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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
St. Augustine in St. Johns County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Old World Showdown / Reyes y fe

Fort Matanzas National Monument

 
 
Old World Showdown / Reyes y fe Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, December 13, 2018
1. Old World Showdown / Reyes y fe Marker
Inscription.  
Old World Showdown (English)
One of the first colonial conflicts between European nations happened near here in 1565. Spain had already claimed Florida when France established Fort Caroline near present-day Jacksonville. This French outpost threatened the security of Spanish treasure fleets that sailed along the Florida coast. To defend its claim, protect its fleet, and defend the Catholic religion, Spain sent 800 sailors, soldiers, and civilians to remove the French Protestants (Huguenots) and start a Spanish colony.

The French had barely survived a year when the Spanish founded St. Augustine in 1565. To secure their place in the New World, the French sailed south to attack the settlement. A storm scattered the French ships, stranding soldiers and leaving Fort Caroline weakly guarded. The Spanish attacked Fort Caroline.

Later, the Spanish found the shipwrecked Frenchmen just south of where you now stand. They spared only a few professed Catholics and artisans needed in St. Augustine. In the end, about 250 people lay dead. Since then, the inlet has been called Matanzas, meaning “slaughter”
Marker detail: The Spanish found the Frenchmen helpless and unable to cross the inlet image. Click for full size.
By Stanley Meltzoff / National Geographic Creative
2. Marker detail: The Spanish found the Frenchmen helpless and unable to cross the inlet
Los españoles encontraron a los franceses indefensos e incapaces de cruzar el canal.
in Spanish.

Reyes y fe (Spanish)
Uno de los primeros conflictos ultramarinos de los reinos europeos sucedió aquí en 1565. España ya había reclamado la Florida en 1513. Francia estableció Fort Caroline, cerca de la actual ciudad de Jacksonville. Este asentamiento de protestantes franceses amenazaba la seguridad de la flotilla de las Indias, cuyos buques navegaban por la costa de la Florida. Con el fin de defender el territorio reclamado, proteger sus flotas y resguardar la fe católica, España envió 800 marineros, soldados y civiles para expulsar a sus rivales de la Florida y fundar una colonia española.

Los franceses apenas habían sobrevivido un año cuando los españoles fundaron San Agustín en 1565. Para asegurarse un lugar en el nuevo mundo, los franceses, navegaron hacia el sur para atacar el pueblo. Un huracán dispersó sus navíos, dejando náufragos al sur, y a Fort Caroline, al norte, con una débil defensa. Los soldados españoles atacaron y se apoderaron de Fort Caroline.

Mas tarde, los españoles hallaron a los náufragos franceses justo al sur de donde se encuentra usted. Solo perdonaron la vida de algunos católicos profesos y algunos artesanos que se necesitaban en San Agustín. Al final, el encuentro cobró la vida de unas 250 personas. Desde entonces, esta entrada ha recibido el nombre de “Matanzas.”
Old World Showdown Marker (<i>tall view; related marker beside boardwalk on right</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, December 13, 2018
3. Old World Showdown Marker (tall view; related marker beside boardwalk on right)

 
Erected 2018 by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 29° 42.839′ N, 81° 13.992′ W. Marker is in St. Augustine, Florida, in St. Johns County. Marker can be reached from A1A Scenic and Historic Coastal Byway (State Highway A1A) 4 miles south of State Highway 206, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is located on the Fort Matanzas National Monument grounds, along the Coastal Hammock Trail boardwalk, near the Matanzas River beach, south of the Fort. Marker is at or near this postal address: 8635 A1A South, Saint Augustine FL 32080, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Massacre by Menendez (here, next to this marker); Closing the Door / Protegiendo el acceso (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Crumbling Coquina / Piedra frágil (about 600 feet away); Fort Matanzas National Monument (about 600 feet away); Massacre of the French (approx. 0.3 miles away); Marineland-The World’s First Oceanarium (approx. 3.3 miles away); Marineland (approx. 3.4 miles away); Princess Place Estate (approx. 3.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Augustine.
 
More about this marker. Marker is a large rectangular
Old World Showdown Marker (<i>wide view looking north along the Coastal Hammock trail boardwalk</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, December 13, 2018
4. Old World Showdown Marker (wide view looking north along the Coastal Hammock trail boardwalk)
composite plaque, mounted horizontally on waist-high metal posts.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Fort Matanzas National Monument
 
Also see . . .  The Massacre of the French. The European history of Fort Matanzas National Monument begins with an incident almost 200 years before the construction of the fort at Matanzas - the Spanish massacre of French forces in 1565. It took place near or possibly within the area which now makes up the monument. The incident initiated Spanish control of Florida for 235 years and led to the naming of the Matanzas River. (Submitted on December 19, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Categories. Colonial EraForts, CastlesSettlements & SettlersWars, Non-US
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 21, 2018. This page originally submitted on December 16, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 32 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 19, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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