Blackness in Falkirk in Falkirk, Scotland, United Kingdom
“Harbour, Castle, and Prison”
Blackness Castle was built in the 15th century beside the harbour serving the important royal burgh of Linlithgow. It was used as a state prison until the 1707 Treaty of Union, holding for the most part of high or middle rank. The best known prisoner was Cardinal Beaton, confined here for about a month in 1543.
In 1543 a building campaign had just been completed which transformed Blackness into one of the most formidable artillery fortifications in Scotland. Much of what you see dates from that time. Besieged and damaged by Oliver Cromwell's army in 1650, a general repair was begun under Charles II.
A long period of obscurity as a minor garrison followed in the 1707 Treaty of the Union until 1870-74, when Blackness was converted into an ammunition depot. It was finally abandoned for military purposes after World War I.
The castle as remodeled during the reigns of James V and his daughter Mary Queen of Scots (drawing by Dave Pollock). Work began in 1537 on massively thickening the walls and raising them in height. Yawning wide-mouthed gunholes pierced the walls for the new defensive artillery. During Mary's reign (1542-67), the original castle entrance on this side was blocked up and a new gateway opened up on the far side of the castle. The spur (on the left as you look at
The work made Blackness one of the most formidable artillery fortifications in Scotland.
The castle as it might have looked when first built about 1440 (drawing by Dave Pollock).
The builder was probably Sir George Crichton, brother of the chancellor of Scotland. In 1453, Sir George gave the castle to James II and it has been Crown property ever since.
Erected by Historic Scotland.
Location. 56° 0.331′ N, 3° 30.993′ W. Marker is in Blackness in Falkirk, Scotland, in Falkirk. Marker can be reached from St. Ninian's Way just north of A904. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Blackness in Falkirk, Scotland EH49 7NH, United Kingdom.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 13 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Linlithgow Palace (approx. 6.1 kilometers away in Scotland); Andrew Carnegie Birthplace Museum (approx. 7.7 kilometers away); Grave of the Mother of Sir William Wallace (approx. 7.9 kilometers away); The Forth Rail Bridge (approx. 8 kilometers away); 603 (City of Edinburgh) Squadron (approx. 11.7 kilometers away).
Categories. • Forts, Castles •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 11, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 264 times since then and 80 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on September 11, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.