Blue Ridge Summit in Franklin County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Battle of Monterey Pass
General Custer's men advanced toward the Confederate line where a desperate hand-to-hand combat took place. It was during this time that portions of the 6th Virginia Cavalry and the 4th North Carolina Cavalry reinforced Captain Emack as Custer's men approached the actual pass. Once Captain Emack's reinforcements got into position, they were deployed on both sides of the Emmitsburg and Waynesboro Turnpike. General Custer could not dislodge the Confederate force, as Monterey Pass was too narrow for an organized attack.
Union General Judson Kilpatrick ordered the 1st West Virginia Cavalry to report to General Custer. As soon as Union Major Charles Capehart's 1st West Virginia Cavalry arrived, they were ordered to charge the Confederate cannon on the other side of the small wooden bridge. Seeing the West Virginia Cavalry in their front,
Major Capehart then charged through the mountain pass and began destroying portions of the Confederate Wagon Train. Following behind the 1st West Virgina Cavalry was Custer's Brigade. Federal Cavalry began storming through the long line of wagons, collecting their bounty until dawn. The battle of Monterey Pass continued down the western slope of South Mountain to Waterloo, near Rouzerville and finally ended at Ringgold, Maryland. Kilpatrick's Cavalry succeeded in capturing and destroying a large number of wagons, and took 1,360 Confederate soldiers as prisoners.
"As the advance came up to the train, they received a heavy volley of musketry, which at once showed the exact position of the enemy. Onward they dashed, and a hand-to-hand conflict ensued. The scene was wild and desolating. The road lay down a mountain side, wild and rugged. On either side of the road was a heavy growth of underbrush, which the enemy had taken as a fit place to conceal themselves and fire from upon us." Major Charles Capehart, 1st West Virginia Cavalry. Capehart was awarded the Medal of Honor in 1898 for his actions at Monterey Pass.
"Then we turn our attention to the foremost end of the train, all the while making more noise than a "pack of wild Indians." We find it a hot place, as we have it
Location. 39° 44.308′ N, 77° 28.711′ W. Marker is in Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania, in Franklin County. Marker is on Charmian Road, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Located at the Rolando Woods Lions Club Memorial Park. Marker is in this post office area: Blue Ridge Summit PA 17214, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 10,000 Soldiers Fight at Monterey Pass (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (was here, next to this marker but has been reported missing. ); The Retreat From Gettysburg (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (within shouting distance of this marker); Brown's Spring The Battle of Monterey Pass (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (about 300 feet away); Battle of Monterey Pass/Michigan Cavalry Brigade (about 300 feet away).
More about this marker. In the lower left is a map of the area. The red line represents the roads that General Richard Ewell's Confederate Wagon Train traveled during July 4th and 5th of 1863 as it withdrew from Gettysburg through Fairfield Pass and Monterey Pass down the mountain twoard Waynesboro.
The blue line represents the routes taken by the Federal Cavalry during the battle of Monterey Pass.
You are about 30 yards east of where the blue and red lines meet.
Also see . . . The Monterey Pass Battlefield Park & Museum. The association provides many resources including a guide to the battlefield. (Submitted on May 23, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on November 15, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 23, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,396 times since then and 62 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on July 2, 2016, by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia. 2. submitted on May 23, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 3. submitted on November 14, 2016, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. 4. submitted on May 23, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.