Hudson in Stafford County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Cultivating America’s Bread Basket
Agriculture on the Prairie
When settlers came to the prairie in the 1870s, they learned from the land that grasses grew better than any other crop here. In 1874, Russian Mennonite immigrants brought seeds of Turkey Red winter wheat from the Russian steppes. Well suited to this climate, Turkey Red and its varieties soon dominated Kansas wheat production and still make up half the state’s wheat crop.
When farmers plowed the prairie to plant wheat, they replaced a complex ecosystem of hundreds of plant and animal species with single-species farm crops. Lacking the natural buffers and balances of the native prairie, crops are susceptible to the many challenges of prairie life, including insects, jackrabbits, floods, and drought. Despite these challenges, Kansas has become America’s Bread Basket. In 2007, Kansas grew some 375 million bushels of wheat, more than any other state. Along the Byway, you’ll also see corn, soybeans, and sorghum (milo) under cultivation.
Stafford County Flour Mills Co.
In 1904, Gustav Krug founded the Hudson Milling Company, later renamed the Stafford County Flour Mills Co. Since then, the mill has turned
Motion and Change
During the 1930s, soil erosion devastated prairie farms. Several new federal programs were created to tackle the problem. Both the Soil Conservation Service and the Great Plains Shelterbelt Program worked with Civilian Conservation Corps crews and local farmers to plant shelterbelts of cedar, juniper, locust, and cottonwood to stabilize soils.
Erected by Wetlands & Wildlife National Scenic Byway, Kansas Department of Transportation, and the Federal Highway Administration.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Civilian Conservation Corps marker series.
Location. 38° 6.268′ N, 98° 39.616′ W. Marker is in Hudson, Kansas, in Stafford County. Marker is on Main Street east of Highland Avenue, on the left when traveling west. Marker is in the town park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hudson KS 67545, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 6 other markers are within 11 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Replica of the Statue of Liberty (approx. 8.9 miles away); Wetlands & Wildlife National Scenic Byway (approx. 9 miles away); Surviving the Dirty Thirties A Brief History of the Growth of the National Wildlife Refuge System (approx. 9½ miles away); Home on the Range (approx. 10.3 miles away); Farmers National Bank (approx. 10.4 miles away).
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
Also see . . .
1. Turkey Red Wheat. (Submitted on April 8, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. The Stafford County Flour Mills Company. (Submitted on April 8, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Wetlands & Wildlife National Scenic Byway. (Submitted on April 8, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Agriculture • Environment •
More. Search the internet for Cultivating America’s Bread Basket.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 8, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 340 times since then and 13 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on April 8, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.