“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Philadelphia in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

The Capital City

The Capital City Marker image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
1. The Capital City Marker
Inscription. Philadelphia thrived. Founded in 1682, it became a haven of religious tolerance. As a Quaker and a victim of discrimination, William Penn believed strongly in allowing others to worship freely.
The city's growth rested on economics as well. By the 1770s, it ranked as the most important commercial city in North America and one of the British Empire's largest. Its importance and central location made it the logical place for aggrieved colonists to gather.
In 1774, the First Continental Congress met in Carpenters Hall, a few blocks from here. In nearby Independence Hall, the Second Continental Congress approved the Declaration of Independence. In 1787, the Constitutional Convention met there to write the Constitution of the United States. And from 1790 to 1800, the new federal government used the city as its national capital.
Thus from 1774 to 1800, Philadelphia functioned, with brief interludes, as the political capital of the emerging nation.
Location. 39° 56.856′ N, 75° 9.084′ W. Marker is in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia County. Marker can be reached from Walnut and 6th Streets. Touch for map. Marker is on the path from the northeast entrance to the center of the Washington Square Park. Marker is in this post office area: Philadelphia PA 19106, United States of America.
Other nearby markers.
Drawing on The Capital City marker. image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
2. Drawing on The Capital City marker.
As the nation's capital, Philadelphia attracted visitors from around the country and world. Those who toured or worked in the government buildings on Independence Square also walked here in Washington Square. In 1799, a local newspaper said that the "trees and herbage" in the square resembled those of "a country retreat."
At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Penn's Plan (here, next to this marker); A Fashionable Promenade (here, next to this marker); Washington Square (here, next to this marker); Bicentennial Moon Tree (here, next to this marker); In Memory of the Many American Soldiers (here, next to this marker); Welcome to Washington Square (a few steps from this marker); Sorrow and Joy (a few steps from this marker); Linked in Memory (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Philadelphia.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Other Washington Square markers.
Categories. GovernmentNotable EventsNotable Places
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 9, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 922 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 9, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.
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