Near Richmond in Henrico County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
A Failed Insurrection
The rebellion was planned for the night of August 30, 1800. Slaves from neighboring counties were to meet just north of Brook Bridge (3) on Brook Road. Once assembled, the rebels would kill the plantation owners in the area to insure the secrecy of the plot. They would proceed to Richmond and meet others from Petersburg. One band would secure Mayo’s Bridge (4) and set fire to Rocketts (5), a warehouse district in Richmond, as a diversion. A second band would capture the State Capitol (6). They would then kidnap Governor Monroe and persuade him to accept their demands.
The scheme failed due to a massive thunderstorm that made roads and bridges impassible. The rebel leaders rescheduled for the next evening, but it was too late. Two slaves from Meadow Farm (7), Tom and Pharaoh, informed their owner, Mosby Sheppard,
On September 23, 1800, Gabriel was arrested and imprisoned at the newly built Penitentiary (8). The Henrico Court (9) tried and convicted Gabriel and more than twenty rebels for conspiracy. Gabriel was executed at the Gallows (10) on October 10, 1800.
Erected by County of Henrico.
Location. 37° 35.951′ N, 77° 27.916′ W. Marker is near Richmond, Virginia, in Henrico County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Park Street and Bloomingdale Avenue. Touch for map. This marker is located in the parking lot of the Spring Park Historic Site. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2000 Park Street, Henrico VA 23228, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Spring Park (a few steps from this marker); Young's Spring (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Joseph Bryan Park (about 700 feet away); Richmond Defences (approx. ¼ mile away); Sheridan Maneuvers East (approx. 0.6 miles away); Adèle Goodman Clark Emmanuel Church at Brook Hill Episcopal (approx. ¾ mile away); Gabriel’s Insurrection (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
Also see . . .
1. Gabriel’s Rebellion. Henrico County (Submitted on November 22, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
2. Hidden History - Virginia Business Online. A tour of Virginia's major slave rebellion sites serves as a vivid reminder of a prejudiced past. (Submitted on November 22, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
3. Gabriel's Conspiracy 1799-1800. PBS – Africans in America (Submitted on November 22, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
Categories. • African Americans • Antebellum South, US • Notable Events •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 22, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,888 times since then and 43 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on November 22, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. 6. submitted on November 22, 2009.