Near Gorham in Coos County, New Hampshire — The American Northeast (New England)
The explorer Verrazano was the first European to view the White Mountains from his ship along the Atlantic coast in 1524. Darby Field was the first white man to climb Mt. Washington in 1642. The Indians called Mt. Washington “Agiochook” or “Dwelling place of the Great Spirit.” The original Mt. Washington Auto Road was opened as a carriage road in 1861. It is a private road providing public access to Mt. Washington (6288’), the highest peak in the Northeast.
Alpine Zone – elevation 4000’ and above
At these elevations, trees become dwarfed by the harsh weather, and are called Krummholz. This gives was to alpine vegetation similar to that found in the tundra of Northern Labrador. Over 110 species of alpine plants live in this zone. The Alpine Zone of the Presidential Range is an island of arctic vegetation in a temperate region.
Erected by United States Forest Service, White Mountain National Forest and the Mount Washington Auto Road.
Location. 44° 17.348′ N, 71° Touch for map. Marker is located on the east side of the highway, beside the Great Glen Trails Outdoor Center parking lot, overlooking the Mount Washington Auto Road and the Presidential Range across the highway to the west. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1 Mount Washington Auto Road, Gorham NH 03581, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 11 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. First Ascent of Mount Washington (approx. 2.2 miles away); Northern Peaks of Presidential Range (approx. 4.1 miles away); Mount Washington Summit (approx. 4.1 miles away); The Old Hero (approx. 6.4 miles away); Mount Washington Cog Railway (approx. 6.6 miles away); The Ravine House (approx. 6.7 miles away); Crawford House (approx. 10˝ miles away); Crawford Depot (approx. 10˝ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gorham.
More about this marker. This marker is a large composite plaque, mounted horizontally on waist-high metal posts.
Also see . . .
1. Giovanni da Verrazano. Francis I, King of France, was anxious to put out an exploratory (Submitted on October 23, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. Mount Washington, Highest Mountain in New England, First Recorded Ascent. Mount Washington's first recorded ascent was by Darby Field and two Abenaki Indian guides, who may not have gone to the summit, in June, 1632. He took 18 days to climb the peak from Portsmouth, New Hampshire. Field reported lots of "shining stones" on the mountain, which prospectors assumed were diamonds until they proved to be just crystals. (Submitted on October 23, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
3. The History of Mount Washington Auto Road. The history of the Auto Road began in the wheat fields of Canada. There were huge crops to be shipped out in winter, but there was no ice-free seaport available. So, a railroad line was built from Montreal to Portland in 1851. It passed through Gorham and opened up the east side of the White Mountains to the tourist trade. In 1850, the railroad paid for rebuilding the road from Gorham into Pinkham Notch, financed the construction of the Glen Bridle Path to the summit of Mount Washington and started its own Alpine House Hotel in Gorham. The first Glen House, at the foot of the road, was completed in 1852; the same year that the first Summit House was built on Mount Washington. (Submitted on October 23, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Categories. • Exploration • Native Americans • Natural Features • Roads & Vehicles •
Credits. This page was last revised on November 1, 2018. This page originally submitted on October 20, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 28 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on October 23, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.