Near Fonda in Montgomery County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
A Liberty Pole
Erected 1932 by New York State Education Department.
Location. 42° 56.997′ N, 74° 23.526′ W. Marker is near Fonda, New York, in Montgomery County. Marker is on New York State Route 5 0.3 miles west of Hickory Hill Road (County Route 33), on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is on the grounds of the Kateri Tekakwitha Shrine. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3628 State Highway 5, Fonda NY 12068, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Caughnawaga (approx. ¼ mile away); Mohawk Area (approx. 0.4 miles away); Johnson Hall - 1763 (approx. half a mile away); a different marker also named Mohawk Area (approx. half a mile away); Herkimer Home - 1764 (approx. 0.6 miles away); Site of The Battle of Oriskany (approx. 0.6 miles away); Caughnawaga 1667 - 1780 (approx. 0.8 miles away); Tryon County 1772-1784 Montgomery County 1784 (approx. 0.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fonda.
1. More detail on the incident described in "A Liberty Pole"
From “The Pictorial Field-book of the Revolution” by Benson John Lossing, 1855.
“In the spring of 1775, just before the second Congress assembled at Philadelphia, at a court holden at Johnstown, the Loyalists made a demonstration against the proceedings of the National Council, by drawing up and obtaining signatures to a declaration disapproving of the acts of that body in the preceding autumn. This proceeding of the Tories aroused the indignation of the Whigs, who composed a considerable majority of the whites in Tryon county. Committees were appointed and public meetings were called in every district in the county. The first was held at the house of John Veeder, in Caughnawaga, where patriotic speeches were made, and a liberty pole, a most offensive object to the eyes of the Loyalists, was erected. Before this was accomplished, Sir John Johnson, accompanied by Colonel Claus, Guy Johnson and Colonel John Butler, with a large number of their retainers, armed with swords and pistols, arrived upon the ground and interrupted the proceedings. Guy Johnson mounted a high stoop near the old church and harangued the people. He expatiated upon the strength of the king and government, and the folly of opposing the authority of the crown. He had not a conciliatory word for the people, but denounced their proceedings in virulent and abusive language, so irritating, that Jacob Sammons, a leader among the Whigs, could no longer restrain himself, but boldly pronounced the speaker a liar and a villain. Johnson leaped from this tribune and seized Sammons by the throat; one of his party felled the patriot to the ground by a blow from a loaded whip-handle, and then bestrode the body. When Sammons recovered from the momentary stupor, he hurled the fellow from him, and springing upon his feet, stripped off his coat and prepared to fight, when he was again knocked down. Most of his Whig friends had fled in alarm, and he was carried to his father’s house, ‘bearing upon his body the first scars of the Revolutionary contest in the county of Tryon’.”
— Submitted February 27, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
Categories. • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 17, 2013, by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia. This page has been viewed 369 times since then and 12 times this year. Last updated on February 27, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on February 17, 2013, by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.