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Fountaindale in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Before The Battle Of Gettysburg

Events Along The Emmitsburg & Waynesboro Turnpike

 
 
Before the Battle of Gettysburg Marker image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, July 11, 2015
1. Before the Battle of Gettysburg Marker
Inscription. On June 22, 1863, a skirmish erupted at Monterey Pass when Company D of the 4th Virginia Cavalry attacked portions of Union cavalry under the command of Captain Robert Bell, Captain Samuel Randall, and several members of the Gettysburg Home Guard. The Confederate skirmishers scoured the woods on foot along the Emmitsburg and Waynesboro Turnpike, forging the militia to retreat towards Fairfield, using the Maria Furnace Road, where the chase ended at dusk.

On June 28, a skirmish occurred at Fountaindale, where a 25-man detail of Cole’s Maryland Cavalry under the command of Lieutenant William Horner, coming from the direction of Monterey Pass, came in contact with a Confederate foraging party under Lieutenant J.H. Chamberlayne, near Jacks Mountain Road. Chamberlayne was collecting supplies and horses when he saw Horner’s men and ordered six men with revolvers to charge, while the other 20 unarmed men in the foraging party hurried towards Fairfield with the stolen goods. After being chased by Union soldiers, most of Chamberlayne’s men were captured and taken to Emmitsburg, Maryland.

On June 29, Union General John Buford’s Cavalry Division left Middletown, Maryland for Pennsylvania. At Monterey Pass, he observed Confederate troops marching in the distance at Greencastle. After a patriotic welcome by local residents, Buford’s
Before the Battle of Gettysburg Marker image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, July 11, 2015
2. Before the Battle of Gettysburg Marker
One of two markers at this location, in the shadows beyond the flagpole at the Fountaindale Fire Department.
cavalry moved towards Fountaindale and bivouacked for a few hours before moving towards Fairfield.

“An old man stood beside the road at Monterey Springs, with his hat off and tears streaming down his face. As the column passed, the men cheered him heartily.”
First Lieutenant Newel Cheney, 9th New York Cavalry, Buford’s Cavalry Division
 
Location. 39° 44.726′ N, 77° 27.227′ W. Marker is in Fountaindale, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on Old Waynesboro Road north of Iron Springs Road, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1340 Old Waynesboro Rd, Fairfield PA 17320, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Battle Of Monterey Pass (here, next to this marker); The Battle of Monterey Pass (approx. 0.9 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (approx. 0.9 miles away); Monterey Academy (approx. 1.3 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (was approx. 1.4 miles away but has been reported missing. ); 10,000 Soldiers Fight at Monterey Pass
The Horner brothers image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, July 11, 2015
3. The Horner brothers
Lieutenant William Horner (left) and Sergeant Oliver Horner (right) participated in the Fountaindale fight.
Photo credits: Emmitsburg Historical Society
(approx. 1.4 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (approx. 1.4 miles away); The Retreat From Gettysburg (approx. 1.4 miles away).
 
Also see . . .  Old Marker at this Location. This marker replaced an older one at this location titled “The Battle of Fountain Dale” (Submitted on May 15, 2017.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Union Major General John Buford image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, July 11, 2015
4. Union Major General John Buford
At the time, Buford held the rank (and is shown wearing the single star) of Brigadier General.
Wesley Methodist Evangelican Chapel in Fountain Dale PA image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, July 11, 2015
5. Wesley Methodist Evangelican Chapel in Fountain Dale PA
Possible site of June 28 skirmish.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 1, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 13, 2017, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 110 times since then. Last updated on June 29, 2017, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 13, 2017, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.   5. submitted on May 15, 2017, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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