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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Lake City in Columbia County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

A Bargaining Chip

Florida De Soto Trail

 

—September 10, 1539 —

 
A Bargaining Chip Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, November 3, 2018
1. A Bargaining Chip Marker
Inscription. It’s September 10, 1539…
Conquistador Hernando de Soto has come to Uriutina, a deserted Indian village near here.

We have feasted upon the bounty of food left behind by the fleeing villagers. Messengers sent by Chief Uzachile have come to plead for the release of his relative, our hostage Chief Aguacalequen. It has been 24 days since his capture. I have decided – I will only release Aguacalequen once I have met with Uzachile.

”Indians came in peace saying they came to see their lord; and every day they came to the road playing on flutes, which is their sign by which they make known they come in peace.”
- Account by a Gentleman from Elvas

The De Soto Chronicles

The Conquistador Trail
Many Europeans had heard of the fame and fortune of De Soto’s conquests in Panama, Nicaragua, and Peru. Men, women, and children came from all over Spain, England, Germany, and Portugal to march with De Soto and find their own fortunes in La Florida.

The Native Path
At the village of Uriutina, Chief Aguacalequen received a message from his ally, Chief Napituca. He was told that Napituca’s warriors planned to ambush the Spanish. They would torture the men in revenge for the cruelties inflicted upon their tribe by De Soto. Aguacalequen
Marker detail: To many Native American cultures, playing the flute is a sign of peace image. Click for full size.
By Joe Brooks
2. Marker detail: To many Native American cultures, playing the flute is a sign of peace
Native American, Juan Leon, practices the art of his ancestors.
begged Napituca to rethink his plan because he believed the Spanish could not be defeated in war.
 
Erected by Florida De Soto Trail, Florida Department of Transportation, the Florida Park Service, and the National Park Service.
 
Location. 30° 15.495′ N, 82° 40.126′ W. Marker is near Lake City, Florida, in Columbia County. Marker is on Northwest Falling Creek Road (County Road 131) 0.9 miles north of US Highway 41 (State Road 100), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located in Falling Creek Falls park, along the Falling Creek Falls trail, just north of the parking lot, on the east side of the highway. Marker is at or near this postal address: 953 Northwest Falling Creek Road, Lake City FL 32055, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Falling Creek Falls (a few steps from this marker); Falling Creek Methodist Church and Cemetery (approx. 0.3 miles away); Apalachee Trail (approx. 5.1 miles away); Alligator (approx. 5.1 miles away); Confederate Monument (approx. 5.1 miles away); White Springs (approx. 7.2 miles away);
Marker detail: “A Timicuan Warrior Preparing for Battle” By John White (1585) image. Click for full size.
Courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum
3. Marker detail: “A Timicuan Warrior Preparing for Battle” By John White (1585)
Wars and Conflicts in White Springs (approx. 7.2 miles away); Florida’s Original Tourist Destination (approx. 7.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lake City.
 
More about this marker. Marker is a large, composite plaque mounted vertically within a heavy-duty wooden kiosk.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Florida De Soto Trail
 
Also see . . .
1. Florida's De Soto Trail. Hernando de Soto landed at Tampa Bay in 1539 and made his way north in search of gold and riches. A controversial figure in American history, Spanish Conquistador Hernando de Soto is regarded as a hero and brave explorer by some — and an overzealous madman by others. The De Soto Trail shows him as a product of Medieval Europe, a brutal society forged over 780 years of warfare. It also tells the story of the Native American peoples of 16th-century Florida, a highly advanced collection of chiefdoms struggling against each other to gain dominance over their regions. (Submitted on November 7, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. A Bargaining Chip Marker - full panel in PDF format. (Submitted on November 7, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Marker detail: 1591 De Bry/Le Moyne map of Florida and Cuba image. Click for full size.
Courtesy of Geographicus Antique Maps
4. Marker detail: 1591 De Bry/Le Moyne map of Florida and Cuba

3. Florida's De Soto Trail map - full panel in PDF format. (Submitted on November 7, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
4. De Soto’s Expedition to North America. In 1536, de Soto obtained a royal commission to conquer and settle the region known as La Florida (now the southeastern United States), which had been the site of earlier explorations by Juan Ponce de León and others. De Soto set out from Spain in April 1538, set with 10 ships and 700 men. After a stop in Cuba, the expedition landed at Tampa Bay in May 1539. They moved inland and eventually set up camp for the winter at a small Indian village near present-day Tallahassee. (Submitted on November 7, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Categories. Colonial EraExplorationNative AmericansNotable Events
 
Florida De Soto Trail Map (<i>panel to the left of marker in kiosk</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, November 3, 2018
5. Florida De Soto Trail Map (panel to the left of marker in kiosk)
De Soto Trail
1539-1540
You are standing along the historic route of the conquistador Hernando de Soto and his expedition through the Florida Native American territories in his quest for gold and glory.
Bargaining Chip Marker Kiosk (<i>wide view; Falling Creek Road (County Road 131) in background</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, November 3, 2018
6. Bargaining Chip Marker Kiosk (wide view; Falling Creek Road (County Road 131) in background)
Falling Creek Falls County Park sign (<i>park here to access marker</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, November 3, 2018
7. Falling Creek Falls County Park sign (park here to access marker)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 29, 2018. This page originally submitted on November 6, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 49 times since then and 2 times this year. Last updated on November 21, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on November 7, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.   7. submitted on December 27, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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