Moorefield in Hardy County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
Confederate Gen. John McCausland, retreating after the unsuccessful attack on Washington, D.C. and the burning of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, in 1864, was asleep upstairs when Union Gen. William W. Averell attacked his troops bivouacked four miles north of here about dawn on August 7. McCausland lost hundreds of horses, later hampering Confederate cavalry operations in the Shenandoah Valley.
Moorefield changed hands several times during the war as each side sought control of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, or advanced to or retreated from the Shenandoah Valley. Each army foraged for horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, wheat, corn, and dry goods in the countryside and in Moorefield.
At war's end, McMechen repaired his house, restocked his store, and helped the community recover. Resentment lingered, however. His wife, Mary Elizabeth McMechen, remarked in 1866, "We have been torn from Virginia by wicked force, but we are Virginians still."
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Location. 39° 3.752′ N, 78° 58.185′ W. Marker is in Moorefield, West Virginia, in Hardy County. Marker is at the intersection of North Main Street (U.S. 220) and Winchester Avenue on North Main Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 109 N. Main St., Moorefield WV 26836, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Moorefield (within shouting distance of this marker); Presbyterian Church (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Moorefield Presbyterian Church (about 300 feet away); Maslin House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Gen. Joseph Neville / McNeill's Raid (approx. 0.4 miles away); Cemetery Hill (approx. 0.4 miles away); Mill Island (approx. 1.8 miles away); Battle of Moorefield (approx. 4.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Moorefield.
More about this marker.
Right photo shows "McMechen family, ca. 1900, left to right: Janie (in window), Carrie, Emma, Kate, Betty, Mary Elizabeth, and Samuel. Courtesy McCoy-McMechen Museum."
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 3, 2011, by Linda Walcroft of Strasburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 865 times since then and 67 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on October 3, 2011, by Linda Walcroft of Strasburg, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.