Unison in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Unison
After the Battle of Antietam in September 1862, Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia escaped to Virginia. President Abraham Lincoln repeatedly urged Union Gen. George B. McClellan to pursue and attack. Following a plan that Lincoln devised to trap Lee's army in the Shenandoah Valley, McClellan finally got his Army of the Potomac moving. On November 1, Union cavalry Gen. Alfred Pleasonton began leading the advance from Philomont toward Upperville. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry delayed him for three days. On November 5, learning that Lee's army had evaded the trap and reached Culpeper County, Lincoln ordered McClellan relieved of command.
On Sunday morning, November 2, 1862, the peaceful service here at Unison United Methodist Church was suddenly disrupted. First came the faint sounds of a Union band playing "Listen to the Mockingbird" and then the sounds of combat. Union Gen. Alfred Pleasonton with 2,500 cavalry and infantry and 12 cannons was marching down Unison Road from Philomont. Residents cowered as the fight swirled through the village.
Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart was waiting. He had posted most of his 900 cavalrymen near the crossroads 200 yards to your right. His six cannons, under Maj. John Pelham, fired from the field across the road. Artillery from both sides bombarded the village,
Erected 2011 by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 2.062′ N, 77° 47.601′ W. Marker is in Unison, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker is on Unison Road (County Route 630), on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located in front of the Unison Methodist Church. Marker is in this post office area: Middleburg VA 20117, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. History of St. Louis (approx. 1.7 miles away); Bushrod Lynn (approx. 2.3 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Unison (approx. 3.2 miles away); Round Oak Rag Apple Elevation White Pump Drovers Tavern (approx. 3.3 miles away); Hibbs Bridge (approx. 3.8 miles away); Attack at Goose Creek Bridge (approx. 3.9 miles away); Mosby’s Rangers (approx. 4.1 miles away).
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 16, 2011, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 829 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on May 16, 2011, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.