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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Alto in Cherokee County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Mound Prairie

 
 
Mound Prairie Marker - post-refurbishment image. Click for full size.
By Brian Anderson, July 28, 2018
1. Mound Prairie Marker - post-refurbishment
Inscription. Bulging out of the earth a few yards from this point, three prehistoric Indian mounds interrupt the prevailing flat terrain. Long overgrown with grass, the mounds and adjacent village (covering about 100 acres) constitute one of the major aboriginal sites in North America. From about 500 to 1100 A.D., Caddoan Indians inhabited the village, which lay near the southwest edge of a great mound-building culture. Called ""Mississippian,"" this culture once flourished throughout the present eastern United States.

Excavations during 1939-41 and 1968-69 showed two of the mounds to have had ceremonial purposes. One may have been capped with bright yellow clay and both apparently supported temples. The tallest mound (about 20 feet) revealed several major burials.

The village, surrounding the mounds but not settled before they were built, contained many round houses that probably resembled giant bee hives. Thousands of pot fragments, some pipes, charred corn cobs and nuts, and flint points were found in the area.

Centuries after its abandonment by the Indians, this region was again a center of civilization when, in 1690, the first Spanish mission in East Texas was built nearby to minister to the Tejas Indians.
 
Erected 1970 by Texas State Historical Survey Committee. (Marker
Mound Prairie Marker image. Click for full size.
By Steve Gustafson, April 19, 2009
2. Mound Prairie Marker
Number 6971.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail marker series.
 
Location. 31° 35.596′ N, 95° 9.092′ W. Marker is near Alto, Texas, in Cherokee County. Marker is on State Highway 21 6.2 miles west of Marcus Street (U.S. 69), on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is located across the highway from Caddo Mounds State Historic Site. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1649 State Highway 21 West, Alto TX 75925, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Site of Neches Indian Village (was here, next to this marker but has been reported permanently removed. ); Zebulon Pike Campsite (approx. 0.4 miles away); Site of Mission San Francisco de los Tejas (approx. 1.1 miles away); Mission Santissimo Nombre de Maria (approx. 1.6 miles away); Site of Lacy's Fort (approx. 4.4 miles away); Site of the Delaware Indian Village (approx. 4.7 miles away); Community of Weches (approx. 5.6 miles away); The Joseph R. Rice Log Cabin (approx. 5.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Alto.
 
Also see . . .
1. Caddo Mounds State Historic Site. (Submitted on July 28, 2009, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas.)
2. Caddoan Mounds, Handbook of Texas Online
Mound Prairie Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney, February 1, 2002
3. Mound Prairie Marker
. (Submitted on July 28, 2009, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas.)
3. El Camino De Nacogdoches. The Camino Real, or Old San Antonio Road, ran from Mexico, northeast through San Antonio to here, then east to Nacogdoches and beyond. (Submitted on July 28, 2009, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas.) 

4. Casas Reales, San Antonio. The Camino Real, or Old San Antonio Road, would have passed southwest from here to the Casas Reales on the Main Plaza in San Antonio, and south down into Mexico. (Submitted on July 28, 2009, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas.) 
 
Categories. AnthropologyMan-Made FeaturesNative Americans
 
Mound Prairie Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brian Anderson, July 28, 2018
4. Mound Prairie Marker
Note that you can no longer climb to the top of the mound and the marker once located on top of the mound has been removed.
Caddo Mounds Panorama and Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney
5. Caddo Mounds Panorama and Marker
Photo looking southeast
Panorama from the top mound image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney
6. Panorama from the top mound
Looking northwest. Back of marker visible lower left of photo.
Mound Prairie image. Click for full size.
By Brian Anderson, July 28, 2018
7. Mound Prairie
All three mounds which make up "Mound Prairie" are visible in this photo.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 11, 2018. This page originally submitted on July 28, 2009, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. This page has been viewed 1,788 times since then and 63 times this year. Last updated on August 8, 2018, by Brian Anderson of Kingwood, Texas. Photos:   1. submitted on August 8, 2018, by Brian Anderson of Kingwood, Texas.   2. submitted on January 31, 2010, by Steve Gustafson of Lufkin, Texas.   3. submitted on July 28, 2009, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas.   4. submitted on August 8, 2018, by Brian Anderson of Kingwood, Texas.   5, 6. submitted on July 28, 2009, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas.   7. submitted on August 8, 2018, by Brian Anderson of Kingwood, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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