Anacostia in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Barry Farm - Hillsdale
Bounded by St. Elizabeths Hospital, Alabama Avenue and Morris Road, SE, and the Anacostia River
—African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC —
In 1867 the U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (Freedmen’s Bureau) purchased 375 acres from white farmers David and Julia Barry to resettle formerly enslaved African Americans. By 1870 more than 500 families had purchased lots and built homes at Barry Farm, later renamed Hillsdale.
During World War II, the U.S. Government constructed “Barry Farms” housing on Hillsdale’s eastern edge to relieve overcrowding across the Anacostia [River]. Soon, Southwest [DC] urban renewal brought more families, spurring the over building of multi-family housing. These projects and the Suitland Parkway and Anacostia Freeway greatly changed the neighborhood. Most remaining historic houses date to around 1900; a few older ones remain along Elvans Road.
A home on Sheridan Road in Barry Farm, early 1900s.
Anacostia Community Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Erected by Cultural Tourism DC - Funded by the DC Historic Preservation Office.
Marker series. This marker is included in the African American Heritage Trail marker series.
Location. Marker has been reported missing. It was located near 38° 51.73′ N, 76° 59.693′ Touch for map. Marker is off the sidewalk at the northeast corner of DC Metro's Anacostia subway/bus station, on Howard Road between Firth Sterling and MLK,Jr. Avenues, SE. Marker was in this post office area: Washington DC 20020, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. A Navy Town (within shouting distance of this marker); Faith and Action (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Nichols Avenue Elementary School/Old Birney School Site (about 400 feet away); Birney School (about 500 feet away); A Museum for the Community (about 700 feet away); Roads That Divide (approx. 0.2 miles away); Barry Farm Dwellings (approx. 0.2 miles away); Campbell African Methodist Episcopal Church (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Anacostia.
Also see . . .
1. Suitland Parkway. (Submitted on July 29, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. Barry Farm Site, African American Heritage Trail. (Submitted on January 16, 2018, by Devry Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.)
Additional keywords. Reconstruction Era; Uniontown; Ward 8; housing segregation; urban decay; Martha Jackson-Jarvis.
Categories. • African Americans • Politics • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on February 10, 2018. This page originally submitted on July 29, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,696 times since then and 14 times this year. Last updated on February 2, 2018, by Devry Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 29, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 5. submitted on February 2, 2018, by Devry Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.