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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Urbana in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Urbana

Capture and Escape

 

ó Early's 1864 Attack on Washington ó

 
Urbana Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, August 28, 2014
1. Urbana Marker
Inscription.  
(preface)
In June 1864, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee and Gen. Jubal A. Earlyís corps from the Richmond battlefields to the Shenandoah Valley to counter Union Gen. David Hunterís army. After driving Hunter into West Virginia, Early invaded Maryland to attack Washington D.C., draw Union troops from Richmond, and release Confederate prisoners held at Point Lookout. On July 9, Early ordered Gen. Bradley T. Johnsonís cavalry brigade eastward to free the prisoners. The next day, Johnson sent Maj. Harry Gilmerís regiment to raid the Baltimore area. Union Gen. Lew Wallace delayed Early at the Battle of Monocacy on Jul 9. Federal reinforcements soon strengthened the capitalís defenses. Early attacked there near Fort Stevens on July 11-12 and then withdrew to the Shenandoah Valley with the Federals in pursuit. He stopped them at Cool Spring on July 17-18. Despite failing to take Washington or free prisoners, Early succeeded in diverting Federal resources.

(main text)
The last action of the Battle of Monocacy occurred during the Union retreat on July 9, 1864, as Lt. Col. David Clendenin's 8th Illinois Cavalry withdrew
Urbana Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, August 28, 2014
2. Urbana Marker
down the Georgetown Pike toward Urbana. Confederate Maj. Frederick Smith's 27th Virginia Cavalry was in close pursuit. In the Streets of Urbana, the Virginians suffered a setback when the Co. F flag bearer was shot in the shoulder, and Union cavalrymen seized the flag. Smith drew his saber and led a charge to rout Clendenin and to recover the flag but was shot and mortally wounded during the clash. The Confederate attack stalled and Clendenin withdrew without further incident.

Smith was buried at the Episcopal church in Urbana alongside Lt. Col. William Tavenner, the former commander of the 17th Virginia Cavalry. Tavenner had been killed in an engagement earlier in the day. Relatives later removed Tavenner's body.

The Union prisoners captured at Monocacy were forced to march with their captors on July 10. Early's army halted briefly in Urbana, and the prisoners were permitted to rest along the roadside. Several of them occupied Mrs. Windsor's yard near here, and she took their names so she could inform their families. In the general confusion, three of the prisoners crawled behind her house and hid in a cramped bake oven. A board was placed over the opening to conceal them, and the unknowing Confederates soon continued their march with three fewer prisoners.
 
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series.
17th Virginia Cavalry Flag<br>Nighthawk Rangers image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, August 28, 2014
3. 17th Virginia Cavalry Flag
Nighthawk Rangers
Close-up of photo on marker
This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 19.723′ N, 77° 21.659′ W. Marker is in Urbana, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Urban Pike and Lew Wallace Street, on the left when traveling west. Marker is in Urbana Community Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3636 Urban Pike, Frederick MD 21704, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. War on Terrorism Memorial (approx. 0.6 miles away); Landon House (approx. 0.7 miles away); Amelung Glass Works (approx. one mile away); Dennis Memorial (approx. 1.3 miles away); George Washington (approx. 1.6 miles away); a different marker also named George Washington (was approx. 1.6 miles away but has been reported missing. ); Clustered Spires of Frederick (approx. 2.1 miles away); The Battle That Saved Washington (approx. 2.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Urbana.
 
Also see . . .  The Story of the Flag,. 1896, Lew Wallace explains the battle of Monocacy and tells how he came to own the flag of the Nighthawk Rangers. (Submitted on October 31, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Capture of the Flag image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, August 28, 2014
4. Capture of the Flag
Close-up of image on marker
The Flag of Company F, 17th Virginia<br>The Nighthawk Rangers image. Click for full size.
By Lew Wallace
5. The Flag of Company F, 17th Virginia
The Nighthawk Rangers
This image from Wallace's Story of the Flag shows the other side of the flag given to Wallace by Colonel Clendenin after the battle of Monocacy.
Major Frederick F. Smith image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 26, 2017
6. Major Frederick F. Smith
Co G
17 Va Cav
CSA
Jul 9 1864
Smith's Headstone in the Zion Episcopal Church Cemetery, Urbana, Maryland.
Lieut Col William C. Tavenner image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 26, 2017
7. Lieut Col William C. Tavenner
Co C
17 Va Cav
CSA
May 11 1841
Jul 12 1864
Tavenner's headstone in the Zion Episcopal Church Cemetery, Urbana, Maryland.
Smith and Tavenner image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 26, 2017
8. Smith and Tavenner
Headstones in the Zion Episcopal Church Cemetery.
 

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Credits. This page was last revised on June 1, 2017. This page originally submitted on August 29, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 660 times since then and 41 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 29, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   5. submitted on October 31, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   6, 7, 8. submitted on May 26, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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