Colonial Beach in Westmoreland County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
A New World on the Chesapeake
With Native American assistance, English settlers developed a cash crop industry. Tobacco cultivation and export was the first commercial enterprise in the New World and produced great wealth for Virginia and Maryland. "Tobacco Society" plantations, like the Washington home at Popes Creek, flourished along Chesapeake tributaries.
These plantations were tied together by the Potomac and other regional rivers serving as highways for ships transporting people, communications and cargo. River and harbor towns such as Norfolk, Richmond, and Baltimore grew with trade and commerce as the Chesapeake connected with the rest of the world through trade.
Farmers continued producing tobacco and other cash crops along the bay shores. Timbering in watershed forests provided lumber for ships, workboats, buildings, and houses. By the mid-1800s, over half the region's vast forests were gone and intense farming had exhausted once-fertile watershed soils.
A growing population of watermen turned to harvesting the bay and its rivers. Oystering, crabbing, and fishing would become the Chesapeake's most notable industries.
New and ever-increasing pressures were placed on this fragile
Erected by National Park Service.
Location. 38° 12.061′ N, 76° 55.902′ W. Marker is in Colonial Beach, Virginia, in Westmoreland County. Marker can be reached from Popes Creek Road. Touch for map. The marker is at George Washington Birthplace National Monument, one of our National Parks. To reach the marker, take the beach road to the left as you enter the park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1732 Popes Creek Road, Colonial Beach VA 22443, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Paradise Found (here, next to this marker); The Bay Today (here, next to this marker); Link to the World (within shouting distance of this marker); John Washington House (approx. 0.3 miles away); Henry Brooks Farm (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Burial Ground (approx. 0.3 miles away); John Muse (approx. 0.8 miles away); Artery of Commerce (approx. 1.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Colonial Beach.
Also see . . . George Washington Birthplace National Monument. Website of the National Park Service. (Submitted on August 7, 2010, by Patrick G. Jordan of Graham, North Carolina.)
Categories. • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 7, 2010, by Patrick G. Jordan of Graham, North Carolina. This page has been viewed 513 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 7, 2010, by Patrick G. Jordan of Graham, North Carolina. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.