“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Montgomery in Montgomery County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)

The Montgomery Slave Trade/Warehouses Used in the Slave Trade

The Montgomery Slave Trade Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 11, 2013
1. The Montgomery Slave Trade Marker
Inscription. Side 1
The Montgomery Slave Trade

Montgomery had grown into one of the most prominent slave trading communities in Alabama by 1860. At the start of the Civil War, the city had a larger slave population than Mobile, New Orleans, or Natchez, Mississippi. Montgomery attracted a growing number of major slave traders whose presence dominated the city’s geography and economy. The Montgomery probate office granted at least 164 licenses to slave traders operating in the city from 1848 to 1860. Slave trader’s offices were located primarily along Commerce Street and Market Street (now Dexter Avenue). Over time, Montgomery became one of the most important and conspicuous slave trading communities in the United States. After the Alabama legislature banned free black people from residing in the state in 1833, enslavement was the only legally authorized status for African Americans in Montgomery.

Side 2
Warehouses Used in the Slave Trade

Commerce Street was central to the operation of Montgomery’s slave trade. Enslaved people were marched in chains up the street from the riverfront and railroad station to the slave auction site or to local slave depots. Warehouses were critical to the city’s slave trade. Slave traders confined enslaved people in warehouses
Warehouses Used in the Slave Trade Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, May 28, 2016
2. Warehouses Used in the Slave Trade Marker
until they could be sold during slave auctions. At 122 Commerce Street was a very large warehouse owned by John Murphy, who provided support to slave traders in the city and built the Murphy house on Bibb Street. The Commerce Street warehouse was used in the 1850s by slave traders like H.W. Farley, who advertised the sale of enslaved children, such as a boy “about fourteen, very likely and sprightly.” The warehouse remained in the hands of owners involved in the slave trade until the end of the Civil War.
Erected 2013 by Black Heritage Council, Equal Justice Initiative and the Alabama Historical Commission.
Location. 32° 22.766′ N, 86° 18.659′ W. Marker is in Montgomery, Alabama, in Montgomery County. Marker is on Commerce Street 0.1 miles north of Bibb Street (Alabama Route 108), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 122 Commerce Street, Montgomery AL 36104, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Montgomery Freemasonry (a few steps from this marker); The First Offices of the Confederate Government (within shouting distance of this marker); Marquis de Lafayette (about 300 feet away, measured in
122 Commerce Street image. Click for full size.
3. 122 Commerce Street
a direct line); Murphy House (about 500 feet away); Montgomery Area Chamber of Commerce (about 500 feet away); The First White House of the Confederacy (about 600 feet away); General Charles Graham Boyd (about 600 feet away); Confederate Military Prison / Civil War Military Prisons (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Montgomery.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
Also see . . .  EJI releases report on slavery in America and dedicates slave markers in Montgomery. Equal Justice Initiative (Submitted on December 12, 2013.) 
Categories. African AmericansIndustry & CommerceWar, US Civil
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 11, 2013, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 1,218 times since then and 220 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on December 11, 2013, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.   2. submitted on May 28, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.   3. submitted on December 11, 2013, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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