Gaithersburg in Montgomery County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Early Years
In 1873, construction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad through Gaithersburg was complete. The railroad brought a surge of people and businesses to communities all along the line, and Gaithersburg was no exception. In response to the population growth, the people of Gaithersburg drafted a charter, established a government, and incorporated as a city on April 5, 1878.
By the late 1880's, citizens of Gaithersburg were able to travel and move their wares by train. Fueled by this new and efficient form of transportation, the town's economy and population continued to expand. Gaithersburg's mercantile center shifted from Frederick Avenue to Diamond Avenue, along the train tracks and near the train station. In 1891, more than a dozen trains ran through Gaithersburg daily. The accessibility of the railroad soon transformed Gaithersburg from a sleepy rural town into what many Washingtonians considered a growing commercial center and a preferred summer resort.
(Photo caption): Two opposite views along the railroad tracks, circa 1900
Erected by City of Gaithersburg.
Location. 39° 8.502′ N, 77° 11.564′ W. Marker is in Gaithersburg, Maryland, in Montgomery County. Marker can Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 9 South Summit Avenue, Gaithersburg MD 20877, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Business of Agriculture: (here, next to this marker); Gaithersburg Washington Grove Volunteer Fire Department (here, next to this marker); Serving the Community's Health Care Needs (here, next to this marker); A Center of Culture and Commerce (here, next to this marker); Building The Future (here, next to this marker); The Schwartz House / Gaithersburg City Hall / Schwartz Peony Garden (here, next to this marker); Supplying an Agricultural Community (here, next to this marker); The Gaithersburg School (here, next to this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gaithersburg.
More about this marker. Bibliography
Harwood, Herbert H. (1979) Impossible Challenge: The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in Maryland (Barnard Roberts and Company, Baltimore)
Harwood, Herbert H. (1994) Impossible Challenge II: Baltimore to Washington and Harpers Ferry from 1828 to 1994 (Barnard Roberts and Company, Baltimore)
Soderberg, Susan (1998) The Met (Germantown Historical Society, Germantown)
Categories. • Political Subdivisions • Railroads & Streetcars •
More. Search the internet for The Early Years.
Credits. This page was last revised on September 22, 2019. This page originally submitted on November 6, 2007, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,522 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 6, 2007, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.