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Franklin in Williamson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

The Carter Farm

The Cotton Gin and the Angle

 
 
The Carter Farm - The Cotton Gin and the Angle marker image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
1. The Carter Farm - The Cotton Gin and the Angle marker
Inscription.  After the Battle of Franklin, veterans on both sides vividly recollected F.B. Carter’s “old cotton gin.” Built early in the 1850s, it figured importantly in countless stories about the heaviest fighting, which unfolded here at the “angle.” Before the battle, Federal soldiers stripped weatherboards and timber from the gin to strengthen the breastworks that angled along the south side of the building. Federal engineers created the angle between the Columbia Pike and the gin to work the line around the front of the building so it would not obstruct small arms and artillery fire. The angle became the focal point of the battle.

Just before sundown at 4:35P.M., two Confederate divisions totaling more than 5,000 veteran soldiers under Gens. Samuel French and Patrick Cleburne struck the Federal line and Gen. James W. Reilly’s troops here. Confederate losses were severe from the onset, but the sheer force of the Southern attack broke the Federal position. A Union counterattack soon retook that section of the line. As the sun set the ferocious fighting did not subside. In the waning light, the mixture of smoke, confusion,
Carter Gin Site and Park image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
2. Carter Gin Site and Park
The marker is in the vicinity of the building in the background.
fear and death created lifetime memories for many survivors. The cotton gin loomed above it all.

For Southerners the memories were bitter. Cleburne was dead and his division lay wrecked on the field. For Northerners it was here that the path to the war’s final outcome became clearer.

Twenty-five years after the Battle of Franklin the gin was torn down. Its foundation was unearthed in 2015.
 
Erected by Historic Franklin Parks.
 
Location. 35° 54.946′ N, 86° 52.378′ W. Marker is in Franklin, Tennessee, in Williamson County. Marker is at the intersection of Columbia Avenue (Business U.S. 31) and Cleburne Street, on the right when traveling north on Columbia Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Carter Gin Site and Park, Franklin TN 37064, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Carter Farm (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Carter Farm (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Carter Farm (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Carter Farm (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Carter Farm
The Angle locale image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
3. The Angle locale
The mulched path follows the line of entrenchments.
(within shouting distance of this marker); The Cotton Gin Assault (was within shouting distance of this marker but has been reported missing. ); Carter's Cotton Gin (was within shouting distance of this marker but has been reported missing. ); Carter Gin House (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Franklin.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
The Cotton Gin site image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
4. The Cotton Gin site
All that remains of the foundation.
12 pounder Napoleons at The Angle. image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
5. 12 pounder Napoleons at The Angle.
Two guns from the 6th Ohio Battery were here. The cotton gin foundation is in the background, with the path of the entrenchments forming the salient around it is in front of the guns.
Situation map image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
6. Situation map
The Cotton Gin and the Angle, map detail with the gin amidst the cannons.
Inset image. Click for full size.
June 16, 2019
7. Inset
The Carter Cotton Gin House
 

More. Search the internet for The Carter Farm.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 30, 2019. This page originally submitted on September 16, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 86 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on September 16, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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