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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Elizabethtown in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Grist Mill Process

 
 
Grist Mill Process Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 12, 2019
1. Grist Mill Process Marker
Inscription.  The Groff, Stauffer, Binkley Mill was most likely steam powered but many of the local mills were run on a water stream's flow and water pressure as depicted here.

Standard Mill Mechanisms (panel 1)
Grain Bin Chute Elevator Grain Feed Winnower Flour Bin Head Gear Overshot Water Wheel

Millstones, Cover & Grist Hopper (panel 2)
Grist for the Millstones: Whole Oats Wheat Grain Dried Corn Rye Seed

Two Stones are inside a cover skirt. The bottom one stands still, while the upper one turns around. The upper stone is called the runner.

Flour fell out from the stones at the cover skirt.

Quarter Dress Stone Pattern diagram (panel 3)

 
Location. 40° 8.799′ N, 76° 36.19′ W. Marker is in Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania, in Lancaster County. Marker is at the intersection of West Bainbridge Street and South Market Street (State Highway 743), on the right when traveling east on West Bainbridge Street. Marker is located in an interpretive plaza at the southwest corner
Marker detail: Standard Mill Mechanisms image. Click for full size.
Graphics by Patricia S. Kline
2. Marker detail: Standard Mill Mechanisms
of the intersection. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 406 South Market Street, Elizabethtown PA 17022, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Millstone Plaza History (here, next to this marker); In Memoriam (approx. 0.3 miles away); Elizabeth Area Veterans Memorial (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Shoe Industry in Elizabethtown (approx. 0.3 miles away); Changes in Elizabethtown (approx. 0.4 miles away); Design of Elizabethtown (approx. 0.4 miles away); Barnabas and Elizabeth Hughes (approx. 0.4 miles away); Industry in Elizabethtown (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Elizabethtown.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Elizabethtown Millstone Plaza History
 
Also see . . .
1. The Grist Milling Process. After the American Revolution, the milling of flour grew to be Pennsylvania's most important export industry. The heart of a grist mill was its grinding stones. Millstones were made of ordinary granite or sandstone, quarried in full-size chunks. Each member of the pair had to be furrowed. The runner stone had furrows cut on the bottom and the bed stone had patterns cut on the top. Stones varied in size from four to six feet in diameter and weighed as much as one ton. (Submitted on June 12, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Marker detail: Millstones  Cover  Grist Hopper image. Click for full size.
Graphics by Patricia S. Kline
3. Marker detail: Millstones Cover Grist Hopper
 

2. Gristmill (Wikipedia). Farmers brought their own grain and received back ground meal or flour, minus a percentage called the "miller's toll." Early mills were almost always built and supported by farming communities and the miller received the "miller's toll" in lieu of wages. Most towns and villages had their own mill so that local farmers could easily transport their grain there to be milled. (Submitted on June 12, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Categories. AgricultureIndustry & CommerceMan-Made Features
 
Marker detail: Quarter Dress Stone Pattern image. Click for full size.
Graphics by Patricia S. Kline
4. Marker detail: Quarter Dress Stone Pattern
Grist Mill Process Marker (<i>wide view • marker on right</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 12, 2019
5. Grist Mill Process Marker (wide view • marker on right)
Millstone Exhibit (<i>recovered millstones located near marker</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 12, 2019
6. Millstone Exhibit (recovered millstones located near marker)
The millstones on this site today are believed to be from Binkley's Mill. These stones were recovered when Bainbridge Street was built in 2011.
 

More. Search the internet for Grist Mill Process.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 12, 2019. This page originally submitted on June 11, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 99 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on June 12, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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