“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands

De Hortus

Plantage aan het Water

Hortus Marker image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, June 18, 2017
1. Hortus Marker
Inscription. De Amsterdamse Hortus Botanicus werd in 1638 opgericht als medicinale kruidentuin voor artsen en apothekers. Het is een van de oudste botanische tuinen ter wereld. De Oranjerie is een rijksmonument. Al in 1715 werden op deze plek tropische planten gekweekt in houten broeikassen. Het huidige gebouw is in 1875 gebouwd als collegezaal. Later werd dit langgerekte, gepleisterde pand gebruikt als overwinteringplek voor citrusvruchten: ‘oranje- boompjes‘. Nu huisvest het gebouw een modern museumcafé.

The Hortus Botanicus

The Amsterdam Hortus Botanicus was founded in 1638 as a medicinal garden for doctors and apothecaries. It is one of the oldest botanical gardens in the world. The Orangerie is a national monument: tropical plants were raised here in wooden greenhouses as early as 1715. The current building was built as a lecture hall. This stretched-out plaster-covered building was later used to store citrus plants, 'Oranjeboompjes' in Dutch, through the winter. Today, the building houses a modern museum café.
Location. 52° 22.028′ N, 4° 54.431′ E. Marker is in Amsterdam, North Holland. Marker is at the intersection of Plantage Middenlaan and Doctor D.M. Sluyspad on Plantage Middenlaan. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Amsterdam, North Holland 1018 DD, Netherlands.
Other nearby markers.
De Hortus Marker - Wide View, Looking South from Plantage Middenlaan image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, June 18, 2017
2. De Hortus Marker - Wide View, Looking South from Plantage Middenlaan
The marker is visible on the right corner of the building.

"Hortus Botanicus's initial collection was amassed during the 17th century through plants and seeds brought back by traders of the East India Company (VOC) for use as medicines and for their possibilities for commerce. A single coffee plant, Coffea arabica, in Hortus's collection served as the parent for the entire coffee culture in Central and South America....Likewise, two small potted oil palms brought back by the VOC from Mauritius, an island in the Indian Ocean, produced seeds after six years, and these were propagated throughout all of Southeast Asia, becoming a major source of revenue in the Dutch East Indies and now in Indonesia." - Wikipedia
At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. de wereld bleef doof / The World Remained Deaf (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); J.C. Amman School Memorial (about 120 meters away); Wertheimpark (about 120 meters away); Hugo de Vries (about 150 meters away); E.J. van Det School Memorial (about 150 meters away); Adriaan Morriën (about 150 meters away); Portugees Israëlietisch Ziekenhuis / Portugese Israelite Hospital (approx. 0.2 kilometers away); Het Arsenaal / The Arsenal (approx. 0.2 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Amsterdam.
Also see . . .
1. Hortus Botanicus (Amsterdam). "Hortus Botanicus is a botanical garden in the Plantage district of Amsterdam, the Netherlands. One of the oldest in the world, it is one of Amsterdam's major tourist attractions." (Submitted on July 10, 2017.) 

2. Heritage (de Hortus). "For the last 375 years, the Hortus has been a place for education and research. This means that we dealt – and still deal - with questions concerning the world of plants. Not as an isolated field, but within its own era and scientific, social, and spatial context....Through the ages, the science of botany has studied the immense variety in the realm of plants, from a worldwide scale down to the level of cells and genes. The history of the Hortus is therefore, first and foremost, a history of science...." (Submitted on July 10, 2017.) 
Categories. AgricultureHorticulture & ForestryScience & Medicine
Credits. This page was last revised on July 10, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 10, 2017, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California. This page has been viewed 78 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 10, 2017, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California.
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