Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
San Francisco in San Francisco City and County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
 

War in the Philippines

The Spanish-American War, the Philippine-American War, and the Presidio

 

—1898 – 1902 —

 
War in the Philippines Marker image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, November 3, 2007
1. War in the Philippines Marker
Inscription. On April 21, 1898, the United States declared war against Spain. The immediate causes were America’s support of Cuba’s ongoing struggle against Spanish rule and the mysterious explosion of the USS Maine in Havana Harbor. This was the first overseas war fought by the United States, with campaigns in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines.

On May 18, 1898, the Spanish fleet guarding the Philippine Islands was defeated by the U.S. Navy under the command of Commodore George Dewey. Unaware of Dewey’s success, President McKinley authorized the assembling of troops to mount a campaign against the capital of Manila. The military base best suited the as a staging point for these troops was the Presidio of San Francisco. From 1898 through 1900, 80,000 soldiers passed through the post on their way to the Philippines.

After the was against Spain ended, United States leaders decided to give Cuba its independence but keep the Philippines. In 1899, this led to fighting against Philippine “Insurrectos” who wanted their independence. The fighting diminished after the capture of the nationalist leader Emilio Aguinaldo. The conflict officially ended on July 4, 1902. With its new overseas possessions (the Philippines, Guam, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico), the United States emerged as a world power.

Signs of the brief
War in the Philippines Marker with Ordonez Gun in Background image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, November 3, 2007
2. War in the Philippines Marker with Ordonez Gun in Background
war with Spain and the longer conflict with the Filipinos are evident throughout the Presidio today: the large brick Montgomery Street barracks, and the original portion of Letterman Hospital built during that period, are now important parts of the historic scene. Major Generals Frederick Funston, who captured Aguinaldo, and William R. Shafter, commander of U.S. Army forces in Cuba during the war, are buried in the San Francisco National Cemetery on the Presidio.
 
Erected by Golden Gate National Recreation Area/National Park Service.
 
Location. 37° 47.986′ N, 122° 27.47′ W. Marker is in San Francisco, California, in San Francisco City and County. Marker can be reached from Graham Street. Touch for map. Marker is located at Pershing Square, Moraga Avenue and Graham Streets. Marker is in this post office area: San Francisco CA 94123, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Ordoñez Gun (here, next to this marker); North West Corner of Original Presidio (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Montgomery Street Barracks (about 700 feet away); Music in the Military: Presidio Band Barracks (about 800 feet away); Presidio of San Francisco
Close-Up of Photo on Marker image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, November 3, 2007
3. Close-Up of Photo on Marker
Thousands of soldiers were quickly mobilized and trained at the Presidio.

51st Iowa Infantry marched through the Lombard Gate to embark on ships headed for the Philippines.
(approx. 0.2 miles away); First Women in the Army: U.S. Army Nurse Corps (approx. 0.2 miles away); San Francisco National Cemetery (approx. ¼ mile away); Lover’s Lane (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Francisco.
 
Regarding War in the Philippines. Also see: The Ordonez Gun marker for additional information.
 
Also see . . .
1. The Spanish American War “A Splendid Little War”. (Submitted on October 18, 2008.)
2. The Philippine War - A Conflict of Conscience for African Americans. (Submitted on March 25, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
 
Additional keywords. "Philippine Insurrection"
 
Categories. MilitaryNotable EventsNotable PlacesWar, Spanish-American
 
Close-Up of Photo on Marker image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, November 3, 2007
4. Close-Up of Photo on Marker
Newspaper images of the battleship USS Maine exploding enraged the American public, leading to war. The expression "Remember the Maine" was used by the press to promote U.S. military involvement in Cuba.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 18, 2008, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California. This page has been viewed 1,725 times since then and 40 times this year. Last updated on October 19, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on October 18, 2008, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.
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