the Civil War. His swift and secret marches earned his troops the name of "foot cavalry." Jackson's . . . — Map (db m13183) HM
Virginia (Page County), Verbena — Shield's Advance & RetreatJackson Divides and Conquers — 1862 Valley Campaign
Having successfully driven Gen. Nathaniel Bank's Union army from the Shenadoah Valley in late May 1862, Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's "foot cavalry" had little time to reset. While one Union army under Gen. John C. Frémont was bearing down . . . — Map (db m12079) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Honoring the Dead — First Battle of Manassas
Union Soldiers built Henry Hill Monument to commemorate those who died at First Bull Run (Manassas). For many Civil War veterans this had been their first battle. Intense memories drew both Union and Confederate soldiers back to this scene years . . . — Map (db m33211) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Bridgewater — BridgewaterBridgewater During the War
The town of Bridgewater was a center of Confederate logistical activity during the Civil War. It also sent one company of infantry, the Bridgewater Grays, to the 10th Virginia Infantry Regiment, which fought in most of the major battles in Virginia . . . — Map (db m16438) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Bridgewater — BridgewaterHistoric North River Crossing
After his victory at the Battle of McDowell on May 8, 1862, Gen. Stonewall Jackson made plans to attack another Federal force in the Shenandoah Valley. Earlier he had ordered Col. John D. Imboden to burn the bridges at Mount Crawford and Bridgewater . . . — Map (db m16439) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Bridgewater — Famous Travelers Along the Turnpike
In its 82 year history, the Warm Springs Turnpike was used by many noted travelers. Daniel Boone, when an old man, used the road when he visited the sons of his boyhood friend Henry Miller at Mossy Creek Ironworks to the south of Bridgewater. He . . . — Map (db m16485) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Broadway — Elder John Kline Monument
(Front of Monument):At This Place Eld John Kline Was Killed June 15, 1864 (Reverse of Monument):Erected in the Year 1914 In Memory of Elder John Kline A Peace Martyr This parcel of ground, 10 feet square, is se- cured by deed and is on . . . — Map (db m15632) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysSlaughter of the 8th New York Infantry — 1862 Valley Campaign
On June 8, 1862, during the Battle of Cross keys, Gen. Isaac R. Trimble’s Confederate brigade of a little more than 1,500 men occupied this line, a masked position behind a split-rail fence in what was then a wood line to your right and left. . . . — Map (db m16191) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysImmigrant Soldiers — 1862 Valley Campaign
Many immigrants fought for the North and the South during the Civil War. Their numbers were especially high in Gen. Louis Blenker’s division of Gen. John C. Fremont’s union army at Cross Keys on June 8, 1862. Two Germans (Gen. Henry Bohlen and Col. . . . — Map (db m16265) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysTrimble’s Ravine — 1862 Valley Campaign
On June 8, 1862, Confederate Gen. Isaac R, Trimble led part of the 15th Alabama Infantry Regiment through the then-swampy ravine in front of you to attack Union Gen. Louis Blenker’s division. Trimble intended to move around the 54th New York . . . — Map (db m16267) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysWalker’s Flank Attack — 1862 Valley Campaign
After repulsing the initial Union attack, Confederate Gen. Isaac R. Trimble’s brigade heavily engaged two brigades of Union Gen. Louis Blenker’s division near here on June 8, 1862. During the afternoon fighting, Col. James A. Walker’s demi-brigade . . . — Map (db m16435) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — Mill Creek ChurchWar Strikes Peaceful Homes and Fields
This church, Mill Creek Church of the Brethren, stands on the site of an antebellum house of worship that, during the Battle of Cross Keys on June 8, 1862, was used as a hospital. Amputated arms and legs were dropped outside from a window and piled . . . — Map (db m16268) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — The Battle of Cross Keys“It was not in men to stand such fire as that.” — 1862 Valley Campaign
Following Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s victory at Winchester, Union troops pursued the Confederates south, “up” the Shenandoah Valley. While Gen. John C. Fremont advanced on the Valley Turnpike, another Union force, . . . — Map (db m16187) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Dayton — Daniel Bowman Mill at Silver LakeShenandoah Valley Mills
During the Civil War, the Daniel Bowman Mill occupied this site, grinding wheat brought here by Rockingham County farmers. The county was part of the prosperous agricultural region known as the “breadbasket of the Confederacy.” It was no . . . — Map (db m46125) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Dayton — DaytonDark Days in the Burnt District
In the fall of 1864, attacks by Confederate raiders and bushwhackers angered Federal officers in the Shenandoah Valley. On September 22, Union soldiers captured a hapless man named Davy Getz near Woodstock who was wearing civilian clothes and . . . — Map (db m16440) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Dayton — D1 — Fort Harrison
Daniel Harrison settled about 1745 at the headwaters of Cook’s Creek where it is believed he built the stone portion of the present house. During the decades 1750-1770, when this area was the frontier of the colony, the house served the settlers as . . . — Map (db m16441) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Elkton — Jennings HouseConfederate Hospital
1862 & 1864 Valley Campaigns. This eight-room brick dwelling was built in 1840 for Dr. Simeon B. Jennings, a former resident of Port Republic. At the time of the Civil War, it was one of only half a dozen houses located in the Conrad’s Store . . . — Map (db m2916) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Elkton — Miller-Argabright-Cover-Kite HouseStonewall Jackson’s Headquarters, April 19-30, 1862 — 1862 Valley Campaign
Less than a month after his defeat at Kernstown, Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson retired to the Elk Run Valley to rest his troops and plan for the spring campaign. With his men camped all along Elk Run and into Swift Run Gap, Jackson . . . — Map (db m2835) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Linville — KB 65 — Lincoln's Virginia Ancestors
In 1768, John Lincoln moved here with his family from Pennsylvania. His eldest son, Abraham, grandfather of the president, might have remained a Virginian had his friend and distant relative, Daniel Boone not encouraged him to migrate to Kentucky by . . . — Map (db m15634) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Port Republic — North River BridgeCovered bridge instrumental in Valley Campaign
The road seen across the river was the original route into the village from the north and west. Early visitors crossed North River by means of a ford, later a ferry, and finally a bridge. After the Civil War, four more bridges were built on . . . — Map (db m15792) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Port Republic — The Frank Kemper HouseThriving river community was transportation hub
When Virginia Governor Alexander Spotswood’s 1716 expedition first laid claim to the Shenandoah Valley, the area had already been used for centuries by Native Americans. The town of port Republic was laid off into lots and chartered by an 1802 act . . . — Map (db m16634) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Jackson’s 2nd Corps EstablishedStonewall Dons a New Uniform
Having remained with his command in the vicinity of Winchester since the Battle of Sharpsburg/Antietam, by November 22, 1862, Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson was again on the march. With more than 32,000 soldiers, Jackson’s . . . — Map (db m16453) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — A-69 — Post-Appomattox Tragedy
On 22 May 1865, after the Civil War ended. Capt. George W. Summers, Sgt. I. Newton Koontz, and two other armed veterans of Co. D, 7th Virginia Cavalry, robbed six Federal cavalrymen of their horses near Woodstock. The horses were returned the . . . — Map (db m15903) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Rude’s HillKnoll of Refuge and Attack — 1864 Valley Campaign
The spring of 1864 opened with United States forces pressing Confederate armies defending fronts scattered throughout the Confederacy. Union Gen. Franz Sigel was assigned the task of securing the Shenandoah Valley; always one of the Civil War’s most . . . — Map (db m17327) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — Samuel Kercheval17-- - 1845
Author of History of The Valley of Virginia 1st Edition Printed in Winchester 1833 Born Frederick County now Clarke County He is buried here in the Bowman Graveyard Harmony Hall This Plaque erected to his memory by the Shenandoah County . . . — Map (db m36723) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Fredericksburg — The Gallant Pelham
The Confederate Army of Northern Virginia had no braver officer than Major John Pelham. Although just 24 years old, the blonde-haired, blue-eyed Alabamian had already proven himself on more than half a dozen battlefields in Maryland and Virginia. . . . — Map (db m3821) HM
West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Baltimore and Ohio Roundhouse and Shop Complex
National Civil Engineering Landmark. The re-construction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Roundhouse and Shop Complex commenced soon after the end of the American Civil War in 1865. This complex included two roundhouses and two significant . . . — Map (db m17373) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
(First Panel): Harpers Ferry National Historical Park is the story of... Industrial Development and the production of weapons at the Harpers Ferry armory. John Brown's Raid and his attempt to end slavery. The Civil War with Union and . . . — Map (db m19008) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Hayward Shepherd
On the night of October 16, 1859, Heyward Shepherd, and industrious and respected Colored freeman, was mortally wounded by John Brown's raiders in pursuance of his duties as an employee of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company. He became the first . . . — Map (db m10482) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Sweets for Harpers Ferry
The enticing smell of bread, cakes, candies, and pies undoubtedly attracted many customers to Frederick Roeder's Confectionery, making it a prosperous business from 1845 to 1861. In addition to his store, it is reported that he carried small pies to . . . — Map (db m25151) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Kearneysville — “The Bower”
Three miles west, on Opequon Creek, lived General Adam Stephen, 1754–1772. Original tract, with hunting lodge, was bought in 1750. The present mansion was built by Adam Stephen Dandridge, his grandson, in 1805. — Map (db m1746) HM

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