Bridgeport in Jackson County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Vital Memphis-Charleston Railroad, "backbone of Confederacy", spanned Tennessee River here. Bridge burned several times, 1862-3.
Gen. Mitchell (US), occupying Huntsville after Battle of Shiloh, seized Bridgeport in April 1862 and held it until August.
Federals recaptured town in July 1863 as Rosecrans (US) took Chattanooga (upriver).
As end of usable railway from Nashville, town became key base of operations in U.S. victory at Chickamauga and lifting of siege of Chattanooga.
Erected 1965 by Alabama Historical Society.
Location. 34° 56.785′ N, 85° 43.526′ W. Marker is in Bridgeport, Alabama, in Jackson County. Marker is at the intersection of Alabama Route 227 and Busbey Ave, on the right when traveling north on State Route 227. Touch for map. Near the base of the marker stands six memorial markers for Confederate soldiers. Marker is in this post office area: Bridgeport AL 35740, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Rocky Springs Church of Christ (approx. 1.6 miles away); Trail of Tears (approx. 2.4 miles away); Birthplace of Jobyna Lancaster Ralston-Arlen Christmas Night Shootout (approx. 4.7 miles away in Tennessee); James Thomas Fitz-Gerald, Jr. (approx. 4.7 miles away in Tennessee); Fort McCook (approx. 5.2 miles away in Tennessee); Bean-Roulston Graveyard (approx. 6.4 miles away in Tennessee); Chiaha (approx. 6.9 miles away in Tennessee).
Regarding Bridgeport. The marker text "...U.S. victory at Chickamauga and lifting siege of Chattanooga" might be interpreted as implying a Union victory at Chickamauga. I believe the intent here is to indicate the vital role that Bridgeport played in the ultimate Union success at Chatanooga, following the setback at Chickamauga.
Battles for Chattanooga timeline: (Jul) Confederates withdraw from Tullahoma to Chattanooga; (Aug) Federals maneuver to outskirts of Chattanooga; (Sep) Federals occupy Chattanooga following Confederate evacuation; (Sep) Battle of Chickamauga (Confederate victory) and "siege" of Chattanooga; (Oct) Federal Cracker Line relieves troops occupying Chattanooga; (Nov) Battle of Missionary Ridge (Federal victory) forces Confederate retreat into Georgia.
Also see . . .
1. Chapter 11 The Civil War, 1863. Unless you want to read the entire chapter, use the search tool in your browser, type in "Bridgeport". Bridgeport is discussed beginning at page 258. (Submitted on October 9, 2008, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia.)
2. Battle of Chickamauga. The Battle of Chickamauga was fought Sept. 19–20, 1863, and marked the end of a Union offensive in southeastern TN and northwestern GA called the Chickamauga Campaign. The battle was the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater of the American Civil War and involved the second highest number of casualties in the war following the Battle of Gettysburg. (Submitted on April 4, 2015, by Byron Hooks of Sandy Springs, Georgia.)
3. Chattanooga Campaign. The Chattanooga Campaign was a series of maneuvers and battles in October and November 1863. (Submitted on April 4, 2015, by Byron Hooks of Sandy Springs, Georgia.)
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Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 9, 2008, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia. This page has been viewed 2,971 times since then and 12 times this year. Last updated on May 28, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on October 9, 2008, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia. 3, 4. submitted on May 7, 2010, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on August 31, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.