Chatham in Barnstable County, Massachusetts — The American Northeast (New England)
The Mayﬂower Story
Because the Pilgrims decided to settle outside the limits of their charter, they believed a written document was needed for self government of the new colony. Thus, the Mayflower Compact was written. After staying
Chatham profoundly shaped Pilgrim history because of its dangerous waters offshore. Had the Mayflower been able to continue to the Hudson River area, there would be no Cape Cod, Plymouth or New England Pilgrim story. Nor would there have been a Mayflower Compact, the first self governing document written in the New World.
The story the Mayflower voyage and Cape Cod Pilgrim history is told at the Pilgrim Monument and Museum in Provincetown.
Erected 2012. (Marker Number 8.)
Location. 41° 40.267′ N, 69° 56.951′ W. Marker is in Chatham, Massachusetts, in Barnstable County. Marker is on Main Street. Touch for map. This marker is next to the parking lot facing the Atlantic Ocean and across the road from the Chatham Lighthouse. Marker is in this post office area: Chatham MA 02633, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Rescue of the Pendleton (a few steps from this marker); History of Chatham Lighthouse (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle of Chatham Harbor (about In Memory of the Pioneers of Chatham (approx. 0.9 miles away); Samuel De Champlain (approx. 0.9 miles away); Chatham Radio/WCC (approx. 2.8 miles away); French–Atlantic Cable Company (approx. 8.3 miles away); Jonathan Young Mill (approx. 8.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chatham.
Regarding The Mayflower Story. First, the Separatists returned to London to get organized. A prominent merchant agreed to advance the money for their journey. The Virginia Company gave them permission to establish a settlement, or “plantation,” on the East Coast between 38 and 41 degrees north latitude (roughly between the Chesapeake Bay and the mouth of the Hudson River). And the King of England gave them permission to leave the Church of England, “provided they carried themselves peaceably.”
In August 1620, a group of about 40 Saints joined a much larger group of (comparatively) secular colonists–“Strangers,” to the Saints–and set sail from England on two merchant ships: the Mayflower and the Speedwell.
Because of the delay caused by the leaky Speedwell, the Mayflower had to cross the Atlantic at the height of storm season. As a result, the journey was horribly unpleasant. Many of the passengers were so seasick they could scarcely get up, and the waves were so rough that one “Stranger” was swept overboard and drowned. (It was “the just hand of God upon him,” Bradford wrote later, for the young sailor had been “a proud and very profane yonge man.”)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 18, 2013, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. This page has been viewed 558 times since then and 37 times this year. Last updated on October 26, 2014, by Byron Hooks of Sandy Springs, Georgia. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on February 18, 2013, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.