Monroe in Monroe County, Michigan — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Artillery January 22, 1813
British Artillery on January 22nd consisted of six small cannons, mostly 3-pounders, with some small howitzers. The artillery pieces were first positioned about 400 yards north of here, just south of Mason Run Creek. These were used to good effect on the American Regulars in the open ground on this site. They did not seriously affect the Militia behind the puncheon fences to the west.
After the Regulars retreated from this site, one British gun was moved to about this position and opened fire on the Kentucky Militia to the west. Accurate Kentucky rifle fire at 200 yards soon wiped out the British gun crew and the cannon was temporarily abandoned, then withdrawn outside effective range.
[Marker side facing north]
The British light 3-pounder had a 2.9 inch bore and fired a 3-pound solid ball with a useful range of about half a mile. It could also fire cannister, which consisted of about 48 musket balls, which performed like a giant shotgun, but effective range was limited to 400 yards or less.
British artillery in North America used a variety of winter sled arrangements. The exact types used here are not recorded. This 3-pounder is mounted on a type of winter sled devised in 1796. The inventor was a well-known British artillerist, Adye, who was
Erected by Monroe County Historical Commission.
Location. 41° 54.708′ N, 83° 22.583′ W. Marker is in Monroe, Michigan, in Monroe County. Marker can be reached from East Elm Street 0.2 miles west of Detroit Avenue. Touch for map. To view this historical marker exit Interstate 75 at Elm Street Monroe, Michigan exit on the north side of the River Raisin. Proceed west on East Elm Street for 0.5 mile and you should arrive at the River Raisin Battlefield Visitor Center, on your right (the north side of the road). This historical marker, along with several others, is located behind the visitor center in the parking lot area. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1403 East Elm Street, Monroe MI 48162, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Battles of the River Raisin (within shouting distance of this marker); U.S. 17th Infantry Campsite (within shouting distance of this marker); After the Battle (within shouting distance of this marker); Skirmish Line (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Roundhead First District Court (about 800 feet away); "Newton" Strike (approx. 0.2 miles away); Site of Battles of Jan. 18 - 22 (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Monroe.
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Frenchtown. This web link was both published and made available by, "Absolute Astronomy.com," in it's quest to enable "exploring the universe of knowledge." (Submitted on July 19, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.)
2. Remember the River Raisin. This web link is published by "Michigan History Magazine." (Submitted on July 19, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.)
3. Battle of Frenchtown. This web link is published and made available by "Friends of the River Raisin Battlefield." (Submitted on July 19, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.)
Categories. • War of 1812 •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 19, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,081 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on July 19, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.