“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Gallatin in Sumner County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)


The Political War Within the War

Rosemont Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 23, 2013
1. Rosemont Marker
Inscription. Rosemont, a Greek Revival—style mansion completed in the 1840s, was the home of Judge Josephus Conn Guild, a state senator and representative who also served as a Lt. Colonel in the 2nd Tennessee Mounted Volunteers during the Seminole War. He hosted such notables as James K. Polk and Andrew Johnson here at his plantation, famous for horse-breeding and racing.

The Civil War changed that world forever. Guild resisted secession but became an ardent Confederate once the war began. Federal military governor Andrew Johnson ordered Guild’s arrest on April 11, 1862, for “treasonable language” and “his influence…against the Government of the United States.” Denied the writ of habeas corpus, Guild and two other Tennesseans were confined without trial at Fort Mackinac, Michigan. On August 1, Guild took the loyalty oath. He returned home September 25 and remained under the watchful eyes of Union officers.

Rosemont’s hilltop setting made it an ideal post for pickets guarding the southern approach to town. Federal troops hauled off 40 wagonloads of the estate’s timber in 1864. Guild petitioned the local commander to stop the cutting and even hid horses in the cellar to prevent their seizure.

After the war, Guild defended Confederate guerilla Champ Ferguson at a controversial military trial
Rosemont Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 23, 2013
2. Rosemont Marker
in Nashville, where in October 1865 the court sentenced Ferguson to death. He was the only Tennessean executed for war crimes after the Civil War. At a Democratic Party gathering in 1868, Guild observed: “How changed are the times!...we are the mere creatures of our former slaves; we are completely metamorphosed, with the exception that our skins are yet white.”

Josephus C. Guild Courtesy of Sumner County Museum
Rosemont, 1876 - Courtesy of Kenneth C. Thompson, Jr.
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 36° 22.598′ N, 86° 26.552′ W. Marker is in Gallatin, Tennessee, in Sumner County. Marker is at the intersection of South Water Avenue (Old State Highway 109) and James Street, on the right when traveling south on South Water Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gallatin TN 37066, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Rose Mont (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Rose Mont (within shouting distance of this marker); Sumner County Tennessee Mexican-American War Monument
Rosemont image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 23, 2013
3. Rosemont
(approx. ¾ mile away); Monument to the Fallen (approx. ¾ mile away); Tennessee's First African-American Civil War Volunteers (approx. 0.8 miles away); First Presbyterian Church (approx. 0.8 miles away); Trousdale Place (approx. 0.8 miles away); a different marker also named Trousdale Place (approx. 0.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gallatin.
Categories. PoliticsWar, US Civil
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 5, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 385 times since then and 31 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 5, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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