Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
St. Augustine in St. Johns County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Fort Matanzas National Monument

 
 
Fort Matanzas National Monument Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, January 14, 2010
1. Fort Matanzas National Monument Marker
Inscription. The Spanish built Fort Matanzas in 1740-42 to control Matanzas inlet, the "back door" to St. Augustine.

Much earlier, in 1565, Spain had bloodily crushed here a French challenge to her control of Florida by killing the remnants of a French colony from Fort Caroline, 40 miles to the north.

Fort Matanzas became a National Monument in 1924, preserving this unique specimen of a vanished style of military architecture and engineering.
 
Location. 29° 42.888′ N, 81° 14.091′ W. Marker is in St. Augustine, Florida, in St. Johns County. Marker can be reached from A1A Scenic and Historic Coastal Byway (State Road A1A) 4 miles south of State Road 206, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is located on the Fort Matanzas National Monument grounds, on the west side of the Visitor's Center, overlooking the Matanzas River. Marker is at or near this postal address: 8635 A1A South, Saint Augustine FL 32080, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Closing the Door / Protegiendo el acceso (a few steps from this marker); Crumbling Coquina / Piedra frágil (a few steps from this marker); Massacre by Menendez (about 600 feet away, measured
Fort Matanzas Sentry Box image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, January 14, 2010
2. Fort Matanzas Sentry Box
in a direct line); Old World Showdown / Reyes y fe (about 600 feet away); Massacre of the French (approx. 0.4 miles away); Marineland-The World’s First Oceanarium (approx. 3.4 miles away); Marineland (approx. 3½ miles away); Princess Place Estate (approx. 3.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Augustine.
 
More about this marker. Marker is a large painted wooden panel mounted on a waist-high post.
 
Regarding Fort Matanzas National Monument. Fort Matanzas (Spanish, 1740) guards Matanzas Inlet, southern mouth of Matanzas River, rear entrance to St. Augustine's primary defense, Castillo de San Marcos.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Fort Matanzas National Monument
 
Also see . . .
1. Fort Matanzas National Monument - St. Augustine, Florida. History (Submitted on February 23, 2018, by Kenneth Ramagost of Unknown, Louisiana.) 

2. Historic Fort Matanzas National Monument in 4k UHD Video. (Submitted on February 23, 2018, by Kenneth Ramagost of Unknown, Louisiana.)
Fort Matanzas National Monument image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, January 14, 2010
3. Fort Matanzas National Monument
The park commemorates the killing of nearly 250 French Huguenots by the Spanish, an act that gave the river and inlet the name Matanzas (Spanish for "slaughters"). One hundred seventy-five years later, the fort was constructed to help protect St. Augustine from a new threat - the British.

 
Categories. Colonial EraForts, CastlesLandmarksSettlements & Settlers
 
Fort Matanzas Architecture image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, January 14, 2010
4. Fort Matanzas Architecture
The Fort is constructed of coquina, a common shellstone building material in the area. It is 50 feet (15 m) long on each side with a 30-foot (9.1 m) tower.
Fort Matanzas Shore View image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, January 14, 2010
5. Fort Matanzas Shore View
The marshy terrain was stabilized by a foundation of pine pilings. The standard staff for the Fort was one officer in charge, four infantrymen, and two gunners, though more troops could be stationed if necessary.
Fort Matanzas Soldier image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, January 14, 2010
6. Fort Matanzas Soldier
All soldiers at Fort Matanzas served on rotation from their regular duty in St. Augustine. Five cannons were placed at the Fort - four six pounders and one 18 pounder. All guns could reach the inlet, which at the time was less than a half mile away.
Fort Matanzas Sergeant's Desk image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, January 14, 2010
7. Fort Matanzas Sergeant's Desk
Fort Matanzas Window View image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, January 14, 2010
8. Fort Matanzas Window View
Model of Fort Matanzas image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 1, 2011
9. Model of Fort Matanzas
Fort Matanzas image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 1, 2011
10. Fort Matanzas
Cannons and Sentry Box image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 1, 2011
11. Cannons and Sentry Box
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 2, 2019. This page originally submitted on February 8, 2010, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 1,922 times since then and 6 times this year. Last updated on December 19, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on February 8, 2010, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.   9, 10, 11. submitted on August 15, 2011, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
Paid Advertisement We are suspending Amazon.com advertising until they remove an ad for a certain book from circulation. A word in the book’s title has given rise to number of complaints. The word is inappropriate in school classroom settings.