Gainesville in Cooke County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Cooke County C.S.A. / 2nd Frontier Regiment
Military, defense center in Civil War. Cooke voted 231 to 137 anti-secession, yet nine military units served Confederacy from here. In constant danger of Federal or Indian attack. Col. Wm. C. Young of Cooke, with 1,000 men took Indian Territory forts from Federals April-May 1861. Commissioners set up regular patrols. Forted a home as refuge for dependents. Gave $4,000 for munitions and wool cards to make cloth. Cotton gin, grist mill, gunsmiths, blacksmiths made war goods. C.S.A. was furnished epsom salts from Indian creek. Corn, beef, pork, wheat, other produce fed the military, home front. County swapped 25 steers for salt for dependent families. People worked hard, sacrificed much, protected homes of fighting men of Confederacy.
Organized Oct. 1863 with Gainesville as headquarters, the Second Frontier Regiment, Texas Cavalry C.S.A. guarded counties along Red River, to keep down outlaws, Indians, deserters. Col. James Bourland (1803-1868) was appointed Commander and it became known as "Bourland's Border Regiment." Union invasion from north of Red River was constantly threatened. These mounted troops patrolled, maintained posts along river and in Indian Territory.
Erected 1964 by The State of Texas. (Marker Number 1054.)
Location. 33° 37.472′ N, 97° 9.261′ W. Marker is in Gainesville, Texas, in Cooke County. Marker is on West California Street (Farm to Market Road 51) west of Frontage Interstate 35 Frontage Road, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Located in front of Moffett Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1025 West California Street, Gainesville TX 76240, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Moffett Park (here, next to this marker); Cooke County (within shouting distance of this marker); American Paint Horse Association (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Gainesville Community Circus (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Old California Trail (approx. Cooke County Courthouse (approx. half a mile away); Barbed Wire in Cooke County (approx. 0.6 miles away); Santa Fe Passenger Depot (approx. 0.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gainesville.
Also see . . . Texas State Historical Association article on Cooke County. (Submitted on September 8, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Native Americans • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on August 20, 2018. This page originally submitted on September 8, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 220 times since then and 51 times this year. Last updated on August 15, 2018, by Brian Anderson of Kingwood, Texas. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on September 8, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. 4. submitted on August 15, 2018, by Brian Anderson of Kingwood, Texas. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.