Sioux Falls in Minnehaha County, South Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Early settlers to Sioux Falls found many uses for the stone. Quartzite buildings were constructed here as early as the 1850s. In the late 1800s, quartzite quarries could be found in towns throughout Minnehaha County, such as Dell Rapids, Rowena, East Sioux Falls, and Sioux Falls. Several streets were paved and many of the most prominent buildings in Sioux Falls were constructed of the stone. Quartzite was also shipped by rail to cities like Chicago, Detroit, Omaha, and Sioux City.
The beds of quartzite, a metamorphic rock, in this region originate in southwest Minnesota and spread across most of Minnehaha County. A geologic survey done by the federal government in 1889 estimates that the quartzite beds may be up to 3,000-4,000 feet deep. The rock, which can vary in color from light pink to dark purple, is one of the hardest stones in the world.
Many of the earliest quarries boomed during the 1880s and early 1890s, but suffered greatly during the economic panic of 1893. Several closed and others began to fade into history. The Works Progress
Erected by Big Sioux River Recreation Trail and Greenway, and Siouxland Heritage Museums.
Location. 43° 33.015′ N, 96° 43.455′ W. Marker is in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, in Minnehaha County. Marker can be reached from North Cherapa Place south of East 6th Street. Touch for map. Marker is located along the Big Sioux River Recreation Trail, overlooking the river. Marker is at or near this postal address: 300 North Cherapa Place, Sioux Falls SD 57103, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Flooding (here, next to this marker); Recreation (a few steps from this marker); Urban Renewal (a few steps from this marker); Early Sioux Falls (a few steps from this marker); Railroads (within shouting distance of this marker); Industry (within shouting distance of this marker); Manchester Biscuit Company (within shouting distance of this marker); Raven Industries (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Sioux Falls.
More about this marker. Marker is a large composite plaque, mounted at eye-level on a tall stone pillar.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Sioux Quartzite, Sioux Falls, South Dakota
Also see . . .
1. Historic quarry thrives at in-town location. The pink hue pops even in the blackest asphalt around Sioux Falls, S.D., deriving from the region’s rich quartzite deposits. The vibrant color traces back to several area quarries, including Concrete Materials’ Sioux Falls Quarry, which has provided construction materials to the surrounding area since the early 20th century. “We’re essentially an in-town quarry,” says Patrick Sweetman, Concrete Materials CEO. Rail service should continue to and from the Sioux Falls Quarry for the next 11 years, and Concrete Materials has about 11 years worth of reserves remaining. A reclamation plan will be developed in the coming years for the existing quarry. (Submitted on October 11, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. The Gold of Minnehaha County. Natural stone has been a fundamental resource in construction throughout history. The utilization of natural stone can be seen in historic as well as modern architecture and design in communities across the United States. Native to the upper Midwest, Sioux Quartzite is an incredibly hard stone (7.5-8 on the MOHS scale; nearly as hard as a diamond) with colored hues of pink to maroon. It is found in a relatively small area at the juncture of South Dakota, Minnesota, and Iowa. (Submitted on October 11, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Natural Resources • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on October 15, 2018. This page originally submitted on October 9, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 50 times since then and 4 times this year. Last updated on October 11, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on October 11, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.