Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fort Ancient in Warren County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Hilltop Enclosure

 
 
Hilltop Enclosure Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., December 6, 2009
1. Hilltop Enclosure Marker
Inscription.
Hopewell Indians constructed this hilltop enclosure and probably used it for social gatherings and religious observances. No evidence of Hopewell occupation is present within the 100+ acre enclosure. Hopewell domestic areas abound on the plateau outside the enclosure itself.

Once constructed, the site may have never been completely abandoned although its use as a ceremonial center apparently declined. About 1000 A.D. the Fort Ancient Indians established a small, stockaded village in the south fort. When Warren K. Moorehead investigated this village, he mistakenly thought its occupants for whom he named the site, had built the Fort Ancient earthworks.

The Fort Ancient Indians also founded a village at the base of the hill along the banks of the Little Miami River. They supported themselves by hunting, fishing, and growing crops such as corn and beans.
 
Erected by The Ohio Historical Society.
 
Location. 39° 24.022′ N, 84° 5.873′ W. Marker is in Fort Ancient, Ohio, in Warren County. Touch for map. Marker is at the South Fort's North Overlook on Fort Ancient State Memorial. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6123 Ohio Route 350, Oregonia OH 45054, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within
Hilltop Enclosure Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., December 6, 2009
2. Hilltop Enclosure Marker
Looking north along the Little Miami River valley. Note I-70 highway bridge at distant center, just below the horizon.
walking distance of this marker. North Overlook (here, next to this marker); Fort Ancient Prehistoric Indian Earthworks (within shouting distance of this marker); The Myth of the Mound Builders (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fort Ancient Dwelling (about 300 feet away); Fort Ancient Earthworks (approx. 0.2 miles away); Changes at Fort Ancient (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Civilian Conservation Corps (approx. mile away); Stages of Construction / Crescent Mounds (approx. mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Ancient.
 
Also see . . .
1. Fort Ancient. (Submitted on January 25, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Fort Ancient Earthworks. (Submitted on January 25, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesMan-Made FeaturesNative AmericansNatural FeaturesNotable Places
 
Hilltop Enclosure Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., December 6, 2009
3. Hilltop Enclosure Marker
On North Overlook, at right, behind bench.
South Fort Diagram on Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., December 6, 2009
4. South Fort Diagram on Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 25, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 626 times since then and 45 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 25, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.
Paid Advertisement