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Dannewerk in Kreis Schleswig-Flensburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
 

The “Kovirke” - New Defences for Hedeby?

Haithabu und Danewerk

 
 
The "Kovirke" - New Defences for Hedeby? Marker image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, September 25, 2018
1. The "Kovirke" - New Defences for Hedeby? Marker
Inscription.  
English text:

What is the Danevirke? Over 1000 years ago in the Viking Age, Danes, Frisians, Saxons and Slavs came into contact in this border region between Scandinavia and Central Europe. Danish kings began to fortify the Danevirke to secure the southern frontier of their kingdom and protect the trade route between the North Sea and the Baltic. The Danevirke consisted of earthworks, walls, ditches and an offshore defensive structure in the Schlei. The most important trading centre and transport hub was Hedeby.

The "Kovirke" New Defences For Hedeby?

The "Kovirke" is part of the Danevirke system of ramparts. It consists of an embankment and a ditch. It runs in a straight line between the waters of Selk Noor near the Viking Age trading centre of Hedeby and the flood-plain of the Rheide Au river. This is an example of how natural obstacles such as rivers, marshes and lakes were skilfully incorporated in the planning of the Danevirke. The Kovirke was not built until the end of the 10th century and ran south of existing sections of the Danevirke. Harald Bluetooth was then king of Denmark, and his seat

The "Kovirke" - New Defences for Hedeby? Marker - wide view image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, September 25, 2018
2. The "Kovirke" - New Defences for Hedeby? Marker - wide view
The marker, visible here, is located on the east side of Rheider Weg. Rheider Weg has no shoulder to speak of, but there is a bit of a paved area off the road by the marker, and there is a brown sign a few meters north of the marker, pointing to the site. From the road here, there is a short path leading to a spot from which one may view the Kovirke.
was in Jelling. He ordered the construction of the Kovirke after a conflict between Denmark and the East Frankish Empire. As a result, the important trading town of Hedeby was better protected in a location further back from the front line of defence.

The Kovirke comprised an earthen rampart with a wooden palisade front and a V-shaped ditch. The construction is similar to the Danish "ring fortresses" built by King Harald Bluetooth throughout Denmark at about the same time. These are named after the Trelleborg fortress on Zealand.

German text:

Was ist das Danewerk? Vor über 1000 Jahren, in der Wikingerzeit, trafen hier in der Grenzregion zwischen Skandinavien und Mitteleuropa Dänen, Friesen, Sachsen und Slawen aufeinander. Dänische Könige begannen das Danewerk als Grenzbefestigung auszubauen. So sicherten sie die Südgrenze ihres Reiches und den Handelsweg zwischen Nord- und Ostsee. Das Danewerk bestand aus Erdwällen, Mauern, Gräben und einem Sperrwerk in der Schlei. Wichtigster Handelsort und Verkehrsknotenpunkt war Haithabu.

Der Kograben Neuer Schutz Für Haithabu?

Der „Kograben" gehört zum Wallsystem des Danewerks. Er besteht aus einem Erdwall und einem Graben. Schnurgerade verläuft er zwischen dem Selker Noor nahe der wikingerzeitlichen Handelsstadt Haithabu und der Flussniederung der Rheider Au. Die Erbauer des Danewerks

Marker detail: artistic rendering of the ditch/rampart/palisades, as it would have been image. Click for full size.
3. Marker detail: artistic rendering of the ditch/rampart/palisades, as it would have been
bezogen nämlich natürliche Hindernisse wie Flüsse, Sümpfe oder Seen geschickt mit ein. Der Kograben wurde erst Ende des 10. Jh. südlich der bestehenden Abschnitte des Danewerks angelegt. Harald Blauzahn war damals König von Dänemark in Jelling. Nach Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Dänemark und dem ostfränkischen Reich ließ er den Kograben bauen. Damit rückt Haithabu als wichtige Handelsstadt von der vorderen Verteidigungslinie weiter ins geschützte Hinterland.

Der Kograben besteht aus einem Wall mit einer Palisadenfront und einem Spitzgraben. Diese Konstruktion ähnelt den dänischen Ringburgen. Harald Blauzahn errichtete sie etwa gleichzeitig überall in Dänemark. Die Burgen sind nach der Trelleborg auf Seeland benannt.

Danish text:

Hvad er Dannevirke? For over 1000 år siden, i vikingetiden, mødtes danskere, frisere, saksere og slaver her ved grænseområdet mellem Skandinavien og Centraleuropa. Danske koniger begyndte at bygge Dannevirke som en grænsebefæstning. Således blev rigets grærie mod syd samt handelsvejen mellem Vesterhavet og Østersøen sikret. Dannevirke udgjordes af jordvolde, stenmure, voldgrave samt en søspærring i Slien. Den mest betydeligsfulde handelsby og vigtigste trafikale knudepunkt var Hedeby.

Kovirke En Ny Vold Der Beskytter Hedeby?

Kovirke er en del af Dannevirkes voldsystem. Forsvarsvarke består

The "Kovirke" as it is today, looking north image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, September 25, 2018
4. The "Kovirke" as it is today, looking north
The palisades are gone, the rampart is much eroded and not much higher than the surrounding landscape, and the ditch (running up the middle here) has perhaps somewhat filled in over the centuries.
af en jordvold og en grav. Mellem Selk Nor, tæt ved vikingetidens handelsby Hedeby, og Rejde-å er volden snorlige. Da man opførte Dannevirke, inddrog man naturlige forhindringer, såsom åer, moser og søer i byggeriet. Kovirke blev bygget i slutningen af 900-tallet syd for det egenlige Dannevirke. På det tidspunkt var Harald Blåtand fra Jelling konge i Danmark. Efter konflikter mellem Danmark og det østfrankiske rige lod han Kovirke opføre. Nu lå Hedeby fra at have ligget i den forreste frontlinie, beskyttet bag volden.

Kovirke bestod af en jordvold med en front af palisader samt en spidsgraven konstruktion, som kendes fra de danske ringborge. Disse blev opført under Harald Blåtand ca. på samme tid overalt i Danmark. Borgene blev opkalt efter Trelleborg på Sjælland.
 
Erected 2014.
 
Location. 54° 27.865′ N, 9° 29.217′ E. Marker is in Dannewerk, Schleswig-Holstein, in Kreis Schleswig-Flensburg. Marker is on Rheider Weg just north of Schaepersweg, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Dannewerk, Schleswig-Holstein 24867, Germany.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 2 other markers are within 3 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Key Section of the Fortifications: The Main Wall (approx. 1.1 kilometers away); Bastion 14 and the 1864 War (approx. 1.8 kilometers away).
 
Also see . . .  Danevirke (Wikipedia). (Submitted on October 18, 2018.)
 
Categories. Forts, Castles

 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 18, 2018. This page originally submitted on October 18, 2018, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California. This page has been viewed 35 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on October 18, 2018, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California.
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