The National Mall in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Sunﬂower • Wádxaweew (wah-ha-way-oh)
First cultivated by Native peoples in the Southwest nearly 3,000 years ago, the sunflower has become one of the most well-known and highly prized plants across the world.
The Hidatsa, who live in present-day North Dakota, cultivated several varieties of sunflowers, drying the seeds for grinding into a paste, adding to flour to form cakes, and eating the seeds whole as a fiber-rich snack. They also extracted oil from the seeds for hair tonic, and used the root as a poultice for bruises, sores, and snakebites.
Do you know why this plant is called a sunflower? True to its name, the sunflower follows the track of the sun across the sky. The shaded side of the stem grows faster than the sunlit side, causing it to bend toward the sun.
Erected by Smithsonian Institution.
Location. 38° 53.288′ N, 77° 0.975′ W. Marker is in The National Mall, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker can be reached from Maryland Avenue Southwest. Touch for map. On the grounds of the National Museum of the American Indian. Marker is in this post office area: Washington DC 20024, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Traditional Croplands (a few steps from this marker); Cardinal Direction Marker: South Can you find symbols for the sun, (within shouting distance of this marker); Swamp Milkweed • Wihsakán (wee-sah-quam) (within shouting distance of this marker); Wingapo (within shouting distance of this marker); Wetlands (within shouting distance of this marker); Broadleaf Cattail • Káhkáhaskwar (kaw-kaw-has-quar) (within shouting distance of this marker); What is a Grandfather Rock? (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in The National Mall.
Categories. • Agriculture • Native Americans •
Credits. This page was last revised on February 15, 2018. This page originally submitted on November 14, 2017, by Devry Jones of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 70 times since then and 17 times this year. Last updated on February 10, 2018, by Devry Jones of Silver Spring, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on November 14, 2017, by Devry Jones of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.