Near Frederick in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
“The Boy General of the Golden Lock”
On June 29, Custer and Farnsworth arrrived here to take command of their respective brigades. Some of the troopers, upon seeing Custer for the first time, called him "the boy General of the Golden Lock."
From Richfield, Custer and Farnsworth rode north to Gettysburg. Farnsworth died in the battle on July 3, while Custer went on to be one of the Civil War's great cavalry generals. He died on June 25, 1876 at the Battle of the Little Big Horn, Montana Territory.
Also on June 29, 1863, the I and XI Infantry Corps, Army of the Potomac, passed Richfield on their march to Gettysburg. Meade rode by while returning from Gettysburg on July 7.
Marker series. Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 28.113′ N, 77° 24.096′ W. Marker is near Frederick, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker is at the intersection of Catoctin Mountain Highway (U.S. 15) and Willow Road, on the right when traveling north on Catoctin Mountain Highway. Touch for map. The marker is located at a pull off the divided highway which connects to a private entrance to the Richfield farm. Marker is in this post office area: Frederick MD 21701, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. George Washington (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Richfield (within shouting distance of this marker); Watercress Farming (approx. 1.8 miles away); Boiler House (approx. 1.8 miles away); Welcome to Fountain Rock Lime Kilns (approx. 1.9 miles away); The Quarry (approx. 1.9 miles away); Working the Kilns (approx. 1.9 miles away); Inside the Kiln (approx. 1.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Frederick.
More about this marker. The marker displays a picture of Richfield with the caption, “George Washington slept here twice. Richfield was the first Frederick County home of Maryland's first elected governor, Thomas Johnson, Brigadier General
The marker also displays pictures of George Custer and Elon Farnworth. An area map highlights the important sites and movements of the Gettysburg campaign.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Also see . . .
1. Biographical Sketch of George Custer. (Submitted on July 4, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Elon Farnsworth biography. (Submitted on July 4, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. Admiral Schley Biography. (Submitted on July 4, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
4. Richfield. National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form. (MDIHP). "Despite the site's association with significant persons, the current building on the site is minimally significant for its architecture and is not directly associated with these illustrious persons. The building in which Thomas Johnson lived is no longer standing and that in which Schley was born has been significantly altered. Furthermore, Schley lived at Richfield as a child, long before his achievement of fame and importance as a Naval officer, further diluting the significance of the standing structure. The property is thus not eligible for listing under Criterion A, B or C." (Submitted on August 28, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.)
The House at Richfield is not the house George Washington slept in (twice). That house burned down on May 22, 1818. Nor is it the house that stood here when Custer and Farnsworth took their commands on the way to Gettysburg, the house in which Admiral Schley was born. That house was destroyed by a tornado in 1929 and substantially rebuilt in the same style. But this old house marks the place where all that history transpired. It reminds us of the man who proudly claimed to own George Washington's Ax. "of course I've had to replace the handle three times over the years and the head twice."
— Submitted August 28, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.
Additional keywords. Gettysburg Campaign
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 4, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,341 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on July 4, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 4, 5. submitted on March 4, 2008, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio. 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on August 28, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. 10. submitted on July 4, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 11. submitted on August 28, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.