Lookout Mountain in Hamilton County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
Civil War Artillery
The smallest regulation gun of the Civil War was the six-pounder. Such guns, firing projectiles only 3.67 inches in diameter, often lacked sufficient power and range; however, both Union and Confederate forces continued to use these guns throughout the war.
This twelve-pounder gun was developed in France after tests initiated by Louis Napoleon in 1850. The Napoleon was deadly in the American Civil War in the relatively wooded country. Field engagements beyond the weapon's 1,680-yard range were few.
1 sponges. 2 takes round from 5, puts it in gun. 1 rams round home, while 3 holds thumb on vent. G sights gun. When round is in, 3 goes to trail, moves it as G orders "Trail right" or "Trail left." 5 gets another round from 6 or 7 at limber where 6 cuts fuses. G steps clear to side
1 and 2 step clear. 3 pricks cartridge. 4 hooks lanyard to primer, puts primer in vent. 3 covers vent with left hand, 4 moves to rear, keeping lanyard just slack,
G Gives command...
3 steps clear of wheel. 4 pulls lanyard. G orders gun run up. Sequence continues with "Load."
[Caption from photograph]:
Murfreesboro, TN - 1863. Illinois Light Artillery, serving in General Rosecrans' army, turns out in full regalia with all its gear and horses. The battery was equipped with a variety of weapons: two 12-pound Napoleons (left); two 3-inch ordinance rifles (middle) and a pair of 6-pounder guns.
Location. 35° 0.56′ N, 85° 20.627′ W. Marker is in Lookout Mountain, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker is on East Brow Road near Point Park Road. This historic marker is located on the top of Lookout Mountain, very near Nation Park Service's, Point Park, affixed to the front outside wall of the Battles of Chattanooga Museum. Touch for map Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Soldier Tourists (a few steps from this marker); The Battles for Chattanooga (within shouting distance of this marker); Point Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Stevenson's Division (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Occupation of the Summit of Lookout (about 400 feet away); Union Casualties (about 400 feet away); Confederate Casualties (about 400 feet away); 96th Illinois Infantry (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lookout Mountain.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
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Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 3, 2012, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 472 times since then and 19 times this year. Last updated on March 18, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on September 4, 2012, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.