The Rail Locomotive No. 220, built in 1915 by the American Locomotive [C]ompany of Schenectady, New York, was the last coal-burning, steam ten-wheeler used on the Central Vermont Railway. As a medium-sized 4-6-0 engine (4 leading wheels, 6 driving wheels, and 0 trailing small wheels), commonly known as a "ten wheeler", it served double duty in Vermont pulling both freight and passenger trains. No. 220 became known as "The Locomotive of the Presidents" because of its use on special trains carrying Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Dwight D. Eisenhower. In addition, the 220 was used on a special train for Winston Churchill during his visit to Canada and the US in late 1941.
Steam locomotives were the only type of railroad engine in the United States until 1895, when the first electric train was introduced; they continued to dominate until the 1950s when the diesel-electric locomotive gained wide acceptance. The tractive effort, or drawbar pull, is about 28,000 pounds at start-up. The maximum power developed was highly dependent on the ability of the fireman and the quality of coal. With an experienced fireman, the locomotive could produce about 1500 hp at 50 mph. The Central Vermont Railway retired No. 220 from service in 1956 and presented it to the Museum for preservation. The shed was built soon afterward
Erected by the Shelburne Museum.
Location. 44° 22.47′ N, 73° 14.002′ W. Marker is in Shelburne, Vermont, in Chittenden County. Touch for map. Marker and locomotive are on the Shelburne Museum grounds. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6000 Shelburne Road (US Hwy 7), Shelburne VT 05482, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Locomotive 220 (here, next to this marker); Railroad Station (a few steps from this marker); Rail Car Grand Isle (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Rail Car Grand Isle (within shouting distance of this marker); Beach Lodge (within shouting distance of this marker); Beach Gallery (within shouting distance of this marker); Ticonderoga (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Ticonderoga (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Shelburne.
Also see . . .
1. Locomotive 220 and Grand Isle Private Rail Car. (Submitted on October 22, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Pictures of Central Vermont 220. (Submitted on October 22, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. The Central Vermont Railway, "The Green Mountain Route". (Submitted on October 22, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Man-Made Features • Railroads & Streetcars •
Credits. This page was last revised on October 22, 2017. This page originally submitted on October 22, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 127 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on October 22, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.