Chesterﬁeld Avenue: River to Railroad Connection
Centreville Heritage Trail
Nothing that came by water up the Corsica River could reach Centreville without traveling along Chesterfield Avenue. Originally the private road to the Chesterfield Plantation home of Elizabeth Nicholson, and the Hopper home at the wharf beyond this mile long road carried coal, fertilizers, building supplies, agricultural goods, and even circus elephants into Centreville and beyond. Chesterfield Avenue was also the route by which agricultural products, wood, and brick were transported from Centreville to
Best known in its early days as a raceway for horses and even buggies, the above early 1900’s postcard titled Speed Way, Centreville, shows that the racing aspect was carried on for more than 100 years. Apple orchards graced the early lands where houses stand now on both sides of the street.
Coal, Coal & Coal
Coal was vital to Centreville. It was needed to fuel the town’s utilities by the end of the 19th century. Most homes had a wooden chute available from outside to deliver coal to the basement. The only way to get coal to Centreville was by boat. All of the coal for the town, for private homes, commercial or government use came from one source: the Georges Creek mine in Allegany County. The mine land has been described as near primeval forest prior to the beginning of mining in the 1840’s. Coal was brought from there to market in Washington, D.C. and Baltimore by the B&O Railroad and the C&O Canal, purchased for Centreville in Baltimore and transported by schooner to the Centreville Wharf where it would be picked up by customers. The two main purveyors of coal were R.J. Price and Cloudsbury Clash. All of the coal traveled up Chesterfield Avenue.
Erected by Maryland Heritage Area Authority.
Location. 39° 2.874′ N, 76° 4.096′ W. Marker is in Centreville, Maryland, in Queen Anne's County. Marker is on Chesterfield Avenue. Touch for map. The marker is located on the grounds of the Queen Anne's County Board of Education building. Marker is in this post office area: Centreville MD 21617, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Queen Anne’s County (approx. ¼ mile away); Honor • Valor • WWI • WWII • Korea • Vietnam (approx. ¼ mile away); The Courthouse (approx. ¼ mile away); The Brass Pin (approx. 0.3 miles away); Wright’s Chance (approx. 0.3 miles away); Centrally Located (approx. 0.3 miles away); Carmichael House (approx. 0.4 miles away); Site of Goldsborough House (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Centreville.
Categories. • Entertainment • Roads & Vehicles • Settlements & Settlers • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 6, 2015, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 206 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on February 6, 2015, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.