Ninety Six in Greenwood County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Why Did the British Burn Ninety Six?
The quiet field before you was the site of the once-thriving 1700s town of Ninety Six. In 1781 it had about a dozen homes, a courthouse, and a jail. When Lieutenant Colonel Cruger arrived in 1780, he fortified it against attack. One visitor observed, "Its houses, which were intierly [sic] wood, were comprised within a stockade. The commandant immediately set the garrison, both officers and men, to work to throw up a bank, parapet high, around the stockade, and to strengthen it with abatis."
During the siege of 1781, many Loyalist families from the backcountry, fleeing from Greene's advancing Patriot army, took refuge in the fortified town. Packed into the stockaded village, already filled with Cruger's troops and sick or wounded soldiers carried out from the Star Fort, these refugees lived in constant fear of Patriot gunfire and dwindling food and water supplies.
After the Patriot's defeat, Cruger was ordered to evacuate the town. The British command decided that Ninety Six was too far from Charleston and too deep in hostile territory to be of further value to their cause. So in July 1781, Cruger's men, with Loyalist families in tow, abandoned the village and burned it to the ground, denying Patriots further use of the site.
Erected 2009 by National Park Service.
Location. 34° 8.672′ N, 82° 1.196′ W. Marker is in Ninety Six, South Carolina, in Greenwood County. Marker can be reached from South Cambridge Street (State Highway 248). Touch for map. Marker is located on the battlefield walking tour, on the grounds of Ninety Six Historic Site. Marker is in this post office area: Ninety Six SC 29666, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Gouedy Trail and Charleston Road (within shouting distance of this marker); Woman and Child (within shouting distance of this marker); Law and Order in the Carolina Backcountry (within shouting distance of this marker); Ninety Six (within shouting distance of this marker); The American Revolution Comes to the South (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Spring Branch (about 400 feet away); Covered Way (about 500 feet away); The Attack (about 700 feet away); The Forlorn Hope (about 700 feet away); The Star Fort (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ninety Six.
Also see . . .
1. Ninety Six National Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service). Here settlers struggled against the harsh backcountry to survive, Cherokee Indians hunted and fought to keep their land, two towns and a trading post were formed and abandoned (Submitted on July 23, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
2. Ninety Six, South Carolina. Ninety Six is a town in Greenwood County, South Carolina, United States. (Submitted on July 23, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
3. Nathanael Greene. Nathanael Greene (August 7, 1742 – June 19, 1786) was a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. (Submitted on July 23, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
Categories. • Colonial Era • Forts, Castles • Landmarks • Notable Events • Notable Places • Settlements & Settlers • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 23, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 722 times since then. Last updated on July 23, 2010, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on July 23, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.