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Biography of Dr. Sun Yat-sen

 
 
Biography of Dr. Sun Yat-sen Marker image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, January 9, 2019
1. Biography of Dr. Sun Yat-sen Marker
Inscription.  Biography of Dr. Sun Yat-sen
Father of the Republic of China
(1866-1925)

Dr. Sun Yat-sen was born on November 12, 1866 to a Cantonese family in Tsuei-Heng Village, Shiangshan County, Kwangtung Province in China, under the rule of the Ching Dynasty. His early education in China, Hawaii and Hong Kong established him as a man of two worlds – China and the West. He also learned the essentials about freedom and democracy in the Western World, and these became the guiding principles he followed for the rest of his life.

During his teenage years, Dr. Sun grew increasingly angry and disappointed in the rule of the corrupt and inefficient Ching Dynasty. The spirit of the American Revolution and Independence had a lasting effect on him and sparked his goals for the creation of an Ideal China with freedom and democracy. He came to the conclusion that in order to achieve those noble goals, the people in China would have to overthrow the Ching Dynasty. Thus, he decided to become a foremost pioneer to reform China by leading the revolution. Dr. Sun founded the Hsing-Chung Hui (Revive China Society), a secret revolutionary
Dr. Sun Yat-sen image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, January 9, 2019
2. Dr. Sun Yat-sen
organization, when he traveled to Hawaii. Later, he organized the Tung-Meng Hui (Revolutionary Alliance) and was elected its first director. He spent over 20 years traveling in the U.S.A., Canada, Japan and other foreign countries to promote his philosophy and to organize uprisings to overthrow the ultra-conservative Ching Dynasty. After many armed uprisings, Dr. Sun and his allies successfully overthrew the Ching Dynasty in a revolution in 1911 that ended 5,000 years of Imperial rule in China.

Dr. Sun was subsequently elected the first President of the Republic of China. He established the organizational rule of government and the basic laws of the land. However, his term in office was brief: the military warlords in Northern China forced him to step down in 1912. Afterward, Dr. Sun continued to fight against warlords for a free and unified China. He proclaimed his “Three Principles of the People” – Nationalism, Democracy and the Peopleís Livelihood – as the foundation of the country. He also produced the Five-Yuan Constitution as the guideline for the political system and bureaucracy for a new China.

In March 12, 1925, Dr. Sun died of liver cancer in Beijing at the age of 59. But his deeds will never be forgotten. Throughout China, and the rest of the world, Dr. Sun is remembered for his bravery and wisdom, and to many he is worshipped
Dr. Sun Yat-sen's inscription - "All under heaven are equal" image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, January 9, 2019
3. Dr. Sun Yat-sen's inscription - "All under heaven are equal"
as a true Saint – a near perfect human being! Dr. Sun Yat-senís name and deeds will remain forever in the hearts and minds of Chinese people everywhere!
 
Erected 2011 by Republic of China (Taiwan).
 
Location. 40° 42.942′ N, 73° 59.997′ W. Marker is in New York, New York, in New York County. Marker is on Baxter Street, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: New York NY 10013, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Church of the Transfiguration 1801 (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Our Father (about 400 feet away); “The Tombs” – A Mausoleum for the Living (was about 400 feet away but has been reported missing. ); Church of the Transfiguration (about 500 feet away); Padre Felix Varela Morales (about 500 feet away); Collect Pond Park (was about 500 feet away but has been reported missing. ); Roll of Honor (about 500 feet away); Welcome to Columbus Park (was about 600 feet away but has been reported missing. ). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
 
More about this marker. The statue is in the north end of Columbus Park, near Bayard Street between Baxter and Mulberry Streets.
The statue was intended as a temporary celebration of the centennial of the founding of the Republic of China, but it was never removed. It was officially made "permanent" in February 2019.
 
Categories. Notable Persons
 
Side inscriptions image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, January 9, 2019
4. Side inscriptions
Dr. Sun Yat-sen statue in Columbus Park image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, March 23, 2019
5. Dr. Sun Yat-sen statue in Columbus Park
The statue is near the 1897 pavilion at the north end of the park.
 
More. Search the internet for Biography of Dr. Sun Yat-sen.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 26, 2019. This page originally submitted on January 16, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 48 times since then. Last updated on March 23, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 16, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.   5. submitted on March 23, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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