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Santa María del Río in Municipality of Santa María del Río, San Luis Potosí, Mexico — The Northeast (and Central Highlands)
 

Otomíes and Guachichiles

 
 
Otomíes and Guachichiles Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 16, 2019
1. Otomíes and Guachichiles Marker
Inscription.  

Esta calle que pasa frente a las Casas Reales y la Capilla de Guadalupe, en el Aspecto Politico; es la línea divisoria del Pueblo de Arriba “Otomies” y Pueblo de Abajo – “Guachichiles”. Habiendo sido señalada con una espada por el Protector de los indios el Capitán D. Juan Dominguez. 4 de Mayo de 1610

English translation:
This street that passes here in front of the Royal Treasury (Casas Reales) and the Chapel of Guadalupe was the political dividing line between the "Otomíes", or Upper Town, and the "Guachichiles", or Lower Town. This line was marked with a sword by the Protector of the Indians, Captain Juan Domínguez on May 4, 1610.
 
Erected 1999.
 
Location. 21° 48.049′ N, 100° 44.22′ W. Marker is in Santa María del Río, San Luis Potosí, in Municipality of Santa María del Río. Marker is at the intersection of Miguel Hidalgo and Calle Pascual M. Hernández Segura, on the right when traveling south on Miguel Hidalgo. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Santa María del Río, San Luis Potosí 79560, Mexico. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are
Otomíes and Guachichiles Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 16, 2019
2. Otomíes and Guachichiles Marker
The marker can be seen on the right side of the Chapel of Guadalupe, mentioned in the marker text. The church is commonly known today as the Capilla de Purísima (Chapel of the Most Pure).
within walking distance of this marker. Purísima Chapel (here, next to this marker); Tourism Office (a few steps from this marker); The Parochial School of Music (a few steps from this marker); Primo Feliciano Velázquez Rodríguez (within shouting distance of this marker); City Hall (within shouting distance of this marker); Foundation of Santa María del Río (within shouting distance of this marker); Hidalgo Garden (within shouting distance of this marker); Dividing Line Between Otomíes and Guachichiles (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Santa María del Río.
 
Regarding Otomíes and Guachichiles. Otomíes and Guachichiles are two indigenous groups of Mexico. The Otomí (more correctly known as Hñähñu) are considered to have been the original inhabitants of the Mexican central highlands before the arrival of the Aztecs. They lived in areas that now include the states of Hidalgo, Querétaro, the State of Mexico and southern San Luis Potosí. The Guachichiles are generally considered to be part of the larger group known as Chichimecas. These groups generally lived further to the north in harsher desert regions. The two groups were probably brought together during the Conquest as Santa María del Río was a "pueblo de indios" (an indigenous town), where Franciscan missionaries attempted to evangelize to the concentrated members of both groups.
 
Categories. Colonial EraNative AmericansSettlements & Settlers
 
More. Search the internet for Otomíes and Guachichiles.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 14, 2019. This page originally submitted on April 12, 2019, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 47 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on April 12, 2019, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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